Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1567
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Fugelseth D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consequences of hypoxaemia and resuscitation with room air versus 100% O(2) on cardiac troponin I (cTnI), cardiac output (CO), and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) in newborn pigs. DESIGN: Twenty anaesthetised pigs (12-36 hours; 1.7-2.7 kg) were subjected to hypoxaemia by ventilation with 8% O(2). When mean ...
Deboeck Gaël - - 2005
PURPOSE: High altitude exposure has consistently been reported to decrease forced vital capacity (FVC), but the mechanisms accounting for this observation remain incompletely understood. We investigated the possible contribution of a hypoxia-related decrease in respiratory muscle strength. METHODS: Maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP), sniff nasal inspiratory pressure ...
Baber Syed R - - 2005
Chronic alveolar hypoxia induces vascular changes leading to pulmonary hypertension. We investigated the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on basal pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and on changes in PAP arising from an acute alveolar hypoxic challenge (AAHC) in normoxic and chronically hypoxic young rabbits. The chronically hypoxic rabbits were ...
Perimenis Petros - - 2005
Exposure to high altitude causes alveolar hypoxia and induces pulmonary hypertension (PH) with consequent limitation of exercise capacity. To assess the impact of sildenafil on haemodynamic and clinical parameters, and on aerobic performance, 12 young healthy unacclimatised subjects were studied (6 received sildenafil 40 mg t.i.d. and 6 received placebo) ...
Norcliffe L J - - 2005
Cerebral blood flow is known to increase in response to hypoxia and to decrease with hypocapnia. It is not known, however, whether these responses are altered in high-altitude dwellers who are not only chronically hypoxic and hypocapnic, but also polycythaemic. Here we examined cerebral blood flow responses to hypoxia and ...
Perry S F - - 2005
Circulating catecholamine levels and a variety of cardiorespiratory variables were monitored in cannulated bimodally breathing African lungfish (Protopterus dolloi) exposed to aquatic or aerial hypoxia. Owing to the purported absence of external branchial chemoreceptors in lungfish and the minor role played by the gill in O2 uptake, it was hypothesized ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2005
The aim of the study was to establish normal values of pulse oximetry saturation, respiratory rate, heart rate, and blood pressure in healthy newborns at high altitude. Vital signs and oximetry saturation readings were collected from healthy term newborns at birth, at 1 h, and at 24 h of life. ...
Yuyama Hironori - - 2005
The preventive effects of the novel and selective endothelin ET(A) receptor antagonist YM598 on the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) were investigated in chronic hypoxia-induced PH rats. Oral administration of YM598 at a dose of 1 mg/kg was started on the first day of chronic hypoxia exposure for 2 and ...
Zaitseva Tatiana - - 2005
The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of hypoxia and ischemia and the role of dopamine on phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in striatum of newborn piglets. Piglets, with and without prior injection of alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMT), an inhibitor of dopamine (DA) synthesis, were ...
Haase Erika - - 2005
After asphyxia, it is standard to resuscitate the newborn with 100% oxygen, which may create a hypoxia-reoxygenation process that may contribute to subsequent myocardial dysfunction. We examined the effects of graded reoxygenation on cardiac function, myocardial glutathione levels, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 activity during recovery. Thirty-two piglets (1-3 days old, ...
Tiollier E - - 2005
Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) is the major immunoglobulin of the mucosal immune system. Whereas the suppressive effect of heavy training on mucosal immunity is well documented, little is known regarding the influence of hypoxia exposure on sIgA during altitude training. This investigation examined the impact of an 18-day Living high-training ...
Guo Huan - - 2005
Hypoxia resulting from apnea in patients with sleep apnea is an important factor in heart disease. We designed the present study to determine whether dexmedetomidine (DEX) has a direct protective effect against hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced left ventricular dysfunction without systemic hemodynamic and humoral effects. Isolated rat hearts were exposed to 60-min hypoxia ...
Kawaguchi Tomohiro - - 2005
The time courses of changes in cardiovascular and autonomic nervous functions during acclimatization to hypoxia were studied in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were kept under a 12:12-h light-dark cycle and exposed to hypoxia (1 atm, 10% O2). Implanted telemetry transmitters were used to record blood pressure (BP). Changes in ...
