Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1741
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Webers Carroll A B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of 2% dorzolamide or 0.005% latanoprost when added to 0.5% timolol. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen articles reporting on 19 study arms with 5 possible treatment combinations and 4 study arms serving as controls. METHODS: Articles written in English, ...
Balaratnasingam Chandrakumar - - 2007
Retinal vein pulsation is often absent in glaucoma, but can be induced by applying a graded ophthalmodynamometric force (ODF) to the eye, which is elevated in glaucoma. To assess whether ODF has a predictive value in determining glaucoma progression. 75 patients with glaucoma and suspected glaucoma were examined prospectively in ...
Martin L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of visual field (VF) examinations using modern techniques with short examination times on the intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: Sixty-one consecutive patients, aged 28-90 years, 40 women and 21 men, were examined. Forty patients were treated for glaucoma and 21 were untreated patients with ocular hypertension ...
Husain Shahid - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the prostaglandin F2 alpha analog, latanoprost, on the intraocular pressure (IOP) in rodent eyes. Rodents have been increasingly used in glaucoma research; however, conflicting results regarding the actions of prostaglandins on rodent IOP have been published. In Wistar ...
Martinez-de-la-Casa Jose M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To establish correlations between intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained with the ocular response analyzer (ORA) and the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). The effects of central corneal thickness on the measures obtained were also examined. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. IOP was determined in 48 eyes of 48 patients ...
Medeiros Felipe A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) proposes to measure corneal biomechanical properties in vivo by monitoring and analyzing the corneal behavior when this structure is submitted to a force induced by an air jet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between corneal biomechanical properties and corneal-compensated ...
Maino Anna P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and reliability of 2 single-use tonometry devices (Tonosafe and Tonojet) as an alternative to standard Goldmann prisms in patients attending dedicated glaucoma clinics. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study with human subjects. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred forty glaucoma patients who attended 2 glaucoma clinics at the Stepping Hill ...
Punjabi Omar S - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the intraocular pressures (IOP) and ocular pulse amplitudes (OPA) in patients with different types of glaucoma, ocular hypertension (OHT), and normal controls (NC) using dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) and the goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). METHODS: 906 eyes of 501 adult patients in the following five groups were ...
Ishibashi Shingo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of latanoprost on the diurnal variations in the intraocular pressure (IOP) combined with the ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two eyes from 22 patients with NTG were used for the study. The diurnal variations in the ...
Elsheikh Ahmed - - 2006
Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) is the internationally accepted standard for intra-ocular pressure (IOP) measurement, which is important for the diagnosis of glaucoma. The technique does not consider the effect of the natural variation in the corneal thickness, curvature and material properties. As these parameters affect the structural resistance of the ...
Lee Edward W - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the trends in intraocular pressures (IOP) within the first week after intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog) for the treatment of retinal disease. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Review of 43 consecutive patients and 50 intravitreal injections of 4 mg triamcinolone acetonide. Analysis of the effect on ...
Martinez-de-la-Casa Jose M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To identify correlations among intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained using the rebound tonometer (RBT), the dynamic contour tonometer (DCT), and the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). The effects of corneal thickness on the measures obtained using each of the 3 tonometers also were examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ...
Kiuchi Takahiro - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether postural changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) are associated with progression of visual field damage in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, nonrandomized study. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty eyes of 33 patients with NTG. METHODS: Intraocular pressure, blood pressure (BP), and pulse rate (PR) were measured in ...
Costagliola Ciro - - 2007
AIM: To investigate whether dorzolamide modifies peripapillary retinal haemodynamics in juvenile primary open-angle glaucoma (JPOAG) patients treated with timolol. METHODS: In 40 JPOAG subjects, before and after dorzolamide coadministration with timolol, the following examinations were achieved: intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), heart rate (HR), visual ...
Maeda Ari - - 2006
PURPOSE: The present study in a mouse model was undertaken to reveal the role of the circadian clock genes Cry1 and Cry2 in generation of 24-hour intraocular pressure (IOP) rhythm. METHODS: IOP was measured at eight time points daily (circadian time [CT] 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, and ...
Gayer Steven - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine if an intraocular pressure (IOP)-reducing device containing tungsten powder decreases pressure comparably to the traditional mercury-containing apparatus. DESIGN: Prospective randomized, single-blind, controlled, phase I equivalence study. METHOD: At a tertiary care center, both eyes of 24 volunteers with normal IOP were treated with an ocular compression device ...
Lung Solveig - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that ocular blood-flow response to peribulbar anesthesia can be reduced by using a smaller volume of anesthetic mixture. SETTING: Departments of Ophthalmology and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for bilateral age-related cataract surgery were enrolled in a prospective ...
Hasegawa Kou - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess diurnal variations of intraocular pressure (IOP) in suspected normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with subsequent long-term observation to detect changes that may lead to a new diagnosis. METHODS: Diurnal variation of IOP was measured in a sitting position at 2-h intervals for 24 h in a total of ...
