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Berteotti Chiara - - 2007
We investigated whether the relative contribution of the baroreflex and central commands to the control of heart period differs between spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto normotensive rats (WKY) during physiological behavior. Rats were instrumented with an arterial catheter and with electrodes for discriminating wakefulness, nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREMS), ...
Ebrahim Zaileen - - 2007
Although in experimental hypertension the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning (PC) appear to be maintained, most studies have examined the short-term hypertension in juvenile animals. However, aging may be an additional factor that influences the effectiveness of PC. The aim of this study was to characterise the effects on PC ...
Renna Brian F - - 2007
Hypertension and exercise independently induce left ventricular (LV) remodeling and alter LV function. The purpose of this study was to determine systolic and diastolic LV pressure-volume relationships (LV-PV) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with and without LV hypertrophy, and to determine whether 6 mo of exercise training modified the LV-PV ...
Ahn Mi Young - - 2007
The present study examined the effect of the methanol extract of Isaria sinclairii, a kind of Donchunghacho (Tochukaso), on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Blood pressure and heart rate were measured after treatment with the methanol extract of I. sinclairii by the indirect tail-cuff method and the direct ...
Yao Hiroshi - - 2007
A genome-wide screen found a blood pressure quantitative trait locus (QTL) on rat chromosome 1 in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats of a Japanese colony (SHRSP/Izm). In the present study, we investigated the effects of congenic removal of this QTL from SHRSP/Izm on infarct size produced by middle cerebral artery (MCA) ...
Wessel N - - 2007
Because we previously suggested the endogenous heptapeptide angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) to be involved in the improvement of baroreflex sensitivity observed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we here investigated the role of the heptapeptide in blood pressure control under physiologic conditions in awake SHR using the first nonpeptide, orally applicable Ang-(1-7) receptor ...
Emura Kazuhiro - - 2007
Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ) is a water-soluble glycoside of quercetin produced from rutin by enzymatic treatment. We investigated the anti-hypertensive effect of orally administered EMIQ in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The systolic blood pressure (SBP) in SHR administered EMIQ at a dose of 3 and 26 mg/kg/d was significantly lower ...
Pechánová Olga - - 2007
The attenuated nitric oxide (NO) formation and/or elevated production of reactive oxygen species are often found in experimental and human hypertension. We aimed to determine possible effects of N-acetylcysteine (1.5 g/kg/day) and N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine (melatonin, 10 mg/kg/day) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established hypertension. After a six-week-treatment, blood pressure ...
Rigsby Christine' S CS Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA 30912-3000, USA. - - 2007
Previous studies show that ischemic cerebral infarct size is related to cerebral vessel structure. Spironolactone, a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, decreases ischemic cerebral infarct size in male spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP). Therefore, we hypothesized that chronic spironolactone treatment would improve cerebral artery structure in the SHRSP. Six-week-old male SHRSP were ...
Cosson Emmanuel - - 2007
In humans, increased body weight and arterial stiffness are significantly associated, independently of blood pressure (BP) level. The finding was never investigated in rodents devoid of metabolic disorders as spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Using simultaneous catheterization of proximal and distal aorta, we measured body weight, intra-arterial BP, heart rate and ...
Potenza Maria A - - 2007
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a bioactive polyphenol in green tea, may augment metabolic and vascular actions of insulin. Therefore, we investigated effects of EGCG treatment to simultaneously improve cardiovascular and metabolic function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; model of metabolic syndrome with hypertension, insulin resistance, and overweight). In acute studies, EGCG ...
Fialová M - - 2008
We hypothesized that hypertension-related myocardial remodeling characterized by hypertrophy and fibrosis might be accompanied by cell-to-cell gap junction alterations that may account for increased arrhythmogenesis. Intercellular junctions and expression of gap junction protein connexin-43 were analyzed in rat heart tissues from both spontaneous (SHR) and L-NAME model of hypertension. Isolated ...
Llorens Silvia - - 2007
We have assessed the NO system in the cardiovascular and renal systems of young, adult and old normotensive (WKY) and hypertensive rats (SHR). The NO pathway was assessed analytically, by measuring the concentration of nitrate in plasma as well as the activity of NO synthases in the left ventricle and ...
Yamakoshi Jun - - 2007
We investigated the mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of less-sodium soy sauce containing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). When SHRs were given a diet with less-sodium soy sauce containing GABA (GABA-rich soy sauce group) for 6 weeks, the systolic blood pressure decreased as compared with that in ...
Zhou Xiaoyan - - 2007
Hypertension plays major causative roles in development of cardiac failure and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Cardiac and renal involvements in hypertension and relevant pharmacological interventions have been extensively studied in our laboratories. Our findings demonstrated that aged spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) developed reduced coronary flow reserve, increased coronary vascular resistance ...
Du Jun-Rong - - 2007
Radix Angelica sinensis, known as Danggui in Chinese, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. Experimental evidence showed that the essential oil of Danggui could reduce blood pressure in rabbits, cats or hypertensive dogs when given intravenously. In this study, we investigated ...
Kopilas Melanie A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Consumption of high-glycemic index foods contributes to the development of hypertension in some patients. Likewise, in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), high sucrose promotes a secondary rise in systolic blood pressure (SBP). Chromium (III) (Cr(3+)) prevents sucrose-induced hypertension, but leaves the basal hypertension that characterizes SHR intact. METHODS: Since hypertension ...
Loot A E - - 2007
Semliki Forest virus (SFV) is an efficient vector for cardiac gene delivery. The relatively short transgene expression induced by SFV seems appropriate for angiogenic gene therapy. We tested the effects of SFV expressing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on cardiac angiogenesis and heart failure in the mRen2 transgenic rat.Six-week-old mRen2 ...
Demougeot Céline - - 2007
There is growing evidence that vascular arginase plays a role in pathophysiology of vascular diseases. We recently reported high arginase activity/expression in young adult hypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The aim of the present study was to characterize the time course of arginase pathway abnormalities in SHR and to explore ...
Sonalker, Prajakta Anilkumar
The dissertation is based on the concept that pathogenesis of essential hypertension involves the kidney. In this regard, renal sodium ion transporters, responsible for sodium reabsorption and fluid balance, may be important candidates in hypertension. Many lines of evidence indicate that the sympathetic nervous system, via renal nerves, plays an ...
Kolwicz Stephen C - - 2007
Beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) responsiveness is downregulated in left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy induced by chronic hypertension. While exercise training in hypertension enhances beta-AR responsiveness, the role of adenylyl cyclase remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to test whether treadmill running in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model improves ...
Ikeda Jun-ichi - - 2006
Chronic hypertension shifts cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation towards higher blood pressure. We examined whether or not benidipine, a long-lasting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (CCB), improves the CBF autoregulation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). CBF was analyzed by laser-Doppler flowmetry during stepwise hypotension by controlled bleeding. The lower limit of ...
Papparella Italia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular risk is increased among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy due to the development of hypertension and metabolic abnormalities. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term treatment with zidovudine (AZT) and vitamin C, alone and in combination, on blood pressure and on the chain of events linking ...
Salgado Helio C - - 2007
Baroreflex responses to changes in arterial pressure are impaired in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and regional vascular resistances were measured before and during electrical stimulation (5-90 Hz) of the left aortic depressor nerve (ADN) in conscious SHR and normotensive control rats (NCR). The ...
Wang Rui - - 2006
Treatment of established hypertension, especially for prolonged control of this pathogenic process, represents a great challenge. To upregulate the expression of heme oxygenase (HO) to lower blood pressure (BP) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), we administered hemin to 12-week-old adult SHRs through subcutaneously implanted osmotic minipumps for 3 consecutive weeks ...
Ojeda Norma B - - 2007
Our laboratory uses a model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induced by placental insufficiency in the rat to examine the developmental origins of adult disease. In this model only male IUGR offspring remain hypertensive in adulthood, revealing sex-specific differences. The purpose of this study was to determine whether testosterone with ...
Iliescu Radu - - 2007
Men have higher blood pressure than women, and androgens and oxidative stress have been implicated as playing roles in this sexual dimorphism. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is an animal model of both androgen- and oxidative stress-mediated hypertension. Therefore, the present studies were performed to test the hypothesis that androgens ...
Shamloul Rany - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is increased in prevalence in patients with arterial hypertension. Whether upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO) expression could improve penile erection has been unknown. AIMS: To correlate altered expression profiles of HO-1 and soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) in penile tissues with low intracavernosal pressure (ICP) in adult ...
Besík J - - 2007
Clinical and experimental studies have repeatedly indicated that overloaded hearts have a higher vulnerability to ischemia/reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to answer the question whether the degree of tolerance to oxygen deprivation in hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) may be sex-dependent. For this purpose, adult ...
Xie He-Hui - - 2006
Besides blood pressure, blood pressure variability and baroreflex sensitivity maybe important factors determining organ damage in hypertension. This study was designed to investigate the effects of various antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure and blood pressure variability reductions, baroreflex sensitivity, and target organ damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The dose ...
Tsai Yu-Hwai - - 2006
Vascular endothelin (ET)-1 is upregulated in several forms of salt-induced hypertension. It is unclear to what extent these effects are primary or secondary to endothelial damage. We hypothesized that a high-sodium diet (HNa) increases vascular ET-1 production independent of arterial blood pressure changes. We investigated the effect of chronic HNa ...
Jesmin Subrina - - 2006
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been implicated in hypertension, heart failure, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary hypertension. In all these conditions, plasma immunoreactive ET-1 levels are elevated, and tissue ET-1 expression is increased. Clinical trials have demonstrated potentially important benefits of ET antagonism among patients with essential hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and heart failure. It ...
Louhelainen Marjut - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporine (CsA) has significantly improved long-term survival after organ transplantations. Hypertension and nephrotoxicity are common side effects during CsA treatment and are aggravated by high salt intake. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether lipoic acid (LA), a natural antioxidant that scavenges reactive oxygen species and regenerates/recycles endogenous antioxidants, could prevent CsA-induced ...
