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Xiao Bing - - 2009
ATP1B1 encodes the beta subunits of Na/K ATPase which plays an important role in maintaining the normal gradients of Na(+) and K(+) across plasma membrane. A recent study demonstrated an association of ATP1B1 genetic variations with blood pressure (BP) in Americans. We aimed to investigate the association between ATP1B1 polymorphisms ...
Chang Ta-Yuan - - 2009
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that environmental noise exposure is associated with hypertension in middle-aged and older populations, but the relationship in the young subpopulation and between the genders is still unclear. This panel study investigated effects of environmental noise exposure on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure in 60 adults aged 18-32 ...
Borel Anne-Laure - - 2009
To assess whether nocturnal blood pressure dipping status in type 1 diabetes is correlated with specific sleep characteristics and differences in nocturnal glycemic profiles. Twenty type 1 diabetic adult patients underwent sleep studies with simultaneous 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and continuous nocturnal glucose monitoring. Altogether, 55% of patients exhibited ...
Rose Adam J - - 2009
Greater treatment intensification (TI) improves hypertension control. However, we do not know the ideal way to measure TI for research and quality improvement efforts. We compared the ability of different TI measures to predict blood pressure (BP) control. We enrolled 819 hypertensive outpatients from an urban academic hospital. Each patient ...
Ridderstr?le W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify, in a prospective study, how blood pressure levels at the age of twenty predict hypertension and cardiovascular remodelling 20 years later. METHODS: Twenty-year-old men with blood pressure (BP) elevation [systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140-160 and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 85-95 mmHg; blood pressure elevation (BPE) group] or ...
Shatat Ibrahim F - - 2009
Obesity is associated with elevated blood pressure (BP), insulin resistance, and altered plasma adiponectin levels; the relationship between the biochemical features of obesity and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (24-h ABP) parameters in adolescents remains unknown. Anthropometric measurements and 24-h ABP monitoring were obtained on 41 obese adolescents with and without ...
Tasker Fiona - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of the Rossmax Mandaus II for clinical use, according to the protocol of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH). METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were recruited to fulfill the 33 participant requirement of the protocol. Nine sequential same-arm blood pressure readings were taken by trained observers alternating ...
Horacek J M - - 2009
AIM: Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is the most frequently used agent for hematopoietic cell (HC) graft cryopreservation. This study aimed to monitor blood pressure and heart rate (HR) during HC graft infusion and assess the impact of cryopreservation with DMSO. METHODS: 153 HC graft infusions in 153 consecutive hematological patients (mean age ...
Lee Ji Ho - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has not yet been established whether exposure to chronic noise induces an increase in blood pressure or an increase in the development of hypertension. Therefore, a cohort study was performed to identify the effects of chronic noise exposure on blood pressure. METHODS: Five hundred thirty male workers at ...
Geiger Helmut - - 2009
This study investigated the efficacy and safety of several different multi-drug regimens including aliskiren, valsartan, and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in patients not adequately responsive to HCTZ as monotherapy. After 4 weeks of HCTZ treatment, patients (N=641) whose diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was > or =95 mm Hg were treated for 8 ...
Shibasaki Seiichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that insulin resistance is associated with morning hypertension. We investigated the hypothesis that the lowering of morning blood pressure (BP) can improve insulin resistance in patients with morning hypertension. METHODS: In the present study, 611 treated hypertensive patients with morning hypertension were randomized into either ...
DzieliƄska Zofia - - 2009
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the relationship between 24-h blood pressure (BP) values and cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease in the long-term observation. Two hundred and seventy-four patients (mean age 56.9+/-9.3 years, 197 male, 77 female) who underwent coronary and renal angiography ...
Fitchett George - - 2009
There is reasonable evidence that religious beliefs and activities are associated with lower blood pressure and less hypertension. It is not known if daily spiritual experiences have similar effects. We examined the relationship between an eight-item version of the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and ...
Huang Chang-Quan - - 2009
In this study, we explore the association between hypertension and cognitive impairment in the very elderly, using a sample ranging in age from 90 to 108 years. This work was conducted as a cross-sectional study. Our population included 782 unrelated Chinese nonagenarians and centenarians (67.5% women, mean age 93.62 years). ...
Inoue Ryusuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate associations between stroke and blood pressure (BP) indices (systolic BP [SBP], diastolic BP [DBP], mean BP, and pulse pressure [PP]) determined by home BP measurement. METHODS: Associations between stroke and BP indices were examined in a rural ...
Kengne Andre-Pascal - - 2009
The relative importance of various blood pressure indices on cardiovascular risk in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus has not been established. This study compares the strengths of the associations between different baseline blood pressure variables (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], pulse pressure [PP], and mean arterial ...