Khurana Rahul N - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of esterified estrogens combined with methyltestosterone (EECM) (Estratest, Solvay, Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Baudette, Minnesota, USA) on intraocular pressure (IOP) in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: The IOP of 13 consecutive postmenopausal women with dry eye syndrome were recorded before and during EECM therapy (1.25 ...
Campos T V O - - 2006
Several methods have been described to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) in clinical and research situations. However, the measurement of time varying IOP with high accuracy, mainly in situations that alter corneal properties, has not been reported until now. The present report describes a computerized system capable of recording the transitory ...
Plange Niklas - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of oral cannabinoids on retinal hemodynamics assessed by video fluorescein angiography in healthy subjects. DESIGN: Interventional study. METHODS: In a self-experiment, the cannabinoid dronabinol (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol [THC]) was administered orally to eight healthy medical doctors (7.5 mg Marinol; Unimed Pharmaceuticals, Chicago, Illinois, USA). At baseline and ...
Huber Klaudia K - - 2006
PURPOSE: Effects of gas mixtures have been widely studied. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is known to act as a vasodilator, whereas oxygen (O(2)) acts as a vasoconstrictor. Therefore, the interpretation of results is difficult. In this study, only the effect of an elevated CO(2) level on retrobulbar hemodynamics and contrast sensitivity ...
Doshiro Aya - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) change through hemodialysis and examine other factors to affect IOP change in patients treated with hemodialysis. DESIGN: Prospective, observational case series. METHODS: IOP, blood pressure, and plasma colloid osmotic pressure (COP) were measured in 188 eyes of 95 patients receiving hemodialysis in Nantan General ...
Maruyama Katsuhiko - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the additive effect of dorzolamide or carteolol to latanoprost on intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma patients. DESIGN: Prospective open-label randomized crossover clinical study. METHODS: A total of 64 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were treated with latanoprost 0.005% once daily for 3 months then randomized to receive ...
Saleh Tarek A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature (CC) on the measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP) using Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) and the ocular blood flow pneumatonometer (OBFT). METHODS: 104 patients were recruited from a glaucoma clinic. The CCT was measured using ultrasound pachymetry and ...
Cantor L B - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the efficacies of bimatoprost and travoprost for lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP) for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension. METHODS: Prospective, randomised, investigator-blinded, parallel-group clinical trial. After completing a washout of all glaucoma drugs, patients (n = 157) were randomised to bimatoprost or travoprost for 6 ...
Zeitz O - - 2006
An altered perfusion of the optic nerve head has been proposed as a pathogenic factor in glaucoma. To investigate potential differences in the ocular haemodynamics of patients having glaucoma with progressive versus stable disease, as well as healthy volunteers. Peak-systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistivity index in the ...
Plummer Caryn E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the combination multiple-dose dorzolamide-timolol administered topically has any greater effects on the reduction of intraocular pressure, pupil size, and heart rate in dogs with glaucoma than do either timolol or dorzolamide alone. PROCEDURE: Applanation tonometry, pupil size, and heart rate measurements were made at 7 a.m., ...
Shou Tian-De - - 2006
Glaucoma is closely related to elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). Many studies have done on the effect of chronic elevation of IOP on the retina and optic nerve, but less attention was paid to the effect of acute elevated IOP. Here we briefly review experimental studies on functional changes of ...
Ersanli Dilaver - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to high altitude may affect intraocular pressure (lOP). This study aimed to determine how IOP was altered by two different inspired oxygen tensions at altitude. METHODS: There were 34 healthy male pilots, ages 26-39 yr (mean 31.9 yr), who were studied at the Air Health Examination and Physiological ...
Komáromy András M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of head position on intraocular pressure (IOP) in horses. ANIMALS: 30 horses. PROCEDURES: Horses were sedated with detomidine HCl (0.01 mg/kg, IV). Auriculopalpebral nerve blocks were applied bilaterally with 2% lidocaine HCl. The corneas of both eyes were anesthetized with ophthalmic 0.5% proparacaine solution. Intraocular ...
Delaney Yvonne - - 2006
During the last decade, the presumed etiology of glaucoma has moved from a pure pressure concept to a combined mechanical and vascular theory. Evidence of a localized vascular insufficiency leading to perfusion deficits of ocular structures, including the optic nerve head, the retina, the choroid, and the retrobulbar vessels, is ...
Queirós A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The main objectives of this study were to determine the differences between non-synchronized intraocular pressure (IOP_N) and intraocular pressure readings synchronized with cardiac pulse and try to determine if these parameters are related to blood pressure values. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five right eyes from 165 volunteers (107 females, ...
