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Beyer Andreas M AM Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; - - 2014
Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) is the primary mediator of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in human adipose microvessels. Impaired NO-mediated vasodilation occurs after acute and chronic hypertension, possibly due to excess generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The direct role of pressure elevation in this impairment of human arteriolar dilation is not ...
Kohan Donald E DE Division of Nephrology, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, - - 2013
Over 26,000 manuscripts have been published dealing with endothelins since their discovery 25 years ago. These peptides, and particularly endothelin-1 (ET-1), are expressed by, bind to, and act on virtually every cell type in the body, influencing multiple biological functions. Among these actions, the effects of ET-1 on arterial pressure ...
Hraška Viktor - - 2013
In failing Fontan circulation, the elevated central venous pressure increases lymphatic production and simultaneously retards lymphatic return to the central venous system, thus unbalancing lymphatic homoeostasis. To improve lymphatic drainage, a new concept based on decompression of the thoracic duct to the lower pressure levels of the common atrium, with ...
Ramkumar Nirupama - - 2013
Numerous studies indicate that renin is synthesized and secreted by the collecting duct. Collecting duct-derived renin may act directly upon intercalated and/or principal cells through direct interaction with prorenin receptors and/or through cleavage of proximal tubule-derived angiotensinogen to ultimately produce angiotensin II and activate AT1 receptors. Preliminary studies suggest that ...
McVay Derek - - 2013
Metal clips are commonly used to secure the cystic duct during cholecystectomy, although use of an ENDOLOOP (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Blue Ash, OH) is often touted as a more secure closure when postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is anticipated. The objective of this study was to test the strength of 3 ...
Hyndman Kelly A KA Section of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA 30912, - - 2013
Nitric oxide is a pronatriuretic and prodiuretic factor. The highest renal NO synthase (NOS) activity is found in the inner medullary collecting duct. The collecting duct (CD) is the site of daily fine-tune regulation of sodium balance, and led us to hypothesize that a CD-specific deletion of NOS1 would result ...
Ai Z T ZT Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong - - 2013
The accurate prediction of pressure losses across in-duct fittings is of significance in relation to the accurate sizing and good energy efficiency of air-delivery systems. Current design guides provide design methods and data for the prediction of pressure losses only for a single and isolated fitting. This study presents an ...
Sode Olaseni - - 2012
A linear-scaling, embedded-fragment, second-order many-body perturbation (MP2) method with basis sets up to aug-cc-pVTZ is applied to the antiparallel structure of solid hydrogen fluoride and deuterium fluoride under 0-20 GPa of ambient pressure. The optimized structures, including the lattice parameters and molar volume, and phonon dispersion as well as phonon ...
Sheikh Samia S Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2011
Most management decisions for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension are made using blood pressure (BP) measurements made in the clinic. However, home BP recordings may be of superior prognostic value. In this review, we show that home BP recordings are generally superior to clinic BP measurements in predicting long-term ...
Niiranen Teemu J - - 2011
Current guidelines based on cross-sectional statistical parameters derived from reference populations make equivocal recommendations for the optimal schedule of home blood pressure (BP) measurement. The objective of this study was to determine a schedule for home BP measurements in relation to their predictive value for total cardiovascular risk. Home BP ...
Malekin Sergei I - - 2011
This study characterized the actions of the newly synthesized PAF precursor 1-hexadecyl-2-alkylcarbamoyl-glycerol (HAG) on blood pressure (BP) in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), SHR-stroke prone (SHRSP) and Wistar rats with 1-kidney 1-clip (1K1C) renovascular hypertension used as experimental models of human primary and secondary hypertension. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) in ...
Agena Fabiana - - 2011
This is a review article on home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) developed with the purpose to increase the current scientific knowledge and present the importance of this approach in the care to patients with hypertension in our setting. This technique has advantages over the causal measurement, as it provides more ...
Stergiou George S - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare home blood pressure (HBP) vs. ambulatory (ABP) and clinic (CBP) measurements in terms of their association with target-organ damage in children and adolescents. A total of 81 children and adolescents (mean age 13±3 years, 53 boys) referred for elevated CBP had measurements ...
Rusai Krisztina - - 2011
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) are characterized by capillary rarefaction, which may contribute to blood pressure elevation. We hypothesized that capillary rarefaction involves a suppressed angiogenesis; renin inhibition influences anti-angiogenesis homeostasis by acting on angiopoietins; transient renin blockade reduces anti-angiogenesis thereby ameliorating long-lasting blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy in SHRs. First, ...
Hwang Hye Suk - - 2011
Using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), this study investigated whether electroacupuncture (EA) could reduce early stage hypertension by examining nitric oxide (NO) levels in plasma and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) levels in the mesenteric resistance artery. EA was applied to the acupuncture point Governor Vessel 20 (GV20) or to a non-acupuncture ...
Hale Taben M - - 2011
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) produces reductions in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and vascular structure that persist after treatment cessation. This study used an intermittent treatment strategy to determine the time course of changes in MAP, vascular resistance properties, and the tissue levels of endothelin. ...
Kobayashi Kazuhiro K Department of Nephrology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, - - 2011
Telmisartan is an angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), which also partially activates liganding peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. However, the relationship between the effects of telmisartan on hemodynamics and metabolism has not sufficiently been elucidated in clinical settings. We examined the long-term effects of telmisartan on hemodynamics including home blood ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2011
Hypertension remains the most common modifiable cardiovascular risk factor, yet hypertension control rates remain dismal. Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring has the potential to improve hypertension control. The purpose of this review was to quantify both the magnitude and mechanisms of benefit of home BP monitoring on BP reduction. Using ...
Kawada Toru - - 2011
Although baroreceptors are known to reset to operate in a higher pressure range in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), the total profile of dynamic arterial pressure (AP) regulation remains to be clarified. We estimated open-loop transfer functions of the carotid sinus baroreflex in SHR and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Mean input ...
Cai Run-Lan - - 2011
To evaluate the antihypertensive effect of total flavone extracts from Puerariae Radix (FEPR). To explore the hemodynamic profiles and pertinent mechanism of the extracts. Acute and chronic antihypertensive effects of FEPR were examined in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) and reno-hypertensive rats (two kidneys one clip model, 2K1C). Anesthetized dogs were ...
van Esch Joep H M - - 2010
The blood pressure-lowering effect of the renin inhibitor aliskiren equals that of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers. Whether aliskiren offers end-organ protection remains to be investigated. Here, we compared the cardiac effects of aliskiren, the AT1 receptor blocker irbesartan and the ACE ...
Lymbury Robyn S - - 2010
Oxidative stress has been directly implicated in hypertension and myocardial remodelling, two pathologies fundamental to the development of chronic heart failure. Selenium (Se) can act directly and indirectly as an antioxidant and a lowered Se status leads to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. This study examined the role of ...
de Queiroz Diego B - - 2010
Spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) offspring from L-arginine- and antioxidant-supplemented SHR dams had persistent lower blood pressure in adulthood. We investigated the influence of vascular mechanism in this effect. We analyzed response to acetylcholine and phenylephrine in aorta and superior mesenteric arteries from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY), SHR, and SHR perinatally supplemented with ...
Lee Jong Y - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) varies based on genetic and environmental factors. To test genetic and environmental influences on body weight (BW) and BP, one-cell homozygous embryos were transferred into spontaneously hypertensive (SHR, pup:shr) or (Wistar-Kyoto normotensive [WKY], pup:wky) normotensive rats' oviducts (embryos: s,w; oviduct-uterine: S,W), cross-suckled at birth (nurses S,W) and ...
Monroy-Ruiz José - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of astaxanthin-enriched diet on blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, both vascular structure and function and superoxide (O(2)(-)) production in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Twelve-week-old SHR were treated for 8 weeks with an astaxanthin-enriched diet (75 or 200mg/kg body weight per day). ...
