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Arikan Yüksel - - 2008
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Laparoscopic surgery techniques have been increasingly preferred to classic laparotomy by surgeons since 1987. However, this method has some important adverse effects on intra-abdominal organs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different pressures of CO(2) on apoptosis and p53 expression in cells ...
Hung Kuo-Chen - - 2007
AIM: Animal models of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) have been developed for characterization of disease progression and to evaluate the effectiveness of liver-assist devices, some by treatment with hepatotoxic drugs, viral hepatitis or surgical procedures. We have developed a model in the rabbit by combining resection of the three anterior ...
Abraldes Juan G - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In acute variceal bleeding (AVB) hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is associated with prognosis. However, this has not been studied in patients receiving the currently recommended therapy. We evaluate here the performance of early HVPG measurement as a predictor of treatment failure in patients with acute variceal bleeding managed ...
Fabre J W - - 2008
Hydrodynamic gene delivery is an attractive option for non-viral liver gene therapy, but requires evaluation of efficacy, safety and clinically applicable techniques in large animal models. We have evaluated retrograde delivery of DNA to the whole liver via the isolated segment of inferior vena cava (IVC) draining the hepatic veins. ...
Bosch Jaime - - 2007
Cirrhosis is characterized by marked abnormalities in the hepatic circulation. Functionally, there is an increased vascular tone and impaired flow-mediated vasorelaxation, whereas anatomically there is sinusoidal remodeling and capillarization, angiogenesis, venous thrombosis, and vascular distortion, all contributing to increase hepatic vascular resistance and portal hypertension. However, vascular changes are not ...
Zipprich Alexander - - 2007
Increased intrahepatic resistance is the initial event to the increased portal pressure and development portal hypertension in cirrhosis. Narrowing of the sinusoids due to anatomic changes is the main component of the increased intrahepatic resistance. However, a dynamic component is also involved in the increased vascular tone in cirrhosis. The ...
Schneditz D - - 2008
AIMS: To study whether circulatory changes during large volume paracentesis (LVP) in patients with liver cirrhosis and tense ascites as assessed by novel non-invasive haemodynamic measuring technology are reversed by subsequent albumin infusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with portal hypertensive ascites secondary to liver cirrhosis of Child's class B ...
Rossi Sandro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate whether increases in atmospheric or local tissue pressure would affect the outcome of radiofrequency ablation procedures and the size of the created thermal lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thermal lesions were produced in specimens of explanted bovine liver inside a hyperbaric chamber at 101 (atmospheric), ...
Dahmen U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: After liver resection a small-for-size syndrome may result from the reduction of liver volume and additional liver damage caused by hepatic hyperperfusion. Therefore the influence of the extent of liver resection on liver perfusion is investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A stepwise liver resection (removal of 30%, 70%, 90%, 95% ...
Sparks Jessica L - - 2007
Liver trauma research suggests that rapidly increasing internal pressure plays a role in causing blunt liver injury. Knowledge of the relationship between pressure and the likelihood of liver injury could be used to enhance the design of crash test dummies. The objectives of this study were (1) to characterize the ...
Knubben K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anhepatic animal models are suitable for simulating acute liver failure. Hepatectomy in pigs includes en bloc resection of the vena cava, and therefore, a temporary extracorporeal bypass and total clamping of the inferior vena cava are needed. These steps cause severe depression of circulation with impaired survival. METHODS: Previous ...
Novellas Rosa - - 2008
Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive technique that can be used to estimate vascular resistance by calculation of resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI). Liver disease may increase renal RI and PI, and in humans with liver disease the indices are monitored to attain prognostic information. Systemic hypertension has been ...
Liu Wei - - 2007
Using in vivo and isolated perfused liver preparations of BALB/c mice, we determined the roles of the liver and splanchnic vascular bed in anaphylactic hypotension. Intravenous injection of ovalbumin antigen into intact-sensitized mice decreased systemic arterial pressure (P(sa)) from 92 +/- 2 to 39 +/- 3 (SE) mmHg but only ...
Cui Sen - - 2007
Hepatic anaphylactic venoconstriction is partly involved in anaphylactic hypotension. We determined the chemical mediators responsible for anaphylaxis-induced segmental venoconstriction in perfused livers isolated from ovalbumin-sensitized rats. Livers were perfused portally and recirculatingly at constant flow with diluted blood. The portal venous pressure (Ppv), hepatic venous pressure (Phv), liver weight and ...
Szold Amir - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Disturbed liver function tests are associated with the pneumoperitoneum applied for biliary and non-biliary laparoscopic surgical procedures. The extent, duration and reversibility of such an injury are unknown. An isolated organ model was used to assess reversibility of liver injury in a CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum-like environment. METHODS: Rat livers (n = ...
Vizzutti F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic liver diseases are frequently complicated by portal hypertension, an important component of which is the increased intrahepatic vascular resistance, in part related to endothelial dysfunction. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of NO synthase, is an established mediator and marker of endothelial dysfunction. We therefore investigated the possible ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2007
To determine criteria for a clinically significant vein stenosis with duplex ultrasound (DU) in patients with signs and symptoms of central venous outflow obstruction. Patients referred with swelling with or without pain to the vascular laboratory to detect vein obstruction were evaluated. These were mostly patients who had liver transplant, ...
Teoh Narci C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an important cause of liver failure after hepatic surgery or transplantation. The mechanism seems to originate within the hepatic sinusoid, with damage to endothelial cells, an early, reproducible finding. Sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs), damaged during reperfusion, activate and recruit inflammatory cells and platelets. ...
Brooks Adam J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of hepatic vascular inflow occlusion (Pringle maneuver) and reperfusion during liver resection are not defined. The aim of this study was to describe the changes that occur in liver tissue pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (P(L)CO(2)), and partial pressure of oxygen (P(L)O(2)) and by using ...
Nickkholgh Arash - - 2008
BACKGROUND: During laparoscopic surgery, pneumoperitoneum is generally established by means of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation which may disturb hepatic microperfusion. It has been suggested that the desufflation at the end of the procedure creates a model of reperfusion in a previously ischemic liver, thus predisposing it to reperfusion injury. METHODS: ...
Figanbaum Travis L TL Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2007
A 68-year-old woman with a history of hepatitis C (contracted from a blood transfusion in 1974) complicated by cirrhosis and portal hypertension came to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, for evaluation for possible liver transplantation. Her symptomatic ascites had been treated initially with furosemide and spironolactone, but this treatment ...
Park Vicki M - - 2007
In a prospective therapeutic trial, features of the hepatitis C quasispecies were investigated as possible markers of therapeutic response. Individuals chronically infected with hepatitis C genotype 1 received antiviral therapy consisting of alpha-interferon plus ribavirin. The study targeted the most rapidly evolving segment of the viral genome, hypervariable region 1 ...
Nagral Aabha - - 2007
We report a 5-year-old girl with congenital hepatic fibrosis who presented with clubbing and cyanosis. Partial pressure of oxygen was 40 mmHg with oxy-gen saturation of 70% on room air, which improved to 128 mmHg and 92% on inhalation of 100% oxygen. Macroaggregated albumin scan showed 58% shunting to the ...
Shibamoto Toshishige - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is accompanied by liver weight gain and ascites formation possibly caused by an increase in the sinusoidal pressure, a determinant of hepatic transvascular fluid movement. However, changes in the sinusoidal pressure during hepatic I/R in mice are not known. It is also controversial whether nitric oxide ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: Use of the intermittent sequential pneumatic compression (ISPC) device may improve splanchnic and renal perfusion caused by positive-pressure pneumoperitoneum (PPP) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-two consecutive patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy whose cardiac output decreased at least 10% on induction ...
Toida Chiaki - - 2007
A 2-year-old girl developed lethal circulatory failure, general edema, and hepatic dysfunction in an acute phase after total cavopulmonary connection, a Fontan-type operation. Application of continuous negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) with a cuirass ventilator at -4 cmH2O under spontaneous respiration dramatically improved hemodynamics, with systolic arterial pressure increasing from 82 ...
Sziegoleit W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In this study the effect of locally administered trapidil on human hand veins was examined. SUBJECTS: 10 healthy male volunteers aged 20 - 30 years were included. METHOD: The dorsal hand vein compliance technique was used. In a crossover design the influence of locally infused trapidil (mainly 5 - ...
Karasawa N - - 2007
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether anaphylactic hypotension in rabbits is accompanied by hepatic venoconstriction, and the effects of anaphylaxis on hepatic segmental vascular resistances and liver weight in isolated perfused rabbit livers. METHODS: The rabbits were sensitized by subcutaneous injection of antigen of 2.5 mg ...
Poon Ronnie T P - - 2007
The operative mortality rate of liver resection has decreased from 10% to 20% before the 1980s to <5% in most specialized hepatobiliary centers nowadays. The most important factor for better outcome is reduced blood loss due to improvement in surgical techniques. Liver transection is the most challenging part of liver ...
Charalabopoulos Konstantinos - - 2007
In cirrhotic patients, in addition to hepatocytes and Kuppfer cells dysfunction circulatory anatomic shunt and ventilation/perfusion (V(A)/ Q) ratio abnormalities can induce decrease in partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO(2)), in oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SaO(2)) as well as various acid-base disturbances. We studied 49 cases of liver ...
Glineur David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although the internal thoracic artery was proven superior to saphenous vein graft in long-term patency, it is thought to be a more resistive conduit than the vein graft. Moreover, patency studies comparing both left and right internal thoracic arteries have provided results favoring the former. Fractional flow reserve is ...
Detry Olivier - - 2006
Intracranial hypertension is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of patients suffering from fulminant hepatic failure. The etiology of this intracranial hypertension is not fully determined, and is probably multifactorial, combining a cytotoxic brain edema due to the astrocytic accumulation of glutamine, and an increase in cerebral blood volume ...
Zhao Jingbo - - 2007
Patency rates of saphenous vein grafts following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) depend on multiple factors. Information regarding the impact of biomechanical properties of vein grafts on patency rates is not available. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether uncontrolled manual pressure distension during routine preparation of ...
