Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1508
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Heys Michelle - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Blood pressure tracks from adolescence to adulthood and is positively associated with low birth weight and faster infant growth. Most observations are from Western populations; it is unclear whether these are biologically based or contextually specific. We examined the associations of growth with blood pressure in adolescence.METHODS:Multivariable partial least squares ...
Ebad-Allah J - - 2012
The optical properties of magnetite at room temperature were studied by infrared reflectivity measurements as a function of pressure up to 8 GPa. The optical conductivity spectrum consists of a Drude term, two sharp phonon modes, a far-infrared band at around 600 cm(-1) and a pronounced mid-infrared absorption band. With increasing pressure ...
Marrodán Serrano M Dolores - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The increase in the incidence of hypertension in children can be attributed to the rising prevalence of obesity. The objective is to analyze the impact of overweight and the degree or distribution of adiposity on blood pressure levels in a population of Spanish schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional ...
Reuter Eboni Marília - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of obesity and hypertension in schoolchildren from Santa Cruz do Sul - RS, Brazil, in 2005 and 2008. METHOD: The study was performed with two consecutive cross-sectional measurements, consisting of a stratified cluster sample, totaling 414 students, aged between 7 and 17 years, of which ...
Galindo-Torres S A - - 2012
In the present paper through a shear test on a fully saturated granular medium, simulated by the discrete element method, the effect of the heat produced by friction on the internal pore water pressure is explored. It is found that the dissipated energy is enough to increase the pore pressure ...
Marcelino G - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of physical fitness on the relationships between body mass index (BMI) and body fat (BF) on blood pressure (BP) levels. Cross-sectional study conducted in 25 schools of Lisbon (Portugal), including 2041 boys and 1995 girls aged 10-18. BF was assessed ...
Zarkesh Maryam - - 2012
Summary Growing evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome (MetS) has both genetic and environmental bases. We estimated the heritability of the MetS and its components in the families from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). We investigated 904 nuclear families in TLGS with two biological parents and at least one ...
Chakraborty R R Department of Anthropology, Dinabandhu Mahavidyalaya, Bongaon, West Bengal, India. - - 2012
Recent findings show a high incidence of stroke among slum dwellers in Kolkata, India. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare the association of different adiposity indices to blood pressure (BP) and hypertension (HT) among slum-dwelling Bengalee men in Kolkata. Measurements of height, weight, waist and hip-circumferences, biceps, triceps, subscapular and ...
Dorough Ashley E - - 2012
Objective: High prevalence rates of prehypertension require nonpharmaceutical lifestyle interventions. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and initial efficacy of a primarily electronically delivered intervention for prehypertension. Methods: Twenty-three adults with prehypertension (M age of 54.3; systolic blood pressure [BP], 126.3 mmHg; weight, 87.8 kg; body ...
Sharabi Yehonatan - - 2012
Diabetes, obesity and hypertension are common conditions and their concurrence is more common than would have been expected: 15% of the developed world suffer from the triad of "diabesotension". The pathophysiology involves characteristic neurohormonal profiles that collectively suggest the consideration of diabesotension as a distinct clinical entity. Diabesotensive patients have ...
Flynn Joseph - - 2012
Historically, hypertension in childhood was thought to be an uncommon diagnosis, usually related to an underlying condition, most often parenchymal renal disease. Primary hypertension in childhood was felt to be quite rare. However, the worldwide childhood obesity epidemic has had a profound impact on the frequency of hypertension and other ...
Demarco Vincent G VG Departments of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA. - - 2013
Obesity and a nondipping circadian blood pressure (BP) pattern are associated with diastolic dysfunction. Ectopic lipid accumulation is increasingly recognized as an important metabolic abnormality contributing to diastolic dysfunction. However, little is known about the contribution of different lipids and the composition of lipid analytes to diastolic dysfunction. We have ...
Parmeggiani Domenico - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to understand the compression, by subcutaneous fat in obese patients, who present a chronic increase in abdominal pressure, and on the sapheno-femoral cross. Such increase would result in a chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) of lower limbs and, if possible, it will be quantified ...
Xi Bo - - 2012
Previous studies have suggested that common variants in fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) gene are associated with body mass index (BMI) and the risk of obesity. Since obesity plays an important role in the etiology of high blood pressure (HBP), we aim to investigate the association between obesity and HBP ...
Periyasamy R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To investigate foot pressure distribution parameter-power ratio (PR) difference between pre-obese and non-obese adults subjects during standing and show the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and PR value. METHODS: We examined 22 healthy adult subjects aged from 20 to 45 years were classified into two groups according to ...
Bianchini Josiane Aparecida Alves - - 2012
This study aims to assess the effects of a 16-week multidisciplinary program of obesity treatment on the control of metabolic syndrome (MS) and dyslipidemia in obese adolescents. Eighty-six adolescents aged 10-18 years were allocated in either the intervention group (IG; n = 44) or control group (CG; n = 42). IG was submitted to a ...
