Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 762
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Neuhaus P - - 1993
Long-term extracorporeal liver perfusion of up to 24 hours was achieved with an improved model of pig liver perfusion. Functional and structural integrity of the extracorporeal liver was maintained during the entire duration of extracorporeal perfusion. After 24 hours SGOT was 33.5 (+/- 6.5) U/L, bile production was 11.5 ml/h. ...
Gibson P R - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the portal pressure may be of value in the assessment of patients with chronic liver disease but its measurement is problematic. AIMS: To evaluate the ease and safety of percutaneous transhepatic measurement of the pressure gradient between the portal and hepatic veins and to determine directly the ...
Calès P - - 1993
Tertatolol, a recently developed beta 1-beta 2-blocker has two advantages: it does not induce withdrawal syndrome after abrupt cessation, and it preserves renal function. It has been suggested that the kinetics of tertatolol in patients with hepatic dysfunction are altered. Therefore, the hemodynamic effects and pharmacokinetics following the acute administration ...
Gibson P R - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan is an endogenous polysaccharide whose clearance from the plasma is predominantly by liver sinusoidal cells and is sinusoidal flow dependent. This study was designed to determine if a change in serum hyaluronan might reliably reflect short-term drug-induced changes in sinusoidal perfusion. METHODS: Hemodynamic changes following an oral dose ...
Duke G E - - 1993
Solutions of neurotensin (NT) at 0, 12, 60, 120, and 600 nM were infused i.v. into anesthetized, 16- to 34-wk-old hens at 60 microL/kg per minute for 30 min. These infusates increased plasma NT concentrations to steady state values of about .1, .2, 1, 2, and 10 times the postprandial ...
van Kesteren R G - - 1993
The effects of dopamine and dopexamine administered in graded intravenous bolus injections (0.1-51.2 micrograms.kg-1) were compared in the renal and femoral, and in a number of splanchnic vessels at the organ level simultaneously in anesthetized dogs. Hemodynamic data are presented for each artery as conductance, which was obtained by dividing ...
Kostreva D R - - 1993
Dogs were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium and placed on positive-pressure ventilation. The right phrenic nerve and/or its C5 branch were prepared for afferent recording. The hepatic veins, hepatic parenchyma, diaphragm, and inferior vena cava were studied for mechanoreceptors using light pressure and stroking as the stimuli. Mechanosensitive areas were found ...
Urbain D - - 1993
In a long-term survival study, we compared the prognostic significance of the hepatic venous pressure gradient and of the aminopyrine breath test (ABT) in 99 alcoholic cirrhotic patients. Thirty patients survived and had a complete follow-up for at least 4 yr. Mean hepatic venous pressure gradient was 19.1 +/- 5.8 ...
Maruyama K - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to determine hormonal levels in compensated liver cirrhotic patients under general anesthesia before and after liver surgery. We measured plasma norepinephrine, epinephrine, arginine vasopressin, and aldosterone levels and renin activity in non-cirrhotic and compensated cirrhotic patients undergoing liver resection after induction of anesthesia but ...
Chao Y - - 1993
The pressure of oesophageal varices was determined by fine needle direct puncture in 19 patients with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive cirrhosis after the first episode of variceal bleeding before endoscopic sclerotherapy. Both the stability and reliability of the measurement of intravariceal pressure by fine needle puncture were confirmed. Seven ...
Kan Z - - 1993
To define the intrahepatic distribution of iodized poppyseed oil and its effect on the liver, hepatic artery embolization (HAE) was performed in five mice, 12 rats, four rabbits, and 21 pigs with the iodized oil alone or in combination with gelatin sponge powder (GSPow) in three rats or gelatin sponge ...
Drugas G T - - 1993
Age-related changes in the hepatic microcirculation may contribute to the increased susceptibility of the immature liver to microvascular injury. We quantified sinusoidal and acinar diameters, sinusoidal red cell velocities (VRBC), and sinusoidal volume flows to characterize microhemodynamics of weanling and adult rat livers with and without hepatic artery (HA) ligation ...
