Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1443
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Martin Doug S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The development of arterial hypertension is sexually dimorphic. Venous tone is elevated in the spontaneously hypertensive rat model of hypertension. This study tested the hypothesis that endogenous androgens exacerbate venous tone in the developmental stages of spontaneous hypertension. METHODS: Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were subjected to sham operation, ...
De Cavanagh E M V - - 2005
Angiotensin II can induce oxidant stress by stimulating vascular superoxide production. Hypertension promotes mitochondrial function decline in brain, liver and heart. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a) hypertension is associated to kidney mitochondrial dysfunction, and b) angiotensin II blockade can reverse potential mitochondrial changes in hypertension. ...
Ledingham Janet M - - 2005
1. The effects of two of the glitazone (thiazolidinedione) class of drugs, namely rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, on blood pressure and vascular remodelling in the New Zealand genetically hypertensive (GH) rat model were investigated. 2. In the first study, a GH group given rosiglitazone (5 mg/kg per day) from the age ...
Abbate Antonio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis plays a major role in the transition to heart failure (HF) in systemic hypertension although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between apoptosis, left ventricular remodeling, heart failure and the myocyte expression of survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis. ...
Reger Patricia O - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercise training, superimposed on compensated-concentric hypertrophy, could increase myocardial hypoperfusion-reperfusion (H/R) tolerance. Female Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) (age: 4 mo; N = 40) were placed into a sedentary (SED) or exercise training (TRD) group (treadmill running; 25 ...
Choi Seul Min - - 2006
This study examined the effects of chronic treatment of a new phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, DA-8159, on endothelial dysfunction in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP). Six-week-old male SHR-SP were divided into 4 groups; vehicle control, DA-8159 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg/day. During a 32-week experimental period, the animals were administered ...
Shamloul R - - 2005
Hemin and other heme derivatives, e.g. heme-L-lysinate (HLL) and heme-L-arginate, have been used extensively to upregulate expression of heme oxygenase and production of endogenous carbon monoxide. Hemin administration has been shown to markedly decrease high blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), but not in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto or Sprague Dawley ...
Patel Kinjal - - 2006
Tempol is an amphipathic radical nitroxide (N) that acutely reduces blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). We investigated the hypothesis that the response to nitroxides is determined by SOD mimetic activity or lipophilicity. Groups (n = 6-10) of anesthetized SHRs received graded intravenous ...
Iliescu Radu - - 2006
Female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have lower blood pressures than males. The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the sexual dimorphism of blood pressure in SHR. The sympathetic nervous system can stimulate renin release, and, therefore, the present study was performed to determine whether the renal sympathetic nerves play ...
Bueno Rosario - - 2005
L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine are supplements to therapy in cardiovascular pathologies. Their effect on endothelial dysfunction in hypertension was studied after treatment with either 200 mg/kg of L-carnitine or propionyl-L-carnitine during 8 weeks of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Endothelial function was assessed in aortic rings ...
Kuo Wei-Wen - - 2005
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) signalling is reported to contribute to the modulation of blood pressure and set survival and hypertrophic responses in cardiac tissue. However, whether IGF-I signalling normally acts in cardiac tissues of hypertensive rats is unknown. In this study, using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive ...
Zhang Fan - - 2005
Arachidonic acid cytochrome P-450 (CYP) hydroxylase 4A isoforms, including 4A1, 4A2, 4A3 and 4A8 in the rat kidney, catalyze arachidonic acid to produce 19/20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (20-HETE), a biologically active metabolite, which plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure. However, controversial results have been reported regarding the exact ...
Jiang R - - 2005
Our aim was to compare the ultrastructure of penile cavernous tissue in the spontaneous hypertensive rat (SHR) and normotensive rat, and study the relation of blood pressure with erectile function. After injection of apomorphine (APO), penile erectile frequency in 16-week-old SHR (group A) and Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) (group B) was ...
Yang Lufang - - 2005
We studied the combined treatment effects of quinapril and atorvastatin on blood pressure and structure and function of resistance arteries from adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY rats). Apoptotic cells were identified by in situ end labeling using the terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling ...
Zhan Lin-shu - - 2005
AIM: To demonstrate and compare hemodynamic phenotypes of blood pressure (BP), blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in genetic hypertensive rats. METHODS: BP was recorded continuously in conscious, freely moving rats using a computerized technique. BPV was expressed as the standard deviation of beat-to-beat BP values during a ...
Xue Hao - - 2005
The effects of iptakalim, a new ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, were studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Treatment of 12-week-old male SHR (six animals in each group) with iptakalim by gastric lavage at doses of 1, 3, or 9 mg/kg/day for 12 weeks resulted in a lowering of blood pressure. ...
Benter Ibrahim F - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of inhibition of Ras-GTPase mediated signalling on the development of hypertension and end-organ damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats chronically treated with nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor L-NAME (SHR-L-NAME). Administration of L-NAME in drinking water (80 mg/L) for 3 weeks significantly elevated ...
