Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2382
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Vessey Donald A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sphingosine kinase (SKase) has been implicated in the protection of hearts from ischemia/reperfusion injury. This hypothesis was further examined. MATERIAL/METHODS: Changes in SKase activity and cardiac function (left ventricular developed pressure, LVDP, and infarct size) in response to ischemia and reperfusion were studied in adult rat hearts by the ...
Hotta Yoshihiro - - 2006
Each individual and pure catechin isolated from green tea was investigated as to its myocardial or blood pressure effects. The nitric oxide (NO) electrode and fluorometry were used to monitor changes in the NO and Ca(2+) contents of the heart, together with simultaneous recordings of the left ventricular developed pressure. ...
Chen Qun - - 2006
Cardiac mitochondria sustain damage during ischemia and reperfusion, contributing to cell death. The reversible blockade of electron transport during ischemia with amobarbital, an inhibitor at the rotenone site of complex I, protects mitochondria against ischemic damage. Amobarbital treatment immediately before ischemia was used to test the hypothesis that damage to ...
Castro Carlos H - - 2006
In this study we investigated the role of Mas on cardiac function during ischemia/reperfusion in isolated perfused mouse heart. Following a stabilization period of 30 min, hearts from WT and Mas KO mice were subjected to global ischemia. After 20 min of ischemia, the flow was restarted and the hearts ...
Kim Jong-Hoon - - 2006
Nelumbinis Semen (NS), or lotus seed, is one of the most well-known traditional herbal medicines and is frequently used to treat cardiovascular symptoms in Korea. The anti-ischemic effects of NS on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart were investigated through analyses of changes in blood pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac ...
Genade S S Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Stellenbosch; Cape Heart Centre, University of Cape Town, South - - 2006
The powerful cardioprotective actions of melatonin, the chief secretory product of the pineal gland, have been attributed largely to its free radical-scavenging properties. Free radicals play an important role in the triggering action of ischaemic preconditioning, the phenomenon whereby exposure of the heart to one or more short episodes of ...
Gonsolin D - - 2007
Although the causal relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension is not fully resolved, the importance of IR in cardiovascular dysfunction is recognized. As IR may follow excess sucrose or fructose diet, the aim of this study was to test whether dietary starch substitution with sucrose results in myocardial dysfunction ...
Iwata Kazumi - - 2006
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, although the clinical efficacy of AR inhibitors has not been clearly proven. To clarify the pathophysiological role of AR in the heart, we investigated effects of AR inhibitors applied either during the pre-ischemic phase, or during the post-ischemic ...
Jia Xiaofeng X Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2006
We test the hypothesis that quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) can be used to objectively assess functional electrophysiological recovery of brain after hypothermia in an asphyxial cardiac arrest rodent model. Twenty-eight rats were randomly subjected to 7-min (n = 14) and 9-min (n = 14) asphyxia times. One half of each group ...
Hsu Shu-Fen - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effect of hypothermic retrograde jugular vein flush (HRJVF) on heatstroke. HRJVF was accomplished by infusion of 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution via the external jugular vein (1.7 mL/100 g of body weight over 5 min). Immediately after ...
Bugger Heiko - - 2006
In spite of opposing changes in rates of adenosine triphosphate turnover, hypertrophy and atrophy of the heart are accompanied by the same changes in gene expression, resembling a fetal genotype. Fetal hearts are characterized by increased ischemia tolerance. We assessed respiratory capacity of mitochondrial subpopulations from unloaded and pressure-overloaded hearts ...
Chen Fengshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It seems inevitable that non-beating-heart donors will be utilized to resolve the shortage of donors for clinical lung transplantation. The control of warm ischemia-reperfusion injury is crucial in manipulating non-beating-heart donors. We hypothesized that nebulization of a beta2-adrenoreceptor agonist, salmeterol xinafoate (SLM), during warm ischemia would increase lung tissue ...
Chang Piek Ngoh - - 2006
The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of purified Salvia miltiorrhiza extract (PSME) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts. Hearts were excised and perfused at constant flow (7 - 9 ml.min(-1)) via the aorta. Non-recirculating perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit (KH) solution was maintained at ...
Florian Tomas - - 2006
The present 15 days study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of the prenylated isoflavones osajin and pomiferin isolated from the infructences of Maclura pomifera, Moraceae, against ischemia-reperfusion induced injury in rat hearts as a model of antioxidant-based composite therapy. The study was performed on isolated, modified Langendorff-perfused rat ...
Bopassa J C - - 2006
We investigated whether low-pressure reperfusion may attenuate postischemic contractile dysfunction, limits necrosis and apoptosis after a prolonged hypothermic ischemia, and inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition-pore (MPTP) opening. Isolated rats hearts (n = 72) were exposed to 8 h of cold ischemia and assigned to the following groups: 1) reperfusion with low ...
Furuta Sadayoshi - - 2006
KP-102, a synthetic growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide, exerts a variety of effects on cardiac function. In the present study, we investigated the direct cardiac effects of KP-102 with regard to ischemia/reperfusion injury by using isolated rat hearts. Isolated Wistar rat hearts were mounted on a Langendorff apparatus and subjected to ...
Mieno Shigetoshi - - 2006
The effect of the ultra-short-acting beta blocker, landiolol, on ischemic preconditioning was examined in isolated rabbit hearts. Ischemic preconditioned hearts received 2 episodes of 5 min each of global ischemia and reperfusion. The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 1 hour and reperfused for 1 hour. Left ventricular ...
Harnish Douglas C - - 2006
We previously reported on the development of a pathway-selective estrogen receptor (ER) ligand, WAY-169916, that has ER-dependent antiinflammatory activity and is devoid of classic ER transcriptional activity. In the current study, WAY-169916 and 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E2) were evaluated for protective activity in models of cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury. In rats subjected to ...
Janata Andreas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Induction of deep cerebral hypothermia before reperfusion might improve neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that an aortic flush with cold saline during cardiac arrest is able to induce deep cerebral hypothermia and that the cooling efficiency can be enhanced by a) increasing the arteriovenous pressure gradient during ...
Hauser Balázs - - 2006
Inhibition of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) improved hemodynamics and organ function in various shock models induced by sepsis or ischemia/reperfusion. PARP-1, however, is also referred to play a pivotal role for the maintenance of genomic integrity. Therefore, we investigated the effect of the PARP-1 blocker INO-1001 on hemodynamics, kidney ...
Verma Daya D - - 2006
Earlier demonstrated cardio-protection by ATP-loaded liposomes (ATP-L) was further improved by attachment of cardiac myosin-specific monoclonal 2G4 antibody onto the surface of ATP-L. ATP-IL were infused for 1 min duration before starting the global ischemia for 25 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min in an isolated rat heart. The ...
Besirli K - - 2006
Improved preservation of the harvested heart with attenuation of the reperfusion injury is important for successful outcomes of cardiac transplantations. The most commonly used cardioplegic solution, to prevent ischemic changes has been St Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution (STHCS). However, it is neither ideal nor sufficient to prevent myocardial ischemia and ...
Zhang S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, a necessary consequence of transplantation, is probably related to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ROS burst within the first moments of reperfusion is associated with injury, continuously generate O2- at about 3% to 5% of total O2 consumption owing to electron leak ...
Christé Georges - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is debated whether brain death (BD) causes transient functional ischemia. In this investigation we used monophasic action potential (AP) recording during BD as a sensitive means to assess: (i) whether ischemia was present; and (ii) the effect of BD on a subsequent ischemia-reperfusion challenge. METHODS: In Period 1, ...
Szabó Gábor - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inosine, a break-down product of adenosine, has been recently shown to exert inodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the effects of inosine on ischemia/reperfusion injury in a rat heart transplantation model. METHODS: Intraabdominal heterotopic transplantation was performed in Lewis rats. After 1h of ischemic preservation, reperfusion was started after ...
Peart Jason N - - 2006
A 5-day exposure to morphine exerts a profound cardioprotective phenotype in murine hearts. In the present study, we examined mechanisms by which morphine generates this effect, exploring the roles of G(i) and G(s) proteins, PKA, PKC, and beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-AR) in acute and chronic opioid preconditioning. Langendorff-perfused hearts from placebo, ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an intracellular enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandin endoperoxide (PGG(2)). There are two isoforms of COX, namely constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2. It has been reported that COX-2 plays an important role in ischemia-reperfusion injury and that COX-2 mRNA and protein expression were up-regulated during ...
