Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 756
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Stooker Wim - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Compliance of artificial and autologous vascular grafts is related to future patency. We investigated whether differences in compliance exist between saphenous vein grafts derived from the upper or lower leg, which might indicate upper or lower leg saphenous vein preference in coronary artery bypass surgery. Furthermore, the effect of ...
Dittrich Sirlei - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the levels of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in a population of cirrhotic patients, checking if the 12 mmHg level discriminates those who bleed by rupture of gastroesophageal varices and assessing the prognostic role of hepatic venous pressure gradient in the progress of these patients. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-three ...
Nyberg A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Microcirculatory dysfunction and formation of microthrombi are common in sepsis as a result of a procoagulant state. A profibrinolytic change has however, been reported in early sepsis. This study investigates systemic and regional (pulmonary, preportal, hepatic, renal) fibrinolytic capacity as mirrored by fluxes of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in ...
Johnson David E - - 2003
What happened to each of the patients? On re-examination, the first person was in tears and unable to lie still, even after 20 mg of i.v. morphine sulfate. Capillary refill was still intact, but he had lost sensation to the dorsum of the foot and was unable to dorsiflex his ...
Rasaratnam Brindhesha - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Peripheral vasodilatation is central to the pathogenesis of the accompanying hyperkinetic circulatory state and portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients. Selective intestinal decontamination with norfloxacin has been demonstrated to partially correct nitric oxide production in the forearm vasculature of cirrhotic patients. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of selective intestinal decontamination ...
Mookerjee R P - - 2003
The role of proinflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension is unclear. This study tests the hypothesis that tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is an important mediator of the circulatory disturbances in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and evaluates the acute and short term effect of a single infusion of the ...
Jamabo R S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Phaeochromocytoma is a rare surgically treatable cause of hypertension. The aim of this paper is to present a case of phaeochromocytoma treated in Port Harcourt. METHOD: The case record of a patent with phaeochromocytoma and a review of the relevant literature. RESULT: A 40 year-old man presented with episodic ...
De Binay K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, has portal hypotensive effects. This study evaluates the effect of losartan on portal pressure after 14 days and compares it with that of propranolol. METHODS: A total of 39 individuals with cirrhosis were randomized into two groups of 19 and 20 patients each ...
Smyrniotis Vassilios E - - 2003
Segmental liver grafts with a calculated ideal liver weight (CILW) less than 40% may be associated with portal flow-related injuries and primary dysfunction. This study evaluated the effect of mesocaval shunts on the survival of grafts with a CILW less than 20%. Sixteen pigs underwent orthotopic transplantation of segmental liver ...
Stehr A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of combined selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibition using 1400 W with nicotinamide (NAD) as a PARS-inhibitor on hepato-splanchnic hemodynamics, O(2) kinetics, and energy metabolism during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, interventional experiment. SETTING: Animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Seventeen domestic pigs. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Cruz Ruy J RJ - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Supraceliac aortic occlusion (AO) has been recommended to avoid hypotension during hepatic vascular exclusion (HVE). We hypothesized that AO may negatively affect splanchnic perfusion during HVE. METHODS: Twenty-six dogs (16 +/- 0.3 kg) were randomly assigned to HVE (n = 13) or HVE+AO (n = 13), during 30 minutes ...
Peters W - - 2003
The influence of combinations containing the blood schizontocides chloroquine (CQ) or mefloquine (MEF), together with the 8-aminoquinolines (8AQ) primaquine (PQ) or the new, long-acting compound, tafenoquine (TAF), on the rate of selection of resistance to the individual compounds was examined using the asexual, intra-erythrocytic stages in rodent malaria models. The ...
Ong Janus P - - 2003
PURPOSE: Because the correlation between ammonia levels and the severity of hepatic encephalopathy remains controversial, we prospectively evaluated the correlation in 121 consecutive patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: The diagnosis of hepatic encephalopathy was based on clinical criteria, and the severity of hepatic encephalopathy was based on the West Haven Criteria ...
Findlay James Y - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether aprotinin use during adult liver transplantation results in an improvement in hemodynamic stability. DESIGN: Review of data collected during a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Liver transplantation program in a tertiary referral institution. PATIENTS: 63 adult patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). INTERVENTIONS: Patients were ...
Bellis Lia - - 2003
Postprandial hyperemia is associated with a significant increase in portal pressure in cirrhosis, which may contribute to progressive dilation and rupture of gastroesophageal varices. In cirrhosis, an insufficient hepatic production of nitric oxide (NO) may impair the expected hepatic vasodilatory response to increased blood flow, further exaggerating the postprandial increase ...
Díaz Susana - - 2003
Pulsion cold system (PCS, COLD) is a haemodynamic monitoring system that allows measurement of cardiac output (CO), partial blood volumes, lung water, and liver function. The aim of the study was to evaluate this monitoring system during human orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for the following: (a) to determine agreement between ...
Kapoor Dharmesh - - 2003
An acute increase in portal pressure or reduction in portal inflow has been shown to decrease renal plasma flow (RPF). The aim of the study was to evaluate regional and systemic hemodynamics after acute occlusion of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) and study the effect of the same on ...
Hicken B L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient may identify a suboptimal response to beta-blockers in patients with varices at risk for bleeding. However, the cost-effectiveness of routine hepatic venous pressure gradient measurements to guide primary prophylaxis has not been examined. METHODS: We used decision analysis to evaluate two ...
Mitzner S - - 2002
The Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS) is a nonbiological liver support method based on the principles of dialysis, filtration, and adsorption. It allows the safe and efficient removal of both albumin-bound and water-soluble toxic metabolites, including ammonia, aromatic amino acids, tryptophan, and related phenolic and indolic products, as well as ...
Niemann Claus U - - 2002
Indocyanine green (ICG) can be used to measure cardiac output (CO), hepatic function, and blood volume. We used ICG to describe the effect of right hepatectomy for living liver donation on intraoperative hemodynamics and perioperative liver function. ICG disposition was determined in 12 healthy adult living liver donors during the ...
Eyraud Daniel - - 2002
Hepatic vascular exclusion (HVE) combines portal triad clamping and occlusion of the inferior vena cava. Although HVE has been performed for major liver resections during the last 2 decades, little is known about the mechanisms that explain its satisfactory hemodynamic tolerance. Consequently, we performed a comprehensive study of both hemodynamic ...
Ytrebø L M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical assessment of bioartificial liver support systems requires a highly reproducible large animal model. The main objective of the present study was to develop a valid large animal model for assessing novel bioartificial liver support systems in fulminant hepatic failure. METHODS: A complete liver devascularization procedure was performed in ...
Patzer John F JF - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Appropriate preclinical evaluation of a bioartificial liver assist device (BAL) demands a large animal model, as presented here, that demonstrates many of the clinical features of acute liver failure and that is suitable for clinical qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the BAL. A lethal canine liver failure model of ...
Tasu J-P - - 2002
AIMS: The hepatic venous pressure gradient is a major prognostic factor in portal hypertension but its measurement is complex and requires invasive angiography. This study investigated the relationship between the hepatic venous pressure gradient and a number of Doppler measurements, including the arterial acceleration index. METHOD: We measured the hepatic ...
Asfar Pierre - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of adenosine triphosphate-magnesium dichloride (ATP-MgCl2) on systemic and hepatosplanchnic hemodynamics, oxygen exchange, and energy metabolism over 24 hrs of hyperdynamic normotensive porcine endotoxemia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study with repeated measures. SETTING: Investigational animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Seventeen pigs were divided into two groups: eight ...
Sen Sambit - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In a proportion of patients with liver cirrhosis, portal pressure does not decrease adequately with propranolol. These patients may benefit from another drug that may reduce portal pressure. We evaluated the role of spironolactone, alone or with propranolol, in such patients. METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis, with or without ascites, ...
Kim Yang-Il - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical implications of acute reactant cytokine responses remain to be clarified in the setting of ischemia/reperfusion of human liver during liver resection and transplantation. METHODOLOGY: In serial samples of portal and systemic venous blood we examined acute inflammatory cytokine activities at the time points--before i), at the end of ...
Yokoyama Yukihiro - - 2002
The rat is increasingly being used to study the physiological response to elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during laparoscopic surgery. Although decreased portal venous flow associated with the elevated IAP has been reported in large animals, little information is available in rats. Furthermore, the relative blood flow changes in the hepatic ...
De Letter Els A - - 2002
Post-mortem redistribution is known to influence blood and tissue levels of various drugs. An animal model was used in an attempt to elucidate this problem for the amphetamine analogue, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Rabbits received 1 mg/kg MDMA intravenously (iv) and were killed 2 h later in order to simulate the state ...
Lin H C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Terlipressin or octreotide given alone has been used as the first-line pharmacological treatment for acute variceal bleeding. In portal hypertensive animals, pre-infusion of octreotide followed by the addition of terlipressin has an additive or complementary effect on splanchnic hemodynamics. The current study was aimed at evaluating such a combination ...
Hasegawa Kiyoshi - - 2002
HYPOTHESIS: Blood loss in hepatic resection is an important determinant of operative outcome. OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether reducing the tidal volume would be effective in decreasing blood loss during liver transection. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty patients scheduled to undergo hepatic resection were randomly assigned to ...
Andreu Victoria - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Total effective vascular compliance (TEVC), may be increased in cirrhosis. However, its significance is unclear. AIMS: To investigate TEVC in patients with cirrhosis, and the effects of propranolol. METHODS: Seven patients without liver disease and 44 cirrhotic patients were studied before and after double-blind administration of propranolol (n=33) or ...
Spahr Laurent - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition has been demonstrated to correct systemic vasodilation and renal hypoperfusion in studies of patients with cirrhosis. In patients with decompensated cirrhosis, NOS blockade increases arterial pressure, but the acute effects on hepatic and renal hemodynamics are not known. METHODS: We examined the acute systemic, ...
Tripathi D - - 2002
Carvedilol is a non-selective vasodilating beta-blocker with weak alpha1 receptor antagonism. Recent studies have demonstrated its potential as a portal hypotensive agent. To assess the haemodynamic effects and patient tolerability of the acute and chronic administration of low-dose carvedilol. Haemodynamic measurements were performed in ten cirrhotic patients before and 1 ...
Baker Jason R - - 2002
This present study was undertaken to assess potential effects of cadmium on CYP4A11 apoprotein in human liver and kidney as detected by Western blotting using a highly specific anti-peptide antibody. Liver and kidney cortex samples were autopsy specimens of 37 individuals (26 males and 11 females) whose ages ranged from ...
Lai Paul Bo-san - - 2002
A simple technique for inserting an abdominal drain is reported to prevent the leakage of ascitic fluid at the abdominal drainage site after a cirrhotic liver resection. This technique consists of inserting the abdominal drain through a subcutaneous tract. When the drain is then removed during the postoperative period, the ...
Dawson L A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intrafraction and interfraction reproducibility of liver immobilization using active breathing control (ABC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with unresectable intrahepatic tumors who could comfortably hold their breath for at least 20 s were treated with focal liver radiation using ABC for liver immobilization. Fluoroscopy was used to ...
Tietge U J - - 2001
The aim of this study is to (1) characterize the impact of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on splanchnic and systemic oxygen uptake (VO(2)) in patients with liver cirrhosis, and (2) investigate possible influencing factors, as well as metabolic consequences, of reduced splanchnic VO(2) in patients with cirrhosis. Therefore, we measured ...
Ishida H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The effect of different insufflation pressures and durations of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on the growth of liver metastasis was investigated in a mouse model. The possible mechanisms involved in the pressure-related enhancement of liver metastasis were also examined. METHODS: Mice inoculated intraportally with colon 26 cells underwent CO2 pneumoperitoneum at ...
Ytrebø L M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous administration of N-acetylcysteine beyond 15 hrs reduces mortality rates in patients suffering from paracetamol-induced fulminant hepatic failure, although the mechanism of the therapeutic benefit remains unclear. We hypothesized increased survival to be caused by improved hemodynamic performance. The main objective for the study was to explore the effect ...
Matejovic M - - 2001
We have previously demonstrated that non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition did not reverse the LPS-induced deterioration of hepato-splanchnic energy status in porcine endotoxic shock. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of selective inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibition using 1400 W on intestinal and liver perfusion, O2 kinetics, and energy metabolism ...
Ricciardi R - - 2001
Hemodynamic properties of a donor liver, during initial reperfusion, are associated with the degree of graft preservation injury and have been proposed to correlate with subsequent markers of liver function. In the present study, hepatic hemodynamics, that is, portal venous pressure, hepatic vascular resistance, and compliance (vascular distensibility), were characterized ...
Besarab A - - 2001
Absolute value of access flow (QA) and change in flow (deltaQA) over time are major determinants of access patency. However, QA may change in response to variation in systemic hemodynamics among dialysis sessions. We examined the effect of mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac output (CO), and segmental resistances (R) on ...
Feinstein A J - - 2001
Hemostasis after traumatic liver injury can be extremely difficult to obtain, particularly in coagulopathic patients who have suffered extensive liver damage. We determined the ability of a fibrin glue preparation (FG) to terminate ongoing bleeding using a new, clinically relevant porcine model of complex hepatic injury. Anesthetized swine (n = ...
Decailliot F - - 2001
To evaluate the haemodynamic effects of portal triad clamping (PTC) during laparoscopic liver resection, 10 patients without cardiac disease were studied by invasive monitoring including a pulmonary artery catheter and were compared with a control group of 10 patients undergoing liver resection by laparotomy. During laparoscopic surgery, intra-abdominal pressure was ...
Pannen B H - - 2001
To test whether hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR) alters the vascular responsiveness of the portohepatic circulation to endothelins (ETs), we studied the macro- and microcirculatory effects of the preferential ET(A) receptor agonist ET-1 and of the selective ET(B) receptor agonist sarafotoxin 6c (S6c) after 1 h of hemorrhagic hypotension and ...
Cífková R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To study candidates for liver transplant before and 6 weeks after transplant, and to elucidate the role of endothelial dysfunction and plasma endothelin concentrations in the development of hypertension. DESIGN PROSPECTIVE: follow-up study. SETTING: Institutional, outpatient. PATIENTS: and controls Fifteen patients (11 men, four women, mean age 46.7+/-13.2 years) ...
Kern H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of dobutamine and enoximone on hepatosplanchnic perfusion and function in fluid-optimized septic patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded interventional study. SETTING: Intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-eight septic shock patients were examined within 12 hrs after onset of septic shock. Patients were conventionally ...
Roumy J - - 2001
Objective: To evaluate the cardiac, arterial and venous effect of a venotonic drug (Cirkan "Ck") administrated orally daily to 6 subjects in HDT position during 5 days. These subjects underwent a second 5d HDT without Ck treatment one month later. Pre and post HDT the subjects were submitted to a ...
Jiao L R - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The literature regarding the relationship between portal venous flow and pressure is controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of doubling portal venous inflow on hepatic hemodynamics. METHODOLOGY: Portal venous pressure, intrahepatic portal venous resistance, hepatic arterial pressure and intrahepatic arterial resistance were assessed during ...
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