Kato Johji - - 2012
We conducted the Miyazaki Olmesartan Therapy for Hypertension in the EldeRly (MOTHER) study, which suggested that there are preferable effects of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), olmesartan, plus a calcium channel blocker (CCB) over the ARB plus a diuretic, in elderly patients with hypertension. In this subanalysis, we examined whether ...
Papalia Teresa - - 2012
Background: Among children, obesity and overweight may be predictors of cardiovascular (CV) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine whether body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were related to blood pressure (BP) among healthy southern Italian students enrolled in 3 different ...
Patle R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with hypertension, but the exact mechanism is not fully understood. Bariatric surgery significantly decreases weight and blood pressure (BP). Low plasma nitric oxide (NO) and raised asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of NO, concentrations are associated with both obesity and hypertension. Correlations between the changes ...
Kievit Paul P Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, - - 2013
The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is well recognized as an important mediator of body weight homeostasis. Activation of MC4R causes dramatic weight loss in rodent models, and mutations in human are associated with obesity. This makes MC4R a logical target for pharmacological therapy for the treatment of obesity. However, previous studies ...
Belin de Chantemèle Eric J - - 2012
Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension. The copresentation of hypertension and insulin resistance (IR) suggests a role for IR in blood pressure (BP) dysregulation. To test this hypothesis, peripheral IR has been genetically subtracted in a model of obesity by crossing leptin receptor mutant mice (K(db)H(PTP)) with mice ...
Edvardsson Vidar O - - 2012
A large body of literature suggests an inverse relationship between birth weight and blood pressure in children, adolescents and adults. The most persistent findings have been observed in children with a history of low birth weight or intrauterine growth restriction, while a large number of studies carried out in populations ...
Salihoglu Tamer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the impact of the degree of obesity on respiratory mechanics and simple hemodynamic parameters at laparoscopic bariatric surgery. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups, each of which included 24 patients (a morbidly obese group and a super obese group) undergoing laparoscopic ...
Czernichow Sébastien - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: We assessed hypertension prevalence, blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment and control in obese adults compared with lean/normal-weight individuals in France. METHODS:: Multistage stratified random sample of 2075 adults from the French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS), a cross-sectional national survey carried out in 2006-2007. BP was measured three times on ...
Xiong Xiao-Qing - - 2012
We recently found that adipose afferent reflex (AAR) induced by chemical stimulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) increased sympathetic outflow and blood pressure in normal rats. The study was designed to test the hypothesis that AAR contributes to sympathetic activation in obesity hypertension. Male rats were fed with a control ...
Aldenkortt M - - 2012
/st> Pathophysiological changes due to obesity may complicate mechanical ventilation during general anaesthesia. The ideal ventilation strategy is expected to optimize gas exchange and pulmonary mechanics and to reduce the risk of respiratory complications. /st> Systematic search (databases, bibliographies, to March 2012, all languages) was performed for randomized trials testing ...
Kim Eun Jin - - 2012
High blood pressure, in relation to blood levels of adipokines such as adiponectin and leptin, is highly associated with an unhealthy lifestyle including sedentary behaviors, poor dietary habits such as excess sodium intake, and heavy drinking. Strategies to reduce blood pressure may benefit the levels of adipokines. Thus, we aimed ...
Engeli Stefan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Obstructive sleep apnea chronically increases blood pressure through sympathetic nervous system activation. In animals, hypertension and sympathetic activity are restrained by cannabinoid receptor activation. Therefore, we hypothesized that increased blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea is associated with increased circulating endocannabinoid concentrations. METHODS:: Arterial oxygen saturation and ...
Liu Cencen - - 2013
Red kidney beans were subjected to high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment (50, 150, 250, 350, 450MPa) and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) was then extracted by affinity chromatography. It appeared that HHP treatment could increase crude extract yield and decrease its haemagglutination activity. For purified samples, PHA yield was not affected at pressures ...
Pruijm Menno - - 2012
Controlling the extracellular volume in hemodialysis patients is a difficult task. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of different methods of stimulated sweating to reduce mean interdialytic weight gain (IWG), to improve blood pressure regulation, and potassium/urea balance. Two center, crossover pilot study. In Lausanne, hemodialysis ...
Yang Quanhe - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To assess the association between usual dietary sodium intake and blood pressure among US children and adolescents, overall and by weight status.METHODS:Children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years (n = 6235) who participated in NHANES 2003-2008 comprised the sample. Subjects' usual sodium intake was estimated by using multiple 24-hour ...
Celik Funda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an independent risk factor for hypertension and chronic kidney disease. During the first months after bariatric surgery, an improvement of sodium excretion has been described. The aim of this work was to study the influence of bariatric surgery on sodium excretion at more than a year after ...
Barsan Mirela M - - 2012
The resonance Raman spectrum of ultramarine has been studied as a function of pressure up to 5GPa. The overtone progressions of the ν(1) fundamental and the combination bands of S(3)(-) and the ν(1) band of S(2)(-) were measured and the pressure dependences were determined. The symmetric stretching mode of S(3)(-) ...
