Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1743
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Okuno Takashi - - 2006
Neurons can be damaged by the activation of glutamate receptors, but whether glutamate is related to the development of glaucomatous optic neuropathy is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to measure the acute changes in the glutamate levels in the optic nerve head (ONH) of rabbits induced by ...
Chen Teresa C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of brimonidine 0.15% with those of apraclonidine 0.5% in preventing intraocular pressure (IOP) elevations after anterior segment laser surgery. SETTING: Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Glaucoma Service, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. METHODS: This double-masked randomized trial 80 eyes of 80 patients who had laser ...
Wanichwecha-Rungruang Boonsong - - 2005
The authors evaluated the effectiveness and safety of bimatoprost using an open-label, non-comparative, three-month, community-based surveillance study. Patients (n = 458) with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension received bimatoprost 0.03% ophthalmic solution as monotherapy, replacement therapy or adjunctive therapy. Bimatoprost produced a rapid, significant (p < 0.0001) reduction in intraocular ...
Tamburrelli Ciro - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether tonometric readings of increases in intraocular pressure (IOP) during the water-drinking test (WDT) are affected by variations in central corneal thickness (CCT) induced by photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: Data from 30 randomly selected eyes of 30 patients (18 men and 12 women; mean age, +/- SD: ...
van der Jagt Liane H - - 2005
Three portable tonometers, the TGDc-01, the ICARE and the Tonopen XL, were compared with each other and to Goldmann applanation tonometry in a large group of healthy subjects and patients with ocular hypertension or glaucoma (n = 103). Measurements performed with the ICARE and the Tonopen XL were in good ...
Avila Marcel Y - - 2005
To develop a reliable, noninvasive, continuous, and easily implemented system for measuring intraocular pressure (IOP) in mice. Pneumotonometry was adapted for measurement of mouse IOP. Measurements were compared with those obtained with the servo-null micropipette system (SNMS) and with direct anterior chamber cannulation. Heart rate was monitored by the precordial ...
Pavlidis Mitrofanis - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between hypobaric hypoxia acclimatization and intraocular pressure (IOP) during ascent, acclimatization, and descent between 2286 m and 5050 m. METHODS: The following acclimatization-indicative physiological parameters were compared daily with IOP changes in eight healthy climbers of the 2003 Greek Karakorum expedition in altitude stages between ...
Gumus Koray - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the diurnal variation (DV) of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with exfoliation syndrome (XS), to measure retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness by using scanning laser polarimetry, and to compare these measurements with those of normal subjects. METHODS: Forty-five subjects with XS and 40 ...
Henderer Jeffrey D - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of a fixed timolol/dorzolamide combination (Cosopt) for patients with IOP over 30 mm Hg. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective interventional case series. METHODS: Eighteen patients being seen on the Wills Eye Hospital Glaucoma Service with at least one eye with an IOP > 30 ...
Suzuki Shigenobu - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the distribution of central corneal thickness (CCT) and factors correlating with CCT in a large-scale population of ophthalmologically normal Japanese persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 7313; 2848 men and 4465 women) were selected as an ophthalmologically normal Japanese sample using the following exclusion criteria: ...
Metelitsina Tatyana I - - 2005
To investigate the effects of sildenafil citrate (Viagra) on foveolar choroidal circulation in patients with age related macular degeneration (AMD). Double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Fifteen male AMD patients received a dose of 100 mg of sildenafil or matching placebo on two separate days. Laser Doppler flowmetry was performed to ...
Shimada Yoshiaki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine retinal function after transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization using multifocal electroretinograms (mfERGs). METHODS: Multifocal electroretinograms were recorded before and after TTT (wavelength, 810 nm; diameter, 3 mm; duration, 60 seconds; power, 350 mW) in 9 eyes in 9 patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularizations. The stimulus ...
Morrison John C - - 2005
Models of experimentally elevated intraocular pressure in rats provide valuable opportunities to discover and study mechanisms of pressure-induced optic nerve damage. The structure and vasculature of the rat optic nerve head have several anatomic similarities and differences from the primate that allow useful comparisons and insights into human glaucoma. Specifically, ...
van der Valk Rikkert - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction achieved by the most frequently prescribed glaucoma drugs and a placebo in a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-seven articles reporting on 28 randomized clinical trials. These articles reported 6953 participants for the trough and ...
Jarade Elias F - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of hyperopic and myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) on the intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement by Goldmann applanation tonometry. METHODS: Intraocular pressure was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry pre- and postoperatively in 48 hyperopic eyes (26 patients) and 56 myopic eyes (28 patients). RESULTS: The ...
Bhatnagar A - - 2005
AIMS: We conducted a study to compare the accuracy of two commercially available disposable tonometry devices (the acrylic biprism, Tonosafe and the silicone shield, Tonoshield) with the standard Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). METHODS: A total of 80 eyes of 40 patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Group A (40 ...
Salvi S M - - 2005
AIM: To establish the reliability, efficacy, and safety of disposable prism tonometry and validate its routine use for screening as well as monitoring of glaucoma. METHODOLOGY: Intraocular pressure (IOP) of 400 eyes of 200 consecutive patients who attended the general ophthalmic clinic was checked with both the Goldmann applanation tonometer ...
Maier Philip C - - 2005
Open angle glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness in industrialised nations. Treatments to lower ocular pressure are widely used in glaucoma prevention and treatment, despite conflicting evidence. We performed meta-analyses to reassess the effectiveness of pressure lowering treatment to delay the development of glaucoma in ocular ...
Lim K Sheng - - 2005
PURPOSE: Rabbits are commonly used for the evaluation of drugs and surgery to lower intraocular pressure (IOP). The accuracy of intraocular pressure measurement is therefore critical in the analysis of data and subsequent extrapolation to humans. The purpose of this study was to establish the most reliable technique, from several ...
Tonnu P-A - - 2005
To compare the inter-method agreement in intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements made with four different tonometric methods. IOP was measured with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), Tono-Pen XL, ocular blood flow tonograph (OBF), and Canon TX-10 non-contact tonometer (NCT) in a randomised order in one eye of each of 105 patients ...
Chang Ta C - - 2005
To investigate the heritability of intraocular pressure (IOP) and cup-to-disc ratio (CDR) in an older well-defined population. Family-based cohort study. Through the population-based Salisbury Eye Evaluation study, we recruited 726 siblings (mean age, 74.7 years) in 284 sibships. Intraocular pressure and CDR were measured bilaterally for all participants. The presence ...
Knepper Paul A - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the concentration of hyaluronic acid (HA) and of chondroitin sulfate (CS) occurring in the normal and the primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) trabecular meshwork (TM) influences flow rates in vitro as a function of pressure. METHODS: We tested 100, 500, and 4000 kDa ...
Pavan Josip - - 2005
We evaluated the effectiveness of latanoprost (Xalatan) monotherapy in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Latanoprost is a prostaglandin analogue, the pure 15(R) epimer of 13,14-dihydro-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-PGF2alpha-isopropyl ester. As a prodrug it is being activated by enzymatic hydrolysis in the cornea after which it becomes active acid of latanoprost. Latanoprost is lowering ...
Chew G S M - - 2005
AIMS: Pressure phosphene tonometry is said to assess intraocular pressure by inducing a pressure phosphene. This study compared the results of this relatively new technique with Goldmann applanation tonometry. METHODS: A total of 100 patients (196 readings) in a general ophthalmology clinic at Dunedin Hospital who consented to take part ...
Yaoeda Kiyoshi - - 2005
PURPOSE: NT-4000 (Nidek Co. Ltd., Gamagori, Japan) is a new non-contact tonometer (NCT) equipped with pulse synchronous measurement function that can measure intraocular pressure (IOP) synchronized with the ocular pulse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of NT-4000 in normal subjects and in patients with glaucoma ...
Bayerle-Eder M - - 2005
The ocular pressure/volume relation, which is described by the Friedenwald equation, forms the basis of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement with Schiotz tonometry and measurement of pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) with pneumotonometry. Changes in intraocular volume during the cardiac cycle are caused by arterial inflow and venous outflow and are ...
Niemi Riku - - 2005
The objective of this study was to synthesize and evaluate various esters of fadolmidine, a novel alpha2-adrenergic agonist, as potential ophthalmic prodrugs. All studied prodrugs released the parent drug (i.e., fadolmidine) quantitatively via enzymatic hydrolysis in 80% human serum. The pivalyl ester was considered to be the most promising prodrug ...
Yagci R - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the relationship between central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measured by applanation tonometer in glaucomatous, ocular hypertensive, and normal eyes. METHODS: A total of 125 subjects were included in the study. Twenty-six had primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), 25 had pseudoexfoliative ...
Issa S A - - 2005
AIM: The results of a study designed to investigate the predictive value of preoperative anterior chamber depth (ACD) and intraocular pressure (IOP) are reported. The relation between these factors and their effect on the reduction in IOP following phacoemulsification cataract surgery was also studied. METHODS: The ACD and IOP were ...
Day D G - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and safety of bimatoprost given every evening versus the dorzolamide/timolol fixed combination (DTFC) given twice daily in open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertensive patients. METHODS: A double-masked, three-center, prospective, randomized, crossover comparison with two 8-week treatment periods following a 4-week medicine free washout period. Diurnal curve ...
Shahidullah Mohammad - - 2005
The effect of nitric oxide (NO) on aqueous humour formation (AHF) and intraocular pressure (IOP) was studied using NO donors, sodium azide (AZ) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Using the porcine arterially perfused eye preparation, drug effects on AHF and IOP were measured by fluorescein dilution and manometry, respectively. Perfusion pressure ...
Konstas Anastasios G P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 24-hour efficacy of brimonidine purite versus dorzolamide, each added to latanoprost. DESIGN: Double-masked, 2-center, prospective, crossover comparison. PARTICIPANTS: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) subjects. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to brimonidine purite or dorzolamide, each given twice daily, for the first 6-week treatment period after a 6-week latanoprost ...
Cheng Arthur C K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) assessment in post-LASIK patients using non-contact tonometry, pressure phosphene tonometry and applanation tonometry. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive LASIK patients were analysed preoperatively and postoperatively with non-contact, pressure phosphene and applanation tonometry. Comparisons among these values were assessed with paired sample Student t-test, Pearson's correlation test ...
Kalapesi Freny B - - 2005
All cells are subject to physical forces by virtue of their position in a dynamically changing environment. This review outlines the various putative 'mechanosensors', or sensors of pressure cells possess, and discusses in particular the role stretch-activated membrane channels play in pressure recognition and transduction. The widespread occurrence of these ...
Nakano Tadashi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although the intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most important factor related to the onset and progression of glaucoma, there is little evidence on long-term aging effects on IOP. This article examines the changes of IOP over 10 years in normal eyes to assess physiologic changes related to aging. DESIGN: ...
Takayama Jun - - 2005
PURPOSE: To study the time course of changes in circulation in the optic nerve head (ONH) after acute reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP) and to evaluate the effects of a calcium antagonist, a nitric oxide synthetase (NOS) inhibitor, indomethacin, and sympathetic nerve amputation on the changes in ONH circulation after ...
Morgan William H - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the factors associated with central retinal vein pulsation changes in glaucoma and identify any hemiretinal vein pulsation changes and their association with sectoral visual field loss. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six patients with glaucoma and 40 normal subjects had automated perimetry, blood pressure, and intraocular pressure measured. A ...
Troost Annette - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent comparisons between transpalpebral tonometry using TGDc-01 and Goldmann applanation tonometry were performed in populations with IOPs between 10 and 20 mmHg. The purpose of this study was to evaluate device deviations depending on different IOP levels (range 5-40 mmHg). METHODS: A total of 68 eyes of 68 patients ...
Yuen Nancy S Y - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of brimonidine 0.2% and apraclonidine 1% on intraocular pressure (IOP) and pupil size in patients undergoing laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). METHODS: Forty patients (40 eyes) with occludable angle or angle-closure glaucoma requiring LPI were recruited. Patients were randomized to receive either brimonidine 0.2% or apraclonidine ...
Bissen-Miyajima Hiroko - - 2005
PURPOSE: To observe changes in intraocular pressure (IOP), the manner in which the eye is suctioned, and the effect of the number of suction ports. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Suidobashi Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Suction rings with single or dual ports were made of transparent acrylic acid ...
Grødum Kirsti - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare glaucoma conversion rates in patients with ocular hypertension (OH) with and without pseudoexfoliation. DESIGN: Cohort study, based on 32,918 screening participants. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS: Ninety-eight patients with OH and pseudoexfoliation and 98 matched controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Perimetric glaucoma conversion. METHODS: A population-based glaucoma screening of elderly ...
Sehi Mitra - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate diurnal change and pattern of variation in intraocular pressure (IOP) and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DSP) blood pressures in a group with untreated primary open-angle glaucoma (uPOAG) and compare it with an age-matched, normal group. METHODS: IOP, SBP, and DBP were measured in 14 patients with uPOAG ...
Aung Tin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the configuration of the drainage angle and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of latanoprost in subjects with chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG). DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-seven Asian subjects with CACG. METHODS: Study subjects had participated in a 12-week, randomized, double-masked study ...
Zhou Jianbo - - 2005
PURPOSE: To introduce a hypothesis that theorizes the effect of a trabecular bypass, a channel created through the trabecular meshwork, on the facility of outflow and the intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: Equations that govern the pressure and circumferential flow in Schlemm's canal are established, based on the linear relationships between ...
Tai Ming-Cheng - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of a new patient-operated intraocular pressure tool, the Proview eye pressure monitor (PEPM; Bausch & Lomb, Inc., Rochester, NY), for monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty eyes of 70 Taiwanese patients from ...
Tsai Chieh-Chih - - 2005
PURPOSE: Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a cosmetically disfiguring and vision-threatening complication of Graves' disease (GD). We investigated the clinical application of pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) measurement for detection of clinically active GO. METHODS: In this prospective study, the OBF tonometer (OBF Labs, Wiltshire, UK) was used to measure POBF ...
Arend Oliver - - 2005
PURPOSE: To identify and quantify the role of capillary leakage of the optic nerve head in digital fluorescein angiography in normal subjects and patients with open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Technical University of Aachen. Thirty patients with primary open-angle ...
Chiseliţă D - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyse comparatively the efficacy and tolerance of latanoprost, travoprost and the fixed combination timolol-dorzolamide in the treatment of primary open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. METHOD: Prospective, investigator masked, randomized study that included 38 patients (38 eyes) with primary open angle glaucoma uncontrolled under beta blockers. Each patient ...
Orihashi Masahiro - - 2005
The present study was performed to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect of nipradilol in combination with latanoprost on ocular normotensive and hypertensive rabbits. IOP was measured using an applanation pneumatonograph under topical application of 0.4% oxybuprocaine hydrochloride for corneal anesthesia. Ocular hypertension was induced by injection of 0.1 ml ...
Chen Hsin-Yi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and several systemic health parameters in Taiwan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records from all participants who had been examined in China Medical University Hospital. A total of 1,271 subjects (mean age, 50.0 +/- ...
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