Salman Mahmoud - - 2005
It has been a long-term goal to develop non-invasive methods that can detect critical levels of tissue hypoxia to help in the management of chronic lower limb ischaemia. In the present study, skeletal muscle oxygenation was measured using a new Clark-type TCPO2 [transcutaneous PO2 (partial pressure of O2)]/PCO2 (partial pressure ...
Swenson Kai E - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent vasodilator in terrestrial vertebrates, but whether vascular endothelial-derived NO plays a role in vascular regulation in fish remains controversial. To explore this issue, a study was made of spiny dogfish sharks (Squalus acanthias) in normoxia and acute hypoxia (60 min exposure to seawater equilibrated ...
Sandblom E - - 2005
Hypoxia in fish is generally associated with bradycardia while cardiac output (Q) remains unaltered or slightly increased due to a compensatory increase in stroke volume (SV). Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were subjected to severe (P(W)O2=7.3+/-0.2 kPa) or mild (P(W)O2=11.5+/-0.2 kPa) hypoxia. Central venous pressure (P(ven)), dorsal aortic pressure (P(da)), heart ...
Crossley Dane A DA - - 2005
Chronic hypoxic incubation is a common tool used to address the plasticity of morphological and physiological characteristics during vertebrate development. In this study chronic hypoxic incubation of embryonic American alligators resulted in both morphological (mass) and physiological changes. During normoxic incubation embryonic mass, liver mass and heart mass increased throughout ...
Subotich D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The widespread explanation of patophysiology of tension pneumothorax is that compression to the mediastinum by the progressively accumulating intrapleural air causes torsion at the atrio-caval junction, impaired filling of the right heart and circulatory arrest as potentially life-threatening complication. Some experimental studies on animals put into question such an ...
Katayama Keisho - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the magnitude and the time course of ventilatory changes resulting from a repeated series of hypoxic exposures. Eight healthy males participated in the present study. The subjects spent 1 h/day in normobaric hypoxia (12% inspired oxygen). Inspired minute ventilation (V(I)), end-tidal partial ...
Iturriaga Rodrigo - - 2005
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) show augmented ventilatory, sympathetic and cardiovascular responses to hypoxia. The facilitatory effect of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) on the hypoxic ventilatory response has been attributed to a potentiation of the carotid body (CB) chemosensory response to hypoxia. However, it is a matter of debate ...
Lynn Chen Maida M Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2005
Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder with failure of automatic control of breathing, defined by lack of an appropriate ventilatory response to hypercarbia and hypoxia. However, more detailed evaluation of cardiorespiratory coupling has not been previously performed in those with CCHS. We postulate that those with CCHS ...
Winmill Rachel E - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cellular hypoxia, and the contribution of anaerobic metabolism, on respiratory activity in bullfrogs at different stages of development. Respiratory-related neural activity was recorded from cranial nerve rootlets in isolated brainstem preparations from pre-metamorphic (Taylor-Kollros (T-K) stages VIII-XVI) and postmetamorphic ...
Kotani Kazutoshi - - 2005
PURPOSE: A large animal model of hypoxia is necessary to develop a new therapeutic method for respiratory failure. METHODS: The experiments were performed on six pigs weighing from 15 to 19 kg. Under general anesthesia the left chest was opened and the left main bronchus was closed by a stapler. ...
Koos Brian J - - 2005
Adenosine (ADO) receptor antagonists (aminophylline, caffeine) blunt the respiratory roll-off response to hypoxia in the newborn. This study was designed to determine the ADO receptor subtype involved in the respiratory depression. Chronically catheterized lambs of 7-16 days of age breathed via face mask a gas mixture with a fraction of ...
Milano Giuseppina - - 2004
In vivo exposure to chronic hypoxia is considered to be a cause of myocardial dysfunction, thereby representing a deleterious condition, but repeated aeration episodes may exert some cardioprotection. We investigated the possible role of ATP-sensitive potassium channels in these mechanisms. First, rats (n = 8/group) were exposed for 14 days ...
Oliveira R D - - 2004
The jeju, Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus, is equipped with a modified part of the swim bladder that allows aerial respiration. On this background, we have evaluated its respiratory and cardiovascular responses to aquatic hypoxia. Its aquatic O2 uptake (V(O2)) was maintained constant down to a critical P(O2) (P(cO2)) of 40 mm Hg, ...
Thompson Loren P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Chronic hypoxia causes redistribution of fetal cardiac output by mechanisms poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia alters vascular reactivity of arteries from near-term fetal guinea pigs. METHODS: Pregnant guinea pigs (50 days, term = 65 days) were exposed to either normoxia (room air) or hypoxia (12% ...
Halliwill John R - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that individual differences in the effect of acute hypoxia on the cardiovagal arterial baroreflex would determine individual susceptibility to hypoxic syncope. In 16 healthy, nonsmoking, normotensive subjects (8 women, 8 men, age 20-33 yr), we assessed orthostatic tolerance with a 20-min 60 degrees head-upright tilt during ...
Kobs Ryan W - - 2005
Right heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension causes significant morbidity and mortality. To study the linked vascular mechanical and biological changes that are induced by pulmonary hypertension, we mechanically tested isolated left main pulmonary arteries from mice exposed to chronic hypobaric hypoxia and performed histological assays on contralateral vessels. In ...
Williams Sarah J - - 2005
In response to reduced oxygen or nutrient supply, the fetus may redistribute cardiac output to conserve brain and heart growth, at the expense of the peripheral tissues; however, it is not known whether alterations in vascular function are maintained after birth or whether reduced fetal oxygen versus nutrient supply produces ...
Naik Jay S - - 2005
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, as well as prolonged residence at high altitude, can result in generalized airway hypoxia, eliciting an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. We hypothesized that a portion of the elevated pulmonary vascular resistance following chronic hypoxia (CH) is due to the development of myogenic tone. Isolated, pressurized ...
Neff Robert A - - 2004
Maternal cigarette smoking and prenatal nicotine exposure are the highest risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). During hypoxia, respiratory frequency and heart rate transiently increase and subsequently decrease. These biphasic cardiorespiratory responses normally serve to prolong survival during hypoxia by reducing the metabolic demands of cardiac and respiratory ...
Laferrière André - - 2004
Respiratory responses to single intermittent hypoxia (5 min 21% O(2), 5 min 8% O(2) X6) in 5-6, 10-11, 21-22 and 26-27 day-old piglets, and to recurrent six daily intermittent hypoxia in 10-11 and 26-27 day-old piglets were assessed. Substance P binding in the piglets' brainstem immediately after the last hypoxic ...
Maury Philippe - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIM: Excitation-contraction coupling is modulated by nitric oxide (NO) which otherwise has either beneficial or detrimental effects on myocardial function during hypoxia-reoxygenation. This work aimed at characterizing the variations of electromechanical delay (EMD) induced by anoxia-reoxygenation within the developing heart and determining whether atrial and ventricular EMD are modulated by ...
Tamisier Renaud - - 2005
Sustained and episodic hypoxic exposures lead, by two different mechanisms, to an increase in ventilation after the exposure is terminated. Our aim was to investigate whether the pattern of hypoxia, cyclic or sustained, influences sympathetic activity and hemodynamics in the postexposure period. We measured sympathetic activity (peroneal microneurography), hemodynamics [plethysmographic ...
Thews O - - 2004
This study investigated long-term microenvironmental responses (oxygenation, perfusion, metabolic status, proliferation, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and vascularisation) to chronic hypoxia in experimental tumours. Experiments were performed using s.c.-implanted DS-sarcomas in rats. In order to induce more pronounced tumour hypoxia, one group of animals was housed in a hypoxic ...
Yelmen N K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to investigate the ventilatory response due to sustained isocapnic moderate hypoxia and the possible role of adenosine in hypoxic depression in anesthetized cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cats anesthetized with pentothal sodium (30 mg kg(-1) i.p.) were divided into two groups: treated (n = 11) ...
