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Yang Yuping - - 2013
In situ Raman spectroscopic measurements of H2O-NaCl systems with three different salinities (0, 5.0, and 10.0 wt% NaCl) in the region of O-H stretching vibration were obtained at pressures up to 1800 MPa and temperatures from 298 to 453 K, with a hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell. The peak position was determined ...
Dong Caixia - - 2013
To assess rates and determinants of prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in rural north-western China. Adults were recruited from five surveillance areas in Gansu Province using a three-stage cluster sampling plan. A combination of household and community-based surveys was employed and two methods of surveillance (questionnaire and physical ...
Pau Massimiliano - - 2013
Background: Among other adverse consequences, childhood obesity is known to influence foot structure and functionality. Yet little information is available regarding how the physiologic foot-ground interaction is altered when a localized load is carried, as occurs in the case of schoolbags. We investigated plantar contact area and pressure modifications induced ...
Basiratnia Mitra - - 2013
Introduction. Obesity is a growing problem worldwide and is likely a major cause of the increased prevalence of high blood pressure in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of pediatric obesity and its association with hypertension in a sample of children and adolescents in Fars ...
Williams Emmanuel Ato - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), of which hypertension is a major risk factor, are predicted to account for four times as many deaths as from communicable diseases by the year 2020. Hypertension, once rare, is rapidly becoming a major public health burden in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, data on its prevalence, awareness, ...
Sazonov Edward S - - 2013
In our previous research we developed a SmartShoe - a shoe based physical activity monitor that can reliably differentiate between major postures and activities, accurately estimate energy expenditure of individuals, measure temporal gait parameters, and estimate body weights. In this paper we present the development of the next stage of ...
Mehdad Slimane - - 2013
Summary: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hypertension among a group of adolescents and to assess the relationship of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) with body fat mass (BFM), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). A total of 167 subjects aged 11–17 years were ...
Beltrán-Sánchez Hiram H Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 01238, USA. - - 2013
This study sought to characterize the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its 5 components, and their pharmacological treatment in U.S. adults by sex and race/ethnicity over time. MetS is a constellation of clinical risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prevalence estimates were estimated ...
Nedogoda Serge V - - 2013
Obesity exacerbates hypertension and stimulates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Full-dose RAAS inhibition could be a therapeutic option in overweight or obese patients with hypertension. This study compared four RAAS inhibitors at full therapeutic doses to determine their effect on blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular risk factors in these patients. We ...
Flores Lilliam - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the nocturnal decline in blood pressure (BP) in severe obesity. Clinical, biochemical, polysomnographic data, glucose tolerance status, and body fat composition were obtained in 82 candidates for bariatric surgery (mean age: 40 (11) years; BMI: 46 (4)kg/m(2)). To determine the ...
Xu Shaopeng - - 2013
Hypertension is a risk factor in many cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. Adolescent hypertension may develop into adult hypertension. Examining the aetiologic factors of adolescent hypertension is crucial in its prevention and in managing its possible complications. The predominant view of aetiologic factors includes heredity, overweight/obesity, insulin resistance, gestational hypertension, diet, ...
Chalacheva P P Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, - - 2013
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) has been previously shown in a lean murine model to produce sustained hypertension and reverse the diurnal variation of blood glucose (BG). Concomitant glucose infusion attenuated the hypertension but exacerbated the BG fluctuations. In this study, cardiovascular variability analysis was employed to track the development of autonomic ...
Mahadev Sriram - - 2013
Obesity is associated with reduced operating lung volume. We hypothesized that obesity induces airway dysfunction independent of reduced FRC. METHODS: : 18 obese (BMI: 41.3±6.8) and 17 non-obese subjects (BMI: 24.8±2.3kg/m(2)) had measurements of conductance (Grs) and reactance (Xrs) by forced oscillation technique, ventilation heterogeneity (lung clearance index (LCI), Scond, ...
Kwok Man Ki - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Patterns and amounts of growth may determine adult blood pressure. Growth at different phases is correlated and affects current size, making effects on blood pressure difficult to distinguish. We decomposed growth to 13 years into independent associations with blood pressure and estimated how reaching the same size by different ...
Kuipers Johanna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with thrice-weekly hemodialysis have higher predialysis weights and ultrafiltration rates at the first compared with subsequent dialysis sessions of the week. We hypothesized that these variations in weight and ultrafiltration rate are associated with a systematic difference in blood pressure. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: During ...
Cai Shubing S Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of obesity and its relationship with pressure ulcers among nursing home (NH) populations, and whether such relationship varies with certified nursing assistant (CNA) level in NHs. DATA AND STUDY POPULATION: The 1999-2009 nationwide Minimum Data Sets were linked with Online Survey of Certification and Reporting records. ...
Tarnoki Adam Domonkos - - 2013
Obesity, blood pressure and arterial stiffness are heritable traits interconnected to each other but their possible common genetic and environmental etiologies are unknown. We studied 228 monozygotic and 150 dizygotic twin pairs aged 18-82 years from Italy, Hungary and the United States, of which 45 monozygotic and 38 dizygotic pairs ...
Fitzgerald Stephen A - - 2013
The quantum sieving effect between D2 and H2 is examined for a series of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) over the temperature range 77 to 150 K. Isothermal adsorption measurements demonstrate a consistently larger isosteric heat of adsorption for D2 versus H2 , with the largest difference being 1.4 kJ/mol in the ...
Gupta Dinesh C - - 2013
Fully relativistic pseudo-potential ab-initio calculations have been performed to investigate the high pressure phase transition, elastic and electronic properties of lead-chalcogenides including the less known lead polonium. The calculated ground state parameters, for the rock-salt structure show good agreement with the experimental data. PbS, PbSe, PbTe and PbPo undergo a ...
Byrd J B - - 2013
Obesity is epidemic and is associated with increased blood pressure, which often manifests as treatment-resistant hypertension. Mineralocorticoids have been hypothesized to have a pathogenic role in human obesity-associated hypertension. In this review, we critically appraise the existing data regarding aldosterone in the pathophysiology and treatment of obesity-associated hypertension. We begin ...
Asferg Camilla L - - 2013
Obesity is a strong risk factor for hypertension, but the mechanisms by which obesity leads to hypertension are incompletely understood. On this background, we assessed dietary sodium intake, serum levels of natriuretic peptides (NPs), and the activity of the renin-angiotensin system in 63 obese hypertensive men (obeseHT: body mass index, ...
Tenório Luís Henrique Sarmento - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether 12 week inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has any impact on pulmonary function, maximum respiratory pressures and diaphragmatic mobility (DM) in morbidly obese subjects. Method: Thirty-one morbidly obese individuals were assessed. Volunteers were randomised into two groups. The IMT group (n = 16) followed an IMT protocol for ...
Aroor Annayya R AR Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri School of Medicine, and Diabetes and Cardiovascular Center, Columbia, MO 65212, - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction is a prognosticator for future cardiovascular events that demonstrates a strong correlation with obesity. Pharmacological inhibition of dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4) to increase the bioavailability of glucagon-like peptide-1 is an emerging therapy for control of glycemia in type 2 diabetes patients. Accumulating evidence suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 has insulin-independent actions ...
Fortenberry Katherine - - 2013
Weight loss of 4 kg by diet reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) by 4.5 and 3.2 mm Hg, respectively.
Kudo Umi - - 2013
Summary: Problem: We studied the influence of adiposis on the progression of blood pressure and arteriosclerosis in the early teens. Methods: The subjects of this study were 147 boys and girls (72 boys and 75 girls) in junior high school. Height, weight, percentage body fat, blood pressure, brachial-ankle pulse wave ...