Ishii Yoshinori - - 2010
This study reports the results of the clinical use of a new tourniquet system for surgery of foot and ankle that can determine tourniquet pressure in synchrony with systolic blood pressure (SBP). We prospectively applied additional pressure of 100 mmHg based on the SBP recorded before the skin incision in ...
Liu Longjian - - 2010
Epidemiological studies have reported that increased heart rate (HR) is associated with cardiovascular mortality. We aimed in assessing the hypothesis that HR may influence the outcomes of cardiovascular disease via a pathway related to increases in blood pressure (BP). Data from the World Health Organization-Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison (CARDIAC) ...
Gaya Anelise Reis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure (BP) has been reported in young people and seems to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and reduced physical activity (PA). AIM: This study sought to analyse the association of BP with BMI, PA intensity patterns and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in youth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Levy Daniel D National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2009
Blood pressure is a major cardiovascular disease risk factor. To date, few variants associated with interindividual blood pressure variation have been identified and replicated. Here we report results of a genome-wide association study of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and hypertension in the CHARGE Consortium (n = 29,136), ...
Pierce Carolyn - - 2009
Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) who rock for 1-2 hr per day in a rocking chair demonstrate significant improvements in depression, anxiety, and balance and a decrease in pain medication usage; however, the underlying basis for their responses remains unclear. Rocking with plantar flexion uses the calf muscles, enhancing lower ...
Turfaner N - - 2009
The aim of the study is to assess the relation between diurnal blood pressure variations and target organ damage in isolated clinical hypertension (ICH). Ninety patients with ICH (clinical systolic blood pressure [SBP] superior or equal to [>=] 140 and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP]> = 90 mm Hg) and ambulatory ...
Al Salloum Abdullah A - - 2009
Blood pressure levels may vary in children because of genetic, ethnic and socioeconomic factors. To date, there have been no large national studies in Saudi Arabia on blood pressure in children.Therefore, we sought to establish representative blood pressure reference centiles for Saudi Arabian children and adolescents. We selected a sample ...
Lehman Barbara J - - 2009
Low childhood socioeconomic status (CSES) and a harsh early family environment have been linked with health disorders in adulthood. In this study, the authors present a model to help explain these links and relate the model to blood pressure change over a 10-year period in the Coronary Artery Risk Development ...
Nixon R M RM Modeling & Simulation, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2009
To compare the efficacy of valsartan in systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reduction with other angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in essential hypertension. Systematic literature search of databases between October 1997 and May 2008. Meta-analysis of short-term, double-blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for treatment of adult ...
Chia Y C YC Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. - - 2009
Calcium channel blockers are well established modalities for the treatment of hypertension. However, in spite of the availability of many efficacious agents, hypertension control continues to be poor. One reason is poor tolerability due to adverse events. Racial differences also exist. Lercanidipine, a third-generation calcium channel blocker, is associated with ...
Nagai Michiaki - - 2009
Insular cortex (Ic) has been suggested to be a key site in limbic-autonomic integration. Association of Ic damage with disruption of diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation and higher serum level of noradrenaline has been reported. We examined the relationships of Ic volume with ambulatory BP measures and noradrenaline concentration. Ambulatory ...
Sare Gillian M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High blood pressure (BP) is associated independently with poor outcome after acute ischemic stroke, although in most analyses "baseline" BP was measured 24 hours or more postictus, and not during the hyperacute period. METHODS: Analyses included 1722 patients in hyperacute trials (recruitment <8 hours) from the Virtual ...
Van der Niepen Patricia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patient- and clinician-related factors may explain variability in blood pressure (BP) outcomes and the differences between real-world effectiveness and efficacy seen in randomized trials of antihypertensive agents. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of 90 days of second-line valsartan treatment and identify patient- and physician-level determinants that impact BP outcomes. ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2009
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between pulse pressure (PP) and cardiovascular outcomes in a large, elderly, coronary artery disease (CAD) population with hypertension, and compare the predictive power of PP with other blood pressure measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: In INternational VErapamil-trandolapril STudy, 22,576 CAD ...
Basile Jan - - 2009
Reducing blood pressure (BP) to guideline-recommended goals associated with reductions in cardiovascular risk is central to effective hypertension management. In addition to measuring BP reduction, clinical trials of antihypertensive agents should assess the percentage of patients responding to treatment. The Food and Drug Administration's defined rate of response required for ...
Dorigatti Francesca - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of the UEBE visocor HM40 device for blood pressure measurement at the wrist, tested according to the requirements of the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH). Device evaluation was performed in 33 patients whose age and blood ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated whether the morning-evening difference in self-measured blood pressure (BP) (MEdif) can be an independent determinant of cardiac damage in untreated hypertensive patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the left ventricular (LV) mass, relative wall thickness, and diastolic function using echocardiography were assessed in 356 untreated ...