Kokubo Manabu - - 2005
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been well established as a suitable model for studies of hypertension, but little is known about the processes of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and the changes in cardiac function in this model. The present study was designed to provide a noninvasive evaluation of the ...
Li Jing-Xin - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to quantify the antihypertensive effect of the total flavonoid (TF), extracted from the seed of Astragalus complanatus R. Brown, and to observe its effect on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in both renal hypertensive rats (RHR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). RHR were created ...
MacDonnell Scott M - - 2005
Cardiac responses to beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation are depressed with pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. We investigated whether exercise training could modify beta-adrenergic receptor responsiveness in a model of spontaneous hypertension by modifying the beta-adrenergic receptor desensitizing kinase GRK2 and the abundance and phosphorylation of some key Ca2+ cycling proteins. Female spontaneously ...
Smith Edward G - - 2005
Using radiotelemetry to monitor blood pressure and core temperature, studies in our laboratory have shown that a prolonged hypertensive response is elicited in rats exposed to chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate-based insecticide. Chlorpyrifos inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity, resulting in central and peripheral stimulation of central cholinergic pathways involved in blood pressure regulation. The ...
Firbas Ulrike - - 2005
Ocular vasculopathy resulting from severe systemic hypertension affects retina, choroidea, and the optic nerve. While the pathologic changes of the arterial system, including luminal narrowing, are well documented, little is known about the ocular venous vessels in hypertension. Adult 18-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were untreated (control) or treated with ...
Aguila Marcia B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dietary lipid intake type affecting spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) blood pressure (BP). There are no information available whether different edible lipids long-term administration does potentiality alter the usual cardiomyocyte loss in SHR or not. METHODS: Six groups of 3-month-old male SHR received different edible oils (fish, canola, palm, olive, ...
RybczyƄska Apolonia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The discovery of calcium receptors and calcimimetics created the possibility of "pharmacologic parathyroidectomy" (phPTX), which decreased secretion of parathormone (PTH). Parathyroid glands of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and hypertension secrete parathyroid hypertensive factor (PHF). Parathyroidectomy decreases blood pressure in these rats and in ...
Horai Yasushi - - 2005
Stricture of coronary arteries is closely related to ischemic heart disease. The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in pH caused contraction of rat coronary arteries, as determined using Langendorff perfused hearts. Changing the pH of the perfusate increased perfusion pressure as an indication of the contractile ...
Zhong Jiu-Chang - - 2005
Studies show general agreement that all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) has been linked to the regulation of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs) signaling. To further validate effects of atRA on the cardiovascular GPCRs, the present study was designed to assess whether atRA will modulate orphan receptor APJ, a homologue of angiotensin II ...
Olzinski Alan R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests important relationships among chronic inflammatory processes, endothelial dysfunction, hypertension and target organ damage. The present study examined the effects of chronic treatment with an anti-inflammatory p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor (SB-239063AN) in the N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester-treated spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR+l-NAME) model of severe hypertension and accelerated ...
Takimoto Eiki - - 2005
Sustained cardiac pressure overload induces hypertrophy and pathological remodeling, frequently leading to heart failure. Genetically engineered hyperstimulation of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) synthesis counters this response. Here, we show that blocking the intrinsic catabolism of cGMP with an oral phosphodiesterase-5A (PDE5A) inhibitor (sildenafil) suppresses chamber and myocyte hypertrophy, and improves ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2005
Endothelin (ET)-1 has been implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. We investigated the effect of pravastatin on development of ventricular hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and whether the attenuated hypertrophic effect was via reduced ET-1 expression. Normolipidemic SHR were treated with one of the following therapies for 8 ...
Thompson Caitlin S - - 2005
Cutaneous vasoconstriction (VC) in response to cooling is impaired with human aging. On the basis of previous findings that older humans rely predominantly on norepinephrine (NE) for reflex VC of skin blood vessels, and that the VC effects of NE are blunted with age in many vascular beds, we tested ...
Maris M Elizabeth - - 2005
1. In general, premenopausal women are known to have lower blood pressure than men and animal models have shown a similar sexual dimorphism. However, many studies in animals have been performed using anaesthetized or restrained models. Current experiments were conducted to investigate the relationships among resting heart rate, blood pressure ...
Kanauchi Osamu - - 2005
It was reported that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays an important role in increasing blood pressure. Recently, it was reported that several food hydrolysates have ACE inhibitory effects in the spontaneous hypertensive rat (SHR) model and mildly hypertensive subjects. Therefore, the anti-hypertensive effects of brewer's yeast BY-G were investigated, which contains ...
Nabha Linda - - 2005
This study examines whether longitudinal antioxidant treatment initiated in prehypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) can attenuate vascular oxidant stress and prevent blood pressure elevation during development. Male SHR and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were treated from 6 to 11 weeks of age with Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinoxyl) (1 mmol/l in drinking water), ...
Rajasekaran Mahadevan - - 2005
AIMS: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and have an up-regulated calcium sensitizing RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway in their vascular smooth muscle tissues. This study examined the role of RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway in bladder hyperactivity by evaluating the effect of a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) on SHR bladder function. METHODS: ...
