Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1405
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zhang Huan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the association between blood pressure (BP) SBP, DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) and clinical outcome in acute hemorrhagic stroke patients in the Chinese population. METHODS: 1,760 hemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to six hospitals from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2005 were included ...
de Leeuw Peter W - - 2009
Clinical studies have demonstrated a beneficial effect on blood pressure for milk derived material containing isoleucyl-prolyl-proline (IPP) and valine-prolyl-proline (VPP) peptides. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the blood pressure lowering effect of three different IPP and VPP doses in products with a comparable electrolyte and protein ...
Horoz Ozden O - - 2009
Blood pressure can be determined more precisely with the use of 24 hours ambulatory measurement in type 1 diabetics. Nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to be responsible for the vascular changes described in early diabetic nephropathy. We aimed to investigate serum NO concentration along with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Aberg Karolina - - 2009
High blood pressure or hypertension is a major risk factor involved in the development of cardiovascular diseases. We conducted genome-wide variance component linkage analyses to search for loci influencing five blood pressure related traits including the quantitative traits systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and pulse pressure (PP), ...
Ho Meghan J - - 2009
Studies have shown that coenzyme Q10 deficiency is associated with cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is a commonly measured surrogate marker for non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular endpoints such as heart attacks and strokes. Clinical trials have suggested that coenzyme Q10 supplementation can effectively lower blood pressure (BP). To determine the blood pressure ...
Franklin Stanley S - - 2009
The utility of single versus combined blood pressure (BP) components in predicting cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is not established. We compared systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) versus pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) combined and each of these 4 BP components alone in predicting CVD events. ...
Lim Sun Min - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between blood pressure and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in healthy adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Study participants included 285 first-year high school students (mean age, 15.2 years) at a rural high school in Korea. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were measured with an oscillometric ...
Meredith Peter A - - 2008
This study sought to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of candesartan, according to baseline blood pressure (BP), in the 4,576 patients with a low ejection fraction (EF) (<or=0.40) in the CHARM (Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity) program. Hypotension is a predictor of poor prognosis ...
Shapiro Marc J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Trauma centers must balance the need to bring the full resources of the trauma center to the sickest patients emphasizing a need for personnel resource allocation. Our level I academic trauma center changed the systolic blood pressure (SBP) requirement for trauma team activation (TTA) from 90 mm Hg to ...
Tatasciore Alfonso - - 2008
Increased blood pressure (BP) may stimulate vascular inflammation, which may itself induce pathological arterial changes. BP variability has been associated with target-organ damage and future cardiovascular complications. We hypothesized that BP variability, as derived from ambulatory BP monitoring, is related to inflammatory markers in newly diagnosed hypertension. Systolic (S) and ...
Oghagbon E K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The enormous burden of hypertension worldwide and in Africa, informed the decision to measure the blood pressure pattern in salaried workers in Ilorin, Nigeria. These were selected, as they resemble closely those that are likely to be affected by western style living. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study that ...
Stumpf C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension (EH). Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) is currently discussed as a possible mediator of inflammation. To investigate the hypothesis that VEGF plays a role as an inflammatory mediator in EH we performed the ...
Weycker Derek - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the real-world effectiveness of amlodipine add-on therapy for hypertensive patients receiving valsartan. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study based on USA electronic medical records. The study population included hypertensive patients who, between January 1998 and December 2005, were receiving valsartan and subsequently initiated add-on therapy with amlodipine. Change in ...
Lu Ling-Chun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of postures on blood pressure (BP) readings in patients with hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: BP was measured in 1,487 hypertensive patients in sitting and supine positions. The systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) BP in supine position was 2.9 +/- ...
Olatunji L A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the possible effect of chronic administration of vitamin E on haemodynamic responses to sympathetic stimulation and to test the hypothesis that chronic administration of vitamin E increases susceptibility to orthostatic intolerance. METHODS: Sympathetic stimulation was assessed by responses in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood ...
Yufu Kunio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery represents systemic endothelial function, so the relationship between FMD and blood pressure (BP) profile, in relation to the effects of cigarette smoking, was investigated in young healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 62 healthy subjects (14 females, 48 males; mean 29.7+/-5.5 years ...
Guerrero-Romero F - - 2009
To test the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect of oral magnesium supplementation (that is, magnesium chloride (MgCl(2)) solution) in diabetic hypertensive adults with hypomagnesaemia not on diuretic treatment but receiving concurrent captopril, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eighty-two subjects between 40 and 75 years of age were randomly enrolled. Over ...
Reinhart Kurt M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Garlic has been suggested to lower blood pressure; however, studies evaluating this parameter have provided conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of garlic on blood pressure in patients with and without elevated systolic blood pressure (SPB) through meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, ...
Lee Hyangsook - - 2009
We conducted a systematic review to estimate the effect of acupuncture on blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. Electronic literature searches for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture were performed in six electronic databases to June 2007 without language restrictions. Eleven RCTs testing acupuncture either as an adjunct or an ...
Delles Christian C Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, - - 2008
Adiponectin is secreted by adipose tissue and may play a role in cardiovascular disease. We examined adiponectin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in the Telmisartan vs. Ramipril in Renal Endothelial Dysfunction (TRENDY) study. A total of 87 patients were assessed at baseline and following 9 weeks ...
Henik Rosemary A - - 2008
beta-Adrenergic blockers, particularly atenolol, are often recommended for the tachycardia and hypertension that accompany hyperthyroidism; however, the effects of monotherapy with atenolol on both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) have not been reported. Twenty hyperthyroid cats with SBP > or = 160 mmHg were studied retrospectively to ...
Campbell Alex R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive treatment of patients with refractory angina. The immediate hemodynamic effects of EECP are similar to intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation, but EECP's effects on standard blood pressure measurements during and after treatment are unknown. METHODS: We evaluated systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2009
This study reports the results of the clinical use of a new tourniquet system for surgery related to knee joint that can determine tourniquet pressure in synchrony with systolic blood pressure (SBP). We prospectively applied additional pressure of 100 mmHg based on the SBP recorded just before infiltration of tourniquet ...
Ouppatham S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association of hypertension and renal disease with gout. Nevertheless, controversy remains concerning serum uric acid concentration as an independent factor of hypertension. AIM: To explore the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with serum uric acid levels. SETTINGS ...
Axelsson Johan - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Low blood pressure (BP) has been found to be associated with cerebrovascular damage in the elderly. Studies of the relation of ambulatory BP to cognitive function in elderly persons aged 80 years or above is lacking, however. METHODS: Ninety-seven 81-year-old men from the population study 'Men born in 1914' ...
de Carvalho Márcia N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of low-dose transdermal hormone therapy (HT) on systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) evaluated by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in hypertensive postmenopausal women. METHODS: The study was conducted on 24 hypertensive postmenopausal women aged, on average, 54 years and under treatment ...
Juárez-Rojas Juan Gabriel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 770 male and 1076 female students (12 to 16 years old) from eight randomly selected high schools in Mexico City. Anthropometry, blood pressure and fasting lipids ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the accuracy of the BP W200-1 device for blood pressure measurement at the wrist developed by the Microlife Company. The BP W200-1 model features a 'Microlife Average Mode', which uses a 'weighted' average of a minimum of three consecutive blood pressure ...
Lind Lars - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We have earlier showed endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) in forearm resistance arteries to be mainly related to diastolic blood pressure (DBP), whereas flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was mainly related to systolic blood pressure (SBP) when measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer in the brachial artery. Here, we investigated whether these relationships were ...
Snodgrass J Josh - - 2008
Hypertension is an important global health issue and is currently increasing at a rapid pace in most industrializing nations. Although a number of risk factors have been linked with the development of hypertension, including obesity, high dietary sodium, and chronic psychosocial stress, these factors cannot fully explain the variation in ...
Molander Lena - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between blood pressure and mortality in very old people. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: County of Västerbotten, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Half of all subjects aged 85 and all of those aged 90 and 95 and older (N=348) in one urban and five rural municipalities in the ...
Kelly Tanika N - - 2008
We examined the relationship between hypertension subtype and cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in Chinese adults. We conducted a prospective cohort study in a nationally representative sample of 169 871 Chinese men and women aged >or=40 years. Data on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and other variables were ...
Liu Jiung-Hsiun - - 2008
Pulse pressure (PP) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular and/or all-cause mortality in patients with underlying cardiovascular disease. We examined whether PP can be used to predict overall mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We studied 153 PD patients (mean age, 54.5 +/- 14.2 years) with end-stage renal disease. PP ...
Liu Yan Lun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is an important determinant of renal perfusion and acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospital patients. However, there is limited knowledge concerning the incidence of relative hypotension prior to its development in general wards. METHODS: We compared blood pressure recordings in a cohort of consecutive patients ...
Uchaipichat Verawan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy of ramipril 2.5 and 5 mg once daily on the degree and homogeneity of 24-hour blood pressure reduction in essential hypertensive Thai patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Nineteen male subjects, aged 30 to 60 years, with newly diagnosed essential hypertension were evaluated using the 24-hour ambulatory blood ...
Thomas M C - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that affects more than 2 million people in the United States. We sought to determine whether the risk of incident AF among patients treated for hypertension differs by the degree of blood pressure control. A population-based, case-control study of 433 patients with verified ...
Behera Sarina K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to obtain hemodynamic measurements of nesiritide in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted in the pediatric intensive care unit at the University of California, Los Angeles. All subjects younger than 21 years admitted to the pediatric intensive care ...
Williamson Geoffrey A - - 2008
The afferent arteriolar myogenic response contributes to the autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and plays an essential role in protecting the kidney against hypertensive injury. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is most closely linked to renal injury, and a myogenic response coupled to this signal ...
Chen Peng Roc - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Temporary balloon occlusion (TBO) is the principal means to evaluate cerebrovascular reserve before carotid sacrifice (CS). Despite TBO, the incidence of ischemic events after CS remains a substantive problem. We hypothesized that differential alteration of systemic hemodynamic parameters during TBO could serve as measures of potential cerebral autoregulation-induced systemic ...
Fix Megan L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to validate the accuracy of the Primo radial artery compression device (RACD) according to the guidelines recommended by the American National Standards Institute/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) SP10-2002 Standards for Electronic or Automated Sphygmomanometers. METHODS: A prospective, nonblind, convenience sample ...
Kim Ji Young - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of nattokinase supplementation on blood pressure in subjects with pre-hypertension or stage 1 hypertension. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 86 participants ranging from 20 to 80 years of age with an initial untreated systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 130 ...
Jacques Frédéric - - 2009
Regional anesthesia (RA) is the gold standard of neuromonitoring during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Recent data show that RA for CEA is associated with fewer postoperative complications. The aim of the present study was to assess hemodynamic stability and vasoactive drug use for CEA performed under RA versus general anesthesia (GA). ...
Xue Fu-shan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The GlideScope videolaryngoscope (GSVL) has been shown to have no special advantage over the Macintosh direct laryngoscope (MDL) in attenuating the circulatory responses to orotracheal intubation, but no study has compared the circulatory responses to nasotracheal intubation (NTI) using the two devices. This prospective randomized clinical study was designed ...
Cheng Li-Tao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) accounts for most patients with inadequate blood pressure (BP) control. However, it remains unclear whether the prevalence of ISH would increase with the advancement of CKD. METHODS: CKD patients of stages 3, 4 and ...
Sharman Je - - 2008
Central systolic blood pressure (SBP) may differ between individuals with similar brachial SBP, which may have implications for risk assessment. This study aimed to determine the variation and potential clinical value of central SBP between patients with similar brachial SBP. Brachial SBP was measured by sphygmomanometer and central SBP by ...
Sun Ningling - - 2009
Many studies revealed that most cardio-cerebrovascular events were closely related to morning blood pressure surge (MBPS). The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship of MBPS with age and gender in hypertensive individuals, morning blood pressures of a total of 1100 cases with primary hypertension were analyzed. In ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify frequency of hypotension in a large cohort of patients with intracerebral haemorrhage and its prognostic significance. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 920 patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Patients were divided in three groups based on Diastolic blood pressure (DBP); hypotensive group (DBP < 70 ...
Flynn Joseph T - - 2008
The efficacy and safety of valsartan were studied in 90 children (mean age: 3.2 years; 60% male; 30% black) with systolic blood pressure (SBP) > or =95th percentile. Nineteen percent received valsartan in addition to previous antihypertensive therapy. Subjects were randomly assigned to low-, medium-, or high-dose valsartan for 2 ...
Segerson Nathan M - - 2008
Although modest elevations in pacing rate improve cardiac output and induce reflex sympathoinhibition, the threshold rate above which hemodynamic perturbations induce reflex sympathoexcitation remains unknown. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressures (MAP) and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) were measured during normal sinus rhythm (NSR) ...
Trunkvalterova Z - - 2008
Multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis provides information about complexity on various time scales. The aim of this study was to test whether MSE is able to detect autonomic dysregulation in young patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We analyzed heart rate (HR) oscillations, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) signals in ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >