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Srinivasan Vijay - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous gasping is associated with increased survival in animal models of cardiac arrest and in observational studies of humans. The potential beneficial effect of gasping on cerebral perfusion may underlie the observed survival benefit, but mechanisms remain unknown. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that spontaneous gasping in a pig model of ...
Boret H - - 2006
We report the case of a young patient with post-traumatic, intractable, intracranial hypertension leading to craniectomy. This intracranial hypertension was preceded by focal signs of ischemia diagnosed through P(ti)O2 monitoring and cerebral microdialysis, and occurred a few hours prior to a decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure below 60 mmHg. The ...
Wang E C - - 2006
Analysis of slow waves in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) has been used as an index to describe cerebrovascular pressure-reactivity. It has been previously demonstrated that the pressure-reactivity index (PRx) can be used to reflect global cerebrovascular reactivity with changes in ABP. A positive PRx signifies a ...
Manley Geoffrey T - - 2006
Investigations of the basic pathological, cellular, and molecular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) over the past two decades have been carried out primarily in rodents. Unfortunately, these studies have not translated into improved outcome in patients with TBI. To better model human TBI, a swine model of controlled cortical ...
Kuo Jinn-Rung - - 2006
From December 2002 to January 2004, 30 patients (20 men and 10 women; mean age 36.8 years [+/- 14.9 years]) with preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 8 or less underwent emergency haematoma evacuation surgery and continuous intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and mean arterial blood pressure monitoring ...
Bramwell Kenneth J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of single-dose etomidate in pediatric patients with intracranial hypertension after severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with severe traumatic brain injury were enrolled with the informed consent of their guardians. The experimental intervention was a single dose of ...
Hu Xiao X Brain Monitoring and Modeling Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles 90034, USA. - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine whether or not the underlying physiological systems that generates spontaneous arterial blood pressure (ABP), cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), and intracranial pressure signals could be adequately approximated as a linear stochastic process. Furthermore, a new measure (C) capable of capturing the degree ...
Sung Kuan-Chin - - 2006
Intravenous infusion of norepinephrine is usually effective and safe to maintain adequate cerebral perfusion pressure for the management of posttraumatic intracranial hypertension. We report the case of a 17-year-old woman who suffered from traumatic intracranial bleeding and hypotension; she developed rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria and acute renal failure after receiving high dose ...
Stiefel Michael F - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) is used to treat symptomatic cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). IAP, however, can increase intracranial pressure (ICP). In this study we examined whether IAP alters brain oxygen (BtO2). METHODS: Poor clinical grade (Hunt & Hess IV or V) SAH patients who underwent continuous ICP ...
Gordon Neil S - - 2006
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension results from cerebral oedema. The symptoms and signs of the condition are reviewed, especially the risks of visual failure if the condition is prolonged without adequate treatment. The most significant symptom in childhood is headache, and the most important sign is papilloedema. The difficulties of diagnosis are ...
Huang Sheng-Jean - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to evaluate 10% hydroxyethyl starch (HES 200/0.5) with regard to its clinical outcome and safety in the treatment of severe head injury. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient data from a prospectively designed standard treatment protocol for severe head injury. The standard protocol included (1) ...
Dunham C Michael - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine if noninvasive transcranial oxygen saturation (StcO2) and Bispectral Index (BIS) correlate with severe traumatic brain injury intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Values of intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), BIS, and StcO2 were ...
Schnoor Joerg - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with traumatic brain injuries and raised intracranial pressure (ICP) display biphasic response with faster gastric emptying during the early stage followed by a prolonged gastric transit time later. While duodenal contractile activity plays a pivotal role in transpyloric transit we investigated the effects of raised intracranial pressure on ...
Birch A A - - 2006
The objective of this report is to highlight the potential for false pressure measurements from systems that combine intracranial pressure (ICP) measurement and ventricular drainage. If the ports of the drain become blocked to the extent that they present a high resistance to cerebrospinal fluid flow, then a significant pressure ...
Tankisi Alp - - 2006
The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of 10 degrees reverse Trendelenburg position (rTp) on subdural intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and dural tension. Additionally, the relationship between preoperative Hunt and Hess (H and H) grade and the subdural ICP in patients scheduled for ...
Elsayed Ayman A - - 2006
OBJECT: The goal in this study was to determine if there was a change in intracranial venous diameters after endovascular treatment of carotid distribution vasospasm caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: The venous diameters were measured in all patients who received intraarterial papaverine and/or balloon angioplasty for treatment of vasospasm during ...
Hornero Roberto - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decomplexification of intracranial pressure dynamics occurs during periods of severe intracranial hypertension (intracranial pressure >25 mm Hg for >5 mins in the absence of external noxious stimuli) in pediatric patients with intracranial hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical case series over a 30-month period from April ...
Yetgin Sevgi - - 2006
Pseudotumor cerebri is a syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, normal cerebrospinal fluid values, and a normal cerebral ventricles on brain imaging studies. A patient with a diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri was admitted to the authors' hospital twice within a 2.5-year interval and treated with vitamin B12 (vit-B12). At the second ...
Kinoshita K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hemodynamics in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) after cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) management using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with TBI (Glasgow Coma Score = 8 or less) were investigated. Mean arterial blood pressure, CPP, cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), ...
Agrawal Deepak - - 2006
The authors describe a child with a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in place for 5 years who presented with 'postural' seizures (seizures on sitting upright, which resolved on recumbency). On shunt tap, the cerebrospinal fluid was obtained freely, but required gentle aspiration with a syringe in the recumbent position, suggesting very low ...
Nemoto E M - - 2006
Traumatic brain injury and stroke are both characterized by an ischemic core surrounded by a penumbra of low to hyperemic flows. The underperfused ischemic core is the focus of edema development, but the source of the edema fluid is not known. We hypothesized that flow of edema fluid into the ...
Kostopoulos V - - 2006
The aim of the present work is to develop a non-destructive, non-invasive technique for the early diagnosis of an oncoming brain edema based on the variation of vibration characteristics of the head system (i.e. eigenfrequency spectrum and modal damping). Besides the theoretical model that supports the basic principle, the proposed ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2006
Pupillometry has been widely employed in the evaluation of a large number of pathological conditions, including intracranial pathology. The recent introduction of a portable, user-friendly, infrared pupillometer (ForSite, NeurOptics Inc., Irvine, CA) has enabled the accurate and reproducible measurement of several pupillary parameters, such as maximum and minimum apertures, constriction ...
Rodríguez Abiezer - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) may induce hypertension through sympathetic mechanisms. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 55-year-old man was admitted with a symptomatic intracerebral mass and new refractory arterial hypertension. Several antihypertensive medications were necessary to control his blood pressure. A lumbar puncture was performed for diagnostic purposes and raised ...
Balestreri Marcella M Academic Neurosurgical Unit Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2006
To investigate the relationships between intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and outcome after traumatic brain injury. A retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data from 429 patients after head injury requiring intensive treatment on the Neuroscience Intensive Annex and the Neuro Critical Care Unit, Cambridge, UK. ICP, CPP, and ...
Hutchinson P J PJ Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2006
The RESCUEicp (Randomized Evaluation of Surgery with Craniectomy for Uncontrollable Elevation of intracranial pressure) study has been established to determine whether decompressive craniectomy has a role in the management of patients with traumatic brain injury and raised intracranial pressure that does not respond to initial treatment measures. We describe the ...
Daley M L ML Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee 38152-3180, USA. - - 2006
To examine changes in cerebrovascular pressure transmission derived from arterial blood pressure (ABP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) recordings by autoregressive moving average modeling technique. Digitized ICP and ABP recordings were obtained from patients with brain injury. Two groups were defined: Group A with 4 patients who demonstrated plateau waves, and ...
Guendling K K Academic Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2006
To summarize our experience from the first 2 years of use of the ICM+ software in our Neurocritical Care Unit (NCCU). Ninety-five head-injured patients (74 males, 21 females), average age 36 years, were managed in the NCCU. Intracranial pressure (ICP) was monitored using Codman intraparenchymal probes and arterial blood pressure ...
Czosnyka M M Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neurosurgical Unit, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2006
To investigate the relationships between long-term computer-assisted monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) and indices derived from its waveform versus outcome, age, and sex. From 1992 to 2002, 429 sedated and ventilated head-injured patients were continuously monitored. ICP and arterial blood pressure (ABP) were recorded directly and stored in bedside computers. ...
Hu Xiao X Division of Neuroscience, University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2006
Causal coherence analysis was applied to beat-to-beat mean intracranial pressure (ICP) and RR interval signals that were recorded from twelve normal pressure hydrocephalus patients. Data were organized into two groups including an ICP B-Wave group and a control baseline group. Maximal classic coherence between ICP and RR interval within [0.04-0.15] ...
Ishikawa R R Department of Mechanical Engineering Informatics, Meiji University, Kawasaki, - - 2006
The aim of this study is to discuss the occurrence mechanism of the brain injury analytically and experimentally. In this paper, first, an experimental system to do an impact experiment was presented. The pressure changes inside a brain agar phantom were measured. Second, a three-dimensional FEM model of the impact ...
Kim Sunghan S Biomedical Signal Processing Laboratory, Portland State University, Oregon, USA. - - 2006
Maintaining intracranial pressure (ICP) below 20-25 mmHg is an important clinical goal in the treatment of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is well known that the partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2) can affect cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume, and therefore ICP. The end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) is ...
Ellis Tim T Biomed. Signal Process. Lab., Electrical & Computer Engineering, Portland State Univ., OR, USA. - - 2006
The mean of cardiovascular pressure signals is an important metric in patient monitoring applications for many types of diseases and injuries. It is typically calculated with a moving average of 3-8 s of the pulsatile signal. This method of calculating the mean introduces a delay of 1.5-4 s. We demonstrate ...
El-Gohary Mahmoud M Biomed. Signal Process. Lab., Portland State Univ., OR, - - 2006
In the study of biological systems, it is often desirable to study the relationship between two simultaneously recorded signals and investigate whether one signal is causing the other. Correlation between signals can be revealed by spectral analysis techniques such as coherence. While coherence reveals the interaction strength between two signals, ...
Talbert D G - - 2006
It is known that retinal haemorrhages can result in adults when elevated intrathoracic pressures due to coughing, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, etc., force blood into the head. In infants under one year of age retinal and intracranial haemorrhage commonly occur together, but the same is not true for the older child and ...
Prabhakar H - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The tunnelling phase of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion is the most painful part but patients are often given inadequate opioid analgesic for fear of post operative delayed recovery and/or respiratory depression. This may result in an increase in intracranial pressure. METHODS: Twenty adults scheduled to undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunt ...
Raabe Andreas - - 2005
OBJECT: Hypervolemia and hypertension therapy is routinely used for prophylaxis and treatment of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm at many institutions. Nevertheless, there is an ongoing debate about the preferred modality (hypervolemia, hypertension, or both), the degree of therapy (moderate or aggressive), and the risk or benefit of hypervolemia, moderate hypertension, and ...
Chansoria Maya - - 2005
Pseudotumor cerebri is a clinical syndrome characterized by raised intracranial pressure with normal ventricular size, anatomy and position. Headache, vomiting and diplopia are the most common symptoms. Signs include those of raised intracranial pressure including papilledema and absence of focal neurological signs. A secondary cause is identifiable in 50% of ...
Porter Alyx - - 2006
Increased intracranial pressure is rarely seen in association with spinal tumors. We describe a young, non-obese man who presented with increased intracranial pressure, papilledema and visual obscuration. Multiple cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations with normal or minimally elevated CSF protein lead to the initial diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. After a ...
Eide Per Kristian - - 2006
This paper describes a new method for processing of continuous pressure signals. Continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) signals were sampled at 100 Hz, converted into digital data and processed during 6s time windows. According to a new algorithm, cardiac beat-induced single ICP waves were identified; pressure waves caused by noise in ...
Kochanek Patrick M - - 2005
In 2003, a multidisciplinary group of physicians formulated the first guidelines for the management of severe traumatic brain injury in infants and children. Initial treatment of these patients is focused on stabilization to prevent the occurrence of secondary insults such as hypotension and hypoxemia. However, this article focuses on the ...
Kumar A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Critical closing pressure (CCP) is the arterial pressure below which the vessels collapse. Hypothetically it is the sum of intracranial pressure (ICP) and vessel wall tension in the cerebral circulation. This study investigated transhemispherical asymmetry of CCP by studying its correlation with radiological findings on computed tomography (CT) scans ...
Hlatky Roman - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Induced hypertension is commonly used to improve cerebral perfusion, but this treatment may have the deleterious side effect of raising intracranial pressure (ICP). We tested the hypothesis that dynamic pressure autoregulation testing could identify patients who might develop increased ICP during induced hypertension. METHODS: Twenty-two studies were performed in ...
Sellner Johann - - 2006
Adverse outcome in bacterial meningitis is associated with the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) facilitate this process by degradation of components of the BBB. This in turn results in acute complications of bacterial meningitis including edema formation, increased intracranial pressure and subsequent ischemia. We determined the parenchymal ...
Thomale Ulrich-Wilhelm - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The antioxidant potential N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) and its improvement of posttraumatic mitrochondrial dysfunction have been reported. This study investigated the effect of NAC on posttraumatic changes after controlled cortical Impact (CCI) injury. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective randomized controlled animal study. METHODS: A moderate left focal cortical contusion was induced using ...
Eide Per Kristian - - 2006
Simultaneous continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) signals from two different sensors were compared. Continuous ICP monitoring from two ICP sensors (i.e. Codman ICP MicroSensor; Johnson & Johnson, Raynham, MA and Camino OLM ICP; Camino Laboratories, San Diego, CA) placed within the brain parenchyma was performed in three patients within the intensive ...
Cremer, Olaf Lodewijk
The main goal of neurosurgical intensive care in comatose patients with head injuries is to prevent secondary neuronal damage resulting from ischemia and tissue hypoxia. In his thesis, Olaf Cremer critically examines the rationale and risk-to-benefit ratio of aggressive manipulation of blood pressure, intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, and temperature ...
Bloch Orin - - 2005
Brain abscess is associated with local vasogenic edema, which leads to increased intracranial pressure and significant morbidity. Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a water channel expressed in astroglia at the blood-brain and brain-CSF barriers. To investigate the role of AQP4 in brain abscess-associated edema, live Staphylococcus aureus (10(5) colony-forming units) was injected ...
Timofeev Ivan - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent advances in multimodality monitoring of patients following severe head injury during the period of 2004-2005. RECENT FINDINGS: Whilst intracranial pressure measurement remains the cornerstone of neuromonitoring, analysis of the intracranial pressure waveform provides additional information, which may help guide treatment and predict outcome. ...
Ware Marcus L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Mannitol is the standard of care for patients with increased intracranial pressure (ICP), but multiple administrations of mannitol risk renal toxicity and fluid accumulation in the brain parenchyma with consequent worsening of cerebral edema. This preliminary study assessed the safety and efficacy of small-volume injections of 23.4% sodium chloride ...
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