Belot Alexandre - - 2007
We report on a case of hepatitis B virus-related polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) in a 4-year-old Turkish boy who was first admitted because of severe arterial hypertension. The diagnosis of PAN was provided by conventional renal arteriography and the child was successfully treated with intensive sequential therapy combining short-term prednisone, plasma ...
Lubienski Andreas - - 2006
PURPOSE: To develop a flow model for bovine livers for extensive bench testing of technical improvements or procedure-related developments of radiofrequency ablation excluding animal experiments. METHODS: The perfusion of bovine livers directly from the slaughterhouse was simulated in a liver perfusion tank developed for the experimental work. The liver perfusion ...
Chen Tai-Yi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Graft harvest with or without the middle hepatic vein (MHV) affects venous return and function of the remaining liver. The aims of this study are to compare the remnant liver volume and spleen changes in the donors of different types of graft harvest and to evaluate the ...
van der Plaats A - - 2006
To improve preservation of donor livers, we have developed a portable hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) system as an alternative for static cold storage. A prototype of the system was built and evaluated on functionality. Evaluation criteria included 24 h of adequate pressure controlled perfusion, sufficient oxygenation, a maintained 0-4 degrees ...
Saner Fuat H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis, which poses a high risk for postliver transplantation (LT) mortality. In most liver transplant centers, severe PPH is viewed as an absolute contraindication for LT, but recent reports challenge this. The purpose of our study was to determine the ...
Chello Massimo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein graft (VG) failure occurs more frequently compared with arterial grafts, and graft thrombosis represents the main cause of early occlusion. Because CD40-CD40L pathway CD40 represents a culprit link between local inflammation and coagulation cascade, we investigate the role of CD40 and its soluble ligand (sCD40L) in the ...
Jacobsohn Eric - - 2006
PURPOSE: This case report describes the occurrence of acute postoperative liver and renal failure after bicaval orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) due to stenosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC)-right atrial (RA) anastomosis. We also discuss the role of measuring femoral venous pressure and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in establishing the diagnosis. ...
Solus-Biguenet H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of fluid responsiveness obtained during major hepatic surgery. The predictors studied were invasive monitoring of intravascular pressures (radial and pulmonary artery catheter), including direct measurement of respiratory variation in arterial pulse pressure (PPVart), transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE), and non-invasive estimates ...
Grander W - - 2006
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with coexisting portal hypertension has been defined as portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN). It is often related to liver cirrhosis of various aetiologies and is associated with a high mortality rate. Endothelin-1 (ET) is supposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PAH as well as ...
Spahr Laurent - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In patients with cirrhosis, the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the reference method for the assessment of portal hypertension (PHT). Variceal pressure (VP) may be measured at endoscopy, but its relationship to the HVPG remains controversial. The aim of the study was to retrospectively compare HVPG and VP ...
Bui Trung D - - 2006
The authors examined the relationship between patency after thrombectomy of clotted dialysis grafts and intraoperative measurements of flow (Q), pressure gradient (PGR), and longitudinal resistance (RL). Eighteen thrombosed arteriovenous (AV) grafts underwent 21 thrombectomies. Pressures at arterial (P1) and venous (P2) ends of the AV grafts were determined with 22-gauge ...
Gimenes Daniele - - 2006
The perfused rat liver responds intensely to NAD+ infusion (20-100 microM). Increases in portal perfusion pressure and glycogenolysis and transient inhibition of oxygen consumption are some of the effects that were observed. The aim of the present work was to investigate the distribution of the response to extracellular NAD+ along ...
Sahni Daisy - - 2006
Information regarding the size and position of the ostia of veins opening into the retrohepatic segment of inferior vena cava (HIVC) in northwest Indians is not available. Knowledge of gross anatomy of this segment is of importance in cases of segmental resection of the liver involving the groove for inferior ...
Garcia-Tsao Guadalupe - - 2006
Cirrhotic ascites results from sinusoidal hypertension and sodium retention, which is secondary to a decreased effective arterial blood volume. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement is currently indicated in cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites who require large-volume paracentesis (LVP) more than two or three times per month. TIPS placement is ...
Ponganis P J - - 2006
In order to evaluate hemodynamics in the complex vascular system of phocid seals, intravascular pressure profiles were measured during periods of rest-associated apnea in young elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). There were no significant differences between apneic and eupneic mean arterial pressures. During apnea, venous pressure profiles (pulmonary artery, thoracic portion ...
Porta Rina Maria Pereira - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Juxtahepatic vein injuries present a high mortality rate. Our objectives were to develop an experimental model of endovascular lethal injury of the juxtahepatic inferior vena cava (JHIVC) and to evaluate its hemodynamic alterations; to treat the lesion with volume replacement, and a stent graft (SG); and to follow the ...
Lhuillier F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Direct evidence of nitric oxide (NO) involvement in the regulation of hepatic microcirculation is not yet available under physiological conditions nor in haemorrhagic shock. METHODS: A laser Doppler flowmetry was used to measure liver perfusion index and a specific NO-sensitive electrode was inserted into liver parenchyma of anaesthetized rabbits. ...
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