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Thapa P B - - 2006
Management of intractable ascites has always been a challenge. Peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) plays a major role in the surgery of intractable ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis. Positive pressure gradient between the ascitic fluid and venous pressure leading to one-way drainage of ascitic fluid into venous circulation is the mainstay. ...
Henriksen J H - - 2006
Arterial hypertension is a common disorder. Hyperkinetic circulation and reduced effective volaemia are central elements in the haemodynamic dysfunction in cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether cirrhotic patients with arterial hypertension are normokinetic and normovolaemic or whether they reveal the same circulatory dysfunction as their ...
Yang Ying-Ying - - 2006
Cannabinoids have been reported to participate in the pathogenesis of peripheral vasodilatation in cirrhosis. However, their roles in increased intrahepatic resistance (IHR) in cirrhotic livers are unknown. We aimed to investigate the effects of cannabinoids in the hepatic microcirculation of cirrhotic rats produced by bile duct ligation. In isolated liver ...
Tripathi D - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased endothelin (ET)-1 activity may contribute to the complications of cirrhosis and portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess the systemic and portal haemodynamic effects of selective ET-A and ET-B receptor antagonism in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Sixteen patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension ...
Laleman Wim - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure show an aggravated hyperdynamic circulation. We evaluated, in a controlled manner, potential changes in systemic haemodynamics induced by the molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) and the Prometheus system liver detoxification devices in a group of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. METHODS: Eighteen patients (51.2 ...
Hsu Tzu-Chi - - 2006
PURPOSE: Metal hemoclips remain in the tissue permanently. Metal clips will interfere with the interpretation of a computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scan. Polydixanone polymer clips (Absolak extra clips; Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH) are completely absorbable. Absolak extra clips will not interfere with a computed tomography or magnetic resonance ...
Deibert P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of the cyclic guanosine 3',5' monophosphate-nitric oxide system is in part responsible for portal hypertension in cirrhosis. AIM: To test the effects of inhibitors of phosphodiesterase-5 on portal haemodynamics. METHODS: To 18 healthy subjects and 18 patients with Child A liver cirrhosis, 10 mg of vardenafil, an inhibitor ...
Roberts J C - - 2007
Both computational finite element and experimental models of the human torso have been developed for ballistic impact testing. The human torso finite element model (HTFEM), including the thoracic skeletal structure and organs, was created in the finite element code LS-DYNA. The skeletal structure was assumed to be linear-elastic while all ...
Jaskille Amín - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled intra-abdominal bleeding is a common cause of death in trauma patients in the prehospital and perioperative settings. The detrimental effects of abdominal hypertension are well studied, but the potential therapeutic use of abdominal insufflation for hemostasis has not been fully explored. We measured the effect of abdominal insufflation ...
Christoforidis D - - 2006
AIMS: Isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) allows loco-regional administration of high drug doses for cancer treatment. Minimally invasive endovascular occlusion techniques can be used for IHP, but control of leakage remains a major drawback. We hypothesized that the increased intraabdominal pressure generated by a CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum (PP) can reduce the leakage rate ...
Kawano Youichi - - 2006
A number of factors can lead to the life-threatening liver dysfunction in the aftermath of an extended hepatectomy. Prominent among them is the high portal pressure induced by the concentrated flow of the entire stream of portal blood toward the small remnant liver. Twelve beagle dogs were randomly divided into ...
Hasuki? S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pneumporeitoneum at 14 mmHg causes dangerous hemodynamic disturbances in some patients, leading to splanchnic ischemia. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) using low-pressure pneumoperitoneum (7 mmHg) minimizes adverse hemodynamic effects on hepatic portal blood flow and hepatic function. This study evaluated the changes in liver function tests after high-pressure LC (HPLC; 14 ...
Albuszies Gerd - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Septic shock-associated organ dysfunction is attributed to derangements of microcirculatory perfusion and/or impaired cellular oxygen utilization. The hepatosplanchnic organs are regarded to play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-related organ failure. In a murine model of septic shock, we tested the hypothesis whether achieving normotensive, hyperdynamic hemodynamics ...
