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De Nicola Luca - - 2011
Whether nephrology management improves over time achievement of blood pressure (BP) goal (<130/<80 mm Hg) in nondialysis CKD is still ill-defined. This historical cohort analysis evaluated the relationship between 1-year nephrology management and BP control in 275 incident CKD patients in an academic renal clinic. Comparative analysis between referral and ...
Asferg Camilla - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The mechanisms by which overweight and physical inactivity lead to hypertension are complex. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, has been linked with hypertension. We wanted to investigate the relationship between leptin, physical activity and new-onset hypertension. Methods. The study was a prospective cohort study of 744 women and 367 ...
Yip Jennifer L Y JL Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2011
To examine the relationship between physical activity and ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), a consistent risk factor for glaucoma. The relationship between previous physical activity and current OPP in 5650 participants aged 48 to 90 who attended the first (1993-1997) and third (2006-2010) health check as part of the European Prospective ...
Exo Jennifer - - 2011
To compare the correlation of intracranial pressure (ICP) measurement and time to detection of ICP crises (defined as ICP ≥ 20 mm Hg for ≥ 5 mins) between an intraparenchymal (IP) monitor and external ventricular drain (EVD) in children for whom continuous cerebrospinal fluid diversion was used as a therapy ...
Takahashi O - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) screening is important to identify those at risk of cardiovascular disease, but there has been little data on the appropriate interval of screening. We aimed to evaluate the optimal interval and the best measure for BP re-screening by estimating the long-term, true change variance ('signal') and short-term, ...
Asgari Shadnaz - - 2011
Intracranial pressure (ICP) remains a pivotal physiological signal for managing brain injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients in neurocritical care units. Given the vascular origin of the ICP, changes in ICP waveform morphology could be used to infer cerebrovascular changes. Clinical validation of this association in the setting of brain ...
Sookplung Pimwan P Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2011
We describe institutional vasopressor usage, and examine the effect of vasopressors on hemodynamics: heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), brain tissue oxygenation (PbtO(2)), and jugular venous oximetry (SjVO(2)) in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). We performed a retrospective analysis ...
Chakhunashvili G - - 2011
The goal of the investigation was the estimation of functional condition of anthropometrical, physical and cardiovascular system of sportsmen-basketball players against the background of high physical loading. 100 basketball players at the age from 12 till 18 years underlay the study. Randomized and open controllable research was carried out during ...
Frese Ethel M - - 2011
Vital sign measurement and assessment are important components of the review of systems in a physical therapy examination for individuals with and without documented cardiopulmonary disease. The measurement of blood pressure gives the therapist information regarding the patient's baseline cardiovascular status, response to exercise/activity, and guides exercise prescription. Accurate measurement ...
Cheung Carol Y - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the effects of blood pressure on a spectrum of quantitative and qualitative retinal microvascular signs. METHODS: Retinal photographs from the Singapore Malay Eye Study, a population-based cross-sectional study of 3280 (78.7% response) persons aged 40-80 years, were analyzed. Quantitative changes in the retinal vasculature (branching ...
Jennersjö Pär E son - - 2011
To explore the association between nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipper status and macro- and microvascular organ damage in type 2 diabetes. Cross-sectional data from 663 patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 55-66 years, were analysed. Nurses measured office BP and ambulatory BP during 24h. Individuals with ≥ 10% difference in ...
Suláková T - - 2011
Pulse pressure (PP) and ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) can be calculated from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) and have been suggested as markers of arterial stiffness and predictors of cardiovascular mortality. We retrospectively evaluated PP and AASI from ABPM records in 84 children (43 boys) with diabetes mellitus ...
Aponte Judith - - 2011
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2004 data set was utilized to examine trends and differences of individuals with asymptomatic and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and PAD risk factor variables, determined by Ankle-Brachial Index measurement. A descriptive secondary data analysis was conducted by using the variables ...
Grossman Ehud - - 2011
Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. Lowering blood pressure (BP) to 135/85 mm Hg is the main goal of treatment. A nonpharmcologic approach is recommended in all patients. If BP levels remain above the target despite nonpharmacologic treatment, drug therapy should ...
Williams Mark E - - 2011
Lowering blood pressure may confer a benefit to diabetic microvascular complications comparable with glycemic control. Hypertension is causally related to kidney outcomes and is a risk factor for the development of diabetic retinopathy. The prevalence of hypertension increases as kidney disease progresses, so that it coexists with diabetes in up ...
Bowling Frank L - - 2011
High plantar pressures lead to ulceration in the diabetic foot, particularly in the forefoot region around the metatarsal heads. High plantar pressures persist during gait due to factors such as peripheral neuropathy, foot deformities, limited ankle dorsi flexion range of motion and reduced plantar tissue thickness. Strategies impinging upon gait ...
Apelqvist Jan - - 2011
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is an important limiting factor for healing in neuroischemic or ischemic diabetic foot ulcer. The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to healing in patients with diabetes with foot ulcers and severe PVD. Patients with diabetes with a foot ulcer, consecutively presenting at ...
Bhargava M - - 2011
Hypertension has profound effects on various parts of the eye. Classically, elevated blood pressure results in a series of retinal microvascular changes called hypertensive retinopathy, comprising of generalized and focal retinal arteriolar narrowing, arteriovenous nicking, retinal hemorrhages, microaneurysms and, in severe cases, optic disc and macular edema. Studies have shown ...
Kavros Steven J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Increased plantar pressures have been shown to be a risk factor in ulceration of the neuropathic foot. Prescriptive footwear is a common medical treatment, yet evidence regarding the efficacy of these prescriptions is underdeveloped. The purpose of this study is to determine the off-loading properties of four provisional shoes; ...
Napan Sirikarn - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Nondipping pattern of circadian blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; however, limited data are available among obese African-Americans. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate the pattern of circadian BP variation and to identify clinical conditions associated with nondipping in this population. METHODS: A total of ...
Franklin Stanley S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the features of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), the most common hypertensive subtype in persons at least age 50, associated with greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk when accompanied by low diastolic blood pressure (DBP). DESIGN: Data were obtained from adult hypertensives at least age 18 in the National ...
Li Jie - - 2011
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze the significance of 3.0-T contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with calf compression in the lower limbs of diabetic patients with peripheral vascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one type 2 diabetes patients underwent both MRA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) within 1 week. The patients ...
Sica Domenic - - 2011
Many small studies with varied surrogate end points and numerous preclinical data have suggested the likelihood of there being specific benefits that exceed simple blood pressure control with drug classes such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and calcium channel blockers, which may be particularly relevant to the patient ...
Glandt Mariela - - 2011
Treatment of blood pressure in the patient with diabetes remains a challenge. While data extrapolated from many trials seemed to imply that lower blood pressures leads to more favorable cardiovascular outcomes, this paper reviews newer trials designed to treat to blood pressure targets below 130/80 mmHg in patients with long term ...
Quinn T M - - 2011
Quinn TM, Taylor JJ, Magarik JA, Vought E, Kindy MS, Ellegala DB. Decompressive craniectomy: technical note. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 123: 239-244.© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Decompressive craniectomy is a neurosurgical technique in which a portion of the skull is removed to reduce intracranial pressure. The rationale for ...
Speck Verena - - 2011
We investigated the feasibility and accuracy of intracranial pressure (ICP)-measurement by lumbar drainage (LD) catheter in patients with post-hemorrhagic communicating hydrocephalus (PHCH). Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH, n = 21) or spontaneous ganglionic hemorrhage (ICH, n = 22) with ventricular involvement and the need for external ventricular drainage (EVD) due to acute hydrocephalus were ...
Izzo Raffaele - - 2011
Left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a marker of organ damage in hypertension and helps stratifying cardiovascular risk. Initial left-ventricular mass (LVM) is also a predictor of progression to hypertension, independently of initial blood pressure (BP) and other confounders. To evaluate whether baseline LVM can influence BP control in treated hypertension. We ...
Philips Jean-Christophe - - 2011
The squatting test is an active posture manoeuvre that imposes one of the most potent orthostatic stresses. In normal subjects, the changes in blood pressure and heart rate are transient because of appropriate baroreflex homeostasis and do not provoke symptoms. However, in various pathological conditions, both the increase in blood ...
Laugesen E - - 2011
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined the predictive ability of 24-hour ambulatory pulse pressure (24-h PP), ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and diurnal blood pressure (BP) parameters for fatal and non-fatal CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A ...
Ena Javier - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Upper arm automated blood pressure devices are widely available and could be used to estimate the ankle-brachial index. METHODS: We conducted a trial to determine the equivalence of ankle-brachial index estimated by an upper arm blood pressure measuring device as index method compared to the handheld Doppler method as ...
Schuh Reinhard - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Arthrodesis is a well-established treatment option for end-stage osteoarthritis of the ankle. Osteoarthritis of the ankle can alter plantar pressure distribution. However, surprisingly little is known about the effect of ankle arthrodesis to alter plantar pressure distribution. The purpose of this study was to determine plantar pressure distribution in ...
Schmieder Roland E - - 2011
The increasing burden on health care providers from chronic kidney disease (CKD) is due to the escalating prevalence of obesity, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. The gradual decline in kidney function in the presence of these risk factors is also associated with increased cardiovascular disease. Excess angiotensin II production by ...
Rizzoni Damiano - - 2011
Regardless of the mechanisms that initiate the increase in blood pressure, the development of structural changes in the systemic vasculature is the end result of established hypertension. In essential hypertension, the small arteries smooth muscle cells are restructured around a smaller lumen, and there is no net growth of the ...
Shi Y - - 2011
Almost 30% of hypertension among Canadians may be attributed to excess dietary sodium. We examined the average sodium intake of Canadians aged 30 years and over, with and without hypertension, by age, sex and diabetes status using 24-hour recall data from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition. ...
Xiong Shuping - - 2011
Information related to reliable values of discomfort thresholds can help to improve the designs of various products. This study aimed to investigate the measurement reliabilities associated with pressure thresholds, while determining the effects of stimulus characteristics (stimulus area, indentation speed) of the human foot. An indentation apparatus was used with ...
Angunsri Nakarin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate instability of gait performance in patients with vestibular lesions by the use of a tactile sensors placed under both feet. METHODS: Gait analysis was conducted by the use of tactile sensors in 92 patients who had various types of vestibular lesions including vestibular neuritis (VN), acoustic neuroma ...
Mena Othon J - - 2011
We present the case of a 7-month-old female infant who was found crying and limp. She was transported to a hospital where a possible subarachnoid hemorrhage was diagnosed radiologically. Before further studies could be pursued, her condition worsened and she died. The autopsy demonstrated diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage of the brain ...
Mieras Jamie N - - 2011
Background: Frequent use of walking boots in podiatric medicine often elicits patient complaints and sequelae from the imposed limb-length discrepancy. This study was designed primarily to determine whether peak plantar pressures are decreased in the contralateral foot when a moderately worn athletic shoe is worn opposite a high-calf walking boot ...
Ball Kevin A - - 2011
When using a driver, the centre of pressure of a golfer shows a pattern that is characteristic of one of two distinct swing styles: the "front foot" style or the "reverse" style. The aim of this study was to establish whether these two swing styles are also evident when using ...
Burns J - - 2011
Total contact casting is the gold standard offloading treatment for plantar foot ulceration, but the optimal technique and preferred materials are poorly defined and not readily prescribed in daily practice. We investigated in-cast pressure offloading in two types of total contact casts vs. a control condition, in patients with plantar ...
Dhar Rajat - - 2011
Hyponatremia may complicate brain injury and exacerbate cerebral edema and intracranial pressure (ICP). Vasopressin-receptor antagonists (such as conivaptan) are promising novel agents to treat hyponatremia that act by inducing aquaresis. It is unclear whether raising serum sodium in this way could also confer an acute osmotic benefit, reducing brain water ...
Alshamsan Riyadh - - 2011
To examine ethnic disparities in diabetes management among patients with and without comorbid medical conditions after a period of sustained investment in quality improvement in the U.K. This cross-sectional study examined associations between ethnicity, comorbidity, and intermediate outcomes for mean A1C, total cholesterol, and blood pressure levels in 6,690 diabetes ...
Ting Yuk Joseph - - 2011
Gastric pneumatosis is extremely rare during infancy. It has been reported in association with necrotizing enterocolitis or congenital abnormalities such as pyloric stenosis. Here, we report a case of gastric pneumatosis in a premature neonate on synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation. No pneumatosis was noted in the rest of ...
Alfie J - - 2011
An incomplete inhibition of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) may be responsible for the residual organ damage and event rate that still occur in spite of an apparent blood pressure control in patients with hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and heart failure treated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) ...
Giorgino Francesco - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing in prevalence at alarming rates. Concurrent with the its expanding prevalence, is the increase in the related risk of morbidity and mortality. Because diabetic patients are prone to cardiovascular disease, treatment strategies should address the cardiovascular risk factors, including blood pressure, lipids, and ...
Sugiura Yoshimi - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To measure ophthalmodynamometric pressure (ODP) during vitrectomy in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). DESIGN:: Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series. METHODS:: This study included 75 eyes of 75 patients undergoing vitrectomy for PDR. After core vitrectomy, the intraocular pressure was gradually raised using a vented-gas forced-infusion system (VGFI), and ...
Ushigome Emi - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to investigate the state of blood pressure control level and to investigate the relationship between blood pressure control level and nephropathy in Japanese type 2 diabetes. We measured clinic and home blood pressure in 923 type 2 diabetic patients. According to the criteria for ...
Thoenes Martin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In Germany, an estimated 20-25 million patients suffer from hypertension. Blood pressure control rates are, however, lower than in many other European countries and the USA. The present analysis reports blood pressure treatment and control rates in Germany in patients with hypertension treated by cardiologists. METHODS: The present analysis ...
Fiedler Karin Elisabeth - - 2011
AIMS: A proof of concept study to investigate the effect of shoe lacing on the plantar pressure distribution and in-shoe displacement of the foot during walking. METHODS: Three randomized shoe-lacing conditions, which differed in lacing tightness (comfortable, loosened, and completely loose) were investigated in 20 healthy adults. On a 10-m ...
McAdam-Marx Carrie - - 2011
This cross-sectional study describes glycemic, body mass, and blood pressure (BP) control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in an ambulatory care-based database of electronic medical records (EMRs). Patients aged ≥18 years with T2DM documented in 2008 and with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) value, body mass index (BMI), and ...
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