Fortepiani Lourdes A - - 2005
Treatment with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) reduces blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic BH(4) reduces blood pressure in male SHR by reducing testosterone biosynthesis mediated by increasing nitric oxide (NO). Male SHR, aged 17-18 wk, intact or castrated, were treated for ...
Berrougui Hicham - - 2004
Traditionally hand-pressed argan oil, obtained from Argania spinosa seeds, is eaten raw in south-west Morocco; its rich composition of tocopherols, MUFA and PUFA make a study of its actions on risk factors for CVD, such as hypertension, interesting. The effects of 7 weeks of treatment with argan oil (10 ml/kg) ...
Dabiré Hubert - - 2004
Recent studies in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats show that some nonlinear indexes derived from the recurrence plot method may be better markers of sympathetic activity than the spectral powers of blood pressure (BP). We herein investigated the relationships between nonlinear indexes and plasma noradrenaline concentration in ...
Yang Lufang - - 2004
The effects of chronic treatment with quinapril on blood pressure, vascular reactivity and structure of resistance arteries were examined in adult, male spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. SHR and WKY at 15 weeks of age were treated with quinapril (10 mg/kg per day) for 10 weeks. Structural changes ...
Ofstad Jarle - - 2005
Tubular cell damage is an important mediator of interstitial fibrosis in chronic renal diseases. Glomerular and tubular damage in genetic hypertension was therefore studied. Tubular and glomerular damage was investigated in 10-, 40-, and 70-wk-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and compared with glomerular capillary pressure (P(GC)) ...
Umemoto Seiji - - 2004
Recent studies have suggested that the calcium antagonists have an antiatherogenic antioxidant property. The effects of the calcium antagonists on reactive oxygen species (ROS)-related enzymes, however, remain unknown. We hypothesized that the calcium antagonists inhibit oxidative stress in the hearts of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) through the ROS-scavenging enzymes ...
de Vries P A Marcel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that the renal vasodilator response to a D1-like receptor agonist is blunted in conscious SHR compared with WKY rats. The mechanism of this impaired dopaminergic responsiveness in SHR is unclear. An altered balance between the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and the dopaminergic system may be involved. To ...
Head Geoffrey A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the suitability of a new logistic curve fitting procedure to measure the diurnal rates of transition from the active to the asleep periods separately. METHOD: We applied this method to 24-h telemetry recordings of systolic, mean, diastolic arterial pressure (SAP, MAP, DAP, respectively), heart rate (HR) and ...
Diep Quy N - - 2004
We investigated the long-term effects of the thiazolidinedione PPARgamma activator pioglitazone on cardiac inflammation in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP), a model of malignant of hypertension. Six-week-old SHRSP were treated with pioglitazone (10 mg/kg per day p.o.) for 20 weeks. The rise in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in SHRSP was ...
Chon Ki H - - 2005
We have previously shown that there are two oscillating components in spontaneously fluctuating single-nephron blood flow obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats (Yip K-P, Holstein-Rathlou NH, and Marsh DJ. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 264: F427-F434, 1993). The slow oscillation (20-30 mHz) is mediated by tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF), whereas the fast oscillation ...
Takaba Hitonori - - 2004
1. The present work discussed the effects of substrain or genetic differences, gender, and age of the rat on infarct size produced by distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). 2. In SHR/Kyushu, infarct volume was significantly larger than that of SHR/Izm, while blood pressure levels ...
De Stefano L M - - 2004
Several indexes of myocardial contractility have been proposed to assess ventricular function in the isovolumetrically beating isolated heart. However, the conclusions reached on the basis of these indexes may be influenced by ventricular geometry rather than contractility itself. The objective of the present study was to assess the performance of ...
Matsui Toshiro - - 2004
The distribution of an antihypertensive dipeptide, Val-Tyr (VY), in the tissues of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was investigated in this study. A single oral administration of VY (10 mg/kg) to 18-week-old SHR resulted in a prolonged reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP) up to 9 h (SBP0h 198.0+/-3.6 mmHg; SBP9h ...
Ricci Alberto - - 2004
Spontaneously hypertensive rats represent a widely used animal model of hypertension. Altered neurotrophin regulation has been related to systemic hypertension. Lung cells synthesize and release neurotrophins(NT) which are involved in several pulmonary disturbances. Our study explored the expression of NT and their receptors using molecular biology and immunohistochemistry. Spontaneously 6-, ...
Kubo Makoto - - 2004
To clarify the precise mechanisms involved in the reduced coronary flow reserve in hypertension, we compared the effects of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist FK-739 with those of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril for 6 weeks on the smooth muscle (SM) cell phenotype in intramyocardial arteries ...
Yang Hsin-Yi - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-hypertensive and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition effects of soyabean protein hydrolysate in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Soyabean protein hydrolysate was prepared by peptic hydrolysis and was added into the feed of SHR (0% for the S0 group, 0.5% for the ...
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