Fagugli Riccardo Maria - - 2009
AIM: Hypertension is common in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Determining the most appropriate method of blood pressure (BP) measurement, representative of target organ damage, is still an issue. BP variations between pre- and post-HD treatment, or between on-dialysis day and off-dialysis day, are common. The aim of this study was to ...
Krum Henry - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypertensive effects of etoricoxib and diclofenac relative to baseline hypertension risk factors in arthritis patients. METHODS: Multivariate analysis of data from the Multinational Etoricoxib and Diclofenac Arthritis Long-term (MEDAL) study (n = 23 504). We evaluated risk factors for change in systolic blood pressure (BP) (SBP) ...
Cooper Denise C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether black and white adults benefit similarly from perceived social support in relation to blood pressure (BP) dipping during sleep. METHODS: The Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL, 12-item version), which measures the perceived availability of several types of functional social support, was examined for interactive effects with ...
Oghagbon, EK; ; efosaoghagbon@yahoo.com
The enormous burden of hypertension worldwide and in Africa, informed the decision to measure the blood pressure pattern in salaried workers in Ilorin,Nigeria.These were selected, as they resemble closely those that are likely to be affected bywestern style living. It was a cross-sectional study that involved staff of both government ...
Khaleghi Mahyar M Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2009
Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) is a newly described stable fragment of the N-terminal part of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide. We tested the hypothesis that in adults with essential hypertension, plasma levels of MR-proANP would be associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP), pulse pressure, and hypertension severity. Participants included 1,034 African ...
Ali Zulfiqar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Profound cardiovascular changes may occur at various stages during a craniotomy. These changes require a detailed haemodynamic analysis including cardiac output. In the present study, we used a monitor based on electrical bioimpedance method for noninvasive cardiac output measurement. METHODS: In 17 ASA I and II patients undergoing elective ...
Protogerou Athanase - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the role of arterial stiffness on blood pressure (BP) response to drug treatment. BACKGROUND: Increased arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]) is associated with increased systolic blood pressure (SBP). Antihypertensive drug therapy achieves better control of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) than SBP does, implying that ...
Kris-Etherton Penny M - - 2009
High blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, and kidney disease. Inverse associations between dairy product consumption and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) have been observed in cross-sectional studies; some studies, however, have reported an inverse association with ...
Ungar Andrea - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between office and ambulatory systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) and total mortality in elderly patients with hypertension. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hypertension outpatient clinic in a geriatric academic hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred five older ...
Musini V M - - 2009
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blind randomized controlled trials to quantify the dose-related systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) lowering efficacy of renin inhibitors vs placebo in the treatment of adults with primary hypertension. Databases searched were Medline (1966-March 2008), EMBASE (1988-March 2008) and Cochrane Central ...
Kohara K - - 2009
Central aortic blood pressure (BP), obtained from radial arterial waveform using the transfer function method (TFM), has been shown to have prognostic value independently of brachial BP. In this study, the relationship between peripheral systolic BP (SBP) and aortic SBP was evaluated. We further investigated whether TFM-derived aortic SBP can ...
Duan Yu - - 2009
The relationship between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and blood pressure has been controversial and received unsufficient attention. Thus, we performed a cross-sectional study conducted among 6,992 inhabitants from six districts of Jiangsu Province to investigate the association of subclinical thyroid dysfunction with blood pressure in China. The data from 6,583 subjects ...
Siqu?s Patricia - - 2009
To determine the changes in blood pressure (BP) and related variables in sea-level young adults with chronic exposure to high altitude, a longitudinal study was performed in male army recruits (n = 346; age 17.9 +/- 0.1 yr; BMI, 22.5 +/- 0.3 kg/m(2)) first exposed to 3550-m altitude for 12 ...
Wang Cheng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of supplementation with multivitamin and mineral on blood pressure and C-reactive protein (CRP) in obese women with increased cardiovascular disease risk as having hypertension, hyperglycemia or hyperlipemia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 128 obese Chinese women aged 18-55 years with increased cardiovascular disease risk participated in a ...
Dochi Mirei - - 2009
There have been few large longitudinal studies on the relationship between smoking and blood pressure and those results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of smoking on the onset of hypertension. A 14-year longitudinal study was conducted in Japanese male workers at a ...
Bergamini L - - 2009
Hypertension is a risk factor for a long-lasting arterial wall-remodelling leading to stiffness. The rapid method measuring the pulse pressure (PP) by means of the tool of Hypertension Diagnostic Instruments (HDI) called PP-HDI, overcomes some of the problems arising with more-time consuming methods, like ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and ...
Zhang Huan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the association between blood pressure (BP) SBP, DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) and clinical outcome in acute hemorrhagic stroke patients in the Chinese population. METHODS: 1,760 hemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to six hospitals from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2005 were included ...
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