Bentzen Bo Hjorth - - 2013
Tesofensine is a novel triple monoamine reuptake inhibitor which is in development for the treatment of obesity. Preclinical and clinical data suggest that appetite suppression is an important mechanism by which tesofensine exerts its robust weight reducing effect. Notably, the strong hypophagic response to tesofensine treatment is demonstrated to be ...
Stojanov Oliver - - 2013
It is known that glaucoma is associated with elevated intraocular pressure and obesity, yet the precise etiology remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a potential causality between the volume of retrobulbar adipose tissue and the level of intraocular pressure in obese subjects compared ...
Ying-Xiu Zhang Z Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 16992 Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250014 Shandong, China. - - 2013
The present study examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness (SFT) with blood pressure (BP) in 12-year-old children in Shandong, China. A total of 920 (464 boys and 456 girls) 12-year-old students participated in this study. All subjects were divided into four groups (BMI < 25th, ...
Kitt Alexander - - 2013
Strain, bending rigidity, and adhesion are interwoven in determining how graphene responds when pulled across a substrate. Using Raman spectroscopy of circular, graphene-sealed microchambers under variable external pressure, we demonstrate that graphene is not firmly anchored to the substrate when pulled. Instead, as the suspended graphene is pushed into the ...
Pau Massimiliano - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the effect of obesity on foot-ground contact in young individuals affected by Down syndrome (DS) during quiet upright stance. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study on 118 individuals with Down syndrome, 59 with obesity aged 3-18 yrs and 59 with normal weight, age- and ...
Zhang Yong - - 2013
The 'fetal origin hypothesis' suggests that metabolic diseases are directly related to poor nutritional status in early life. Thus, a high birth weight (HBW) may pose a lower risk than normal birth weight. Overweight and overnutrition are among the most widely recognized risk factors of metabolic diseases. To explore the ...
Dong Bin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, based on body mass index (BMI), among Chinese children and adolescents has increased for decades, but the relationship between trends in blood pressure (BP) and increasing BMI has not been studied. METHODS: BMI and BP measurements of 391,982 children aged 7-17 years were obtained from ...
Li Y - - 2013
Birth weight (BW) has effects on blood pressure (BP). In order to explore the effects of macrosomia on BP in childhood and in adolescence, a longitudinal cohort study was conducted in Wuxi, China. Subjects with BW 4000 g, born in 1993-1995, were the exposed group; the unexposed comparisons were matched by ...
Wang Haiyang - - 2013
The fibrillar morphology was obtained compared to the featherless pristine films via solvent annealing the films of a series of derivatives of poly(3-alkylthiophene)s (P3ATs), i. e., poly(3-dodecylthiophene) (P3DDT), poly(3,3'''-didodecyl-quaterthiophene) (PQT12) and poly(2,5-bis(3-dodecylthiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophene) (pBTTT12). Among the solvents used such as dichloromethane (DCM), chloroform (CF), tetrahydrofuran (THF) and carbon disulfide (CS2), carbon ...
Xi Bo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Childhood hypertension is a complex disease influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. We aimed to examine how obesity status influences the association of 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs) with systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) and hypertension in Chinese children. METHODS: We recruited 619 ...
Kidambi Srividya - - 2013
Obesity is a global pandemic and with its rise, its associated co-morbidities are increasing in prevalence, particularly uncontrolled hypertension. Lifestyle changes should be an anchor for the management of obesity-related hypertension; however, they are difficult to sustain. Drug therapy is often necessary to achieve blood pressure control. Diuretics, inhibitors of ...
Tyson Crystal C CC Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA. - - 2013
In this secondary analysis of the Weight Loss Maintenance trial, the authors assessed the relationship between blood pressure (BP) change and weight change in overweight and obese adults with hypertension and/or dyslipidemia who were randomized to 1 of 3 weight loss maintenance strategies for 5 years. The participants were grouped (N=741) ...