Rey Sergio - - 2004
The carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors may play an important role in the enhanced hypoxic ventilatory response induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). We studied the effects of cyclic hypoxic episodes of short duration on cat cardiorespiratory reflexes, heart rate variability, and CB chemosensory activity. Cats were exposed to cyclic hypoxic ...
Thews Oliver - - 2004
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer from hypoxaemia even under normobaric conditions and the reduction of inspiratory PO2 (O2 partial pressure) during air travel corresponding to an altitude of 1,800-2,450 m might be a problem for these patients. Ten CF patients and 27 healthy control subjects were investigated in a ...
Höhne Claudia - - 2004
Acute hypoxia increases pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance. Previous studies in isolated smooth muscle and perfused lungs have shown that carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibition reduces the speed and magnitude of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). We studied whether CA inhibition by acetazolamide (Acz) is able to prevent HPV in the ...
Tamisier Renaud - - 2004
Exposure to hypercapnic hypoxia (asphyxia), but not hyperoxic hypercapnia, results in increased sympathetic activity that persists after exposure. To determine the contribution of CO2 to the post-hypoxia sympathoexcitation, we exposed 12 normal volunteers to hypocapnic and hypercapnic hypoxia (SaO2 approximately 85%) for 20 min each on different days. We measured ...
Hlatky Roman - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of change in microdialysate concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate in the brain during periods of hypoxia/ischemia identified by monitoring brain tissue pO2 (PbtO2). Of particular interest was a better understanding of what additional information could be obtained by ...
Izumizaki Masahiko - - 2004
We examined the effects of carotid body denervation on ventilatory responses to normoxia (21% O2 in N2 for 240 s), hypoxic hypoxia (10 and 15% O2 in N2 for 90 and 120 s, respectively), and hyperoxic hypercapnia (5% CO2 in O2 for 240 s) in the spontaneously breathing urethane-anesthetized mouse. ...
Lundby Carsten - - 2004
We aimed to test effects of altitude acclimatization on pulmonary gas exchange at maximal exercise. Six lowlanders were studied at sea level, in acute hypoxia (AH), and after 2 and 8 wk of acclimatization to 4,100 m (2W and 8W) and compared with Aymara high-altitude natives residing at this altitude. ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic and intermittent hypoxia on myocardial morphology. METHODS: Rats randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 14 per group) were exposed to room air (Fio(2) = 0.21), chronic hypoxia (Fio(2) = 0.10), and intermittent hypoxia (chronic hypoxia with ...
Hafström O - - 2004
AIMS: To determine whether combined pre- and postnatal nicotine exposure compared with prenatal exposure alone results in more compromised postnatal hypoxia defense mechanisms and further alteration of the postnatal breathing pattern (reduced tidal volume and increased respiratory rate). METHODS: Seven lambs exposed to nicotine prenatally (pN) (approximate maternal dose: 0.5 ...
Datta Borunendra - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A respiratory cycle for nitric oxide (NO) would involve the formation of vasoactive metabolites between NO and hemoglobin during pulmonary oxygenation. We investigated the role of these metabolites in hypoxic tissue in vitro and in vivo in healthy subjects and patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Magosso E - - 2004
The present study analyses the cardiovascular response to acute hypocapnic hypoxia (simulating the effect of respiration at high altitude) both in healthy, unacclimatised subjects and in subjects with moderate anaemia, by means of a mathematical model of short-term cardiovascular regulation. During severe hypoxia, cardiac output and heart rate (HR) exhibit ...
Villecco Aldo S AS Department of Internal Medicine and Aging, Clinica Medica 11, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, - - 2004
Hypertension is associated with obesity. Recent studies have indicated that therapy with an angiotensin II antagonist, in addition to having an antihypertensive effect, may cause a reduction in body weight. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of valsartan in the treatment of overweight or ...
Juránek I - - 2004
The present study was designed to investigate mechanisms of adenosine (ADO)-mediated prolongation of conductivity through the atrioventricular (AV) node during myocardial ischemia. Using the Langendorff preparation of the guinea pig heart, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular potassium concentration elevated due to ischemia could augment ADO effect. Exposure of the ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >