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Results 501 - 550 of 2459
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Salci Konstantin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The vulnerability of the brain is considered to be increased after trauma. The present study was undertaken to determine whether intracranial volume insults in the posttraumatic period led to increased metabolic disturbances if intracranial compliance was decreased. METHODS: A weight drop technique with a brain compression of 1.5 mm ...
Shieh Jiann-Shing - - 2006
This paper assesses the controller performance of a self-organizing fuzzy logic controller (SOFLC) in comparison with a routine clinical rule-base controller (RBC) for sedation control of intracranial pressure (ICP) pattern. Eleven patients with severe head injury undergoing different neurosurgeries in a neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU) were divided into two ...
Karakoulas Konstantinos A - - 2006
Multitrauma patients commonly develop abdominal compartment syndrome, which is defined as the end result of sustained, uncorrected, intra-abdominal hypertension. We aimed to assess the effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) upon intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in the presence or absence of lipopolysacharide (LPS)-induced endotoxemia using an ...
Baussart B - - 2006
Bacterial meningitis is still associated with a high mortality, mainly because of cerebral herniation as a result of increased intracranial pressure. Published data stress the necessity of an early diagnosis and immediate start of antibiotic therapy. Nevertheless, there are only few reports in which therapeutic strategy was based on the ...
Geeraerts Thomas - - 2006
The aim of this study was to describe, in rats, brain energy metabolites changes after different levels of head trauma (T) complicated by hypoxia-hypotension (HH). Male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 7 per groups) were subjected to T by impact-acceleration with 450-g weight drop from 1.50 or 1.80 m (T ...
Cavanaugh James T JT Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2006
The return-to-play decision after sport-related cerebral concussion depends in part on knowing when an athlete has fully recovered postural control after injury. To describe the postconcussion recovery of postural control using approximate entropy (ApEn), a regularity statistic from nonlinear dynamics. Retrospective case series analysis. Sports medicine research laboratory. Collegiate athletes ...
Pearce J M S - - 2006
James Collier, in 1904, gave one of the best early accounts of tonsillar herniation as a terminal event caused by raised intracranial pressure. He also observed false localizing signs. Adolf Meyer added to the picture, describing detailed pathology of tentorial and subfalcial herniation, and hemianopia as a false localizing sign. ...
Nortje J - - 2006
Cerebral ischaemia is implicated in poor outcome after brain injury, and is a very common post-mortem finding. The inability of the brain to store metabolic substrates, in the face of high oxygen and glucose requirements, makes it very susceptible to ischaemic damage. The clinical challenge, however, remains the reliable antemortem ...
Jaeger Matthias - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether two newly developed indexes of brain tissue oxygen pressure reactivity (ORx and bPtio2) provide information on the status of cerebrovascular autoregulation after traumatic brain injury. This was accomplished by analyzing the relationship between these indexes and an index of cerebrovascular pressure reactivity (PRx). PRx is an ...
Dal Didem - - 2006
Choroidal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular cancer in adults. A sixty-nine years old, hypertensive male with a choroidal melanoma underwent enucleation. After extubation he woke up confused and unconscious. An emergent computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated intracerebral hematoma. The underwent repeat surgery in the postoperative first hour, because ...
Huang Sheng-Jean - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hypertonic saline (HS) in the treatment of intracranial hypertension after severe head injury. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was performed in an 11-bed neurosurgery intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. From February 2002 to September 2004, ...
Filho Joel Avancini Rocha - - 2006
During orthotopic liver transplantation for fulminant hepatic failure, some patients may develop sudden deterioration of cerebral perfusion and oxygenation, mainly due to increased intracranial pressure and hypotension, which are likely responsible for postoperative neurological morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we hypothesized that the favorable effects of hypertonic saline ...
Schmieder K - - 2006
Blood pressure management in patients undergoing surgery for clipping of aneurysms is demanding. More information about the ability of cerebral vessels to normally regulate cerebral blood flow may have a direct influence on the intraoperative management. In patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) a disturbance of cerebral autoregulation has been reported ...
Hiler Magdalena M Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's NHS Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2006
The authors explored the relationship between computerized tomography (CT) scan findings and intracranial pressure (ICP) measurements obtained in the first 24 hours of monitoring to identify parameters predicting outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Intracranial pressure, mean arterial blood pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and pressure reactivity ...
Turner Carole L - - 2006
OBJECT: Patients with intracranial aneurysms tend toward raised blood pressure and abnormal pulse pressure profiles. The authors have investigated the influence of three antihypertension agents on blood pressure and pulse pressure waveforms in patients with known intracranial aneurysms, with a view to assessing the potential benefits of longterm antihypertension therapy ...
Korsic Marjan - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the relation between metabolic parameters of the brain tissue, as direct indicators of real metabolic conditions within the brain, and intracranial pressure, as the consequence of pathophysiological changes. METHODS: Twelve patients with closed head injuries were followed up for 24 hours after injury. A Codman parenchymal intracranial ...
Wartenberg Katja E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RLS) is an acute neurological syndrome associated with altered mental status and visual disturbances described in patients with sudden elevations in systemic blood pressure and other medical conditions. In this process, neuroimaging studies usually demonstrate diffuse edema involving the subcortical structures of the posterior regions of ...
Feltracco P - - 2006
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is often complicated with cerebral edema, intracranial hypertension, and coma. Cytotoxic and vasogenic factors have been recognized in the etiology of cerebral edema. One of the main causes seems to be the accumulation of glutamine in astrocytes, which is produced from ammonia and the excitatory neurotransmitter ...
Kuzak Nick - - 2006
Autoregulation is dysfunctional in the injured brain. Increases in intracranial and arterial pressure may therefore result in extension of the primary injury. Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is a well-known cause of surges in both arterial pressure and intracranial pressure. Neuroprotective agents, namely lidocaine and fentanyl, have the potential to minimize ...
Friedman Deborah I - - 2006
Increased pressure in the dural venous sinuses has been proposed as the cause of increased intracranial pressure in the condition known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). This hypothesis has received further support from manometry of the dural venous sinuses, showing a substantial proximal-to-distal pressure gradient, and from reports of improvement ...
Grosse-Wortmann L - - 2006
Arrhythmias occur as a life-threatening complication in adults with severe head injuries. A wide spectrum of brady- and tachyarrhythmias and different pathogenetic mechanisms have been described. We report an 8-year-old boy with traumatic brain injury who developed a variety of independent types of arrhythmias during the course of his illness, ...
Narotam Pradeep K - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is the commonest cause of death in the pediatric population, which is prone to diffuse primary brain injury aggravated by secondary insults (eg, hypoxia, hypotension). Standard monitoring involves intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure, which do not reflect true cerebral oxygenation (oxygen delivery [Do(2)]). We explore the ...
Tabuchi Sadaharu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Changes in systemic arterial blood pressure and the degree of cerebral vasospasm were investigated in 125 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: Systemic arterial blood pressure was measured every 2 hours in each patient for a period of more than 2 weeks, and a fall in systemic blood pressure ...
Su Chain-Fa - - 2006
In subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), Cushing postulated that the increase in systemic arterial pressure (SAP) in response to elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) was beneficial to cerebral perfusion. However, in uncontrolled SAH, the increased SAP may cause more bleeding into the subarachnoid space and further increase the ICP. We created an ...
Srinivasan Vijay - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous gasping is associated with increased survival in animal models of cardiac arrest and in observational studies of humans. The potential beneficial effect of gasping on cerebral perfusion may underlie the observed survival benefit, but mechanisms remain unknown. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that spontaneous gasping in a pig model of ...
Boret H - - 2006
We report the case of a young patient with post-traumatic, intractable, intracranial hypertension leading to craniectomy. This intracranial hypertension was preceded by focal signs of ischemia diagnosed through P(ti)O2 monitoring and cerebral microdialysis, and occurred a few hours prior to a decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure below 60 mmHg. The ...
Wang E C - - 2006
Analysis of slow waves in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) has been used as an index to describe cerebrovascular pressure-reactivity. It has been previously demonstrated that the pressure-reactivity index (PRx) can be used to reflect global cerebrovascular reactivity with changes in ABP. A positive PRx signifies a ...
Manley Geoffrey T - - 2006
Investigations of the basic pathological, cellular, and molecular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) over the past two decades have been carried out primarily in rodents. Unfortunately, these studies have not translated into improved outcome in patients with TBI. To better model human TBI, a swine model of controlled cortical ...
Kuo Jinn-Rung - - 2006
From December 2002 to January 2004, 30 patients (20 men and 10 women; mean age 36.8 years [+/- 14.9 years]) with preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 8 or less underwent emergency haematoma evacuation surgery and continuous intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and mean arterial blood pressure monitoring ...
Bramwell Kenneth J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of single-dose etomidate in pediatric patients with intracranial hypertension after severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with severe traumatic brain injury were enrolled with the informed consent of their guardians. The experimental intervention was a single dose of ...
Hu Xiao X Brain Monitoring and Modeling Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles 90034, USA. - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine whether or not the underlying physiological systems that generates spontaneous arterial blood pressure (ABP), cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), and intracranial pressure signals could be adequately approximated as a linear stochastic process. Furthermore, a new measure (C) capable of capturing the degree ...
Sung Kuan-Chin - - 2006
Intravenous infusion of norepinephrine is usually effective and safe to maintain adequate cerebral perfusion pressure for the management of posttraumatic intracranial hypertension. We report the case of a 17-year-old woman who suffered from traumatic intracranial bleeding and hypotension; she developed rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria and acute renal failure after receiving high dose ...
Stiefel Michael F - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) is used to treat symptomatic cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). IAP, however, can increase intracranial pressure (ICP). In this study we examined whether IAP alters brain oxygen (BtO2). METHODS: Poor clinical grade (Hunt & Hess IV or V) SAH patients who underwent continuous ICP ...
