Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1443
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Garjani A - - 2000
Different species of Crataegus, commonly called Hawthorn, were reported to possess wide pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system. In the present study, chloroform, ethylacetate and methanol (70%) extracts of the flowering tops of Crataegus meyeri A. Pojark. were studied. The extracts were tested on the incidence and severity of arrhythmias ...
Baillard C - - 2000
We quantified the repolarization time (so-called QT interval) in a rat, an animal species that does not show a well-characterized T wave on surface ECG. We used spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and converting enzyme inhibition to demonstrate a reversible increase in QT interval in pressure-overloaded hearts in the absence of ...
Bund S J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that the increased media thickness: lumen diameter (M:L) ratio of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) resistance arteries effects enhanced arterial contractile responses compared with those of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat normotensive controls under pressurized conditions in vitro. DESIGN: Contractile responses to ...
Magyar C E - - 2000
Acute hypertension in Sprague-Dawley rats (SD) provokes a decrease in renal proximal tubule (PT) salt and fluid reabsorption, redistribution of apical Na/H exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) and Na-P(i) cotransporter type 2 (NaPi2) out of the brush border into higher density membranes, and inhibition of renal cortical Na-K-ATPase (NKA) activity (41). ...
Rossi N F - - 2000
This study sought to identify whether central endothelin (ET) receptor activation contributes to the elevated pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and whether an ET-stimulated vasopressin (AVP) release mediates the increased pressure. In Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, intracerebroventricular ET-1 induced a dose-dependent pressor response that was shifted rightward in SHR. ...
Rizzoni D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The time course of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in the vasculature of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) is still unclear. Moreover, no data are presently available about the possible inter-relationships between apoptosis and vascular remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate the mesenteric small resistance arteries and large ...
Garrett M R - - 2000
Our purpose was to define quantitative trait loci (QTL) for blood pressure that differ between two widely used hypertensive rat strains, the Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rat and the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). A genome scan was done on an F(2) (S x SHR) population fed 8% NaCl for 4 wk. ...
Toblli J E - - 2000
Erectile dysfunction has an increased prevalence in hypertensive patients and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. For many years the discussion has been polarized on whether in hypertensive patients, it is the arterial hypertension or the antihypertensive therapy that is the cause of male erectile dysfunction. The aim of our study ...
Matrougui K - - 2000
In resistance arteries pressure-induced (myogenic) tone (MT) and flow (shear stress)-induced dilation (FD) are potent determinant of vascular resistance. We investigated the role of angiotensin II and endothelin-1 in FD and MT in resistance arteries and their potential change in hypertension. Flow - diameter - pressure relationship was established in ...
Naito Y - - 2000
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were fed a diet containing 10% rapeseed (canola) oil or soybean oil as dietary fat, and given drinking water containing 1% NaCl for 26 weeks. From the 10th week and later, systolic blood pressure in the canola oil group became higher ...
Aldred K L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate renal proximal tubular sodium-hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE-3) and H+-ATPase activities in young (5-week-old) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Donryu (DRY) rats, in the period during which high blood pressure is developing. METHODS: Five-week-old SHR and DRY rats were weighed and systolic blood pressure recorded. Proximal tubule ...
Rothermund L - - 2000
We used YC-1 as a pharmacological tool to investigate the short-term blood pressure effects of NO-independent activation of sGC in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Four groups of normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats were treated by i.v. injection with vehicle (V), YC-1 (YC-1), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), or YC-1 and SNP (YC-1+SNP). Hypertension was ...
Vasdev S - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), excess endogenous aldehydes bind sulfhydryl groups of membrane proteins, altering membrane Ca2+ channels and increasing cytosolic free calcium and blood pressure. The thiol compound, N-acetyl cysteine, normalizes elevated blood pressure in SHRs by binding excess endogenous aldehydes and normalizing membrane Ca2+ channels ...
Tolbert E M - - 2000
The changes in renal hemodynamics that develop with aging in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were examined. Micropuncture studies revealed that glomerular capillary pressure was elevated in SHR at 9 mo of age compared with 3-mo-old SHR and 9-mo-old normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats. Glomerular hypertension developed because of a small increase in ...
Silva-Antonialli M M - - 2000
1. We compared the endothelium-dependent responses of thoracic aortic rings obtained from male and female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) in order to explore gender differences in the normalization of the high blood pressure by antihypertensive drug therapy and in the correction of the endothelial dysfunction found in these animals. 2. ...
van Gorp A W - - 2000
In hypertension arterial wall properties do not necessarily depend on increased blood pressure alone. The present study investigates the relationship between the development of hypertension and thoracic aortic wall properties in 1.5-, 3-, and 6-mo-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) served as controls. During ketamine-xylazine anesthesia, compliance and ...
Spitznagel H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of chronic treatment with the new Na(+)/H(+)-exchange inhibitor, cariporide, on cardiac function and remodelling 6 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS: Treatment with cariporide was commenced either 1 week pre or 30 min, 3 h, 24 h or 7 days after ligation of ...
Mizutani K - - 2000
We examined the effect of resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy stilbene), a phenolic compound found in the skins of most grapes, on blood pressure and bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX), stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Nineteen-week-old female SHRSP were divided into a sham-ovariectomized (sham) group fed a control diet and two OVX groups ...
Kost C K CK - - 2000
This study was designed to determine whether an improvement in cardiovascular risk factors persists in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) following withdrawal of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) treatment. SHR were given deionized drinking water or captopril solution from four to sixteen weeks of age. At twelve weeks of age, rats ...
Liu J J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The present studies were undertaken to identify apoptosis in cardiomyocytes of genetic hypertension and to study the relationship among apoptosis, aging and blood pressure, and the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on apoptosis. METHODS: Apoptosis in the hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was identified by electron microscopy ...
López-Hernández F J - - 2000
Unilateral nephrectomy in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) does not produce any change in blood pressure but does induce humoral alterations that might influence the antihypertensive action of some drugs. In this study, the antihypertensive effect of treatment (5 weeks) with placebo (control), verapamil, trandolapril, or their combination (verapamil plus ...
Benveniste H - - 2000
OBJECT: It is taken for granted that patients with hypertension are at greater risk for intracerebral hemorrhage during neurosurgical procedures than patients with normal blood pressure. The anesthesiologist, therefore, maintains mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) near the lower end of the autoregulation curve, which in patients with preexisting hypertension can ...
Kuo T B - - 2000
Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that the very low-frequency (VLF: 0-0.25 Hz) and low-frequency (LF: 0.25-0.8 Hz) power of arterial pressure variability (APV) are related to vasomotor reactivity in response to control signals from the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) via the sympathetic system in the rat. The present ...
Reckelhoff J F - - 2000
Previous data strongly support a role for androgens in promoting the gender difference in hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat(s) (SHR), but the mechanism is not clear. Because males develop higher blood pressures than do females, we hypothesize that androgens may affect the renin-angiotensin system to promote the development of ...
Yoshida H - - 2000
Na(+)/H(+) exchange (NHE) represents a major mechanism for intracellular pH regulation, particularly in the ischemic myocardium. NHE has also been shown to be important in the regulation of cell proliferation and growth. We examined whether inhibition of NHE results in an attenuation of early postinfarction myocyte remodeling responses in the ...
Miki S - - 2000
To determine whether nitric oxide contributes to the augmented vasoconstrictive response to endothelin-1 (ET-1) in coronary vessels of hypertensive hearts, and also whether L-arginine administration can inhibit the augmented response to ET-1, we designed experiments to measure coronary perfusion resistance in isolated hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive ...
Ito S - - 2000
Injection of the excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonist kynurenic acid (KYN) into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of anesthetized rats has no effect on arterial pressure. However, we recently reported that after inhibition of the caudal ventrolateral medulla, injection of KYN into the RVLM decreased arterial pressure to the same ...
Pamnani M B - - 2000
Thiorphan, a neutral endoprotease (NEP) enzyme inhibitor, has been shown to enhance the effects of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in vivo. In this study, we examined the effects of an intravenous (iv) infusion of thiorphan on cardiovascular hemodynamics and excretion of urine volume (UV), sodium (U(Na)V) and potassium (UKV) in ...
Liu J C - - 1999
Berberine is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid found in plants of the Ranunculaceae and Berberidaceae families. Extracts from berberine-containing plants have been used as traditional Chinese folk remedies for centuries. The antihypertensive effects of the berberine derivative 6-protoberberine (PTB-6) were studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). In conscious SHRs, PTB-6 lowered ...
Reaves P Y - - 1999
Our previous studies have demonstrated that the introduction of angiotensin II type I receptor antisense (AT(1)R-AS) cDNA by a retrovirally mediated delivery system prevents the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), an animal model for primary hypertension in humans. These results have led us to propose the ...
Iwai N - - 1999
BACKGROUND:Impaired renal hemodynamic function has been suspected to be responsible for hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). METHODS AND RESULTS:We measured renal hemodynamic functions, including the glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow, and renal vascular resistance, in an F2 rat population derived from spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats ...
Shiojima I - - 1999
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a secondary adaptation to increased external load. Various qualitative and quantitative changes in myocytes and extracellular components occur during the development of LVH. It has recently been demonstrated that alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)-expressing myofibroblasts appear in the interstitium of the heart subjected to increased workload ...
Newaz M A - - 1999
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of gamma tocotrienol on lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant status of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), comparing them with normal Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. SHR were divided into three groups and treated with different doses of gamma tocotrienol (gamma1, 15 mg/kg ...