Renna Brian F - - 2006
PURPOSE: We tested how hypertension-induced compensated hypertrophy, both alone and coupled with exercise training, affects left ventricular (LV) Ca(2+) responsiveness during acidosis. METHODS: Four-month-old female, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) (N = 23) were assigned to a sedentary (SHR-SED) or treadmill-trained (SHR-TRD) group (60% VO(2peak), 5 d.wk(-1), 6 months), while Wistar-Kyoto ...
Triantafyllidi Helen - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of central alpha2B adrenoceptors (AR) in the maintenance of hypertension has been proven by a series of previous experiments, at least in a particular model of nephrogenic salt-induced hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate further the role of central alpha2B AR in hypertension ...
Izzard Ashley S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the current study were to examine the structural properties of middle cerebral arteries (MCA) from young (5-7 weeks) and adult (20-24 weeks) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), compared with age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) control rats. DESIGN: MCA segments (8-10 per group) were secured onto glass pipettes in a ...
Zhang Jing - - 2006
Because apelin may play an important regulatory role in human cardiac dysfunction, we investigated alterations in cardiovascular content of apelin and its receptor, APJ, during hypertension and the effect of exercise training on the cardiovascular apelin/APJ system in hypertensive animals. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) underwent swimming training consisting of 54 ...
Lo Wan-Chen - - 2006
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been identified as an endogenous biological messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the metabolism of heme to CO and biliverdin. Previously, we have shown the involvement of CO in central cardiovascular regulation, baroreflex modulation, and glutaminergic neuro-transmission in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of ...
González José M - - 2006
Resistance artery narrowing and stiffening are key elements in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension, but their origin is not completely understood. In mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we have shown that inward remodeling is associated with abnormal elastic fiber organization, leading to smaller fenestrae in the ...
Jing Li - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) was involved in changes of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) under hypertension. METHODS: Two-kidney one clip Wistar hypertensive rats (WHR) were sacrificed and their right kidneys were harvested 4 weeks after surgery. The spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were divided into 4, 8, ...
Jin Xian - - 2006
Although cardiac hypertrophy in hypertension has been well recognized, the molecular mechanisms for the development of hypertrophy are still largely unknown. In this study, the protein expression profiles of left ventricular myocardia in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats at different ages were analyzed using 2-DE in combination ...
Zanfolin Marcos - - 2006
This study evaluated the effects of BAY 41-2272 (BAY), a specific activator of sGC NO-independent action on changes of mean arterial blood pressure, heart and left ventricle weight indexes, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy (Vv) and fibrosis area induced by chronic N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) treatment in rats. The animals were divided into ...
Chen Rong-Fang - - 2006
Using two-kidney one-clip renal hypertensive (2K1C group), stress-induced hypertensive (neural group), DOCA-salt treated hypertensive (DOCA group) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR group), to investigate the change in AT(1A)-receptor autoantibodies (AT(1A)-AAs) during the development of the four types of hypertension. The biological activities of AT(1A)-AAs were examined. It was shown that ...
Sasaki Youhei - - 2006
It has been suggested that intracerebroventricular injection of hypertonic saline mimics the effects of a high salt diet in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), a genetic model of hypertension. Intracerebroventricular injection of hypertonic saline produces an increase in blood pressure and the pressor response to hypertonic saline is enhanced in adult ...
Oddo Elisabet M - - 2006
It has been suggested that an abnormal activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-gonadal axis may be implicated in the pathogenesis of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) blood pressure hypertension. However, it is widely known that the kallikrein-kinin system plays a role in blood pressure regulation in this strain, because an inverse relation between ...
Berni Roberta - - 2006
Cardiac hypertrophy induces morpho-functional myocardial alterations favoring arrhythmogenesis, especially under specific conditions such as sympathetic stimulation. We analyzed whether the dopaminergic agent CHF-1024, given its effect in decreasing adrenergic drive and collagen deposition in hypertrophied hearts, can also reduce arrhythmia vulnerability. Eighty-one male Wistar rats with intrarenal aortic coarctation and ...
Chao P T - - 2006
Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is a popular method for monitoring the microcirculation, but it does not provide absolute measurements. Instead, the mean flux response or energy distribution in the frequency domain is generally compared before and after stimulus. Using the heartbeat as a trigger, we investigated whether the relation between ...
Hannan Johanna L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We previously demonstrated that brief, aggressive antihypertensive therapy recovered erectile function in 40-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The present study examined the impact of antihypertensive and testosterone treatments on erectile function in aging SHR. DESIGN AND METHODS: Centrally initiated erections were determined in response to apomorphine throughout. At 30 ...
Ibrahim Jamila - - 2006
We determined the validity of systolic blood pressure (SBP) measured by tail-cuff blood pressure (TCBP) with direct intra-arterial measurements. In conscious, restrained Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), carotid artery (CA) BP and TCBP were simultaneously measured. In both WKY and SHR strains, highly significant correlations between CABP and ...
Di Nicolantonio Robert - - 2006
1. To determine the relative roles of the prenatal and postnatal (preweaning) environment on the development of blood pressure and growth rate in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) of the Okamoto strain, we used combined embryo transfer and cross-fostering techniques between SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats to produce offspring ...
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