Hiles M C - - 1993
The porosity of a vascular graft material has been suggested as a major factor affecting the rate and degree of neovascularization of newly implanted grafts, with higher porosities generally associated with better performance. The objective of this study was to determine the water porosity of a new vascular graft material, ...
Cardoso J E - - 1993
1. Isolated perfused cirrhotic rat livers were used to study the effects of an increase in portal perfusion pressure and portal flow on the microcirculation and viability of the hepatocytes. Cirrhosis was induced by CCl4, and Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer solution was used as the perfusate. Portal perfusion pressures were increased ...
Moreau R - - 1993
In patients with cirrhosis and ascites decreased renal blood flow might be related to the severity of liver disease but the relationship between the severity of cirrhosis and renal perfusion has not yet been established. Thus we measured renal, systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics in 63 patients with ascites and in ...
Ginès P - - 1993
During the last few years, several studies including six randomised, controlled trials reevaluating therapeutic paracentesis in the management of cirrhotic patients with tense ascites have been reported. The main findings of these investigations are: (i) Repeated large-volume paracentesis (evacuation of 4-6 l/day until complete mobilization of ascites) or total paracentesis ...
Monsein L H - - 1993
Aspiration biopsies of fresh disease-free bovine hepatic liver were performed with three commercially available, small-gauge biopsy needles. A syringe was used to create a negative pressure when using Chiba and Sure-cut needles. A syringe was not used when using PercuCut needles which create an internal negative pressure equivalent to a ...
Hsia H C - - 1993
Somatostatin has been used to effectively control acute variceal haemorrhage, with conjectured mechanisms on portal hypertension. We, therefore, evaluated the effects of somatostatin on hepatic and systemic haemodynamics in 15 patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis and portal hypertension. All patients received an intravenous, continuous infusion of somatostatin 250 micrograms/h, following ...
Saito A - - 1993
A 10-year-old boy with tricuspid atresia and Glenn anastomosis underwent a modified Fontan operation. After the operation, the pressure in the inferior vena cava increased, leading to oliguria and ascites. After the creation of continuity between the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava to reduce the pressure gradient, ...
Carl P - - 1993
In 27 patients with clinically identified idiopathic left varicocele, a retrograde venography and a combined pressure measurement in the vena cava, vena renalis and vena spermatica was performed. During Valsalva maneuver the pressure values increased. We could not confirm increased pressure values in the left renal vein dependent on the ...
Shields S J - - 1992
A 70-yr-old male presented with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to esophageal varices. Because the bleeding was not controlled by sclerotherapy or vasopressin and nitroglycerin, the patient was evaluated for a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Preprocedure arteriography was performed because the etiology of the portal hypertension was uncertain. The arteriogram ...
Lautt W W - - 1992
Hepatic resistance to portal blood flow is extremely low and both the pre- and postsinusoidal resistance sites are distensible. Both isolated in situ and in vivo vascular circuitry were used in cats to demonstrate the principle of distensible resistance as a mechanism for the observation that blood flow was able ...
Ratto G B - - 1992
This experimental study has been carried out to evaluate biosynthetic grafts as vascular substitutes. Tubular segments of 35 x 8 mm made of (1) tanned ovine collagen and integral polyester mesh, either of the first (Omniflow I) or second generation (Omniflow II), or (2) polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE), have been sutured in ...
Rodríguez-Roisin R - - 1992
On the basis of previous work, our own experience and findings, and the considerations discussed above, we propose a set of four diagnostic criteria for the hepatopulmonary syndrome: 1. presence of chronic hepatic disease (alcoholic, postnecrotic, or primary biliary cirrhosis or active chronic hepatitis)--severe liver dysfunction may not be mandatory; ...
Higashiyama H - - 1992
Although acute passive hepatic congestion (APHC) sometimes occurs in patients undergoing open heart surgery or liver transplantation, the effects and safety limits of APHC on hepatic energy status have yet to be investigated. The present study reports an APHC model in 11 dogs in comparison with a control in 9 ...