Quaranta Luciano - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the short-term effects of timolol 0.5%, brimonidine 0.2%, dorzolamide 2%, and latanoprost 0.005% on intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP), and diastolic ocular perfusion pressure (DOPP), calculated as the difference between the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and IOP. METHODS: According to a 4 x 4 Latin squares ...
Volopich Sabine - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if intravenous hypertonic hydroxyethyl starch (7.5%/6%) (HES) could decrease the intraocular pressure (IOP) in healthy normotensive dogs, and compare its effect with that of mannitol (20%) (experimental study). In addition, the potential IOP-lowering effect of hypertonic HES was evaluated in six ...
Baskaran Mani - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study the intraocular pressure (IOP) changes in Sirsasana (headstand posture) done by experienced yoga practitioners and correlate the ocular biometric parameters with the IOP changes, and to screen for the prevalence of ocular hypertension in this group of subjects. DESIGN: Prospective case observational series. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five subjects (50 ...
Uva Maurizio G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of timolol-dorzolamide and timolol-pilocarpine fixed combinations on retrobulbar vessel blood flow. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, masked, crossover clinical trial. METHODS: Sixteen patients with primary open angle glaucoma, treated with timolol 0.5%, received timolol 0.5%-dorzolamide 2% and timolol 0.5%-pilocarpine 2% for four weeks each. Heart rate, blood ...
Barkana Yaniv - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intraocular pressure (IOP) monitoring outside of normal office hours adds clinically useful information. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients with glaucoma who were admitted for 24-hour IOP monitoring during 3 years. Applanation IOP was recorded in the sitting position from 7 am until midnight ...
Takiyama Naoaki - - 2006
The effects of a timolol maleate gel-forming solution (TMGS) on intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP), and pupil size (PS) were evaluated in normotensive dogs. TMGS was administered once daily to six normotensive beagle dogs. TMGS administration reduced IOP and PS. The hypotensive effect persisted for 24 hr after the ...
Espana Edgar M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the pneumatonometer and the Tono-Pen XL in a closed ex-vivo system in human eye bank eyes at high intraocular pressures (IOP) and evaluate the validity of high IOP measurements with the Barraquer tonometer. METHODS: Intraocular pressure was monitored by cannulation of the anterior chamber and vitreous cavity ...
Chen Mei-Ju - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bimatoprost 0.03% on ocular hemodynamics in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: Twenty-two (22) patients with NTG were consecutively recruited. After basic eye examination and diurnal intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, color Doppler imaging was used to measure ...
Jea Seung Youn - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of intravitreal and posterior subtenon injections of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: we reviewed 42 consecutive eyes after intravitreal TA injection (IVTA) and 43 eyes following posterior subtenon TA injection (PSTA). All cases had a minimum follow-up time of three months. After ...
Jain Arun K - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the measure of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with scarred corneas obtained from the affected and non-affected areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with small maculo-leucomatous corneal opacity following microbial keratitis were prospectively included in the study. Goldmann applanation tonometry was done first on the non-affected corneal ...
Gyasi Me - - 2006
Summary The effectiveness of trabeculectomy in the management of glaucoma is well known. It is the most common intervention for most glaucoma cases treated in the Upper East region. In this region trabeculectomies are, however, performed without adjunctive antimetabolites. To report on the outcome of trabeculectomy without adjunctive antimetabolites in ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether keratometric readings as a measure of corneal shape are associated with optic disc dimensions and with the degree and rate of perimetric progression of chronic open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. METHODS: The hospital-based observational study included 1826 eyes of 936 patients with ocular hypertension, patients with ...
Benz Matthew S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural history of intraocular pressure (IOP) within the first 30 minutes after intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA). DESIGN: Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients who met inclusion and exclusion criteria and underwent intravitreal injection of 0.1 ml (4 mg) of TA were ...
Nicolela Marcelo T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate optic disc topography changes after intraocular pressure (IOP) modulation in patients with glaucoma. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with glaucoma were studied. Three mean optic disc topography images were obtained with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II at baseline and weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 (visits 1, 2, 3, ...
Sajjadi Seyed A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the correlation between intracranial (ICP) and intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: Of the 77 patients who underwent a lumbar puncture, 27 were excluded secondary to a history of glaucoma, using drugs effective on IOP, and abnormal funduscopic examination. ICP was measured by lumbar puncture. IOP was measured by ...
Baddon A C J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To test the agreement of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements made with Luneau SA applanators and Goldmann applanator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blind crossover trial. IOPs were measured in both eyes of subjects with both applanators. Type of applanator was alternated to eliminate systematic bias. Multiple observers were used. Observers ...
Jonas J B - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the amplitude of day-and-night intraocular pressure (IOP) profiles influences the rate of progression of chronic open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: The hospital-based clinical observational study included day-and-night profiles of IOP measurements performed on 458 patients (855 eyes) with chronic open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The 24-h pressure profiles ...
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