Costa A M - - 1999
Reparative process of second and third degree burns usually results in hypertrophic scar formation that can be treated by pressure. Although this method is efficient, its mechanisms of action are not known. In this work, we have studied the histological organization of hypertrophic scars submitted to pressure. Skin biopsies were ...
Civantos B - - 1999
Results of many clinical and experimental studies indicate an inverse relationship between dietary calcium and the prevalence of hypertension. Our study was designed to evaluate the alterations in arterial blood pressure and the changes in alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated vascular reactivity in normotensive Sprague-Dawley and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed from weaning (3 ...
Wise R G - - 1999
This study develops a quantitative analysis and model for the differences in left ventricular dynamics in normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats, as determined using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We emerge with a characterization of the geometrical changes in the left ventricle resulting from hypertension. In addition, the techniques we ...
Reckelhoff J F - - 1999
Males are at greater risk of cardiovascular and renal disease than are females. For example, male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have higher blood pressures than females. Androgens have been strongly implicated in the hypertension of male SHR, because castration attenuates the hypertension. This study determined whether the androgen receptor plays ...
Vasdev S - - 1999
In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) excess endogenous aldehydes bind sulfhydryl groups of membrane proteins, altering membrane Ca2+ channels, increasing cytosolic free calcium and blood pressure. N-acetyl cysteine normalizes elevated blood pressure in SHRs by binding excess endogenous aldehydes. It is known that dietary vitamin B6 supplementation can increase the level ...
Marque V - - 1999
We hypothesized that age-linked changes in the composition and elastic properties of the arterial wall occur earlier in hypertensive than in normotensive rats. We evaluated the consequences of hypertension and aging on aortic mechanics, geometry, and composition in 3-, 9-, and 15-month-old awake Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) (normotensive) and spontaneously hypertensive ...
Fujii K - - 1999
Although salt intake and blood pressure are correlated, with hypertensives tending to exhibit higher blood pressure sensitivity to salt than normotensives, the precise mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. This study aimed to determine whether salt-loading affects arterial membrane properties of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). SHR and age-matched Wistar Kyoto ...
Ibrahim J - - 1999
1. Although the fixed combination preparations of thiazide and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor are gaining wide acceptance in clinical practice, data on the basic pharmacology of the combinations are relatively limited. The long-term structural and functional effects of a fixed low dose (0.24 + 0.76 mg/kg per day) combination of indapamide ...
Wright R C - - 1999
Bi-hippocampal microinjection treatment (1 microg per side, twice a day for 5 days) with an antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to the rat kappa-opioid receptor, caused hypertension in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats and increased the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Systolic blood pressure in WKY rats increased ...
Koffi I - - 1999
Reducing pulse pressure might be more powerful than reducing mean arterial pressure to obtain regression of vascular hypertrophy. However, this hypothesis has never been investigated in the conduit arteries of intact hypertensive animals. A group of 4-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was treated with the calcium-entry blocker verapamil (50 mg/kg) ...
Endemann D - - 1999
This study assessed whether the angiotensin-II (Ang II)-induced contractile responsiveness of resistance arteries is altered during the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Structural parameters and Ang II-stimulated contraction were determined in small mesenteric arteries from 6-week-old (phase of developing hypertension) and 21-week-old SHR (phase of established hypertension), ...
PÄ­tre M - - 1999
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of a reduction in blood pressure, by using the calcium channel antagonist isradipine, on insulin sensitivity and vascular responses to insulin in conscious spontaneously hypertensive male rats (SHR). The rats were instrumented with intravascular catheters and pulsed Doppler flow probes to ...
Okabe H - - 1999
In hypertension, small arteries in a variety of vascular beds undergo structural changes that increase resistance. To assess whether there are differential structural changes in the penis that accompany hypertension, we began with determining structurally-based vascular resistance properties in penile and hindlimb vascular beds of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) ...
Pravenec M - - 1999
Disorders of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism have been reported to cluster in patients with essential hypertension and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). A deletion in the Cd36 gene on chromosome 4 has recently been implicated in defective carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in isolated adipocytes from SHRs. However, the role of ...
Borges A C - - 1999
1. The mechanism responsible for blood pressure reduction in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) after prolonged cholecalciferol treatment was studied. Two-week treatment of SHR with 0.125 mg cholecalciferol kg-1 body weight per day orally caused significant reductions of systolic blood pressure and of the resting perfusion pressure of the mesenteric vascular ...
Kagiyama S - - 1999
It has been reported that intracerebroventricularly injected antisense oligonucleotide to angiotensinogen reduces arterial pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), but the mechanism and the sites of action remain unclear. In the present study, we examined whether injection of antisense oligonucleotide to angiotensinogen into the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) would influence ...
O'Sullivan J B - - 1999
Short-term treatment of young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduces systolic blood pressure. Renal medullary neutral lipids (RMNLs) have vasodilator properties that may explain the effects of ACE inhibition. We measured RMNL levels of SHR treated between 6 and 10 weeks of age with (1) vehicle, ...
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