Ueno Takuya - - 2005
To extend organ preservation time, we attempted to establish a unique method of maintaining a preservation solution in a stable unfrozen state below its freezing point by pressurizing the solution. Livers removed from Lewis rats (RT1l) were stored in UW solution pressurized at the prescribed pressure. After the termination of ...
Puoti C - - 2005
Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is characterized by histologically macrovesicular steatosis in the absence of alcohol consumption. Portal hypertension (PH) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis leading to a higher risk to develop gastro-esophageal varices, ascites, hepatorenal syndrome, and hepatic encephalopathy. The definition of portal hypertension is based ...
Arnal D - - 2005
This observational study compared femoral and radial arterial blood pressure in 72 patients undergoing liver transplant surgery. Simultaneous femoral and radial arterial blood pressures, cardiac index, core temperature and vasoconstrictor therapy were recorded at seven time points during the operation. No significant differences between radial and femoral pressures were found ...
Thalheimer U - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Measuring wedged hepatic venous pressure and hepatic venous pressure gradient as indices of portal pressure is being increasingly used in assessing the prognosis and response to pharmacological treatment for portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients. AIM: To re-evaluate the agreement and correlation between wedged hepatic pressures and directly measured portal ...
Ruiz-del-Arbol Luis - - 2005
The pathogenic mechanism of hepatorenal syndrome is not well established. We investigated the circulatory function in cirrhosis before and after the development of hepatorenal syndrome. Systemic and hepatic hemodynamics and the activity of endogenous vasoactive systems were measured in 66 patients who had cirrhosis with tense ascites and normal serum ...
Kotoh Kazuhiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Radio frequency ablation (RFA) has been accepted clinically as a useful local treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, intra-hepatic recurrence after RFA has been reported. We initially hypothesized that recurrence was attributable to increases in intra-tumor pressure during RFA, and we subsequently measured the pressure and optimized the procedure. ...
Pozzi Massimo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to determine the effects of long-term antialdosterone treatment on cardiac structural and functional alterations, portal and systemic hemodynamic as well as adrenergic dysfunction characterizing Child A cirrhotic patients with F1 esophageal varices. METHODS: Twenty-two Child A postviral preascitic cirrhotic patients were randomly allocated to ...
Hernández-Guerra Manuel - - 2005
Increased resistance to portal blood flow is the primary factor in the pathophysiology of portal hypertension, and is mainly determined by the morphologic changes occurring in chronic liver diseases. This is aggravated by an increased hepatic vascular tone, which results from an insufficient hepatic bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) and ...
Asfar Pierre - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the vasopressin analog terlipressin might induce hepatosplanchnic ischemia during long-term, hyperdynamic, volume-resuscitated porcine endotoxemia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study with repeated measures. SETTING: Investigational animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eighteen pigs were divided into two groups receiving either endotoxin alone (control group, n = 10) or endotoxin ...
Castello L - - 2005
Hyponatremia is common in cirrhosis, where it impairs encephalopathy. It could be either due to excess water, or reduced Na, or a combination of both. The diagnosis can be established with clinical skills aided by simple data like weight, blood pressure and plasma electrolytes. The quantitative estimates of the water ...
Jones Steven A - - 2005
Stenosis-induced thrombosis and abandonment of the hemodialysis synthetic graft is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The graft vascular circuit is a unique low-resistance shunt that has not yet been systematically evaluated. In this study, we developed a mathematical model of this circuit. Pressure losses (deltaPs) were measured in ...
Gusic Rebecca J - - 2005
Vein graft failure remains an important clinical challenge, but factors contributing to vein graft failure have not clearly been defined. We investigated the role of the mechanical environment in vein remodeling in an ex vivo perfusion system. Porcine saphenous veins were subjected to five different ex vivo hemodynamic environments, including ...
Kieslichová E - - 2005
Animal models of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) are important for studying the pathophysiology of this process and for evaluation of the efficacy of artificial and bioartificial liver support systems. In experiments, hemodynamic parameters were monitored in a group of minipigs with FHF induced by surgical devascularization, and compared with those ...
Fischer Roland - - 2005
In patients with thalassemia, the assessment of liver iron concentration (LIC) can be used to initiate chelation treatment with desferrioxamine (DFO), deferiprone (DFP), or novel chelators (deferasirox); to adjust chelation dose according to the actual blood transfusion rate; and to monitor chelation efficacy. The results from measurements by SQUID biomagnetic ...
Puckett James L - - 2005
We report our experience with an ultrasound system to measure esophageal varix pressure in an in vitro model. The ultrasound system consists of a 12.5 MHz frequency intraluminal ultrasound probe, a water infusion catheter, and a manometry catheter, all contained within a nondistensible latex bag. Esophagi and external jugular veins ...
Tolba R H - - 2004
The chronic organ shortage has led to the reconsideration of marginal donor pools such as non-heart-beating donors (NHBD). The use of these livers is limited due to their minimal tolerance for cold preservation. The aim of this study was to examine the combination of two different therapeutic strategies for the ...
Guízar-Sahagún Gabriel - - 2004
Spinal cord injury (SCI) produces multiple systemic and metabolic alterations. Although some systemic alterations could be associated with ischemic organ damage, little is known about microvascular blood flow (MVBF) in organs other than the spinal cord after acute SCI. We used laser Doppler flowmetry in anesthetized rats to assess MVBF ...
't Hart Nils A - - 2004
Organ procurement is the first step toward effective liver preservation and comprises a thorough washout of blood components from the microvasculature. To study the efficacy of optimal blood washout of the liver, three groups were compared including low-pressure perfusion with UW-CSS (12 mmHg, group A), which is the routine method ...
Piscaglia F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The action pathways of nitrates are hypothesised to be deranged in cirrhosis. AIM: In order to confirm it, the acute haemodynamic effects of isosorbide-5-mononitrate in cirrhotic patients and controls was investigated. PATIENT: Nine cirrhotics and nine healthy controls. METHODS: Evaluation in the fasting state, 90 min after isosorbide-5-mononitrate or ...
Baik Soon Koo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hyperdynamic circulation due to reduced peripheral vascular resistance and increased cardiac output, and the development of portal hypertension are the hemodynamic changes observed in patients with liver cirrhosis. Such hemodynamic abnormalities appear in patients with late stage liver cirrhosis. Therefore, hemodynamic indices, which represent hyperdynamic circulation and portal hypertension, ...
Aessopos Athanasios - - 2004
Splenomegaly is a common finding in beta-thalassemia; however, its hemodynamic features and its potential correlations with high output state and hepatic disorders, both also frequent in thalassemia, have not yet been assessed in these patients. Eight beta-thalassemia patients with the indication for splenectomy and no symptoms or signs of heart ...
Nesek-Adam V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has rapidly become a popular and widely used technique. Elevated intra abdominal pressure due to gas insufflation for laparoscopic surgery may result in a number of local and systemic effects on the organism. The effects of pneumoperitoneum on the cardiovascular and respiratory system are well known today, ...
Wang Hai - - 2004
AIM: To determine the role and effect of nitric oxide synthase type II (NOSII) in cirrhotic rats. METHODS: Expression of NOSII mRNA was detected by real time RT-PCR. The activity of nitric oxide synthase and serum levels of NO, systemic and portal hemodynamics and degrees of cirrhosis were measured with ...
Nunes Silvia - - 2004
Recruitment maneuvers (RM) are advocated as a complement to mechanical ventilation during anesthesia and in acute lung injury. However, they produce high intrathoracic pressures and volumes that may compromise hemodynamics. Our aim was to analyze the effect of a RM on hemodynamics in 10 anesthetized pigs. We assessed carotid, pulmonary, ...
