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Desai Vela V Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2014
'Copper beaten' skull refers to the prominent convolutional markings seen in multiple bones of the skull. Underlying cause is thought to be related to increased intracranial pressure resulting from such processes as craniosynostosis, obstructive hydrocephalus and/or intracranial masses. However, the copper beaten appearance of the skull has poor sensitivity in ...
O'Connor Jingmai J Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, - - 2013
The Early Cretaceous bird Jeholornis was previously only known to have a distally restricted ornamental frond of tail feathers. We describe a previously unrecognized fan-shaped tract of feathers situated dorsal to the proximal caudal vertebrae. The position and morphology of these feathers is reminiscent of the specialized upper tail coverts ...
Downie Diane L - - 2011
Racial disparities in prevalence and control of high blood pressure are well-documented. We studied blood pressure control and interventions received during the course of a year in a sample of black and white Medicaid recipients with high blood pressure and examined patient, provider, and treatment characteristics as potential explanatory factors ...
van der Hoeven Niels V - - 2011
Systolic blood pressure contributes more to cardiovascular disease than DBP, especially in elderly persons. Palpation of the radial artery to assess SBP - Riva-Rocci's technique - may be an attractive alternative for auscultatory SBP in these patients. Therefore, we investigated the difference between SBP determined by palpation of the radial ...
Tian Hui Yong - - 2010
To evaluate the accuracy of the TRANSTEK TMB-988 for home blood pressure monitoring according to the International Protocol of the Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring of the European Society of Hypertension. Device evaluation was done in 33 participants (16 men and 17 women) with a mean±SD age of 58.2±11.8 ...
Greig Jenny A - - 2010
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and stroke. Superoxide is produced by NAD(P)H oxidase in the vasculature and reduces nitric oxide bioavailability, which leads to increased blood pressure. The objective of this study was to determine whether targeting an antioxidant peptide to the vasculature would increase the ...
Tsakos Georgios - - 2010
There is incomplete and inconclusive evidence for the association between periodontal disease markers and arterial blood pressure, particularly from large national epidemiological studies. This study assessed the relationship between different markers of periodontal inflammation and disease with arterial blood pressure in people aged 17 years and over in USA. We ...
Ronden Rianne A - - 2010
To determine clinical predictors for blood pressure and/or renal function improvement after renal artery stent placement in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases for prospective studies investigating clinical predictive variables for renal function and/or blood pressure improvement after stent placement in ARAS. Eleven studies ...
Punzi Henry - - 2010
Hispanics have lower rates of hypertension control compared with black and white patients. Nebivolol is a vasodilatory β1-selective blocker, with neutral metabolic effects. This phase IV trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of nebivolol in Hispanics with stage I-II hypertension. Self-identified Hispanics with stage I-II hypertension were randomized to receive ...
Van Buren Peter Noel PN Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, TX 75390-8523, USA. - - 2010
Clinical guidelines recommend blood pressure (BP) lowering and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibition to slow kidney disease progression in patients with diabetic nephropathy. This study's purpose was to determine whether an antihypertensive regimen including a maximally dosed angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor could safely achieve target BP in indigent, predominantly minority patients with this ...
Hindmarsh Peter C PC UCL Institute of Child Health, Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom. - - 2010
In a prospective study, we investigated the impact of early growth on blood pressure at 3 years of age. We measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) for 590 children 3 years of age and related measurements to current size and size at birth, 6 months, 1 ...
Morand Christine - - 2011
Although numerous human studies have shown consistent effects of some polyphenol-rich foods on several intermediate markers for cardiovascular diseases, it is still unknown whether their action could be specifically related to polyphenols. We investigated the effect of orange juice and its major flavonoid, hesperidin, on microvascular reactivity, blood pressure, and ...
Anderson Robert J - - 2011
Blood pressure ranges associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in advanced type 2 diabetes are not clear. Our objective was to determine whether baseline and follow-up (On-Study) systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and SBP combined with DBP predict CVD events in the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial (VADT). ...
Johansson K - - 2010
Previous meta-analyses investigating blood pressure effects of anti-obesity drugs have included studies using non-licensed doses, but not data from head-to-head studies. Furthermore, although diabetes is an important comorbidity in obesity, variation in blood pressure effects across diabetes status has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to estimate ...
Devlin John W - - 2010
To assess antihypertensive treatment practices and outcomes for patients with acute severe hypertension requiring hospitalization. Subanalysis of a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study. The STAT registry (data from 25 hospitals). A total of 1184 consecutive adults with acute severe hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 180 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ...
Yung Katherine C - - 2010
Because of technological advances in endoscopy equipment, office-based flexible endoscopic surgery (OBFES) is becoming more widespread and common in practice. In our experience, we have noticed that patients often have marked rises in heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). However, to our knowledge, changes in hemodynamic stability during these ...
Cheng Cynthia C Department of Family and Community Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2010
Remodeling of small resistance arteries is an early sign of target organ damage in hypertension. Peripheral capillary morphology abnormalities in hypertension are not well studied. The study objective was to determine whether altered capillary morphology is associated with SBP, DBP, or both in individuals without and with mild blood pressure ...
Reshef Shoshana - - 2011
The optimal blood pressure level to minimize the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in older adults is undetermined. Cerebral white matter lesions (WML), prevalent in older adults, may be a marker for vulnerability to IS. We aimed at determining the relationship between diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels and IS in ...
Kamran Haroon - - 2010
Passive leg raising (PLR) elicits cardiorespiratory changes because of intra-thoracic blood pooling. We previously found PLR to lower blood pressure (BP) in healthy subjects. To determine the effects of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on the PLR BP lowering response, we measured brachial artery, systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and pulse pressure ...
Weiss Jessica W - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasingly common condition, especially in older adults. CKD manifests differently in older versus younger patients, with a risk of death that far outweighs the risk of CKD progressing to the point that dialysis is required. Current CKD guidelines recommend a blood pressure target <130/80 ...
Alpert Bruce S - - 2010
We evaluated the Tiba Medical Ambulo 2400 ambulatory blood pressure monitor accuracy by both the International Standards Organization (ISO) Standard and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol. We tested children, adolescents, and adults. The requirements for both ISO and BHS were completed for 85 individuals each. The Ambulo 2400 passed ...
Miguel Marta - - 2010
In this study we evaluated the short-term oral antihypertensive effect of several peptide sequences isolated from casein fractions, previously characterized as in vitro angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitors, in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of the rats were measured by the tail cuff method ...
Liu Wen Jun - - 2010
To test the accuracy of the TRANSTEK home blood pressure monitor TMB-986 using the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. Device evaluation was performed on 33 participants (15 men and 18 women) with a mean±standard deviation age of 56.2±12.8 years (range: 35-80 years). Blood pressures (systolic blood pressure; ...
Varelas Panayiotis N - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of nicardipine infusion in controlling the elevated blood pressure after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Nicardipine infusion was initiated if the individual pre-specified systolic blood pressure (SBP) level goal, mandated by the admitting neurosurgeon, was not met. Systolic and diastolic BPs were measured on admission, ...
Taku Kyoko - - 2010
Reported effects of different soy products on blood pressure vary. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to clarify the effects of soy isoflavone extract supplements on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) in adult humans. PubMed, CENTRAL, ICHUSHI, and CNKI were searched in June 2009 for relevant ...
Bondesson Susanne - - 2010
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive technique that has been shown to reduce the frequency and severity of angina pectoris. Little is known how EECP affects the blood pressure. 153 patients with refractory angina were treated with either EECP or retained on their pharmacological treatment (reference group). Systolic blood ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2010
In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a J-curve relationship has been reported between blood pressure (BP) and future cardiovascular events. However, this is controversial. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between on-treatment BP and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with CAD. We evaluated 10 001 patients ...
Ottaviani Cristina - - 2011
Rumination has been suggested to mediate the physiological consequences of stress on health. We studied the effects of rumination evoked in the laboratory and subsequent changes over 24 h. Heart rate (HR) and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) were monitored in 27 male and 33 female participants during ...
Wong Mico Yee Man - - 2011
Pulse arrival time (PAT) is comprised of the vascular transit time (TT) through the arterial system and the pre-ejection period (PEP) in the heart. It has been used to predict arterial blood pressure (BP) without using a cuff. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of including ...
Cicero A F G - - 2011
The oral assumption of lactotripeptides Valine-Proline-Proline (VPP) and Isoleucine-Proline-Proline (IPP) as nutraceuticals or functional foods is supposed to improve blood pressure (BP) control by angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibition. However, data derived from clinical trials have reached conflicting conclusions. To perform a meta-analysis of placebo-controlled clinical trials evaluating the anti-hypertensive effect of lactotripeptides ...
Murphy Mary - - 2010
This literature review was performed to evaluate the relationship of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and preserved systolic function on morbidity and mortality in individuals older than 65 years with heart failure (HF). When prolonged, high SBP, defined as measurements greater than 140 to 160 mm Hg, is associated with increased ...
Ladage Dennis - - 2010
In patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and arterial hypertension, the control of systolic and diastolic blood pressure is essential to reduce the risk of adverse events. The present study investigates the effect of treatment with the third-generation beta-blocker nebivolol, in female and male patients of different ages. Five thousand ...
Kilpatrick Eric S - - 2010
Increases in blood pressure and visit-to-visit variability have both been found to independently increase the likelihood of cardiovascular events in nondiabetic individuals. This study has investigated whether each may also influence the development of microvascular complications in type 1 diabetes by examining data from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial ...
Mazicioglu Mustafa Mumtaz - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between anthropometric parameters and elevated blood pressure in adolescents, we measured blood pressure (BP), height, weight, triceps skinfold (TSF) thickness, waist circumference (WC), and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) in 2,860 student volunteers aged 11-17 years in Kayseri, Turkey. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-arm-span ratio (WASR), body mass index ...
Guzik Przemyslaw - - 2010
Prolongations of cardiac cycles have a significantly larger contribution to short-term heart rate variability than shortenings--this is called heart rate asymmetry. Our aim is to establish the existence of blood pressure asymmetry phenomenon, which has not been done so far. We used 30-min resting continuous recordings of finger pressure waveforms ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: There has been no report investigating the impact of the arterial stiffness reduction induced by antihypertensive medications on the improvement of target organ damage in hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess the association of the change in pulse wave velocity (PWV) with that in urinary albumin ...
Ohwaki Kazuhiro - - 2010
Lowering the blood pressure (BP) of patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) can prevent haematoma enlargement but may also promote secondary infarction in areas adjacent to the haematoma, which can lead to neurological deterioration. Little is known about the effects of low BP on early neurological deterioration (END). We conducted a ...
Lv Yan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the efficacy and tolerability of the combination of amlodipine and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors as compared with amlodipine monotherapy in the treatment of hypertension. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and Embase were searched for relevant articles. A random effect model of ...
Sachdeva Amit - - 2010
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure are all established predictors of mortality or urgent transplantation in patients with advanced heart failure (HF). However, their comparative predictive ability in estimating prognosis has not been well studied. ...
Nation D A DA Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2010
Recent research suggests that pulse pressure (PP), a putative marker of vascular integrity, may be associated with brain microvascular damage and age-related cognitive decline. Thus, the present study examined the relationship between PP and cognition in a sample of healthy nondemented older adults. One hundred nine participants were administered neurological ...
Robles Nr - - 2011
Aims: The first phase of this study aimed to determine the causes of persistent microalbuminuria after treatment with renin-angiotensin axis (RAA) blocking drugs. In a second phase we tried to determine if strict control of blood pressure and intensive RAA blockade could induce remission or reduction of microalbuminuria in clinical ...
Desai Ravi V RV University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, - - 2010
The impact of baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) on outcomes in patients with advanced chronic systolic heart failure (HF) has not been studied using a propensity-matched design. Of the 2,706 participants in the Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial (BEST) with chronic HF, New York Heart Association class III to IV ...
Tobari Hiroko - - 2010
The aim of the trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a program of cooperation between physician and pharmacist to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in patients with mild to moderate hypertension by promoting better blood pressure (BP) control, appropriate changes in antihypertensive medications, and beneficial changes in lifestyle. The 132 ...
Chen Jennifer - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Modifying risk factors to delay or prevent hypertension is critical for subsequent cardiovascular risk reduction. Therefore, understanding the independent and joint associations between cardiorespiratory fitness, obesity, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) is of major significance. In this study, we assessed the relative contribution of body mass index (BMI) and ...
Desvarieux Moïse - - 2010
Chronic infections, including periodontal infections, may predispose to cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between periodontal microbiota and hypertension. Six hundred and fifty-three dentate men and women with no history of stroke or myocardial infarction were enrolled in INVEST. We collected 4533 subgingival plaque samples (average of seven samples per ...
Takenaka Tsuneo - - 2010
Hypertension is a well-known cardiovascular risk. Patients with end-stage renal diseases frequently suffer hypertension, and their blood pressure elevates in winter. However, seasonal changes in daily variations of blood pressure are poorly assessed in patients treated with hemodialysis. Thirty hypertensive patients with end-stage renal diseases were enrolled in the study. ...
Silventoinen Karri - - 2010
To analyze differences in blood pressure in young men with different ethnic backgrounds but living in similar environment. We utilized information on virtually the total Swedish male population born between 1951 and 1987 including 5388 international adoptees, 8834 Swedish adoptees and 1 469 196 Swedish nonadoptees. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), ...
Ezmek Bahadir - - 2010
Local anesthetic solutions with vasoconstrictors are not contraindicated in hypertensive patients, but due to their hemodynamic effects, local anesthetics without vasoconstrictors are mainly preferred by the clinicians. The aim of this study was to compare hemodynamic effects of three different local anesthetics without vasoconstrictors during tooth extraction in hypertensive patients. ...
Azarisman S M S - - 2010
Three hundred thirty-one consecutive patients presenting with hypertension to the outpatient medical clinic of Tengku Ampuan Afzan Hospital, Kuantan, Malaysia were screened and 150 patients with concurrent diabetes were enrolled into a cross-sectional study. The majority of patients were male (60.6%) with a mean age of 60.0 +/- 11.0 years. ...
Crowder Rachel S - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether controlling systolic blood pressure (SBP), pulse pressure, and heart rate in the outpatient setting is associated with decreased hospital utilization in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (PEF). DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: University-affiliated medical center and outpatient clinics. PATIENTS: One hundred ...
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