Morrison R Ray - - 2006
To examine ischemic tolerance in the absence of A(1) adenosine receptors (A(1)ARs), isolated wild-type (WT) and A(1)AR knockout (A(1)KO) murine hearts underwent global ischemia-reperfusion, and injury was measured in terms of functional recovery and efflux of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Hearts were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR both at baseline and at ...
Becker Claudia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We tested a preemptive combined cell/gene therapy strategy of skeletal myoblasts transfected with Ad(5)RSVVEGF-165 in an ischemia/reperfusion rat model to increase collateral blood flow to nonischemic heart tissue. METHODS: Lewis rats were injected with placebo (Control), 10(6) skeletal myoblasts (SkM), or 10(6) skeletal myoblasts transfected with Ad(5)RSVVEGF-165 (SkM(+)) into ...
Posma Lisanne A E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Under certain conditions, transient intestinal ischemia can reduce anastomotic strength. Preliminary findings suggest that prolonged reperfusion time, before anastomotic construction, results in reduced wound strength. The purpose of this study is to determine if wound strength indeed decreases with increasing duration of the interval between an ischemic period and ...
Siniscalchi A - - 2006
The analysis of intraoperative hemodynamic, metabolic, and coagulation disorders of the recipients in relation to the newly reperfused organ during intestinal transplantation is necessary for an optimal patient management during small bowel transplantation (SBT). The interaction may be minor or may lead to postreperfusion syndrome, producing intense hemodynamic instability, important ...
Kramer Jay H - - 2006
The benefits of acute D-propranolol (D-Pro, non-beta-adrenergic receptor blocker) pretreatment against enhanced ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of hearts from moderate iron-overloaded rats were examined. Perfused hearts from iron-dextran-treated rats (450 mg/kg/week for 3 weeks, intraperitoneal administration) exhibited normal control function, despite iron treatment that elevated plasma iron and conjugated diene levels ...
Tanguy S - - 2006
Numerous strategies have been designed to protect the myocardium against reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study was designed to test wether LPBNAH, a new amphiphilic spin-trap derived from PBN is able to protect isolated perfused rat hearts against ROS injuries. Following total glola ischemia (30 min), hearts were reperfused ...
Crisostomo Paul R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning, a series of brief ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) cycles at reperfusion onset, is a recently described novel approach to attenuate I/R injury, and because it is an after-injury treatment strategy, it may have greater clinical potential than preconditioning. However, it has not been determined whether postconditioning is effective in women. ...
Lu Long-Sheng - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are short-lived, highly reactive chemical entities that play significant roles in all levels of biology. However, their measurement requires destructive preparation, thereby limiting the continuous measurement of ROS in a living tissue. We develop an optical mapping system to visualize ROS production in an isolated and ...
Kang Moonkyu - - 2006
Acori graminei Rhizoma is one of the best-known traditional herbal medicines frequently used for the treatment of cardiovascular symptoms in Asian countries. The anti-ischemic effect of Acori graminei Rhizoma on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart was investigated through analysis of changes in perfusion pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac output. ...
Vianna Heloisa R - - 2006
The antiarrhythmogenic effect of the flavonoid dioclein on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion was investigated in isolated perfused rat hearts. Low concentrations of dioclein (30-300 nM) induced a reduction of arrhythmias observed during the reperfusion period. Dioclein also preserved the diastolic tension after reperfusion without affecting the systolic tension. In addition, dioclein (150 ...
Wölkart Gerald - - 2006
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been implicated as a component of oxidative ischaemia/reperfusion stress. We investigated the role of H2O2 in cardiovascular ischaemia/reperfusion stress in hearts from mice overexpressing catalase in their endothelial cells. Hearts of transgenic (TG, n = 9) and age-matched wild-type (WT, n = 7) mice were perfused ...