Gee Kent L - - 2012
As part of investigations into the design of next-generation launch vehicles, near and far-field data were collected during horizontal static firings of reusable solid rocket motors. In addition to spectral analysis at individual microphone locations, the spatial variation of overall and one-third octave band pressure levels at sideline and polar ...
Babinska Katarina - - 2012
The goal of our study was to analyze the association between obesity and the severity of ambulatory hypertension in obese children. A total of 109 patients with primary obesity ages 7 to18 years (mean ± SD age 14.1 ± 3.1) were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups according to ...
Goyal Ravi - - 2012
Epidemiological data in humans and experiments in laboratory animals have demonstrated that the developmental programming of hypertension may occur as a consequence of dietary manipulations during pregnancy. Surprisingly, there is a scarcity of data regarding the development of hypertension as a consequence of a maternal low-protein diet (MLPD), particularly in ...
Ram C Venkata S - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:601-610. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. A comparative effectiveness analysis of antihypertensive therapy amlodipine (AML) and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) fixed- and loose-dose combinations (FDCs and LDCs) in achieving blood pressure (BP) reduction and Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation ...
Ulijaszek Stanley J - - 2012
Abstract In cross-sectional epidemiological studies, blood pressure (BP) is often found to be positively correlated with fatness. Usually sphygmomanometers with only one cuff size for adults are used to measure BP while arm circumference (AC) influences BP readings. We have studied cross-sectional anthropometric and BP data of adult men and ...
Al-Daghri Nasser M - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  The hallmark of vascular inflammation is the recruitment of circulating leucocytes, primarily monocytes, macrophages and T lymphocytes, into the vascular wall; however, the link between monocyte/macrophage activation and hypertension has not been established as yet. In this study, we determined how sCD163, a ...
Damiano Silvia S Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University Hospital, Naples, - - 2012
Summary: Objective: Weight loss improves cardiac abnormalities associated with severe obesity. We evaluated the impact of weight loss following laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGBP) on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in obese patients.Methods: Twenty-six patients with severe obesity (41 ± 8 years, 50% women) underwent Doppler echocardiograms before and after ...
Jordan Jens - - 2012
Even though patients with class 3 obesity (body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) are prone to arterial hypertension and respond less to antihypertensive drugs, they are not considered in hypertension treatment guidelines and data from prospective clinical trials are lacking. In a post hoc analysis of a clinical trial, we ...
Al-Majed Hana T - - 2012
To determine the proportion of pre-hypertension and hypertension in college students in Kuwait and their related risk factors. A total of 803, randomly selected students aged 17 to 23 years (346 male, 457 female) from different colleges in Kuwait, were included in the study between 2009 and 2010. Systolic and ...
Salvi Paolo - - 2012
Low birth weight and accelerated postnatal growth appear to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The aim of the present study was to characterize the factors determining pulse wave velocity (PWV) in teenagers and, in particular, to verify the relationship with birth ...
Wills Andrew K AK MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College London, London, UK. - - 2012
We investigated whether there are subgroups with different underlying (latent) trajectories of midlife systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and pulse pressure in a UK cohort. Data are from 1840 men and 1819 women with BP measured at ages 36, 43, and 53 years. We used unconditional growth mixture models ...
De Pergola Giovanni - - 2012
Objective. This study examined whether obesity is characterized by higher 24 h mean pulse pressure (24 h mean SBP-24 h mean DBP) and whether free thyroid hormones (FT(3) and FT(4)) have a relationship with 24 h mean pulse pressure. Methods. A total of 231 euthyroid overweight and obese patients, 103 women and 128 men, ...
Praso Subhija - - 2012
Today's lifestyle is characterized by increased intake of calories with reduced physical activity, which benefits a real epidemic of obesity in the population. The increase in the prevalence of hypertension in the population follows a significant increase in the prevalence of obesity. Parallel to the trend of increasing the number ...
Yin Rui-Xing - - 2012
Little is known about the interactions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and overweight/obesity on blood pressure levels. The present study was undertaken to detect 10 lipid-related gene SNPs and their interactions with overweight/obesity on blood pressure levels. Genotyping of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA-1) V825I, acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) rs1044925, low ...
Al-Daghri Nasser M - - 2012
Central adiposity is a significant determinant of obesity-related hypertension risk, which may arise due to the pathogenic inflammatory nature of the abdominal fat depot. However, the influence of pro-inflammatory adipokines on blood pressure in the obese hypertensive phenotype has not been well established in Saudi subjects. As such, our study ...
LA de Hoog Marieke - - 2012
To assess associations between body size and blood pressure in children (5-6 years) from different ethnic origins. Five ethnic groups of the ABCD cohort were examined: Dutch (n=1 923), Turkish (n=99), Moroccan (n=187), Black-African (n=67) and Black-Caribbean (n=121). Data on body-mass-index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat-mass-index (FMI), and systolic blood ...
Dasgupta Kaberi - - 2012
Modest reductions in weight and small increases in step- related activity (e.g., walking) can improve glycemic and blood pressure control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). We examined changes in these parameters following training in time- efficient preparation of balanced, low- energy meals combined with pedometer- based step count monitoring. ...
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