Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1406
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Utti V A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out at the Physiotherapy unit of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, to observe the effects of continuous cervical traction for 10 minutes on arterial blood pressure and pulse rate. METHODS: Forty healthy subjects free of any cardiovascular complications, participated in the study. Systolic blood ...
Cillo Joseph E JE - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to retrospectively compare and correlate body mass index (BMI) and hemodynamics in hypertensive and normotensive patients undergoing intravenous sedation for dentoalveolar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of 263 consecutive male patients undergoing intravenous (IV) sedation for dentoalveolar surgery was divided ...
Zed Peter J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe and analyze the intubating conditions and hemodynamic effects of etomidate in patients undergoing rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency department. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective observational study of all patients who received etomidate for induction of RSI over a 42-month period in a large tertiary ...
Otsuka Ryo - - 2006
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of oral appliance (OA) therapy on ambulatory blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Eleven OSA patients who received OA therapy were prospectively investigated. Ambulatory blood pressure was measured for 20 h from 4:00 P.M.: to 12:00 noon ...
Brady Sonya S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) predicts cardiovascular events, even after controlling for clinic BP and other established risk factors. PURPOSE: This study examined whether chronic or discrete stress in the past year was associated with greater ABP in adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 217 male and female Black and White ...
Simic D V - - 2006
Despite evidence that essential hypertension (EH) is a state of increased oxidative stress, the data on oxidative protein modifications is lacking. Besides, the role of extracellular antioxidant enzymes in EH has not been systematically studied. Study was performed in 45 subjects with EH and 25 normotensive controls. Patients were divided ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure shows an inverse association with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on dialysis. It is unclear if the same phenomenon exists in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis. METHODS: We examined the association of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure with all-cause mortality ...
Bertoluci Marcello Casaccia - - 2006
With the aim to determine the influence of reducing systolic blood pressure in urinary TGF-beta1 of type 2 diabetes (DM2) with diabetic nephropathy (DN), 21 subjects with type 2 diabetes and proteinuria >500 mg/24 h were studied. Amlodipine and ramipril were added to their previous antihypertensive treatment for 12 weeks. ...
Dalla Pozza Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Baroreceptor control of beat-to-beat blood pressure in heart and heart-lung-transplanted children is impaired. Time-related trends of baroreceptor function recovery are studied and a possible correlation of baroreflex impairment and systolic hypertension may give evidence for supplemental medical treatment of hypertension. METHODS: Seventeen patients (six female) 6.1 +/- 3.7 years ...
Wang Lexin - - 2006
The objective of own study was to investigate the quality of hypertension management in a rural Chinese population. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 922 hypertensive patients in a regional community in southern China. The average systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 167.8 +/- 22.5 mmHg and ...
Palacios R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the blood pressure (BP) of naive patients after 1 year of treatment. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 95 HIV-positive patients in our Unit starting HAART between January 2001 and October 2002 and maintaining the same regimen for ...
Okamoto Takanobu - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in cardiovascular response between high-intensity eccentric (ECC) and concentric (CON) contractions, and to obtain the basic data applicable to resistance training in middle-aged and elderly individuals. The subjects who participated in this study were nine healthy men (age 24.1 +/- ...
Ozçakar Z Birsin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a frequent complication of end-stage renal disease and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common in patients with poorly controlled hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate hypertension in pediatric peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, to compare casual and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements and to evaluate ...
Gentles Dudley - - 2006
AIMS: To estimate ethnic-specific raised blood pressure (RBP) prevalences, blood pressure levels, and associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the Auckland region. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of adults aged between 35-74 years in the Auckland region. There were 1006 Maori, 996 Pacific people (mostly of Samoan, Tongan, Niuean, or ...
Lee Tobias T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The association between low blood pressure and prognosis in the general population has been controversial, with some reports suggesting an increased mortality for patients with the lowest blood pressures. Whereas many standard heart failure therapies decrease blood pressure, the relationship between mortality and blood pressure in patients with heart ...
Clark Rodney - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This investigation examined the association of violence exposure (home and neighborhood) and optimism to task-induced changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse rate (PR). METHODS: Drawn from a larger investigation, the convenience sample for this study consisted of 172 normotensive black youth (mean age ...
Regidor E - - 2006
This study assesses the association of childhood socioeconomic circumstances, height, and obesity with components of blood pressure. We selected 4009 people representative of the Spanish population aged 60 years and older, and estimated systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) according to childhood social class, ...
Madsen Christian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is well known that environmental conditions are related to the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and events. However, the mechanisms behind these relations are not well understood. One mechanism could be elevation of blood pressure. In this study we assessed associations between blood pressure and environmental conditions among ...
Macdonald Peter S - - 2006
The COLA (Carvedilol Open Label Assessment) II Study prospectively evaluated the tolerability of carvedilol in 1030 patients >70 years of age with chronic heart failure (CHF). Tolerability, defined as patients receiving > or =3 months of carvedilol and achieving a maintenance dosage > or =12.5 mg/day, was 80%. In a ...
Dickinson H O - - 2006
Metabolic studies suggest calcium may have a role in the regulation of blood pressure. Some epidemiological studies have reported that people with a higher intake of calcium tend to have lower blood pressure. Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have reached conflicting conclusions about whether oral calcium supplementation can reduce blood ...
Dickinson H O - - 2006
Epidemiological evidence on the effects of magnesium on blood pressure is inconsistent. Metabolic and experimental studies suggest that magnesium may have a role in the regulation of blood pressure. To evaluate the effects of magnesium supplementation as treatment for primary hypertension in adults. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Dickinson H O - - 2006
Epidemiological evidence on the effects of potassium on blood pressure is inconsistent. To evaluate the effects of potassium supplementation on health outcomes and blood pressure in people with elevated blood pressure. We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, ISI Proceedings, ClinicalTrials.gov, Current Controlled Trials, CAB abstracts, and ...
Miguel Marta - - 2006
This paper evaluates the effect of the long-term intake of a hydrolysate of egg white with pepsin (HEW), with a potent angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity, on the development of hypertension of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). After being weaned, male 3-week-old SHR were randomly divided into five groups that were ...
Weitzman Dahlia - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies of blood pressure (BP) indices as disease predictors have offered conflicting conclusions. We compare pulse pressure (PP), systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) as risk markers for long-term mortality with emphasis on stroke. METHODS: Male civil servants (40 to 65 ...
Taylor Adrian - - 2006
A review and meta-analysis by Hamer et al. (2006) showed that a single session of exercise can attenuate post-exercise blood pressure (BP) responses to stress, but no studies examined the effects among smokers or with brisk walking. Healthy volunteers (n=60), averaging 28 years of age and smoking 15 cigarettes daily, ...
Freitag Michael H - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that midlife systolic blood pressure (SBP) predicts late-life cognitive decline and incident dementia. This study explores whether this association is attributable to the pulsatile, ie, pulse pressure (PP), or the nonpulsatile component of blood pressure (BP). METHODS: Data are from the Honolulu-Asia Aging ...
Al-Safi Saafan A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a risk factor for cardiovascular, coronary artery and thromboembolic disorders. There is overwhelming evidence supporting the association of cigarette smoking and the development of cardiovascular and thromboembolic events particularly in high risk populations. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to explore the correlation of smoking habit ...
Nickel Cerstin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on change in blood pressure, lung parameters and heart rate in female adolescent asthmatics. METHOD: In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study, adolescent female asthmatics (n=31) were tested to find out how the systolic ...
Weisler Richard H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term cardiovascular effects of mixed amphetamine salts extended release (MAS XR) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined subtype. METHODS: 223 otherwise healthy adults (>or=18 years of age) with ADHD combined subtype were exposed to <or=24 months of MAS XR (20-60 mg/day). Resting sitting diastolic blood pressure ...
Roberts Andrew T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test an herbal supplement containing black tea (the fully oxidized form of Camellia sinensis) and caffeine for stimulation of thermogenesis. METHODS/MATERIALS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was conducted on 16 healthy, weight-stable, non-smoking subjects, ages 21-55 years, with body mass index (BMI) ...
Nakamura Tetsuya - - 2005
Angiotensin II plays a key role in the development of vascular disease. We examined the long-term effects of selective angiotensin II receptor (ATR) blockade with valsartan on arterial wall stiffness. Brachial to ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured in 28 women and 25 men with hypertension (mean age: 62+/-2 ...
Jordan Jens - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: None of the current hypertension guidelines provides specific guidance regarding pharmacological management of obese hypertensive patients. Treatment recommendations for lean hypertensives may not be simply extrapolated to obese hypertensive persons. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study with a 13-week treatment period. SETTING: Multicenter study in Germany. PATIENTS: Obese patients with ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have altered heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) responses to orthostatic challenges and isometric handgrip (IHG) exercise, suggesting possible alteration in baroreflex sensitivity. PURPOSE: This study investigated baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) as a potential mechanism contributing to chronotropic incompetence during IHG in persons with ...
Krishnan Subramanian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Warfarin decreases the activity of matrix Gla-protein and causes extensive arterial calcification leading to increased systolic blood pressure (SBP) and pulse pressure (PP) in rats. We performed post hoc analyses of the Stroke Prevention in Non-Rheumatic Atrial Fibrillation (SPINAF) trial, aiming to analyze the effects of warfarin on SBP ...
Vangelova Katia - - 2006
The aim of the study was to assess the long-term effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on the cardiovascular system. Two groups of exposed operators (49 broadcasting (BC) station and 61 TV station operators) and a control group of 110 radiorelay station operators, matched by sex and age, with similar ...
Lechin Fuad - - 2006
Sibutramine is a neuropharmacological drug that exerts central (CNS) and peripheral effects including noradrenaline (NA), and serotonin (5-HT) uptake inhibition. In addition, the drug is able to induce release from DA axons. We measured levels of circulating neurotransmitters in 20 healthy subjects during supine-resting (fasting) state before and after 15 ...
Foucan Lydia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to examine systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP) in patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing hemodialysis (HD), and to assess the relationships between these parameters and cardiovascular (CV) events such as coronary heart disease and ...
Chuang Kai-Jen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether submicrometer particle is associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). METHODS: We measured ambulatory systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and HR using a portable BP monitoring system and number concentrations of submicrometer particle with a size ...
González-Clemente J M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pulse pressure (PP) and inflammation are important predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD), even in the normotensive. The age-related increase in PP can be diagnosed up to 20 years earlier in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) than in the general population. Some evidence suggests that PP can stimulate ...
Yamada Takashi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to know the fate of albuminuria in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes under tight blood pressure and glycemic control. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients having normoalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion <30 mg/g creatinine, n = 179) or microalbuminuria (albumin excretion 30-299 mg/g creatinine, ...
Letizia C - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the behaviour of blood pressure (BP) by ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure (AMBP) in 53 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) compared to 100 essential hypertensive (EH) and 31 healthy subjects (HS). The correlations between calcium-phosphorus metabolism and haemodynamic parameters in all groups ...
Zhang Shanchun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Individual variations in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antihypertensive drugs are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The ANP gene, which encodes the precursor of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), is among the candidate genes for genetic susceptibility to hypertension. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between ANP Val7Met polymorphism ...
Grimbert Philippe - - 2005
A prospective open multicentre study was conducted in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension to compare the efficacy on diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and tolerance of treatment with either irbesartan 150mg od (once daily) or irbesartan 300mg od in patients who were defined as non-normalised responders with irbesartan 150mg od. A total ...
Stead Latha G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of diastolic blood pressure (dBP), systolic blood pressure (sBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the emergency department (ED) with mortality within 90 days in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: This observational study was conducted at an ED with an annual census of ...
Nagasaki Toshiki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical hypothyroidism affects 5-15% of the general population and is associated with increased morbidity from cardiovascular disease. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a parameter of arterial stiffening and a good independent predictor for the presence of coronary artery disease. This study was performed to assess whether subclinical hypothyroidism ...
Papaioannou Theodore G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aortic pressure waveforms are calculated non-invasively by applying generalized transfer functions (GTF) to tonometric radial pressure waveforms. Input errors mainly during acquisition and calibration of tonometric pressures are "transferred" to aortic pressure calculation. The present study aimed to quantify the proportion of specific input errors which is "transferred" by ...
Atsma Femke - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate which method of ankle-arm index (AAI) measurement in terms of selected arteries and blood pressure devices yields the highest reproducibility. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In this cross-sectional study, duplicate AAI measurements were obtained at the right and left side in 320 postmenopausal women. Analyses were ...
Koerselman J - - 2005
Patients with hypertension have an increased case fatality during acute myocardial infarction (MI). Coronary collateral (CC) circulation has been proposed to reduce the risk of death during acute ischaemia. We determined whether and to which degree high blood pressure (BP) affects the presence and extent of CC circulation. A cross-sectional ...
Srivastava R D - - 2005
Alternate nostril breathing (ANB) may modulate cardio-respiratory and autonomic functions. However, the studies are scarce and results highly conflicting. The present study was conducted in healthy young volunteers comprising of males (n=20) and females (n=20) in range of 17-22 years. In both groups respiratory rate (RR/min), heart rate (HR/ min), ...
Jain Nidhi - - 2005
The responses of right nostril breathing (RNB) and left nostril breathing (LNB) on cardio-respiratory and autonomic functions were investigated in healthy student volunteers of both sexes. The RNB and LNB groups comprised of 10 males and 10 females in each in age range of 17-22 years. Initially, in both groups ...
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