Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 838
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Stürmer K M - - 1993
1. During reaming of the medullary cavity prior to nailing, hydraulic pressure builds up in the cavity which far exceeds that of blood pressure. The peak values for 29 sheep clearly exceeds 2.5 bar. The highest values for individual reamers average 1.3 bar. The differences between the various reamers are ...
Wenda K - - 1993
For the clarification of pulmonary impairment after medullary nailing of femoral fractures, the intramedullary pressure in the femoral cavity during the operative procedure was investigated. In addition, an intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography was performed which revealed two phenomena occurring once the intramedullary pressure had increased: snow-flurry and configured emboli. An experimental ...
Abensur H - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of hydrostatic intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) and cardiac function (CF) on the lymphatic absorption rate (LAR) in 9 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The LAR was measured by estimation of the intraperitoneal disappearance of dextran 70 added to 2 ...
Gest A L - - 1993
The intent of this study was to investigate thoracic duct lymph flow, as it is related to the development of hydrops fetalis during rapid atrial pacing. We studied 6 fetal sheep at 128 +/- 6 days of gestation who had chronically placed thoracic duct catheters, aortic and superior vena cava ...
Arroyo V - - 1993
Renal sodium and water retention and ascites associated with cirrhosis develop in the setting of severe sinusoidal portal hypertension, hyperdynamic circulation (characterized by arterial hypotension, hypervolaemia, high cardiac output and low peripheral vascular resistance), homeostatic activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, sympathetic nervous system and antidiuretic hormone production (i.e. mechanisms designed ...
Koizumi T - - 1993
We examined the effects of continuous intravenous infusion of nitroglycerin (NTG) on lung dysfunction induced by endotoxemia in awake sheep chronically instrumented with lung lymph fistula. We measured the responses of hemodynamics, lung lymph balance, and thromboxane (Tx)B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha levels in plasma and lung lymph to ...
Valenzuela G J - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: Daily the lymphatic system returns several liters of fluid to the systemic circulation. Unlike blood, lymph is pumped against a pressure gradient. Because vessels in the systemic circulation are hyporesponsive to vasoconstrictor hormones during pregnancy, we decided to assess whether lymphatic pumping ability was decreased during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Gbaanador G B - - 1992
The hemodynamic and lung lymph changes following near-drowning (ND) were studied in sheep. Experimental ND was by transtracheal aspiration of 10 ml/kg body weight of either seawater (SW) or freshwater (FW). Extravascular lung water and lung lymph protein flux were significantly increased, but cardiac index was depressed in both groups ...
Lalonde C - - 1992
We determined the lung and systemic response of a moderate smoke inhalation injury combined with a 15% total body surface third-degree burn compared with a burn alone and inhalation alone. Adult sheep were prepared with chronic lung and bilateral prefemoral soft tissue lymph fistula. The burn was confined to one ...
Valenzuela G J - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms responsible for edema seen during pregnancy, we tested whether lymph vessels are able to pump high volumes over long periods of time. STUDY DESIGN: In six chronically catheterized nonpregnant ewes, we examined left thoracic duct lymph flow rate and fluid balance responses to the administration ...
Gest A L - - 1992
Edema develops when lymph does not return to the venous circulation at a rate equal to the rate of capillary filtration. Fetal sheep develop edema as well as an increased central venous pressure while undergoing atrial pacing at 320 beats per min. We hypothesized that the increased central venous pressure ...
Zanaboni P B - - 1992
In a previous study, we demonstrated that phorbol myristate acetate-(PMA) induced injury in isolated blood-perfused rabbit lungs was characterized by increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and permeability to water as measured by fluid filtration coefficient (Kf). The Kf increase was prevented by pretreatment with three cyclooxygenase inhibitors, indomethacin, ibuprofen, and ...
Espiritu R F - - 1992
A role for peptidergic nerves in the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was examined by radioimmunochemically quantifying neuropeptides in pulmonary edema (PE) fluids from seven patients with ARDS and six patients with PE from congestive heart failure (CHF). The PE fluid mean concentrations of substance P (SP) and gastrin-releasing peptide ...
Miller R F - - 1992
We studied the effects of two structurally unrelated sulfidopeptide leukotriene receptor antagonists on endotoxin-induced pulmonary dysfunction in chronically instrumented unanesthetized sheep. The agents employed were L-660,711 (MK-571) (Merck-Frosst, Canada) and SK&F 104,353 (Smith Kline and French, King of Prussia, PA). The efficacy and specificity of the agents were verified in ...
Gunther R A - - 1992
Recently, we have shown that exposure of intubated conscious sheep to 3 to 4 ppm ozone (O3) for 3 h increases bronchial blood flow (Qbr). The purpose of the present study was to assess the potential role of corticosteroids in modulating this increase. Six nasally intubated sheep were exposed to ...
Harshman S - - 1992
The in vivo responses to staphylococcal alpha toxin are reported for 15 chronically instrumented awake yearling sheep. The data obtained from a total of 30 experiments are grouped into four categories of response: no response, noted in seven experiments done on 5 sheep; pressor response, obtained seven times in 4 ...
Wallace J R - - 1992
The hypothesis that the albumin reflection coefficient is underestimated from measurements of lymph protein flux because of a prolonged interstitial washout was tested in the hindleg of anesthetized rabbits. In heel skin, the initial extravascular uptake for labeled albumin and immunoglobulin G (IgG) was compared with prenodal lymph flux for ...
Jones J M - - 1992
Posterior lymph heart pressure, rate and flow were measured in chronically cannulated Bufo marinus during normal hydrated and dehydrated conditions. A new surgical technique was developed which allowed direct and constant measurement of the functioning of the posterior lymph hearts with minimal disruption to normal lymph drainage. The mean intra-lymph-heart ...
Dobbins D E - - 1992
It has been proposed that catecholamines may regulate lymphatic function by altering lymphatic resistance. In this study we perfused lymphatics in the paw of the anesthetized dog, administering catecholamines intralymphatically before and during intra-arterial administration of adrenoreceptor antagonists. Epinephrine and norepinephrine both increased lymphatic perfusion pressure. When the infusions were ...
Gabel J C - - 1992
The lymph from most organs drains through the thoracic duct and into veins in the neck. We hypothesized that increases in neck vein pressure (Pnv) are reflected through the thoracic duct to the lung lymphatic-thoracic duct junction. To test this, we cannulated the lung lymphatics in the direction of flow ...
Conhaim R L - - 1992
We used a simplified two-pore filtration model to examine the effects of hypoproteinemia on lung and soft tissue lymph flux in awake sheep (n = 7). To induce hypoproteinemia, we subjected each animal to 3 days of batch plasmapheresis (6 units per day). Data were collected in near steady-state conditions, ...
Bosso F J - - 1992
We evaluated the ability of the canine in situ left lower lobe (LLL) vasculature to sieve endogenous plasma proteins of various molecular radii (34-124 A) after LLL arterial pressure had been transiently elevated to 23.8 +/- 0.9 (control group, n = 5) or 92.3 +/- 1.4 (SE) Torr (high-pressure group, ...
Dyess D L - - 1992
Administration of hyperosmolar fluids to burn patients has been proposed as a means of decreasing resuscitative fluid volume and, subsequently, wound edema accumulation. To test this hypothesis, canine hindpaw lymph flow (QL) and lymph (CL) and plasma (CP) total protein concentrations were measured, and capillary filtration coefficient (Kf) was calculated ...
Longhurst J C - - 1992
Mesenteric ischemia stimulates both A delta- and C-fiber afferents to reflexly activate the cardiovascular system. Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) concentration is increased in intestinal mucosa following prolonged ischemia (3 h) followed by reperfusion. Because LTB4 sensitizes afferent nerve endings in the skin, we determined whether LTB4 is produced during brief mesenteric ...
Drake R E - - 1992
Lymphatic vessels from the intestines drain into the thoracic duct, and the thoracic duct empties into veins in the neck. Thus increases in neck vein pressure (PNV) might slow intestinal lymph flow, provided the increased pressure is reflected upstream through the lymphatic vessels. To test the effect of increases in ...
Spiegel M - - 1992
The network of lymphatic capillaries of the human skin was depicted at the distal part of the tibial plateau by fluorescence microlymphography (fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran 150,000). Intralymphatic pressure was determined in 28 lymphatic capillaries of 21 healthy volunteers (mean diameter 56.0 +/- 10.0 microns) by a servo-nulling pressure system. It averaged ...
Reed R K - - 1992
Isolated and autoperfused ileal segments from pentobarbital-anesthetized cats were used to study turnover of hyaluronan in the intestine. A postnodal lymphatic was cannulated, and transcapillary and interstitial fluid fluxes were increased by raising venous pressure. Lymph hyaluronan concentration in control averaged 20.2 +/- 18.8 (SD) micrograms/ml (range 4.6-50) and increased ...
Carlton D P - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an increase in pulmonary vascular filtration pressure affects net production of liquid within the lumen of the fetal lung. We studied 14 chronically catheterized fetal lambs [130 +/- 3 (SD) days gestation] before, during, and after a 4-h rapid (500 ml/h) ...
Hales C A - - 1992
The pulmonary edema of smoke inhalation is caused by the toxins of smoke and not the heat. We investigated the potential of smoke consisting of carbon in combination with either acrolein or formaldehyde (both common components of smoke) to cause pulmonary edema in anesthetized sheep. Seven animals received acrolein smoke, ...
Sawada K - - 1992
During membrane plasma fractionation therapy there are reported incidences of membrane plugging requiring the corrective actions of either filter replacement or backwashing (BW) in order to continue the treatment. In this preliminary study, a simple BW procedure to allow for on-line reuse of the filter (Asahi AP06M) during the treatment ...
Dobbins D E - - 1992
Neurokinin A and B are putative inflammatory mediators. We assessed their ability to alter prenodal lymphatic resistance. Intralymphatic neurokinin A (3.0 x 10(-6), 3.0 x 10(-5) and 3.0 x 10(-4) mol l(-1)) significantly constricted lymphatics at the two highest doses. Preliminary experiments suggested that neurokinin B might dilate lymphatics. To ...
Maron M B - - 1992
We determined whether the solvent drag reflection coefficient (sigma f) for total proteins of a canine perfused left lower lung lobe (LLL) preparation decreases at elevated venous pressures (Pv). We found that sigma f (estimated using the hematocrit-protein technique) remained constant at all Pv's (30-95 mm Hg) evaluated. These results ...
Tsay T T - - 1992
Isotonic, hypotonic, or hypertonic saline was infused in anesthetized rabbits in order to test the effects of osmolality in cerebral vessels on lymph flow. The jugular lymph trunk was cannulated by PE tubing in a headward direction. Either a hypo-(100 mosmol), iso-(310 mosmol), or hypertonic (605 mosmol) NaCl solution was ...
Heyeraas K J - - 1992
The initial vascular reactions during inflammation are vasodilation and increased vessel permeability. Both these basic reactions cause increased pulpal fluid volume. In the dental pulp the inflammatory vascular reactions take place in a rigid enclosed dentin chamber, which to some extent makes the pulp vulnerable. Due to this lack of ...
Ehrhart I C - - 1992
Simultaneous measures of vascular permeability to fluid (capillary filtration coefficient, Kf) and to plasma proteins (solvent drag reflection coefficient, sigma) were obtained over venous pressures (Pv) from 14 to 105 Torr in the isolated ventilated canine lung lobe (n = 70) pump perfused with autologous blood. The sigma was obtained ...
Chen H I - - 1991
Lymph flow transients were studied in a dog paw preparation when venous pressure was elevated by 15 and 25 mmHg. The lymph flow transients showed a very rapid initial increase which then declined to a steady-state value that was one-half the peak lymph flow response for both pressure changes. Lymph ...
Negrini D - - 1991
The parameters describing the permeability of the parietal pleura to liquid and total plasma proteins were measured in five anesthetized adult dogs. Small areas of parietal pleura (approximately 1 cm2) and the underlying endothoracic fascia were exposed through resection of the skin and the intercostal muscles. The portion of the ...
Levick J R - - 1991
The evidence for the functional importance of extravascular Starling pressures now seems overwhelming, and when these terms are taken into account it is difficult to uphold the traditional conception that upstream microvascular filtration is largely matched by a sustained downstream reabsorption. Transient absorption can occur, however, during spontaneous vasomotion cycles, ...
Isago T - - 1991
We estimated the reflection (sigma) and filtration coefficients (Kf) in a chronic sheep lung lymphatic preparation after smoke inhalation. Group I (n = 7) sheep were insufflated with cotton smoke and group II animals (n = 5) with room air. After inhalation injury, the lung lymph flow increased nearly four ...
Morel D R - - 1991
1. Endothelin, a novel vasoconstrictor 21-residue peptide isolated from the supernatant of cultured porcine endothelial cells, has been shown to be increased in plasma in a variety of cardiovascular disease states, including acute myocardial infarction, acute renal failure and essential hypertension. We determined the time course of plasma and pulmonary ...
Dobbins D E - - 1991
Endothelin is a 21 amino acid peptide which is produced by the vascular endothelium and is believed to be the mediator of endothelium-dependent vasoconstriction. In the current study we assessed the ability of synthetic human endothelin-1 to affect prenodal lymphatic vessel contractility in the canine forelimb. Intralymphatic infusion of endothelin ...
Taylor A E - - 1991
A review of the factors that oppose pulmonary edema formation (alveolar flooding) when capillary pressure is elevated are presented for a normal capillary endothelial barrier and for damaged endothelium associated with ischemia/reperfusion in rabbit, rat, and dog lungs. Normally, tissue pressure, the plasma protein osmotic pressure gradient acting across the ...
Drake R E - - 1991
We used a new technique to estimate the pulmonary microvascular membrane reflection coefficient to plasma protein (sigma d) in anesthetized dogs. In five animals we continuously weighed the lower left lung lobe and used a left atrial balloon to increase the pulmonary microvascular pressure (Pc). We determined the relationship between ...
Laine G A - - 1991
We hypothesized that both acute and chronic accumulation of myocardial interstitial edema (extravascular fluid [EVF]) would compromise cardiac function. We also postulated that excess fluid within the myocardial interstitial space would potentiate interstitial fibrosis, thus further compromising function. Dogs were divided into three groups: 1) control, 2) chronic pulmonary hypertensive ...
Mann R - - 1991
We determined if the cardiopulmonary response to endotoxin (LPS) is mediated by bradykinin (BK). Sheep (n = 30) were prepared for chronic study with cardiopulmonary catheters, and chronic lung lymph fistulae. They were divided into the following study groups: A) BK infusion; B) LPS; C) LPS with angiotensin converting enzyme ...
Drake R E - - 1991
Lymphatic vessels are important in draining excess fluid from the abdominal space and preventing ascites. In sheep, diaphragmatic lymph vessels draining the abdominal space run to the caudal mediastinal lymph node and efferent vessels from the node drain into veins in the neck. To estimate the lymph flow response to ...
Nelson S - - 1991
The present study examined reactivity to norepinephrine (NE) and KCl in isolated, suffused blood vessels from the systemic and pulmonary circulations of endotoxin-treated and control sheep. A possible mechanism underlying an endotoxin-induced alteration in vascular reactivity was also investigated. Chronically instrumented sheep were given Escherichia coli endotoxin (1.5 micrograms/kg). Eight ...
De Paulis R - - 1991
Formation of complexes between heparin and protamine (in saline), or heparin, plasma proteins, and protamine (in plasma) was assessed by measurements of light transmission through different test solutions. To examine the formation of these complexes, 125I-labeled protamine was used. Addition of 125I-protamine to plasma or blood resulted in the sedimentation ...
Sweeney T E - - 1991
Convective transport is a critical element in the regulation of steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis in the testis. Steroid hormones are distributed to their target cells within seminiferous tubules via interstitial fluid. The movement of interstitial fluid and lymph, which transports protein hormones and many of the substrates required for spermatogenesis and ...
Drake R E - - 1991
Lymphatic vessels are important in removing excess fluid from the intestines and preventing intestinal edema. In this study we used the relationship between intestinal lymph flow rate (QL) and lymphatic outflow pressure (PO) to analyze the flow from intestinal lymphatics in unanesthetized sheep. We cannulated intestinal lymphatic vessels in six ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >