Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 756
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Kiserud T - - 1999
Although the ductus venosus has a similar function in human as in animal pregnancies (to regulate the shunting of oxygenated blood from the umbilical vein towards the left atrium), the amount of blood shunted in the human fetus seems to be less (25-40%) than in the animal (50%). The degree ...
Schneider A W - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Determination of the pulsatility index by means of duplex sonography provides the opportunity to evaluate the vascular resistance of the hepatic artery noninvasively. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the hepatic arterial pulsatility index and the hepatic venous pressure gradient in cirrhosis. METHODS: In ...
Fábregues F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is an uncommon cause of ascites that is being increasingly recognized because of the high number of women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques, mainly in vitro fertilization. This prospective study investigates the clinical and biochemical characteristics of a large series of patients with this syndrome and ...
Stanley A J - - 1999
Recent reports have suggested that the vasodilating beta-blocker carvedilol may have beneficial acute haemodynamic effects in cirrhotic portal hypertension. However, no data exist on chronic use or renal effects in this patient group. The aim of this study was to assess the acute and chronic haemodynamic and renal effects of ...
Patch D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Height of portal pressure correlates with severity of alcoholic cirrhosis. Portal pressure indices are not however used routinely as predictors of survival. AIMS: To examine the clinical value of a single portal pressure measurement in predicting outcome in cirrhotic patients who have bled. METHODS: A series of 105 cirrhotic ...
Henrion J - - 1999
Out of a prospective series of 142 consecutive episodes of hypoxic (ischemic) hepatitis (HH), we identified 17 episodes associated with an acute exacerbation of chronic respiratory failure (CRF) without left cardiac failure. In the aim to evaluate the role of arterial hypoxemia in the pathogenesis of HH associated with respiratory ...
Huynh T T - - 1999
Hemodynamic alterations have been implicated as major stimuli for the development of intimal hyperplasia in vein grafts that are implanted in the arterial circulation. Tyrosine kinase is known to mediate cell signaling. However, its role with in vivo mechanotransduction is not yet well defined. We used a novel bioprosthetic collagen ...
Gadzijev E M - - 1999
The pressure of perihepatic packing can cause organ perfusion disturbances. The problem is to determine the pressure applied during the operative procedure. The objective of this animal study was to assess the perihepatic packing pressure and its effect on the pressure in the inferior vena cava (IVC). In order to ...
Lefthériotis G - - 1999
The aim of this study was to determine if the intraoperative circumference of aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts could be predicted from preoperative measurement with B-mode ultrasound sonography in 50 patients. The circumference of the saphenous vein was measured during stepwise increments of a thigh congestive cuff from 0 to ...
Gotlieb W H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to prospectively evaluate the intraperitoneal pressure, as well as clinical and hemodynamic effects of total paracentesis, as palliation of symptomatic ascites in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Prospective study of 35 sequential total paracenteses was performed using a Veres cannula on patients with advanced recurrent ...
Suzuki S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Animal models of total hepatic ischemia (THI) and reperfusion injury are restricted by concomitant splanchnic congestion. This study was performed to determine the requirement suitable for an extracorporeal portosystemic shunt (PSS) to maintain the intestinal integrity in a rat model of THI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a polyethylene tube ...
Stump D M - - 1998
An arterial graft with a corrugated cylindrical cross-section has been proposed as a partial solution to the problem of elastic stiffness mismatch between conventional grafts and arterial tissue (Trescony et al., 1994, US Patent 5,282, 847 (granted February 1 1994)). A two-dimensional ring theory model and a finite element shell ...
Noble B J - - 1998
The abdominal circulation contains a high proportion of the total blood volume and this can change either passively in response to changes in vascular distending pressure or actively (termed a capacitance response) to changes in sympathetic nervous activity. The liver is the largest abdominal organ and this study was designed ...
McCormick P A - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The combination of non-selective beta-blockers and nitrates is an effective therapy for the prevention of rebleeding from oesophageal varices. However, a significant number of patients fail to respond and have further haemorrhage. It has been suggested that measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient response to long-term drug therapy ...
Merkel C - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIM: The study was designed to assess to what extent portal hemodynamic parameters obtained by duplex Doppler ultrasonography may be substituted for the measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient in evaluating the severity of portal hypertension and the response to medical treatment with beta-blockers or beta-blockers plus nitrates in patients ...
Sugano S - - 1998
The purpose of this study is to determine the hemodynamic effects of spironolactone administration associated with an unrestricted sodium diet (salt 10 g) in patients with compensated cirrhosis and portal hypertension. We studied the hemodynamic changes following eight weeks of administration of either placebo (N = 6) or spironolactone (100 ...
Kraft W - - 1998
Standard therapy for variceal bleeding includes endoscopic sclerotherapy and esophageal balloon tamponade. In addition, pharmacologic therapies, including arginine vasopressin (AVP), are frequently used in hemodynamically unstable patients or where sclerotherapy has been unsuccessful. A case is described herein of a 30-year-old woman with a history of ethanol abuse, hematemeisis, and ...
Lam C M - - 1998
The objective of the investigation was to characterize the hepatic cryolesion formed with an implantable needle (3 x 100 mm) cryoprobe. This was used to produce cryolesions in isolated porcine liver tissue equilibrated to 37 degrees C in a water bath. The shape, size, and temperature zones within the cryolesion ...
Nakatani T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension is known to decrease hepatic blood flow, but its effect on hepatic energy level has not described. METHODS: Fifty-three rabbits were mechanically ventilated and divided into five groups. Intra-abdominal hypertension was induced by saline infusion and maintained for 30 minutes. Hepatic sinusoidal functional blood flow was evaluated ...
Johnson M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Blood loss and transfusion requirement are major determinants of mortality and morbidity following liver resection. This study was prompted by the observation that blood loss was excessive when the inferior vena cava (IVC) was distended, and determined whether a correlation exists between blood loss and pressure within the IVC ...
Lobato E B - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in the cross-sectional area of the right internal jugular vein (RIJV) in response to positive intrathoracic pressure and hepatic compression in mechanically ventilated patients during general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized study. SETTING: A university medical center. PATIENTS: 15 ASA physical status II and III adult ...
Kin T - - 1998
Veno-venous bypass under total vascular exclusion is a useful technique to permit safer resection of hepatic malignancy. We describe here a retrospective study of two modified venous bypass techniques as alternatives to the conventional end-on portal cannulation technique. Portal decompression via inferior mesenteric vein access was performed in eight patients ...
Jenkins S A - - 1998
In healthy subjects octreotide is largely metabolised by the liver suggesting that the plasma half-life of the somatostatin analogue may be prolonged in patients with hepatic dysfunction. The aim of this study was therefore (a) to determine the pharmacokinetics of octreotide following its subcutaneous injection in 6 patients with cirrhosis ...
Seifalian A M - - 1998
The perfusion of human donor livers was studied during organ retrieval using laser Doppler flowmetry to assess the microcirculatory alteration caused by fatty infiltration (steatosis). Using a multichannel laser Doppler flowmeter, we measured the hepatic perfusion as flux units in 21 liver donors, eight of which were macroscopically fatty. Perfusion ...
Eriksson M - - 1998
The effects of a continuous infusion of E. coli endotoxin on liver blood chemistry, plasma TNFalpha and blood pressure were evaluated in relation to survival in 18 anaesthetized pigs. The endotoxin infusion cause both unconjugated and conjugated bilirubin to increase (both p < 0.001), as compared to 6 saline-infused controls. ...
Margarit C - - 1998
A common stump of the three hepatic veins has always been used to fashion the upper vena cava anastomosis in 205 liver transplantations with the piggyback (PGB) technique performed in our Unit, to avoid outflow problems. The aim was to study the repercussion of lateral inferior vena cava (IVC) clamping ...
Stanley A J - - 1998
The relationship between the various haemodynamic abnormalities observed in cirrhosis and their prognostic value remains unclear. We report haemodynamic measurements on 96 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (mean Childs-Pugh Score, CPS, 9.0 +/- 0.2, mean age 55.6 +/- 1.0 years) and assess their value in predicting variceal bleeding and death during ...
Tsushima Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine if splenic perfusion measurements obtained using dynamic CT are useful in the evaluation of portal hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with chronic liver disease (29 men and 15 women, 49-81 years old) and 38 control subjects (17 men and 21 ...
Bornscheuer A - - 1998
The treatment of irresectable hepatic metastases is limited by the systemic toxicity of anticancer agents. Isolated hyperthermic liver perfusion (IHLP) with anticancer agents is a new therapy for irresectable liver tumors. The risks of this therapy lie in the extended operation, the anhepatic phase and the possibility of liver damage ...
Zhang L - - 1998
The model of fulminant hepatic failure induced by acetaminophen was established in dogs to observe the changes of hepatic hemodynamics and plasma histamine levels in portal vein (PV), hepatic vein (HV), abdominal aorta (AA) and inferior vena cava (ICV). The results showed that the portal vein resistance (PVR) was elevated ...
Yagi T - - 1997
The effects of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC) in the xenogeneic immunoreaction were investigated. Porcine livers were perfused with fresh human blood via the portal vein (PV) and the hepatic artery (HA) either with the administration of PGE1 (Group PG) or without PGE1 (Group C). The ...
Jalan R - - 1997
Increased intracranial pressure and cerebral oedema in patients with chronic liver disease is rare and is more typical of acute liver failure. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt is being increasingly used in the management of uncontrolled variceal haemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis. In our institution, a total of 160 patients has ...
Gadano A - - 1997
Hemodynamics and oxygen variables, plasma cytokines, and histological features of a liver tissue sample obtained by transvenous biopsy were evaluated during 65 episodes of acute rejection. The hepatic venous pressure gradient was significantly higher in patients with acute rejection than in those without (5.1+/-0.3 vs. 3.1+/-0.2 mmHg, P<0.01). The increase ...
Albillos A - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The portal pressure response to propranolol varies significantly in individual patients with cirrhosis. At present, propranolol responders can be identified only by measuring the hepatic venous pressure gradient. The aims of this study were: 1) to investigate whether the noninvasive monitoring of portal blood flow by pulsed Doppler ultrasound ...
Wang H G - - 1997
We determined the effects of platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent vasoactive autacoid phospholipid, on the capillary pressure and liver weight (Wt) in isolated canine livers perfused with blood bivascularly via the portal vein and hepatic artery. PAF (0.01-33 microg) administered intraportally produced dose-dependent increases in the hepatic capillary pressure, as ...
Ruiz-del-Arbol L - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Therapeutic paracentesis may be associated with a circulatory dysfunction, manifested by a marked increase of the plasma renin activity and plasma norepinephrine. The aim of the study was to characterize the systemic and hepatic hemodynamic changes associated with paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction. METHODS: Changes in plasma renin, aldosterone, ...
Tanaka T - - 1997
This study was performed to investigate factors determining tumor pressure (TP) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and a correlation of pressure gradient between TP and portal vein pressure (PVP) with tumor spread. TP and hepatic tissue pressure (HTP) were measured in 70 patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC. Changes in ...
Møller S - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low arterial blood pressure is recognised as a distinctive factor in the hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhosis. 24-hour monitoring of the blood pressure and heart rate has recently revealed a reduced circadian variation with relation to liver function. However, associations with other clinical and haemodynamic characteristics have not been investigated ...
Lagi A - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with cirrhosis and ascites usually show alterations of systemic hemodynamics and are thus prone to develop arterial hypotension, which might result in cerebral hypoperfusion if cerebral autoregulation is impaired. METHODS: We evaluated cerebral autoregulation in 15 patients with cirrhosis and ascites and 15 healthy subjects by monitoring mean ...
Belkin M - - 1997
We undertook this prospective evaluation to define the direct hemodynamic impact of vein graft stenoses and to correlate intraoperative hemodynamic findings with the preoperative duplex scan. Twelve consecutive isolated vein graft stenoses were identified in the vascular laboratory during our routine duplex scanning surveillance protocol over 10 months. Peak systolic ...
Maass-Moreno R - - 1997
To test the hypothesis that the hepatic sinusoidal pressure is virtually identical to the portal venous pressure (Ppv) or the abdominal vena caval pressure (Pave), microvascular pressures were measured in liver vascular networks supplied by a single portal venule near the liver surface of alpha-chloralose-urethan-anesthetized rabbits. With the use of ...
Dougherty T B - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of monitored anesthesia care (MAC) in patients who undergo a novel treatment for hepatocellular cancer in which procedure-related hemodynamic instability is problematic. DESIGN: Nonrandomized open study. SETTING: University cancer center operating room. PATIENTS: Nine patients scheduled for hepatic arterial infusion of doxorubicin ...
Mundinger T O - - 1997
To investigate the potential for neural regulation of liver function, we sought to determine whether hepatic sympathetic nerves are activated during stress. Hepatic norepinephrine spillover (HNESO) was measured in halothane-anesthetized dogs before, during and after glucopenia, hypoxia and hemorrhage. HNESO increased during 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG, 600 mg/kg plus 13.5 mg/kg/min, IV)-induced ...
Sekiyama T - - 1997
To enhance the portal hypotensive effect of nonselective beta-blockers, combinations of vasoactive agents with different mechanisms should be considered. The effect of carvedilol (CAS 72956-09-3, Artist), and alpha-/beta-blocking agent, on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics in 10 patients with portal hypertension was evaluated. After administration of carvedilol, the hepatic venous pressure ...
Sogni P - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The antithyroid drug propylthiouracil has been suggested for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. Its beneficial effects could be due to either a decrease in hepatic oxygen consumption or an increase in hepatic blood flow. The aim of this study was to test these two hypotheses in patients with ...
Fukusaki M - - 1997
Combined effects of prolonged prostaglandin E1 (PGE1)-induced hypotension and haemodilution on hepatic function were studied in 30 patients undergoing hip surgery. The patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups; those in group A (n = 10) were subjected to controlled hypotension alone, those in group B (n = ...
Garutti Martinez I - - 1997
Postreperfusion syndrome (PRS) is an important cause of hemodynamic deterioration during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We retrospectively studied 94 patients who had undergone OLT in an effort to establish whether the hemodynamic response to clamping of the inferior vena cava (IVC) could be used to predict hemodynamic behavior on reperfusion ...
Geny B - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Multiple contrast-enhanced echocardiographic studies are to be expected in patients with cardiac ischemic disease, but the sonication process used to produce the echocontrast agent Albunex may result in new epitopes that could cause an immunogenic response. METHODS: Repeated exposures to intravenous Albunex over a period of time ...
Howe L M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To document presence of endotoxin in portal and systemic blood in a model of canine multiple portosystemic shunts (PSS), and compare values in clinically normal dogs, before and after vena caval banding. ANIMALS: 6 control dogs and 10 dogs with dimethylnitrosamine-induced multiple PSS that were subjected to vena caval ...
Ginès P - - 1997
Much progress has been made in the recognition of factors involved in the pathogenesis of the abnormal regulation of extracellular fluid volume in cirrhosis. It is now well established that cirrhosis induces modifications in the activity of several systemic vasoactive factors which then play a major role in the development ...
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