Gok S - - 2006
Activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K ATP) during ischemia leads to arrhythmias and blockade of these channels exert antiarrhythmic action. In this study, we investigated the effects of HMR1098, a sarcolemmal K ATP channel blocker and 5-hydroxydeconoate (5-HD), a mitochondrial K ATP channel blocker on cardiac function and arrhythmias in ...
Abunasra Haitham - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Two models of ex vivo gene transfer were compared by examining the protective effect of adenovirus-mediated transfection of a free radical scavenger superoxide dismutase (SOD) during experimental ischemia-reperfusion mimicking preservation for cardiac transplantation. METHODS: Donor rat hearts (n=6 per group) were infused (subgroups IA and IB) or continually perfused ...
Gao Qin - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine whether the clinically effective cardioprotection conferred by puerarin (Pue) against ischemia and reperfusion is mediated by mitochondrial transmembrane pores and/or channels. Hearts isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats were perfused on a Langendorff apparatus and subjected to 30 min of global ischemia ...
Kurosawa Saori - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy (AAAectomy) results in a general ischemia-reperfusion syndrome accompanied by an acute rise in pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). We examined whether ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, prevents ischemia-reperfusion injury and increase in PAP after aortic unclamping (XU) during AAAectomy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Public, university-affiliated hospital. ...
Maruyama Itaru - - 2006
Our aim was to compare the cardiovascular effects of mitiglinide ((+)-monocalcium bis[(2S,3a,7a-cis)-alpha-benzylhexahydro-gamma-oxo-2-isoindolinebutyrate] dehydrate), a novel hypoglycemic drug, with those of glibenclamide and glimepiride, two sulfonylurea drugs. In isolated canine coronary arteries (organ-bath method), mitiglinide, glibenclamide, and glimepiride competitively antagonized the cromakalim-induced relaxation (pA2 values, 5.29, 7.36, and 7.49, respectively). In ...
Shimoyama Takehiko - - 2006
Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lungs seems to be initiated by the activation of alveolar macrophages, and mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)s, although their roles have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we used a novel MMP inhibitor (ONO-4817) with high affinities for MMP-2 and MMP-9 to investigate the roles of MMPs ...
SÅ‚upski M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Nitric oxide (NO) and thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2)) are paracrine substances that likely contribute to IR-induced lung injury. This study examined the hypothesis that pulmonary vasoconstriction during ischemia is induced by NO synthesis and ischemia/reperfusion (IR)-induced TxA(2). METHODS: Wistar rats underwent 30 or 60 minute of intestinal ischemia with 60 ...
Nowak Kai - - 2006
It is still unclear whether lung edema can be monitored by microwave reflectometry and whether the measured changes in lung dry matter content (DMC) are accompanied by changes in PaO2 and in pro- to anti-inflammatory cytokine expression (IFN-gamma and IL-10). Right rat lung hili were cross-clamped at 37 degrees C ...
Lymbury Robyn - - 2006
Cardiac surgery often generates oxidative stress leading to ischemia reperfusion injury (I-R). Antioxidants have been shown to prevent this injury and have been added to cardioplegic solutions to assist in recovery. In this study, we tested the effectiveness of sodium selenite in protecting against ischemia reperfusion injury and investigated the ...
Kuroiwa T - - 2006
Knowledge of the biomechanical properties of postischemic brain tissue is important for understanding the mechanisms of postischemic secondary brain tissue injury. We describe the method and results of biomechanical property measurement in ex vivo postischemic brain tissue by applying an indentation method. Mongolian gerbils were subjected to a transient unilateral ...
Szokoly Miklos - - 2006
We investigated the systemic hemodynamic effects and the early arteriovenous acid-base changes after 2-h tourniquet ischemia on left hind limb in rats during the first hour of reperfusion. The right femoral artery and vein were prepared and catheterized for direct blood pressure monitoring and blood sampling. In ischemia-reperfusion group, 5 ...
Uy R G - - 2006
The objective of this study was to test whether chronically hypoxic immature hearts exhibit greater tolerance to no-flow ischemia than normoxic hearts. Rabbits (N = 36) were raised from birth to 5 weeks of age in either hypoxic (10% O2/90% N2) or normoxic (room air) environment. Isolated, isovolumically beating hearts, ...
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