Fonseca Henrique Andrade R - - 2013
Obesity and hypertension have been recognized as inflammatory diseases capable of activating the immune system, thus contributing to an increased cardiovascular risk. However, the link between adaptive immunity, obesity, and hypertension is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship of the body mass index (BMI) on the inflammatory, vascular, and immune ...
Decoste M - - 2013
The aim of this study is to identify determinants that are associated with uncontrolled hypertension among black Africans in the city of Brussels. A not-matched case-control study. Seventy-five black Africans were assigned to a case group with uncontrolled hypertension and a control group with controlled hypertension. Demographic characteristics, lifestyle and ...
Zeberio Nora - - 2013
Introduction. Obesity is associated with a wide range of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Objective. To establish an association between the nutritional status of 6-10 year old boys and girls and blood pressure. Population and Methods. A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted in 6-10 year old schoolboys and schoolgirls. Outcome measures ...
Jayaraman Lakshmi - - 2013
Morbidly obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea are extremely sensitive to sedative premedication. Intranasal dexmedetomidine is painless and quick acting. Intranasal dexmedetomidine can be used for premedication as it produces adequate sedation and also obtund hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Forty morbidly obese patients with BMI > 35 ...
Okpere A N - - 2013
The rate and prevalence of hypertension in children is increasing. Childhood hypertensionif untreated can lead to hypertension in adulthood with its consequent cardiovascular and renal complications. Early detection of paediatric hypertension may lead to improvement in cardiovascular health in adults. This study aims to determine the blood pressure (BP) pattern ...
Segal-Lieberman Gabriella - - 2013
Although obesity is a well-known risk factor for hypertension, the mechanisms by which hypertension develops in obese patients are not entirely clear. Animal models of obesity and their different susceptibilities to develop hypertension have revealed some of the mechanisms linking obesity and hypertension. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ secreting ...
Burgerhart J S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The adjustable gastric band is an effective surgical treatment to induce weight loss in patients with morbid obesity. We aimed to assess the effects of band placement and stepwise adjustment on esophageal motility, using high-resolution manometry (HRM). METHODS: Patients underwent esophageal HRM before and 6 weeks after gastric band placement. ...
Singh Kulwinder - - 2013
Abdominal obesity and chronic stress have independent effects on cardiac autonomic regulation, and may also interact to influence cardiovascular reactivity. In addition to main effects, we hypothesized that abdominal obesity and chronic stress would interact and predict blunted cardiovascular reactivity. One hundred and twenty-two undergraduate students engaged in two stressful ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
BackgroundAlthough the cardiac biomarker B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is strongly related to mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), whether it is a predictor of weight change or blood pressure (BP) response upon probing dry weight among hypertensive hemodialysis patients remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine among ...
Leblanc Marie-Ève - - 2013
Obesity is frequently associated with systemic hypertension. Blood pressure measure is inaccurate in severely obese patients because of poor cuff size fitting. Objective:The aim of the study is to assess the degree of agreement between the intra-arterial method as the gold standard vs. non-invasive methods i.e. forearm blood pressure and ...
Majid Ainnur Marlyana Abd - - 2013
The conventional powder flow testers require sample volumes larger than 40g and are met with experimental hiccups due to powder cohesion. This study designed a gas-pressurized dispersive powder flow tester where a high velocity air is used to disaggregate powder (9g) and eliminate its cohesion. The pressurized gas entrained solid ...
Skilton Michael R - - 2013
Reduced fetal growth is associated with increased systolic blood pressure. Recently, we found an inverse association between serum ω-3 fatty acids and systolic blood pressure in young adults born with impaired fetal growth. We investigated the associations of dietary intake in childhood of the long-chain ω-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid ...
Woodruff Sarah J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine the associations among body weight status, blood pressure and daily Na intake among grade 7 students from south-western Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Data were collected using the Food Behaviour Questionnaire, including a 24 h diet recall. Measured height and weight were used to determine ...
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