Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 853
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Conhaim R L - - 1996
Lung liquid conductance (Kf) is calculated as the quotient of lung lymph flow divided by net filtration pressure (Pnf), where Pnf is the balance of osmotic and hydrostatic pressures in the lung microcirculation. In protein depletion, lymph flow rises with little change in Pnf, suggesting that calculated Kf also rises. ...
Drake R E - - 1996
We determined the relationship between flow rate and inflow pressure for intestinal lymphatic vessels in six sheep. First we anesthetized the sheep and cannulated both ends of a 6- to 10-cm-long segment of intestinal lymphatic. We allowed the sheep to recover from the anesthesia for 2-24 h. To determine the ...
Scherer R U - - 1996
In a short-time model of endotoxin-induced (lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli, 120 micrograms kg-1 i.v.) hypercoagulability in rabbits, the therapeutic effects of C1-esterase inhibitor (C1I) substitution (bolus 400 U kg-1 i.v. followed by continuous infusion of 400 U kg-1 4 h-1 i.v.) were studied. When compared to endotoxin-challenged untreated animals, C1I ...
Eleftheriadis E - - 1996
The purpose of this experimental study was to investigate whether the increased intraabdominal pressure due to gas insufflation creates intestinal ischemia leading to oxygen free radical production and bacterial translocation. A group of 88 rats were studied, 40 of which were subjected to a 15 mmHg pressure pneumoperitoneum for 60 ...
Swartz M A - - 1996
We present a novel integrative method for characterizing transport in the lymphatic capillaries in the tail of the anesthetized mouse, which is both sensitive and reproducible for quantifying uptake and flow. Interstitially injected, fluorescently labeled macromolecules were used to visualize and quantify these processes. Residence time distribution (RTD) theory was ...
Valenzuela G J - - 1996
Pregnancy is characterized by increases in both blood and interstitial volumes, but the mechanisms are unknown. To test the hypotheses that blood volume (BV) recovery after haemorrhage in pregnant (P) is faster than in nonpregnant (NP) rabbits, and that this can be explained by a higher capillary filtration, a 20% ...
Casley-Smith J R - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: This study arose because a number of patients volunteered that flying had triggered, or worsened, their lymphedema. The nature of lymphedema is discussed, including the pre-lymphedematous latent-phase. In this phase the limb is clinically normal, but lymphostatic. There are many of the alterations found in clinical lymphedema involving blood ...
Lien T C - - 1995
BACKGROUND: No study has focused on using refractometer to rapidly determine total protein ratio of edema fluid to blood concentration (TPe/TPb) and, to differentiate hydrostatic pulmonary edema (HPE) from adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: The reliability of refractometer was evaluated by correlating the protein concentration measured by refractometer with ...
Armstead V E - - 1995
Endotoxin stimulates synthesis of endothelin which can cause pulmonary and systemic vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction. Prolonged endotoxemia in sheep results in dramatic increases in pulmonary and systemic vascular resistances in nonsurvivors compared with survivors. Experiments were conducted in 12 conscious sheep (seven survivors, five nonsurvivors) to determine if synthesis of endothelin ...
Kikuchi Y - - 1995
We developed a chronic lung fistula that drains only the left lung, allowing for evaluation of injury in a single lung. To remove lymph drainage from the right lung into the caudal mediastinal lymph node, the right lower pulmonary ligament was severed. Pneumatic occluders were placed on the left pulmonary ...
Nishida K - - 1995
To determine whether the anti-inflammatory effects of phenytoin might reduce cardiopulmonary dysfunction we studied the effects of phenytoin treatment on acute lung injury induced by smoke inhalation. Twenty-one chronically instrumented sheep were observed for 24 h after smoke inhalation injury. Myocardial contractility was evaluated by left ventricular end-systolic pressure-diameter relationship ...
Parnham C S CS - - 1995
Protein recovery from a bacterial lysate was accomplished using microfiltration membranes in a flat crossflow filter and in a cylindrical rotary filter. Severe membrane fouling yielded relatively low long-term permeate flux values of 10(-4)-10(-3) cm/s (where I cm/s = 3.6 x 10(4) L/m(2) - h). The permeate flux was found ...
Abernathy V J - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of increasing left atrial pressure on noninvasive measurements of radiolabeled albumin normalized slope index (NSI). Using portable gamma scintillation detectors, we monitored radioactivities of 131I-labeled albumin and 51Cr-labeled red blood cells in the blood and over the lung of six ...
Weidner W J - - 1995
This study examined the effects of acute administration of bleomycin (BLM) on lung liquid and protein exchange in anesthetized sheep prepared with caudal mediastinal lung lymph fistulas. Six sheep received BLM (15 U IV) after a baseline period, while seven others were given BLM after a steady state was obtained ...
Nguyen T T - - 1995
There is evidence of increased oxygen free radical activity after smoke inhalation with and without concomitant burn injury. We determined the effects of manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD) on lung fluid balance as measured by lung microvascular permeability coefficient (sigma), filtration coefficient (Kf), and lymph flow. Merino breed ewes (n ...
Siarakas S - - 1995
Recent studies have implicated various toxigenic bacteria and their toxins in the aetiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Therefore the effect of six bacterial toxins on the cardiorespiratory system of the rabbit was studied as a model for SIDS. The toxins' effect on the heart rate, arterial blood pressure, ...
Kendall S - - 1995
The red cell microperfusion-micro-occlusion technique has been used to measure fluid filtration and reabsorption (Jv/A) at known microvascular pressures (Pc) in single mesenteric venules of anaesthetized rats. The relation between Jv/A and Pc is linear over the range of Pc from 15 to 50 cmH2O and its slope is the ...
Villarreal D - - 1995
The objective of this study was to determine whether the nitric oxide (NO) donors, spermine NO and 3-morpholinosydonimine-N-ethyl-carbamide (SIN1), alter the mucosal and microvascular responses of the feline small intestine to 6 hr of hypothermic ischemia and 2 hr of normothermic reperfusion. Intestinal mucosal permeability was monitored using the blood-to-lumen ...
Eliska O - - 1995
Massage of the foot in men and the hindpaw in dogs was performed by applying external pressures of 70-100 mmHg for a period of one, three, five, and ten minutes with a frequency of 25 strokes per minute. This protocol was performed on individuals without edema, on dogs with experimental ...
Pape H C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To find out if intramedullary nailing affects lung function and microvascular permeability whether or not the lung is already injured; if so whether a different method of fixation would diminish the effect; and are the pathogenetic changes related to mechanisms known to precipitate adult respiratory distress syndrome? DESIGN: Experimental ...
Myers G A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Hetastarch and pentafraction are high molecular weight starch solutions designed to augment plasma oncotic pressure. Although clinical utilization of hetastarch has been limited by reported coagulation abnormalities, pentafraction is a newer derivative that appears to have few adverse hemostatic effects. We examined the ability of pentafraction to modulate lung ...
Demling R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the early (first 24 hrs) effect of increasing lung exposure to smoke on the hemodynamic response to a modest body burn. DESIGN: A prospective randomized study. SETTING: Laboratory at a university medical center. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two adult yearling female sheep. INTERVENTIONS: Adult sheep (n = 32) were given ...
Parkes D G - - 1995
Increased arterial blood pressure following a pyrogenic reaction has been reported in previous studies, however the mechanism of this hypertension has not been examined in detail. The present study investigated the effects of both intravenous (IV) and intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from E. coli on body temperature (Tb), ...
Gabel J C - - 1994
We tested the hypothesis that increased lymph flow from the abdominal organs would increase the pressure within the thoracic duct at the thoracic duct-lung lymphatic junction. Cannulas were placed into the thoracic duct via the caudal mediastinal (lung) node efferent lymphatics in 4 sheep. After the sheep recovered from the ...
Townsley M I - - 1994
Although lymphatic washout of hyaluronan during lung hydration has been postulated to deplete lung interstitial hyaluronan content and thereby contribute to the decreased interstitial exclusion of albumin observed under these conditions, this hypothesis has not been directly tested. In anesthetized, ventilated mongrel dogs, a prenodal lung lymphatic was cannulated for ...
Ravi K - - 1994
1. The effects on respiratory rate of obstruction of pulmonary lymph flow, reduction of plasma protein concentration and a combination of the two procedures were examined in anaesthetized rabbits. The former was achieved by raising the pressure in a pouch created from the right external jugular vein and the latter ...
Ferrara J J - - 1994
To define whether capillary permeability traits at the site of a burn differ according to injury severity, a canine hind leg lymphatic was cannulated to measure macromolecular permeability in response to three different scalding solutions. Leg venous pressure was raised to approximately 40 mm Hg and maintained until a minimal ...
Kubo K - - 1994
The purpose of the present study was to assess the role of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (neutrophil) elastase in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury in sheep with lung lymph fistula. We studied the effects of ONO-5046, a specific inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, on the lung dysfunction induced by the intravenous infusion of 1 ...
Janssens S P - - 1994
Inhalation of smoke containing acrolein, the most common toxin in urban fires after carbon monoxide, causes vascular injury with non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema containing potentially edematogenic eicosanoids such as thromboxane (Tx) B2, leukotriene (LT) B4, and the sulfidopeptide LTs (LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4). To determine which eicosanoids are important in the ...
Fukue M - - 1994
Two routes by which interstitial pulmonary edema liquid may leave the lung during recovery are reabsorption into the pulmonary circulation and clearance by lung lymphatics. We hypothesized that reabsorption of edema liquid of low protein concentration into the pulmonary circulation would be greater than reabsorption of edema liquid of high ...
Kreienberg P B - - 1994
The objective of the present study was to determine whether the ability of the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol to attenuate pulmonary edema occurs via a permeability and/or hemodynamic mechanism. In isolated perfused rabbit lungs, the restrictive property of the vascular barrier to the movement of fluid and protein was assessed by ...
Ehrhart I C - - 1994
The elevated cardiac output associated with exercise increases lung lymph flow and may increase extravascular lung water. However, it is not known if extremely elevated cardiac output alters pulmonary vascular permeability. The hematocrit-protein method was used to determine the solvent drag reflection coefficient, an index of vascular permeability to proteins, ...
Gabel J C - - 1994
Postnodal intestinal lymphatic pressure increases during rapid intravenous infusions with Ringer solution in sheep. Part of the lymphatic pressure increase is due to increased venous pressure at the lymphatic outflow (the neck veins). We tested the hypothesis that other factors besides increased neck vein pressure may cause increased lymphatic pressure ...
Wen S - - 1994
The microlymphatic pressure was monitored by using the servo-nulling technique at the forefoot skin in 24 healthy volunteers (number of capillaries studied: 97) and in 27 patients with primary lymphedema (capillary number: 67). The lymphatic capillaries were stained by fluorescence microlymphography with fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran 150 and cannulated using glass needles ...
Dwenger A - - 1994
Our aim was to investigate whether ascorbic acid can reduce reactive oxygen metabolite-mediated acute lung injury. The effects of intravenous administration of Escherichia coli endotoxin were studied, with and without ascorbic acid infusion, on haemodynamics, lung lymph flow, cardio-respiratory and neutrophil function in chronically instrumented sheep. Paired experiments were performed ...
Noda H - - 1994
Sixteen sheep were surgically prepared for chronic study. Seven days later, Escherichia coli endotoxin (10 ng/kg/min, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group, n = 10) or an equivalent amount of 0.9% NaCl (Control group n = 6) was administered. Between 1 and 8 h post-LPS, there was a hypodynamic state with low cardiac ...
Brace R A - - 1994
Although it is known that left thoracic duct lymph flow rate in the ovine fetus is several times that in the adult relative to body weight, the role of the lymphatic system in maintaining fetal blood volume has not been explored. In the present study, the left thoracic lymph duct ...
Easton A S - - 1994
1. The possibility of restricted diffusion of macromolecules in single cerebral venular capillaries that have become leaky due to inflammation was investigated by comparing the permeabilities to Lucifer Yellow (457 Da; PLY) and rhodamine-labelled albumin (69 kDa; PRh-A). 2. The dyes were trapped between two micro-occlusion probes and the permeabilities ...
