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Santos Celio X C - - 2013
Significance: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced during normal ER metabolism. There is accumulating evidence showing that under stress conditions such as Endoplasmic Reticulum stress (ER stress), ROS production is increased via enzymes of the NADPH oxidase (Nox)family, especially via the Nox2 and Nox4 isoforms, which are involved in the ...
Lin Yan-Cheng - - 2013
The application of static high pressure provides a method for precisely controlling and investigating many fundamental and unique properties of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs). This study systematically investigates the high-pressure photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved carrier dynamics of thiol-capped CdTe NCs of different sizes, at different concentrations, and in various stress environments. ...
Darling Emily S - - 2013
Climate change is reshaping biological communities against a background of existing human pressures. Evaluating the impacts of multiple stressors on community dynamics can be particularly challenging in species-rich ecosystems, such as coral reefs. Here, we investigate whether life-history strategies and co-tolerance to different stressors can predict community responses to fishing ...
Lachenbruch Charlie - - 2013
Tissue ischemia is thought to play a major role in the development of pressure ulcers. Pressure, shear, and temperature are acknowledged contributors, but the relative magnitude of each factor is largely unknown. A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted on the sacrums of four healthy volunteers to estimate the relative contributions ...
Taylor Chloe E - - 2013
AIM: The ability to maintain arterial blood pressure when faced with a postural challenge has implications for the occurrence of syncope and falls. It has been suggested that posture-induced declines in the mechanical component of the baroreflex response drive reductions in cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity associated with postural stress. However, these ...
Kumar Golden - - 2013
The quantitative model proposed here for nanoimprinting by thermoplastic compression molding is focused on bulk metallic glasses (BMGs), but it is also applicable to polymers and other thermoplastic materials. In our model the flow and pressure fields are evaluated using the lubrication theory, and the effect of molding pressure, BMG ...
Jacobs Stephanie J - - 2013
Humans are at risk from exposure to extremes in their environment, yet there is no consistent way to fully quantify and understand the risk when considering more than just meteorological variables. An outdoor 'bio-comfort' threshold is defined for Melbourne, Australia using a combination of heat stress, air particulate concentration and ...
Hering Dagmara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Acute slow breathing (SLOWB) affects sympathetic cardiovascular regulation, but its long-term effects are unknown. Using device-guided breathing we explored short-term and long-term SLOWB effects on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in essential hypertension. METHODS:: We measured BP, HR and MSNA in 10 ...
Kunrath Julie - - 2013
Essential hypertension is associated with chronic exposure to high levels of inorganic arsenic in drinking water. However, early signs of risk for developing hypertension remain unclear in people exposed to chronic low-to-moderate inorganic arsenic. We evaluated cardiovascular stress reactivity and recovery in healthy, normotensive, middle-aged men living in an arsenic-endemic ...
Vargas-Ortiz Manuel A - - 2013
The Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) is responsible for losses of up to 25% of crops such as mango and citrus fruits in Central America and México. The larval life cycle of A. ludens comprises three stages with a duration ranging from 3 to 8 days. Because of the damage ...
Seol Geun Hee GH Department of Basic Nursing Science, School of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inhalation of Salvia sclarea (clary sage; clary) or Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) essential oil vapors on autonomic nervous system activity in female patients with urinary incontinence undergoing urodynamic assessment. STUDY DESIGN, LOCATION, AND SUBJECTS: This study was a double-blind, randomized, ...
Hering Dagmara - - 2013
Objective. High-normal blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. The mechanisms underlying this increased risk are not clear. Sympathetic activation appears to be a potential mechanism linking high-normal BP to CV disease. This study examined whether high-normal BP compared with optimal BP is linked to sympathoexcitation at ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2013
The respiratory chemoreflex is known to be modified during orthostatic stress though the underlying mechanisms remain to be established. To detremine the potential role of cerebral hypoperfusion, we examined the relationship between changes in middle cerebral artery mean blood velocity (MCA Vmean) and pulmonary ventilation (VE) from supine control to ...
Redina Olga E - - 2013
The genetic basis of the stress-sensitive arterial hypertension was investigated using the quantitative trait loci (QTL) approach. Two groups of F(2) (inherited stress-induced arterial hypertension [ISIAH] × Wistar albino Glaxo [WAG]) hybrid males of different age (3-4 months old and 6 months old) were tested for blood pressure at rest ...
Ren Jie - - 2013
We describe experiments that probe the evolution of shear jammed states, occurring for packing fractions ϕ_{S}≤ϕ≤ϕ_{J}, for frictional granular disks, where above ϕ_{J} there are no stress-free static states. We use a novel shear apparatus that avoids the formation of inhomogeneities known as shear bands. This fixed ϕ system exhibits ...
Andrews Julie - - 2013
Upon perception of a stimulus as stressful, the human brain reacts with the activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), to mobilize energy resources to better cope with the stressor. Since the perception of the stressor is the initial stimulus, a synchronicity between the subjective ...
Dhuri Kalpana D - - 2013
Shirodhara is a classical and a well-established ayurvedic procedure of slowly and steadily dripping medicated oil or other liquids on the forehead. This procedure induces a relaxed state of awareness that results in a dynamic psycho-somatic balance. The objective of the study is to evaluate the psychological and physiological effects ...
de Queiroz Thyago M - - 2013
Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder, which has been associated with the reduction in baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and autonomic dysfunction. Several studies have revealed that increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NAD(P)H] oxidase, following activation of type 1 receptor (AT1R) by Angiotensin-(Ang) II, the main peptide ...
Gabler Christopher A - - 2013
The rate of new exotic recruitment following removal of adult invaders (reinvasion pressure) influences restoration outcomes and costs but is highly variable and poorly understood. We hypothesize that broad variation in average reinvasion pressure of Triadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree, a major invader) arises from differences among habitats in spatiotemporal ...
Rinne Petteri - - 2013
Melanocyte-stimulating hormones, α-, β- and γ-MSH, regulate important physiological functions including energy homeostasis, inflammation and sodium metabolism. Previous studies have shown that α-MSH increases sodium excretion and promotes vascular function in rodents, but it is unexplored whether these characteristics of α-MSH could translate into therapeutic benefits in the treatment of ...
Klima Lukasz - - 2013
The relationship between hypertension and oxidative stress remains unexplained. Nevertheless, it is well establishedthat reactive oxygen species have an influence on the arterial wall, endothelial function and therefore determine blood pressure. The evaluation of selected oxidative stress markers in hypertensive patients and an assessment of the relationship between oxidative stress ...
Aggarwal A K - - 2013
Safety analysis has been done for thick-walled circular cylinder under internal and external pressure using transition theory which is based on the concept of generalized principal Lebesgue strain measure. Results have been analyzed theoretically and discussed numerically. From the analysis, it can be concluded that circular cylinder made of functionally ...
Ryotokuji Kenji - - 2013
Background and aims: The current investigation was aimed at the development of a novel non-invasive treatment system, "pinpoint plantar long-wavelength infrared light irradiation (PP-LILI)", which may be able to relieve mental stress and reduce stress-related hormones. Materials (Subjects) and methods: We compared the subcutaneous temperature, blood pressure, the degree of ...
Yuan Junliang - - 2013
Long-term oil and gas exploitation in reservoir will lead to pore pressure depletion. The pore pressure depletion will result in changes of horizontal in-situ stresses both in reservoirs and caprock formations. Using the geophysics logging data, the magnitude and orientation changes of horizontal stresses in caprock and reservoir are studied. ...
Lee Lik Chuan LC Department of Surgery, UCSF/VA Medical Center, - - 2013
Injection of Algisyl-LVR, a treatment under clinical development, is intended to treat patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. This treatment was recently used for the first time in patients who had symptomatic heart failure. In all patients, cardiac function of the left ventricle (LV) improved significantly, as manifested by consistent reduction of ...
Guo Pinkun P School of Safety Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China ; National Engineering Research Center for Coal & Gas Control, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, - - 2013
The coal permeability is an important parameter in mine methane control and coal bed methane (CBM) exploitation, which determines the practicability of methane extraction. Permeability prediction in deep coal seam plays a significant role in evaluating the practicability of CBM exploitation. The coal permeability depends on the coal fractures controlled ...
Birditt Kira S - - 2012
Objectives.Although higher quality marriages are associated with better health outcomes, less is known about the mechanisms accounting for this association. This study examines links among marital/partner quality, stress, and blood pressure and considers both main and moderating effects.Method.Participants from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 1,854; ...
Zhou Yuan-Yuan YY Institute of Neuroscience and Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Pain Research and Therapy, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu Province, - - 2012
To investigate whether stress-induced visceral hypersensitivity could be alleviated by electroacupuncture (EA) and whether EA effect was mediated by endogenous opiates. Six to nine week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Visceral hypersensitivity was induced by a 9-d heterotypic intermittent stress (HIS) protocol composed of 3 randomly stressors, ...
De Alba M - - 2012
The bactericidal effect of acidified sodium nitrite alone or when combined with high hydrostatic pressure treatment (HHP) was examined with Escherichia coli BW25113 and Listeria monocytogenes NCTC 11994. A powerful synergistic effect of HHP plus nitrite was observed at pH 4.0 but not at higher pH values. E. coli hmpA ...
Krimer Dmitry O - - 2012
Recent experiments reveal an unexpected dip of the shear stress as the shear rate increases, from the rate-independent regime to Bagnold flow. Employing granular solid hydrodynamics, it is shown that in uniform systems, such dips occur for given pressure or normal stress, but not for given density. If the shear ...
Han Hui - - 2012
The objective of our study was to study the effect of danshen, a Chinese herbal medicine known to prevent hypertension, on the zero-stress state of rat's abdominal aorta. The zero-stress state of a blood vessel represents the release of residual stress on the vessel wall, and is the basic configuration ...
Bravim Fernanda F Núcleo de Biotecnologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, 29040-090, - - 2012
A number of transcriptional control elements are activated when Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells are submitted to various stress conditions, including high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). Exposure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to HHP results in global transcriptional reprogramming, similar to that observed under other industrial stresses, such as temperature, ethanol and oxidative stresses. ...
Allen Allyssa J - - 2012
Estrogen may influence coronary heart disease risk in women through the effects of endogenous opioids on autonomic control of blood pressure. In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we examined the combined effects of estrogen and the opioid antagonist, naltrexone, on blood pressure responses to psychological stress in 42 postmenopausal women. After ...
Fukuda Michio - - 2012
Impaired renal sodium excretion causes sodium retention, which prevents the nocturnal dip in blood pressure (BP); thus, high BP persists until excess sodium is excreted. The authors defined "dipping time" (DT) as the duration until the nocturnal BP falls below 90% of the daytime average. Diuretic (e.g., hydrochlorothiazide [HCTZ]) and ...
Borin Lílian Cristina Marques da Silva - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence is highly prevalent in female athletes. The aim of this research is to evaluate the pressure of the pelvic floor muscles in female athletes and the associated signs and symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: An academic institution, primary level of clinical ...
Romero Philip A - - 2012
Microdroplets are typically generated by one of two microfluidic geometries, the T-junction and flow focusing. These two geometries are often thought to form drops through different mechanisms. Here, by directly measuring the pressures in the drop maker, we show that flow focus devices exhibit pressure fluctuations that are essentially identical ...
Bak-Misiuk J - - 2012
Granular GaAs:(Mn, Ga)As films were prepared by annealing at 500 degrees C under ambient and enhanced hydrostatic pressure (1.1 GPa), of Ga(1-x)Mn(x)As/GaAs layers (x = 0.025, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05 and 0.063) grown by molecular beam epitaxy method at 230 degrees C. Layers were fully strained in respect to the substrate ...
Queisser Nina - - 2012
Epidemiological studies found an increased kidney cancer risk in hypertensive patients. These patients frequently present an increase of the mineralocorticoid aldosterone (Ald) due to a stimulated renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS). Recently, we showed prooxidative and genotoxic effects of Ald in vitro. Here, we investigated the influence of blood pressure ...
Wing Steve S Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7400, USA. - - 2013
Industrial swine operations emit odorant chemicals including ammonia, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and volatile organic compounds. Malodor and pollutant concentrations have been associated with self-reported stress and altered mood in prior studies. We conducted a repeated-measures study of air pollution, stress, and blood pressure in neighbors of swine operations. For approximately ...
Da Roza T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare pelvic floor muscle strength in nulliparous sports students measured using the modified Oxford Grading Scale and a Peritron manometer; and to compare the manometric measurements between continent and incontinent subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. All subjects were evaluated twice on the same day; first by vaginal digital examination ...
Carroll Douglas - - 2012
It has been argued recently that blunted cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress have adverse behavioural and health corollaries that reflect dysregulation of the neural systems that support motivation. We examined the association between cardiovascular reactions to a standard stress task, the paced auditory serial arithmetic rest, and forced expiratory ...
Shah Sovrin M - - 2012
Type III stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is generally defined as a condition that involves intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD). Although the clinical parameters for ISD are loosely defined as a Valsalva leak-point pressure <60 cmH(2)O or a maximal urethral closure pressure <20 cmH(2)O, consensus is lacking. As a result, studies evaluating ...
Hummel Scott L - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that oxidative stress and vascular dysfunction contribute to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). In salt-sensitive HFPEF animal models, diets low in sodium and high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, and antioxidants attenuate oxidative stress and cardiovascular damage. We hypothesized that the sodium-restricted Dietary Approaches to Stop ...
Saint-Remy Annie - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In kidney transplant (Kt) recipients, hypertension is a major risk for cardiovascular complications but also for graft failure. Blood pressure (BP) control is therefore mandatory. Office BP (OBP) remains frequently used for clinical decisions, however home BP (HBP) have brought a significant improvement in the BP control. Sodium ...
Höglund K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Correct interpretation of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) recordings is important in a clinical environment, but little is known about effects of stress on BP and HR responses of dogs to different clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate BP and HR responses in different clinical settings in dogs ...
Carroll Douglas D School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, - - 2012
Exaggerated cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress may be involved in the etiology of cardiovascular pathology. The present analysis examined the association between the magnitude of systolic and diastolic blood pressure reactions to stress and cardiovascular disease mortality. Participants were 431 (229 women) from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study, ...
Evrard Estérine - - 2012
Physiological and genetic responses of age 0+ Platichthys flesus were investigated in the eutrophicated and moderately contaminated Vilaine estuary, during a 6-month survey. The main objective of this study was to explore the biological responses of fishes during their juvenile period in an estuarine system in order to detect a ...
Kumar Bipin - - 2012
Understanding the stress relaxation behavior of the compression bandage could be very useful in determining the behavior of the interface pressure exerted by the bandage on a limb during the course of the compression treatment. There has been no comprehensive study in the literature to investigate the pressure profile (interface ...
Caciari T - - 2012
Cadmium (Cd) is a metal, which induces hypertension in animals. This may not be relevant to the human population because the number of studies is inconsistent. Our aim is to identify an association between levels of blood/urinary cadmium and blood pressure in a group of employees of the municipal police ...
Newman Aem - - 2012
The effects of chronic stressors on glucocorticoid levels are well described in laboratory rodents, but far less is known about the effects of chronic stressors on wild animals or on dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels. DHEA can be produced by the adrenal cortex and has prominent antiglucocorticoid properties. Here, we examined wild ...
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