Gordon Neil S - - 2006
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension results from cerebral oedema. The symptoms and signs of the condition are reviewed, especially the risks of visual failure if the condition is prolonged without adequate treatment. The most significant symptom in childhood is headache, and the most important sign is papilloedema. The difficulties of diagnosis are ...
Huang Sheng-Jean - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to evaluate 10% hydroxyethyl starch (HES 200/0.5) with regard to its clinical outcome and safety in the treatment of severe head injury. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient data from a prospectively designed standard treatment protocol for severe head injury. The standard protocol included (1) ...
Dunham C Michael - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine if noninvasive transcranial oxygen saturation (StcO2) and Bispectral Index (BIS) correlate with severe traumatic brain injury intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Values of intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), BIS, and StcO2 were ...
Schnoor Joerg - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with traumatic brain injuries and raised intracranial pressure (ICP) display biphasic response with faster gastric emptying during the early stage followed by a prolonged gastric transit time later. While duodenal contractile activity plays a pivotal role in transpyloric transit we investigated the effects of raised intracranial pressure on ...
Birch A A - - 2006
The objective of this report is to highlight the potential for false pressure measurements from systems that combine intracranial pressure (ICP) measurement and ventricular drainage. If the ports of the drain become blocked to the extent that they present a high resistance to cerebrospinal fluid flow, then a significant pressure ...
Tankisi Alp - - 2006
The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of 10 degrees reverse Trendelenburg position (rTp) on subdural intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and dural tension. Additionally, the relationship between preoperative Hunt and Hess (H and H) grade and the subdural ICP in patients scheduled for ...
Elsayed Ayman A - - 2006
OBJECT: The goal in this study was to determine if there was a change in intracranial venous diameters after endovascular treatment of carotid distribution vasospasm caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: The venous diameters were measured in all patients who received intraarterial papaverine and/or balloon angioplasty for treatment of vasospasm during ...
Hornero Roberto - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decomplexification of intracranial pressure dynamics occurs during periods of severe intracranial hypertension (intracranial pressure >25 mm Hg for >5 mins in the absence of external noxious stimuli) in pediatric patients with intracranial hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical case series over a 30-month period from April ...
Yetgin Sevgi - - 2006
Pseudotumor cerebri is a syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, normal cerebrospinal fluid values, and a normal cerebral ventricles on brain imaging studies. A patient with a diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri was admitted to the authors' hospital twice within a 2.5-year interval and treated with vitamin B12 (vit-B12). At the second ...
Kinoshita K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hemodynamics in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) after cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) management using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with TBI (Glasgow Coma Score = 8 or less) were investigated. Mean arterial blood pressure, CPP, cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), ...
Agrawal Deepak - - 2006
The authors describe a child with a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in place for 5 years who presented with 'postural' seizures (seizures on sitting upright, which resolved on recumbency). On shunt tap, the cerebrospinal fluid was obtained freely, but required gentle aspiration with a syringe in the recumbent position, suggesting very low ...
Nemoto E M - - 2006
Traumatic brain injury and stroke are both characterized by an ischemic core surrounded by a penumbra of low to hyperemic flows. The underperfused ischemic core is the focus of edema development, but the source of the edema fluid is not known. We hypothesized that flow of edema fluid into the ...
Kostopoulos V - - 2006
The aim of the present work is to develop a non-destructive, non-invasive technique for the early diagnosis of an oncoming brain edema based on the variation of vibration characteristics of the head system (i.e. eigenfrequency spectrum and modal damping). Besides the theoretical model that supports the basic principle, the proposed ...
Fountas Kostas N - - 2006
Pupillometry has been widely employed in the evaluation of a large number of pathological conditions, including intracranial pathology. The recent introduction of a portable, user-friendly, infrared pupillometer (ForSite, NeurOptics Inc., Irvine, CA) has enabled the accurate and reproducible measurement of several pupillary parameters, such as maximum and minimum apertures, constriction ...
Rodríguez Abiezer - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) may induce hypertension through sympathetic mechanisms. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 55-year-old man was admitted with a symptomatic intracerebral mass and new refractory arterial hypertension. Several antihypertensive medications were necessary to control his blood pressure. A lumbar puncture was performed for diagnostic purposes and raised ...
Balestreri Marcella M Academic Neurosurgical Unit Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2006
To investigate the relationships between intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and outcome after traumatic brain injury. A retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data from 429 patients after head injury requiring intensive treatment on the Neuroscience Intensive Annex and the Neuro Critical Care Unit, Cambridge, UK. ICP, CPP, and ...
Hutchinson P J PJ Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2006
The RESCUEicp (Randomized Evaluation of Surgery with Craniectomy for Uncontrollable Elevation of intracranial pressure) study has been established to determine whether decompressive craniectomy has a role in the management of patients with traumatic brain injury and raised intracranial pressure that does not respond to initial treatment measures. We describe the ...
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