Mert Murat - - 2004
An 8-month old girl was presented with superior caval vein syndrome early after cardiac surgery. Angiography showed severe stenosis of the superior caval vein with 50 mmHg pressure gradient. Following balloon angioplasty, the pressure gradient was reduced to 7 mmHg with some residual stenosis of the superior caval vein. When ...
Herbella Fernando Augusto Mardiros - - 2004
Biliary leakage through the cystic duct stump due to clip dislodgement has been a concern since the advent of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The authors proposed a cadaveric model to test the safety of cystic duct clipping in a hypertensive biliary tract in healthy and cirrhotic livers. Twenty fresh cadavers were ...
Zhang G G Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2004
We have reported that a rapid tail vein injection of a large volume of plasmid DNA solution into a mouse results in high level of transgene expression in the liver. Gene transfer efficiency of this hydrodynamics-based procedure is determined by the combined effect of a large volume and high injection ...
Brooks A J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Data on tissue oxygen partial pressure (PtO2) and carbon dioxide partial pressure (PtCO2) in human liver tissue are limited. We set out to measure changes in liver PtO2 and PtCO2 during changes in ventilation and a 10 min period of ischaemia in patients undergoing liver resection using a multiple ...
Raines D L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient may identify a sub-optimal response to drug prophylaxis in patients with a history of variceal bleeding. However, the cost-effectiveness of routine hepatic venous pressure gradient measurements to guide secondary prophylaxis has not been examined. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed using specialized ...
Lasic Lada Beara - - 2004
We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a history of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and long-standing hypertension who developed persistent hypotension. While in the hospital for the treatment of bacteriemia, the patient had low systolic blood pressures (90 to 100 mm Hg), which was thought to be ...
Coll Susanna - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An early decrease in systemic vascular resistance (SVR) after total paracentesis has been observed in ascitic patients who developed paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction. AIMS: To investigate the mechanisms of early changes in SVR after total paracentesis and the influence of intra-abdominal pressure and the flow rate of ascites extraction on ...
Tripathi Dhiraj - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Plasma angiotensin II (ANG II) concentrations are elevated in cirrhosis and have been implicated as a cause of portal hypertension. We aimed to study both the systemic and portal hemodynamics, and tolerability after chronic administration of losartan, an ANG II receptor antagonist. METHODS: Twelve patients with preascitic cirrhosis were ...
Van Tricht Ilse - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients require a vascular access to deliver sufficient blood flow to the artificial kidney. Of these vascular accesses, 30% are prosthetic (mainly polytetrafluorethylene [PTFE]) graft implants. These grafts are prone to the development of stenosis in the vein due to intimal hyperplasia, subsequently leading to thrombosis and graft ...
Okon Elena B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Manual pressure distension, which is commonly applied to the human saphenous vein graft for coronary artery bypass, is believed to have detrimental consequences for the graft patency. The vasomotor function of the vein after distention during surgical preparation for grafting and after distention in laboratory conditions at pressure of ...
Austin A S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha is thought to be important in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension. Oxpentifylline (pentoxifylline) and thalidomide inhibit endotoxin-induced tumour necrosis factor-alpha production in vitro. AIMS: To assess the toxicity of oxpentifylline (pentoxifylline) and thalidomide in cirrhosis and their effect on the hepatic venous pressure gradient and tumour ...
Spadaro Luisa - - 2004
The hypothesis of thyroid involvement in the haemodynamic alterations of cirrhosis was evaluated. We measured thyroid volume (thrV), free triiodiothyronine (FT3), free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), resistance index (thrRI) and pulsatility index (thrPI) in the inferior thyroid artery in 45 cirrhotic patients of different aetiologies and Child class, ...
Thalheimer U - - 2004
Recurrent variceal bleeding is very frequent after variceal haemorrhage and pharmacological therapy is the first choice treatment. Recently, baseline and repeat measurements of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) have been considered necessary to optimally manage patients receiving pharmacological therapy so as to reduce the frequency of rebleeding. However, the clinical ...
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