Ferrara J J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Pentafraction is a pentastarch derivative hypothesized to limit burn edema by "sealing" damaged capillaries, restoring a barrier to fluid translocation and macromolecular (protein) flux. METHODS: Canine hind paw lymph flow (QL) and lymph (CL) and plasma (CP) protein concentrations were measured before and for 6 hours after (1) 5-second ...
Bischof B - - 1993
Although at the time of hatching, the lymph heart of the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus) is usually considered to have atrophied, our findings suggest otherwise. Apart from the lymphatic-venous (L-V) anastomoses between the thoracoabdominal lymph trunks and the superior vena cava in the chest, there are two other L-V anastomoses ...
Brace R A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the maximal left thoracic duct lymph flow rate in late-gestation ovine fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Chronically catheterized sheep fetuses (n = 8) with indwelling left thoracic lymph duct and vascular catheters were studied > or = 5 days after surgery at 136 +/- 1 ...
Mangar D - - 1993
Hyskon (32 percent dextran-70) (Hyskon Division, Pharmacia) is used during hysteroscopy to help visualization of the uterine surfaces. Pulmonary edema of an uncertain cause has occurred in many patients. Because this study could not be conducted in humans, we determined if Hyskon caused cardiogenic or non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema in a ...
Toft P - - 1993
Infusion of endotoxin elicits lymphopenia and a transient granulocytopenia followed by granulocytosis in peripheral blood. The purpose of this study was to investigate which tissues the lymphocytes are redistributed to in response to endotoxaemia. Lymphocytes were isolated from the peripheral blood of 20 rabbits, labelled with 111Indium-tropolene and reinjected intravenously ...
Nakazawa H - - 1993
We studied the mechanisms responsible for the changes in lung lymph flow (QL) in chronic sepsis induced by the continuous infusion of endotoxin [lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 10 ng.kg-1.min-1]. Sheep (n = 11) were studied in the unanesthetized state 7 days after preparation, and cardiopulmonary variables were measured. In the control group ...
Conhaim R L - - 1993
Effects of infusing pentafraction (Pen), a synthetic hydroxyethyl starch plasma volume expander, on lung and soft tissue lymph flux were compared in nonanesthetized sheep that were protein depleted by batch plasmapheresis. Pen (5%) was infused to raise pulmonary arterial wedge pressure by 5 mmHg for 2 h (1.8 +/- 0.3 ...
Imholz A L - - 1993
The effect of an increased intraperitoneal pressure on fluid and solute transport was studied in eight stable CAPD patients. Two permeability tests of two hours each with continuous registration of the intraperitoneal pressure were performed while patients were in supine position. The intra-abdominal pressure was raised by means of a ...
Flick M R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the intravenous administration of phenytoin attenuates or prevents acute experimental lung injury. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled, longitudinal animal investigative study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Sixteen yearling female lambs weighing 30 +/- 3 kg. INTERVENTION: After administration of anesthesia, the animals were endotracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated. Using ...
Miserocchi G - - 1993
A model of pleural fluid turnover, based on mass conservation law, was developed from experimental evidence that 1) pleural fluid filters through the parietal pleura and is drained by parietal lymphatics and 2) lymph flow increases after an increase in pleural liquid volume, attaining a maximum value 10 times greater ...
Zaugg-Vesti B - - 1993
Flow and pressure dynamics in minute human lymphatics are unexplored. Lymphatic capillary pressure was measured by the servo-nulling technique at the foot dorsum of 14 patients with primary lymphedema and 15 healthy controls. Glass micropipettes (7-9 microns) were inserted under microscopic control into lymphatic microvessels previously stained by fluorescence microlymphography ...
Drake R E - - 1993
Intravenous fluid infusions cause increased venous pressure and increased lymph flow throughout the body. Together the increased lymph flow and increased venous pressure (the outflow pressure to the lymphatic system) should increase the pressure within the postnodal intestinal lymphatics. To test this, we measured the pressure in postnodal intestinal lymphatics ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >