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Lozano-Zahonero S - - 2011
The purpose of the present study is to introduce a novel methodology for adapting and upgrading decision-making strategies concerning mechanical ventilation with respect to different disease states into our fuzzy-based expert system, AUTOPILOT-BT. The special features are: (1) Extraction of clinical knowledge in analogy to the daily routine. (2) An ...
Fodil R - - 2011
Non-invasive ventilation is largely used to treat acute and chronic respiratory failure. This ventilation encounters a non-negligible rate of failure related to the used interface/mask, but the reasons for this failure remain unclear. In order to shed light on this issue and to better understand the effects of the geometrical ...
van Kaam Anton H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess current ventilation practices in newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a 2-point cross-sectional study in 173 European neonatal intensive care units, including 535 infants (mean gestational age 28 weeks and birth weight 1024 g). Patient characteristics, ventilator settings, and measurements were collected bedside from endotracheally ventilated infants. ...
Rose Louise - - 2010
Positioning of patients is a modifiable risk factor for ventilator-associated pneumonia. Current guidelines for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia recommend semirecumbency at 30º, with 45º preferable unless contraindicated. To assess the use of semirecumbency for ventilator patients in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units. In a multicenter, observational study, backrest ...
Muñoz-Bonet Juan Ignacio - - 2010
To identify success and failure prognostic signs of noninvasive ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory failure. Noninvasive ventilation constitutes an alternative treatment for pediatric acute respiratory failure. However, tracheal intubation should not be delayed when considered necessary. Prospective, noncontrolled, clinical study. Pediatric intensive care unit in a university hospital. Children (age ...
Storre Jan Hendrik JH Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Freiburg, Killianstrasse 5, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany. - - 2011
Continuous, non-invasive assessment of alveolar ventilation achieved by transcutaneous PCO(2) (PtcCO(2)) monitoring is clearly superior to intermittent, invasive blood gas analyses in patients receiving nocturnal non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), but the reliability and accuracy of PtcCO(2)-monitoring is still disputed. The present study was aimed at investigating the capability of ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2011
The authors report a Japanese boy with severe pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009-associated pneumonia and deteriorating oxygenation. He dramatically recovered after the use of Airway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV) mode. There was no improvement by using any conventional ventilation, however, APRV immediately led to an improvement of his clinical symptoms and ...
Muhlethaler Vincent - - 2012
Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is a frequent intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit. This article is directed towards paediatricians in training and attempts to cover the basics of PPV without being too technical. To do so we have employed an extensive use of graphics to illustrate the underlying principles.
Gonzalez-Bermejo J - - 2012
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recognised as an effective treatment for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. Monitoring NIV during sleep may be preferable to daytime assessment. This paper reports the findings of an international consensus group which systematically analysed nocturnal polygraphic or polysomnographic tracings recorded with either volume-cycled or pressure-cycled ventilators. A ...
Kühlwein Eva - - 2011
Ventilation-induced arterial pressure variation predicts volume responsiveness in adults. Several factors are known to influence the interpretability of these variations. We analysed ventilation-induced variations in critically ill children with reference to ventilatory and circulatory parameters. We prospectively included 20 paediatric patients. Variation of systolic pressure (SPV), pulse pressure (PPV) and ...
Aslami Hamid - - 2010
Mild hypothermia is increasingly applied in the intensive care unit. Knowledge on the effects of hypothermia on respiratory parameters during mechanical ventilation is limited. In this retrospective study, we describe the effect of hypothermia on gas exchange in patients cooled for 24 h after a cardiac arrest. Respiratory parameters were ...
Rabec Claudio C Service de Pneumologie et Réanimation Respiratoire, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Dijon, 2 Bd Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 21079 Dijon, France. - - 2011
Compared with invasive ventilation, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has two unique characteristics: the non-hermetic nature of the system and the fact that the ventilator-lung assembly cannot be considered as a single-compartment model because of the presence of variable resistance represented by the upper airway. When NIV is initiated, the ventilator settings ...
Joffe Aaron M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mask ventilation is considered a "basic" skill for airway management. A one-handed "EC-clamp" technique is most often used after induction of anesthesia with a two-handed jaw-thrust technique reserved for difficult cases. Our aim was to directly compare both techniques with the primary outcome of air exchange in the lungs. ...
Coisel Yannael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a new mode of mechanical ventilation that delivers ventilatory assist in proportion to the electrical activity of the diaphragm. This study aimed to compare the ventilatory and gas exchange effects between NAVA and pressure support ventilation (PSV) during the weaning phase of critically ...
Theerakittikul Theerakorn - - 2010
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) has been used in outpatients with sleep apnea, sleep disorders associated with heart failure, restrictive pulmonary diseases (subsuming neuromuscular diseases and thoracic cage deformities), severe stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and the obesity-hypoventilation syndrome. NIPPV in these settings has resulted in significant physiologic benefits, improved ...
Demirkol Demet - - 2010
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a relatively new mode of mechanical ventilation. The use of this model of ventilation in pediatrics has been limited. The authors describe their experience with this mode of ventilation in a series of pediatric hypoxemic respiratory failure patients. Three patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory ...
Lubrano Riccardo - - 2011
In critically ill adults, a reduction in the extravascular lung water index (EVLWi) decreases time on mechanical ventilation and improves survival. The purpose of this study is to assess the prognostic value of EVLWi in critically ill children with acute respiratory failure and investigate its relationships with PaO(2), PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio, ...
El Tahan Mohamed R - - 2010
Background. The application of volume-controlled high frequency positive pressure ventilation (HFPPV) to the nondependent lung (NL) may have comparable effects to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the right ventricular (RV) function, oxygenation, and surgical conditions during one lung ventilation (OLV) for thoracotomy. Methods. After local ethics committee approval and ...
Lyazidi Aissam - - 2010
During volume-controlled ventilation, part of the volume delivered is compressed into the circuit. To correct for this phenomenon, modern ventilators use compensation algorithms. Humidity and temperature also influence the delivered volume. In a bench study at a research laboratory in a university hospital, we compared nine ICU ventilators equipped with ...
De Luca Daniele - - 2010
Noninvasive high frequency oscillatory ventilation through nasal prongs (nHFOV) has been proposed as a new respiratory support in neonatology. We studied the effect of ventilation parameters and nasal prongs on nHFOV efficacy and mechanics. Customized sealed circuits connecting a SM3100A oscillator to a neonatal lung model were developed to evaluate ...
Dannevig Ingrid - - 2011
Background: When 30 s of initial positive pressure ventilation fails to stabilize the heart rate (HR) of newborns in the delivery room, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation guidelines recommend initiation of cardiac compressions. However, it may take longer than 30 s to establish effective pulmonary gas exchange. Whether a ...
Mekontso Dessap Armand - - 2010
Right-to-left shunting across a patent foramen ovale may occur in acute respiratory distress syndrome as a result of pulmonary hypertension and positive-pressure mechanical ventilation. The shunt may worsen the hypoxemia. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence, clinical implications, and prognosis of patent foramen ovale shunting during ...
Windisch W - - 2010
While negative pressure ventilation using cuirass respirators or iron-lung machines was prevailing in the first part of the 20th century, the polio epidemic in Copenhagen 1952 marks the turning point at which positive pressure ventilation following tracheotomy was started. Furthermore, following the introduction of facial masks and starting 1985 in ...
Wolf Gerhard K - - 2010
To investigate regional lung volume changes occurring during an inflation-deflation maneuver using high-frequency oscillatory ventilation. Prospective animal trial. Animal research laboratory. Six Yorkshire swine. Electrical impedance tomography was used to quantify regional ventilation during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation. The electrical impedance tomography-derived center of ventilation was used to describe the distribution ...
Mosing Martina - - 2010
To compare physiologic dead space (V(D)) and physiologic dead space to tidal volume (V(T)) ratio (V(D)/V(T)) obtained by an automated single breath test for carbon dioxide (CO(2)) (method SBT) and a manual calculation (method MC) in ventilated healthy dogs. Prospective clinical study. Twenty client-owned dogs, ASA I and II undergoing ...
Habre Walid - - 2010
Preventing ventilation-induced lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia is an important goal in the care of ventilated neonates. Recently, there have been tremendous efforts to improve ventilation strategies, which aim at ventilating with a 'protective' and 'open-lung' strategy. Several different ventilation modes are now available, but it is important to note ...
Goranović Tatjana - - 2010
Face mask ventilation is a life saving technique. This article will review aetiology and patophysiological consequences of inadequate mask ventilation. The main focus will be on circulatory changes during induction of anesthesia, before and in a short period after intubation that could be attributed to inadequate mask ventilation in humans.
Wiklund Claes U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sensitivity and specificity of respiratory change in pulse pressure (DeltaPP) to predict preload dependency has been questioned at small tidal volumes (VT) in critically ill patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We studied DeltaPP in pigs with ARDS-like syndrome during reversible hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Prospective, observational animal ...
Tracy Mark B - - 2010
The aim of the study is to compare mask leak and delivered ventilation during Neopuff (NP) mask ventilation in two modes: (i) with NP pressure dial hidden and resuscitator watching chest wall (CW) rise with, (ii) CW movement hidden and resuscitator watching NP pressure dial. Thirty-six participants gave mask ventilation ...
Terzi Nicolas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pressure-support ventilation is widely used during the weaning phase in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The pressure-support level is adjusted to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury while limiting the patient's work of breathing. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist is an assist mode that applies a positive pressure proportional to the ...
Hahnengress Maria L - - 2010
Since playing wind instrument impedes normal respiratory functions, its effect on expiratory and blood gases as well as on cardiac function was investigated. In 15 skilled clarinettists expiratory PO(2) and PCO(2) were measured in gas drawn from a modified clarinet barrel when playing a composition (Robert Schumann's "Phantasiestücke" Op. 73 ...
Kiraly Nicholas J - - 2011
Closed endotracheal suction interferes with mechanical ventilation received by infants, but the change to ventilation may be different when ventilator modes that target expired tidal volume (VT(e)) are used. To measure airway pressure and tidal volume distal to the endotracheal tube (ETT) during and after closed suction in a volume-targeted ...
Petridis Athanasios K - - 2010
Lung protective ventilation has a beneficial effect in treating patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). An effect of this ventilation modality is hypercapnia, which leads to increased cerebral blood flow. Since increased cerebral blood flow can induce brain oedema the question arises whether lung protective ventilation can be applied ...
Biro Peter - - 2010
The clinical applications of jet ventilation (JV) in ear, nose, and throat surgery can be best understood by the characteristics that distinguish this form of ventilation from conventional positive pressure ventilation. By definition, JV is based on the application of gas portions under high pressure through an unblocked catheter into ...
Karagiannidis Christian - - 2010
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can support oxygenation and carbon dioxide elimination in severe lung failure. Usually it is accompanied by controlled mechanical ventilation. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a new mode of ventilation triggered by the diaphragmatic electrical activity and controlled by the patient's respiratory centre, which may allow ...
Strang C M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide (CO₂)-pneumoperitoneum (PP) of 12 mm Hg increases arterial oxygenation, but it also promotes collapse of dependent lung regions. This seeming paradox prompted the present animal study on the effects of PP on ventilation-perfusion distribution (V/Q) and gas exchange. METHODS: Fourteen anaesthetized pigs were studied. In seven pigs, ...
Wongviriyawong Chanikarn - - 2010
The difference in effectiveness between volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) on mechanically ventilated patients during bronchoconstriction is not totally clear. PCV is thought to deliver a more uniform distribution of ventilation than VCV, but the delivered tidal volume could be unstable and affected by changes in the degree ...