Pei Zhaohui - - 2010
Angiotensin-(1-7) displays antihypertensive and antiproliferative properties although its effect on cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy in hypertension has not been fully elucidated. The present study was designed to examine the effect of chronic angiotensin-(1-7) treatment on myocardial remodeling, cardiac hypertrophy and underlying mechanisms in spontaneous hypertension. Adult male spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
Dolinsky Vernon W - - 2010
Because recent evidence demonstrated that calorie restriction (CR) has numerous beneficial cardiovascular effects, we investigated whether short-term CR could reduce hypertension and prevent cardiac hypertrophy inherent to the nonobese spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). After 5 weeks of either ad libitum feeding or short-term CR, SHRs subjected to short-term CR had ...
Elmarakby Ahmed A - - 2010
The reno-protective mechanisms of hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction in hypertension remain unclear. We hypothesize that induction of HO-1 will decrease blood pressure and proteinuria with a marked decrease in oxidative stress and inflammation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and SHR were injected with the HO-1 inducer cobalt ...
Cardinale Jeffrey P JP Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species and proinflammatory cytokines contribute to cardiovascular diseases. Inhibition of downstream transcription factors and gene modifiers of these components are key mediators of hypertensive response. Histone acetylases/deacetylases can modulate the gene expression of these hypertrophic and hypertensive components. Therefore, we hypothesized that long-term inhibition of histone deacetylase with ...
Ginn John D - - 2010
Phenylglycine substituted isoquinolones 1 and 2 have previously been described as potent dual ROCK1/ROCK2 inhibitors. Here we describe the further SAR of this series to improve metabolic stability and rat oral exposure. Piperidine analog 20 which demonstrates sustained blood pressure normalization in an SHR blood pressure reduction model was identified ...
Aa Ji-ye JY China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, - - 2010
To investigate the regulatory effects of total ginsenosides and the conventional antihypertensive agents (captopril, amlodipine, terazosin and hydrochlorothiazide) on the blood pressure and perturbed metabolism in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and to analyze the cause-effect relationships between high blood pressure and the metabolic disorders of hypertension. SHRs were administrated with ...
Behbahani John - - 2010
Small arteries from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibit abnormal stiffness and geometry. This study investigated the effects of resveratrol, a polyphenol found in foods such as red grapes, on small arteries in SHR. Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and SHR were treated with resveratrol (2.5 mg/kg/day) for 10 weeks. Mesenteric small ...
Toot Jonathan D - - 2011
Increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, testosterone, and spontaneously hypertensive rat Y chromosome (SHR Yc) play a role in a genetic model of hypertension. Male rats with the SHR Yc and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) autosomes (denoted SHR/y) exhibit these characteristics when compared to rats with the WKY Yc and WKY autosomes ...
Abebe Worku W Department of Oral Biology, CL 2136, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912-1128, USA. - - 2010
Chromium picolinate [Cr(pic)(3)] is a nutritional supplement widely promoted to exert beneficial metabolic effects in patients with type 2 diabetes/impaired glucose tolerance. Frequent comorbidities in these individuals include systemic hypertension, abnormal vascular function and ischemic heart disease, but information on the effects of the supplement on these aspects is sparse. ...
Mujkosová Jana - - 2010
Effect of captopril treatment on capability of heart and kidney mitochondria to produce ATP was investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Heart mitochondria from SHR responded to hypertension with tendency to compensate the elevated energy demands of cardiac cells by moderate increase in mitochondrial Mg2+-ATPase activity, membrane fluidity (MF) and ...
Nakano Atushi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is a powerful independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases; however, the precise molecular mechanisms whereby hypertension promotes atherosclerotic formation remain to be determined. The interaction between oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and its receptor lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) plays a critical role in atherogenesis. To clarify ...
Nagatomo Fumiko - - 2010
Five-week-old normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were subjected to hyperbaric oxygenation with an enhanced atmospheric pressure (950 mmHg) and an increased oxygen concentration (36%) for 6 h per day. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were monitored for 8 weeks of hyperbaric oxygenation ...
Jirout M L ML Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
Understanding catecholamine metabolism is crucial for elucidating the pathogenesis of hereditary hypertension. Here we integrated transcriptional and biochemical profiling with physiologic quantitative trait locus (eQTL and pQTL) mapping in adrenal glands of the HXB/BXH recombinant inbred (RI) strains, derived from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and normotensive Brown Norway (BN.Lx). ...
Ren YiLin Y Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Dept. of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W. Grand Blvd., Detroit, MI 48202, USA. - - 2010
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) have normal glomerular capillary pressure even though renal perfusion pressure is higher, suggesting that preglomerular vessels exhibit abnormally high resistance. This may be due to increased superoxide (O(2)(-)) production, which contributes to the vasoconstriction in hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that the myogenic response of the ...
Luo Li-fang - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the antihypertensive fractions of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. and their underlying mechanisms in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo study, Eucommia ulmoides lignans (EuL) and Eucommia ulmoides iridoids (EuI) were administrated to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and SHRs, and their blood pressures were ...
Charchar Fadi J - - 2010
Copy number variation has emerged recently as an important genetic mechanism leading to phenotypic heterogeneity. The aim of our study was to determine whether copy number variants (CNVs) exist between the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and its control strain, the Wistar-Kyoto rat, whether these map to quantitative trait loci in ...
Bagnost Teddy - - 2010
AIMS: Growing evidence suggests that arginase misregulation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension. In the present study, we investigated the potential cardiovascular therapeutic effects of a long-term treatment with an arginase inhibitor in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with fully developed hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment ...
Yang Deye - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Retinal blood vessels may develop vasculopathy and apoptosis in response to hypertension. The present study was aimed at testing the role of losartan, a specific antagonist of angiotensin II receptor type 1 receptor in regulation of vascular apoptosis in retinal vasculature with hypertension. METHODS: Losartan potassium was administered to ...
Sakurai-Yamashita Yasuko - - 2010
The stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP) is vulnerable to delayed neuronal death (DND) in the CA1 subfield of the hippocampus after the transient forebrain ischemia by the occlusion of the bilateral carotid arteries. The present study was designed to show that the genetic factors independent of high blood pressure contributed ...
Sumbalová Z - - 2010
Increased production of free radicals and impairment of mitochondrial function are important factors in the pathogenesis of hypertension. This study examined the impact of hypertension on mitochondrial respiratory chain function, coenzyme Q(9) (CoQ(9)), coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)), and alpha-tocopherol content in brain mitochondria, and the effect of blockade of angiotensin II ...
Toba Hiroe - - 2010
1. L-histidine is generally found in meat, poultry and fish. To investigate its effects on blood pressure, L-histidine was administered to 9-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). 2. Oral administration of L-histidine (100 mg / kg) increased histamine content in cerebrospinal fluid and reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP) in SHR. Intracerebroventricular ...
Shimomura Masayuki - - 2010
Lindera strychnifolia (Tendai-Uyaku), a medicinal plant, has long been used for the treatment of cardiac, renal and rheumatic diseases in Japan. We investigated the effect of Lindera strychnifolia on systolic blood pressure, cardiac function, and plasma noradrenaline levels in rats. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were given free access to water ...
Yaguas Keila - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) availability plays a critical role in the regulation of blood pressure, endothelial function and arterial structure. Many of the biological actions of NO are mediated by 3'5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), which is rapidly degraded by cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE). Short-term cardiovascular effects of PDE inhibitors have been studied ...
Amenta Francesco - - 2010
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), which are normotensive at birth and develop sustained hypertension between 3 and 6 months of age, are the model most extensively investigated for evaluating hypertensive brain damage and its treatment. The time-dependent rise of arterial blood pressure and the occurrence of brain atrophy, loss of nerve ...
Zhang Gen-Shui - - 2010
The present study was performed to evaluate the antihypertensive effects of honokiol in vivo in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The effects of honokiol were investigated by determination of the blood pressure, vascular reactivity, oxidative parameters, and histologic change in the aorta. Long-term administration of honokiol (400 mg/kg/d) to SHR decreased ...
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