McCormick P A - - 1992
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the long-acting somatostatin analog, octreotide, on portal venous pressure and collateral blood flow in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension during fasting and postprandial states. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we investigated the effects of octreotide on the hepatic venous ...
Masnatta L D - - 1992
Acute clenbuterol administration (50 micrograms/kg, i.v.) to anesthetized normotensive rats, produce a marked reduction in the mean blood pressure, (MBP), about 58 mm Hg. Indocyanine Green clearance analysis (control, 1.83 +/- 0.15: clenbuterol, 1.10 +/- 0.20 ml/min/100 g, P < 0.05) showed that the action in the hepatic vascular bed ...
Friedman H S HS Department of Medicine, Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to determine the relation of the circulatory findings of cirrhosis to hepatic decompensation. Twenty individuals with biopsy-proven cirrhosis and 15 aged-matched controls underwent echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac function. Cardiac dimensions and indices derived from echocardiograms were related to various measures of liver decompensation. Cirrhotics ...
Ikegami M - - 1992
We investigated the chronic effects of isosorbide dinitrate on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics and liver function in 13 patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Placebo administration for 4 wk (n = 4) had no significant effects on these parameters. In contrast, oral administration of 40 mg/day of isosorbide dinitrate ...
Hartleb M - - 1992
Mean transit time (MTT) through a given vascular space is closely related to the effective blood volume in this compartment. Central vascular blood volume in liver cirrhosis is believed to be reduced, but more precise data on the location of the underfilled vascular area are lacking. 99mTechnetium first-pass angiography was ...
Jugan E - - 1992
We studied 58 patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation, aged 42 +/- 10 years (mean +/- SD), and weighing 65 +/- 14 kg. Anesthesia was maintained with fentanyl, midazolam, and vecuronium. Serum bicarbonate, serum potassium, serum ionized calcium and pH did not change significantly throughout the study. Usual hemodynamic parameters were ...
Navasa M - - 1992
Twenty five patients with acute liver failure were measured for hepatic venous pressure gradient as an index of portal pressure during the course of a transjugular liver biopsy. Hepatic venous pressure gradient ranged from 4 to 24.5 mm Hg with a mean of 12.8 (5.3) mm Hg (normal values less ...
Lin H C - - 1992
The hemodynamic effects of octreotide were studied in 20 patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis. In patients receiving a 100-micrograms bolus and a 100-micrograms/h infusion, heart rate, cardiac index, and systemic vascular resistance showed no significant changes, whereas right atrial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and inferior vena cava pressure decreased ...
Hadengue A - - 1992
Although arterial vasodilation is a well-known feature in patients with cirrhosis, the venous system remains unexplored. To measure total effective vascular compliance, a reflection of the properties of the venous system, rapid volume expansion (300 ml of a gelatin solution in 3 min) was performed in 23 patients. Eleven patients ...
Hunt G B - - 1992
The haemodynamic and metabolic effects of caudal vena cava occlusion were evaluated in six normal anaesthetised dogs. Each animal underwent a single eight minute episode of caudal vena cava occlusion. The procedure was well tolerated by all the dogs. Systolic arterial pressure was reduced by 62 +/- 5 per cent ...
Lee F Y - - 1992
We measured the hemodynamic effects of intravenous vasopressin, ketanserin (a 5-hydroxytryptamine-2 receptor blocker), and vasopressin plus ketanserin in 33 patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis. Thirteen patients received vasopressin alone (0.66 units/min), ten patients ketanserin alone (10 mg), and ten patients vasopressin followed by vasopressin plus ketanserin. Vasopressin alone reduced the ...
Wagner O F - - 1992
To determine the impact of i.v. endothelin-1 on systemic, pulmonary and splanchnic circulation, as well as the peptide's regional clearance, hepatic venous and right heart catheterization was performed in healthy volunteers. During the peptide's continuous i.v. administration (0.4 pmol x kg-1 x min-1, 60 min) its plasma concentration rose from ...
Dudley F J - - 1992
Ascites formation in patients with cirrhosis of the liver is dependent on local factors that preferentially localize any fluid retention to the peritoneal space and systemic factors that favor renal retention of salt and water. The local factors are largely related to adaptive changes in the hepatic sinusoids and mesenteric ...
O'Brien S - - 1992
Previous studies have shown that portal venous pressure increases in patients with cirrhosis after a protein meal. Since this increase may be mediated by an increase in hepatic blood flow or postsinusoidal hepatic vascular resistance, the present study was designed to examine the precise relation between the postprandial changes in ...
Zimmermann T - - 1992
Thioacetamide-induced rat cirrhosis was characterized by single-cell necroses, fibrosis, nodular parenchyma, decrease in parenchymal volume density and an increase in liver weight per body weight so that the total amount of parenchyma was not altered. The glycogen content was normal, and signs of decompensation were not found. Isolated livers were ...
Iwao T - - 1992
We investigated the effects of nicardipine on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics and on liver function in 16 patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Patients received a continuous infusion of 0.3 mg/min of nicardipine (n = 10) and a control infusion (n = 6). No significant changes were observed after a ...
Lautt W W - - 1992
Hepatic vascular responses to 1.25 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 norepinephrine, infused into the hepatic artery, and 8-Hz nerve stimulation were monitored in anesthetized cats using a recently introduced index of contractility (IC). IC was validated in that it did not change passively in response to passive changes in portal flow or distending blood ...
Bendtsen F - - 1992
Thirteen patients with alcoholic cirrhosis had splanchnic and systemic hemodynamics assessed before and after ingestion of a standard liquid meal of 700 kcal (consisting of isocaloric proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates). Half of the patients (n = 6) were randomized to a treatment group receiving intravenous infusion of propranolol in combination ...
Maass-Moreno R - - 1992
We tested the hypothesis that the larger (greater than 2 mm ID) hepatic veins are the primary site of the portal-to-caval venous pressure gradient in the dog. Double-lumen catheters were inserted through the caval wall into hepatic veins of pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized dogs. One lumen opened at the end, and the ...
Albillos A - - 1992
The effects of long-term oral clonidine treatment on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics and on quantitative liver function tests were investigated in 15 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. Clonidine was administered at a mean dose of 0.33 +/- 0.1 mg/day (mean +/- SD) for a mean period of 64 +/- 10 days. ...
Beris A E - - 1992
Four groups of microvenous grafts of 2, 4, 6, and 10 cm were used to determine whether length under normal tension affects patency rates in bridging arterial defects. Tension was evaluated by allowing the grafts to assume their normal orientation and length by filling them with blood, under physiological pressure, ...
Luca L - - 1992
Aim of our study was to assess if the 2D-Echo transverse diameter of the left hepatic vein (LHV) obtained from the subcostal approach is correlated with invasive mean right atrial pressure (RAP). Thirty-two consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction were studied by simultaneous 2D-Echo and right heart catheterization. LHV could ...
Schwartz L B - - 1992
This study examines the relative contributions of intraluminal pressure, blood flow, wall tension, and shear stress to the development of myointimal thickening in experimental vein grafts. To study these different hemodynamic parameters, several experimental models were created in 30 New Zealand White rabbits separated into six groups: common carotid interposition ...
Risöe C - - 1991
Changes in vascular capacitance of the liver and spleen were studied in seven anesthetized dogs during cardiogenic shock induced by coronary microembolization. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure increased from 2 +/- 2 to 28 +/- 4 mmHg (P less than 0.001), and mean aortic pressure decreased from 111 +/- 7 to ...
Ishiki K - - 1991
The reflex effects of hepatic osmoreceptors on the renal sympathetic nerve activity (RNA) were studied in 30 pentobarbital anesthetized, vagotomized and sino-aortic baroreceptor denervated (SAD + VD) rabbits. The changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and RNA were examined when 9% NaCl, 6.5% LiCl or 50% glucose ...
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