Monaco F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The value of respiratory variables as weaning predictors in the intensive care unit (ICU) is controversial. We evaluated the ability of tidal volume (Vt(exp)), respiratory rate (f), minute volume (MV(exp)), rapid shallow breathing index (f/Vt), inspired-expired oxygen concentration difference [(I-E)O(2)], and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (Pe'(co(2))) at the end ...
Walden Andrew P - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: No consensus exists as to the benefit of pleural drainage in mechanically ventilated patients with conflicting data concerning the effects on gas exchange. We determined the effects on gas exchange over a 48-hour period of draining, by thoracocentesis, large volume pleural effusions. METHODS: A total of 15 ...
Solevåg Anne L - - 2010
The rationale for a compression to ventilation ratio of 3:1 in neonates with primary hypoxic, hypercapnic cardiac arrest is to emphasize the importance of ventilation; however, there are no published studies testing this approach against alternative methods. An extended series of cardiac compressions offers the theoretical advantage of improving coronary ...
Liu Linda L - - 2010
The recent H1N1 epidemic has resulted in a large number of deaths, primarily from acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. We reviewed the current strategies to rescue patients with severe hypoxemia. Included in these strategies are high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, airway pressure release ventilation, inhaled vasodilators, and the use of extracorporeal life support. ...
Dmello Dayton - - 2010
Exacerbations of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease are characterized by increased inspissation of abnormally viscid pulmonary secretions with resultant plugging of small airways, worsened ventilation/perfusion mismatch, and increased physiological deadspace. In this circumstance, hypoxic respiratory failure necessitating mechanical ventilation can be life-threatening. We present such a case of CF lung ...
Guérin Claude - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effects of intermittent positive-pressure breathing (IPPB) and abdominal belt on regional lung ventilation in neuromuscular patients are unknown. We conducted a prospective physiologic short-term study in stable neuromuscular patients to determine the effects of IPBB, with and without abdominal belt, on regional lung ventilation. METHODS: IPPB was performed ...
Guo Zhong-Liang - - 2010
Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) with perfluorocarbons (PFC) seems not superior to conventional ventilation clinically. We hypothesized that a combination of continuous tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) with protective strategy of PLV (low dose of PFC, low inflation pressure, moderate inhalation of oxygen and moderate anesthesia) would improve cardiopulmonary function in acute ...
Scopesi F - - 2010
Volume guarantee ventilation (VGV) is an optional ventilation mode which has become the most widely and extensively studied in the last 10 years in premature infants. Nonetheless, theoretical expected endpoints are intriguing and even though VGV has not yet become 'the' standard ventilation mode, a great deal of information has ...
Soubhie Angel A Cancer Institute of Estado de São - - 2010
Anesthesia devices have been making it possible to reduce the physiological repercussions and problems caused by mechanical ventilation. The objective of this study was to evaluate, retrospectively, ventilatory methods and support resources used by a group of anesthesiologists in patients without prior lung damage in the intraoperative period. A non-identifiable ...
Blakeman Thomas C - - 2010
In a contaminated environment, respiratory protection for ventilator dependent patients can be achieved by attaching a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) filter to the air intake port of a portable ventilator. We evaluated the effect of the filter on battery performance of four portable ventilators in a laboratory setting. ...
Rozé H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) has been suggested to reduce peak airway pressure (P(peak)) and intrapulmonary shunt during one-lung ventilation (OLV) when compared with volume-controlled ventilation (VCV). At the same tidal volume (V(T)), the apparent difference in P(peak) is mainly related to the presence of a double-lumen tracheal tube. We tested ...
Muñoz-Bonet Juan I - - 2010
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is one of the main causes for admission to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) by a volumetric ventilator with a specific mode in pediatric acute respiratory failure. A three-year prospective non-controlled study was ...
McNamara Alexander - - 2011
The discovery of novel bronchodilators that treat human respiratory disorders has been guided by an array of animal models of bronchoconstriction which differ in technical complexity and experimental endpoints. Here, we apply methodology in which ventilation pressure provides a surrogate measure of airway tone (Einthoven, 1892) to assess the potency ...
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