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Results 101 - 150 of 1405
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Molander Lena - - 2010
Midlife hypertension is associated with an increased risk for dementia, but the association between blood pressure and dementia in very old age is unclear. In a population-based cohort study, a total of 102 individuals aged 85, 90 or ≥ 95 years participated in 2 examinations with a 5-year interval. The ...
Sinha Pragya - - 2010
Season is one of the factors affecting blood pressure. The objectives of this study are to quantify the magnitude of seasonal changes in blood pressure among normotensive women aged 18 to 40 years and to find out the association of blood pressure variation between winter and summer with body mass ...
Yu Shudong - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate the value of the surgery of revised uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients with hypertension and oropharyngeal obstruction. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 29 patients with OSAHS and hypertension, who received treatment with revised UPPP ...
Lamina S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) is considered to be positively associated with cardiovascular event risk factor in hypertension. Also, the positive role of exercise in the management of Hypertension has been well and long established. However the relationship between SUA level and hypertensive management particularly in non pharmacological technique ...
Liu Xinxin - - 2010
The present study investigated the reproducibility of cardiovascular responses by presenting a mental task to eight healthy subjects four times at intervals of one year and of several days. Subjects performed a mental subtraction task at the same time of day and under the same conditions. For each experiment day, ...
Chang Ta-Yuan - - 2010
Independent exposure to noise, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), or toluene has been associated with cardiovascular effects, but the combined effects are not clear. This study investigated ambulatory systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in workers co-exposed to noise, DMF, and toluene. Twenty workers in a synthetic leather manufacturing company ...
Ried Karin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dark chocolate and flavanol-rich cocoa products have attracted interest as an alternative treatment option for hypertension, a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Previous meta-analyses concluded that cocoa-rich foods may reduce blood pressure. Recently, several additional trials have been conducted with conflicting results. Our study summarises current evidence on ...
Cicero Arrigo F G - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests that at least a part of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) heart protective effect is mediated by a relatively small but significant decrease in blood pressure level. We retrospectively evaluated the long-term effect of a PUFA supplementation on the blood pressure level of 111 hypertriglyceridemic subjects with ...
Nováková Z - - 2010
In our previous studies, a decreased blood pressure was reported in children treated by anthracycline (AC). The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of AC anticancer therapy in 45 subjects aged 13-22 years by repeated 24-hour Holter monitoring of blood pressure. Sixty four aged-matched subjects served ...
Núñez Julio - - 2010
To evaluate the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and long-term mortality in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) stratified by ejection fraction (LVEF): reduced (< or =40%) vs. preserved (> or =50%). We studied 1049 consecutive patients admitted with AHF. Systolic blood pressure was determined in the emergency department. ...
Molander Lena - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypertension is an established risk factor for dementia. However, the association between blood pressure and cognition in the very old is not fully determined and important to study considering the ageing population and the morbidity associated with cognitive impairment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 575 individuals aged 85, 90 ...
Sinha Pragya - - 2010
to study seasonal variation in prevalence of hypertension. the study was carried out in the year 2006, in Gokulpuri, an urban slum located in eastern part of Delhi. 275 females 18-40 years of age were examined in summer. Blood pressure was measured in two seasons, summer and winter. Nutritional status ...
Nakatsu Takaaki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: High-normal urinary albumin excretion has been reported to have clinical significance with respect to progression of proteinuria and hypertension. OBJECTIVE: We analysed the effect of cilnidipine (10 mg/day) on morning systolic blood pressure (SBP) and urine albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) in 16 non-diabetic hypertensive patients with a normal to marginally ...
Choe Hae Mi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine reasons for failing to meet the new Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) blood pressure (BP) measure for diabetes patients (BP <130/80 mm Hg), which may not accurately identify poor-quality care and could promote overtreatment through its performance incentives. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: We ...
Khoshdel Ali Reza - - 2010
Despite the increasing popularity of blood pressure (BP) wrist monitors for self-BP measurement at home, device validation and the effect of arm position remains an issue. This study focused on the validation of the Omron HEM-609 wrist BP device, including an evaluation of the impact of arm position and pulse ...
Felício João S - - 2010
Hypertensive patients with reduced blood pressure fall (BPF) at night are at higher risk of cardiovascular events (CVE). We evaluated in hypertensive diabetic patients, if a reduced nocturnal BPF can precedes the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We followed 70 patients with normal urinary albumin excretion (UAE) for two years. ...
Matteucci Elena - - 2010
Normotensive non-diabetic relatives of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients have an abnormal blood pressure response to exercise testing that is associated with indices of metabolic syndrome and increased oxidative stress. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the circadian variability of blood pressure and the ambulatory arterial stiffness ...
Meredith P A - - 2010
Informed by the findings from prospective observational studies and randomized outcome trials, guidelines for the management of hypertension acknowledge that the benefit of treatment can be attributed largely to blood pressure (BP) reduction. Therefore, quantification of differential BP lowering of different agents within classes of anti-hypertensives is of practical importance. ...
Badaruddoza - - 2009
This study aimed to examine the familial aggregation of blood pressure with respect to anthropometric variables in an upper-middle class business community in Punjab, a northern state of India. The results were evaluated in a sample of 75 families, constituting 305 individual from three generations such as offspring, parental and ...
Butcher Kenneth - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reliable predictors of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after stroke thrombolysis have not been identified. We analyzed hemorrhage in a randomized trial of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) vs placebo in ischemic stroke patients. We hypothesized that acute diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion volumes would be larger and blood pressures would ...
Pal Sebely - - 2010
Limited evidence suggests that dairy whey protein may be the major dairy component that is responsible for health benefits currently associated with increased dairy consumption. Whey proteins may reduce blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health. This study evaluated the effects of whey protein supplementation on blood pressure, vascular function and ...
Chatterjee Manjula - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABPM) is emerging as a valuable tool to assess blood pressure (BP) changes in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). Hypertension (HTN) is an important risk factor for, and may be an important indicator of diabetic nephropathy. Early accurate identification of HTN in ...
Ozawa Motoko - - 2009
Blood pressure (BP) variability is calculated as the standard deviation of ambulatory BP. Blood pressure variability is associated with the cardiovascular morbidity; however whether it is related to target organ damage is controversial. In this study we examined a possible relationship between the BP variability and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), ...
Sadoh W E - - 2009
Knowing the normative blood pressure (BP) in a newborn baby is important in order to identify abnormal BP readings. This study was done to determine normative BP values of Nigerian newborns, using the 8100 Dinamap monitor. Consecutive full-term neonates delivered in a tertiary centre in Nigeria were recruited for the ...
Romero-Ortuno Roman - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association of early symptoms of orthostatic intolerance (OI) with systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and mean arterial (MAP) blood pressure changes in a sample of community-dwelling older people undergoing an active stand test; and to establish whether SBP and DBP changes have different symptomatic correlates during early ...
Britton Kathryn A KA Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2009
Heart failure (HF) is a major public health issue and hypertension is a major predictor of HF. Observational studies have demonstrated a continuous and graded relationship between 'normal' systolic blood pressure (SBP) and cardiovascular disease. However, limited data are available on the relationship between normotensive SBP and the risk of ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2010
Oral L-citrulline is efficiently converted to L-arginine, which has been shown to decrease brachial blood pressure (BP) at rest and during the cold pressor test (CPT). However, aortic BP may better reflect cardiovascular risk than brachial BP. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that oral L-citrulline ...
Okada Tomonari - - 2009
The influence of home blood pressure (HBP) control on renal and cardiovascular outcomes is not fully defined, and the optimal blood pressure (BP) target in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unknown. To clarify the influence of HBP on the progression of CKD and the occurrence of cardiovascular ...
Polo Friz Hernan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: SunTech 247 is an oscillometric blood pressure (BP) monitor manufactured by SunTech Medical Inc., Morrisville, North Carolina, USA. The aims of this study were (i) to determine its accuracy using the 1993 modified British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol, the 2002 International Protocol (IP) and the 2002/2003 Association for the ...
Lalezarzadeh Fariborz - - 2009
Hypotension is a trauma activation criterion validated by multiple studies. However, field systolic blood pressures (SBP) are still met with skepticism. How significant is the role of prehospital (PH) and emergency department (ED) SBP in the patient's overall condition? A review of the trauma registry over a 5-year period was ...
Nafiu Olubukola O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Although blood pressure (BP) monitoring is a recommended standard of care by the ASA, and pediatric anesthesiologists routinely monitor the BP of their patients and when appropriate treat deviations from 'normal', there is no robust definition of hypotension in any of the pediatric anesthesia texts or journals. Consequently, what ...
Nidich Sanford I - - 2009
Psychological distress contributes to the development of hypertension in young adults. This trial assessed the effects of a mind-body intervention on blood pressure (BP), psychological distress, and coping in college students. This was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 298 university students randomly allocated to either the Transcendental Meditation (TM) ...
Wang Lucy Y - - 2009
To examine correlations between blood pressure (BP) and dementia-related pathological brain changes in a community-based autopsy sample. Prospective cohort study. A large health maintenance organization in Seattle, Washington. A cohort of 250 participants aged 65 and older and cognitively normal at time of enrollment in the Adult Changes in Thought ...
Kaya Cemil - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine 24-hour ambulatory blood pressures (ABP) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its relationship with interleukin-6 (IL-6). DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty-four PCOS patients. INTERVENTION(S): Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted. Anthropometric, hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters, including plasma IL-6, C-reactive protein ...
Lee Douglas S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Higher blood pressure in acute heart failure has been associated with improved survival; however, the relationship between blood pressure and survival in stabilized patients at hospital discharge has not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7448 patients with heart failure (75.2+/-11.5 years; 49.9% men) discharged from the hospital in ...
Schutte Rudolph - - 2009
Sub-Saharan Africans face an increasing burden of hypertension and related cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, making the identification of factors leading to early vascular abnormalities imperative. We investigated the possible influence of the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) on early subclinical atherosclerosis in 63 hypertensive (aged 45.2 years) and 34 normotensive ...
Mukhopadhyay Amartya - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the effects of withdrawing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) used during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for the delivery of aerosolized medications on physiologic parameters and dyspnea sensation. METHODS: We measured accessory muscle use, dyspnea sensation, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), blood pressure (BP), and arterial ...
Germino F Wilford - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In clinical studies, nebivolol at doses of 2.5 to 40 mg once daily was associated with significant decreases in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) in patients with hypertension and was well tolerated. OBJECTIVES: This post hoc analysis of pooled data from 2 previously published registration studies ...
Brown Jessica P - - 2009
Several blood pressure indexes of autonomic dysregulation, including stress-induced blood pressure responses (i.e., reactivity), have been associated previously with stroke, silent cerebrovascular disease, and decreased cognitive function. The authors examined the cross-sectional relations among systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reactivity and cognitive function in a sample ...
Tsivgoulis G - - 2009
We evaluated the cross-sectional relationship of blood pressure (BP) components with cognitive impairment after adjusting for potential confounders. Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) is a national, longitudinal population cohort evaluating stroke risk in 30,228 black and white men and women >or=45 years old. During the in-home ...
Fezeu L - - 2010
Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub-Saharan Africa. However, evidences in support of this trend with time are still not available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban Cameroon. Two cross-sectional population-based surveys in ...
Podoleanu Cristian - - 2009
PURPOSE: We investigated the hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the syndrome of delayed orthostatic hypotension (OH) and the hemodynamic effect of the treatment with leg compression bandages. METHODS: Non-invasive monitoring of systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) was performed during ...
Fonseca-Reyes Salvador - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) reading differences in individuals with muscular arms, using medium and large adult cuffs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resting blood pressures (BPs) were measured in bodybuilders competing at the Mexican National Bodybuilding and Fitness Championship. The means of two bilateral ...
Perkovic Davor - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of the UEBE visomat comfort eco blood pressure measuring device tested according to the requirements of the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. The device evaluation was performed in 33 participants with a mean+/-SD age of 54.3+/-18.7 years ...
Shrestha Isha - - 2009
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) observed on cerebral magnetic resonance images (MRIs) are associated with age and hypertension, suggesting a vascular mechanism of pathogenesis. Central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) correlates more closely with measures of cardiovascular disease risk than brachial pressure. We sought to determine whether cSBP correlates with WMHs and ...
Inrig Jula K - - 2009
Intradialytic increases in blood pressure (BP) can complicate the management of hypertension in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the long-term consequences are uncertain. Thus, we sought to determine whether BP increases during HD were associated with greater 2-year mortality in incident HD patients. Secondary analysis of a prospective dialysis cohort. Incident ...
Tomlinson Laurie A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent understanding of the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has led us to the introduction of national blood pressure (BP) targets aimed at reducing the incidence of end-stage renal failure. The target clinic BP is <140/90 mmHg and <130/80 in patients with significant proteinuria according to UK NICE ...
Lehman Barbara J - - 2009
Reports an error in "Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to blood pressure in the CARDIA study" by Barbara J. Lehman, Shelley E. Taylor, Catarina I. Kiefe and Teresa E. Seeman (Health Psychology, 2009[May], Vol 28[3], 338-346). A URL for supplemental materials was included due to a production ...
Carvalho Vitor O - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) response to exercise training (ET) in heart failure (HF) patients. Twelve HF patients and 15 sedentary healthy controls underwent ET for 2 months (3 times per week from 80%-90% of the ventilatory threshold). ABPM was ...
Stewart Robert - - 2009
Studies of the association of high blood pressure (BP) with dementia are not consistent. Understanding long-term trajectories in blood pressure of those who do and do not develop dementia can help clarify the issue. The Honolulu Heart Program/Honolulu-Asia Aging Study followed a cohort of Japanese American men for an average ...
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