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Morton J J - - 1990
1. Cardiovascular reactivity, blood vessel morphology, blood pressure and the activity of the renin-angiotensin system were determined in the 3-week-old spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and outbred Wistar (WIS) rat. 2. In an isolated perfused mesenteric artery preparation the SHR had a significantly increased maximum response to KCl and noradrenaline ...
Roman R J - - 1990
The concept that the kidney plays a major role in the long-term control of arterial pressure is based on the pressure-natriuretic response. According to this hypothesis, hypertension can only develop when the relationship between sodium excretion and arterial pressure is altered. Transplantation studies have indicated that some form of renal ...
Sawamura I - - 1990
In order to obtain fundamental information about the developmental mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis in chronic hypertension, the hearts of male spontaneously hypertensive rats of the stroke-prone strain (SHRSP) and Wistar rats of the Kyoto strain (WKY) were histologically and histometrically examined. Fibrosis was a prominent histological feature of the hearts ...
Wong P C - - 1990
The angiotensin II (AII) specific monoclonal antibody KAA8--a selective functional AII antagonist and a hypotensive agent in high renin hypertensive rats--did not lower blood pressure in conscious normotensive rats (NRs) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). The non-peptide AII receptor antagonist DuP 753 decreased blood pressure significantly in SHRs but not ...
Ely D L - - 1990
The objective of our study was to determine the genetic influence on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats using genetic crosses. Blood pressure was measured by tail sphygmomanometry from 8 to 20 weeks of age. Blood pressure was significantly higher from 12 to 20 ...
Bhaskar M - - 1990
The chronic treatment of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with 7,8-dimethyl-10-(3-chlorobenzyl) isoalloxazine [CBI], 7,8-diethyl-10-aminol isoalloxazine [DEAI], enduron (methyclothiazide) and amiloride were studied for their effects on blood pressure and cardiac contractile protein ATPase activities. After 35 weeks of treatment all the above antihypertensive agents showed a decrease in blood pressure in ...
Daniels F H - - 1990
The steady-state behavior of the tubuloglomerular feedback system has been studied in detail, but little is known about its dynamics. However, kinetic data can provide insight regarding the contribution of feedback to autoregulatory responses. Accordingly, experiments were conducted in anesthetized, euvolemic, spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats to ...
Maher T J - - 1990
The use of intravascular tyrosine (TYR) to enhance catecholamine release in hemorrhagic shock and other cardiovascular diseases, or as a constituent of nutrient mixtures used for total parenteral nutrition, is limited by the unusually poor solubility of the amino acid in water. We have thus examined the ability of various ...
le Noble J L - - 1990
Increased vascular resistance in spontaneous hypertension has been attributed to a reduced arteriolar lumen and a decrease in the number of arterioles and capillaries. In the present study, microvascular mechanisms for increased resistance were investigated in the cremaster muscle of 5-6-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) ...
Neuser D - - 1990
The influence of long-term treatment with parathyroid hormone (PTH) on blood pressure (BP) development in stroke prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR/SP) was investigated. Acute i.v. administration of PTH decreased BP dose dependently. Long-term treatment of SHR/SP with 300 IU PTH s.c. per day clearly attenuated the BP increase. Treatment with ...
Knardahl S - - 1990
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibits increased cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to environmental stress and behavioral hyperactivity relative to the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY). This study sought to determine whether enhanced CVR to stress in the SHR is related to hypertension or to behavioral hyperactivity. By breeding SHR with WKY, followed by ...
Levere R D - - 1990
Cytochrome P450 content and activities are increased in the kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as compared with those of normotensive, Wistar-Kyoto (WKY), control rats during the period of rapid elevation of blood pressure. We studied the effect of heme arginate, a potent inducer of heme oxygenase (EC 1.14.99.3), on ...
Richer C - - 1990
1. The interactions between two K+ channel openers, cromakalim and SR 44866 (infused i.v. at equihypotensive doses), and the sympathetic nervous system at the systemic and regional (mesentery, kidney, hindlimb) vascular levels were investigated in the pithed spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) by use of the pulsed Doppler technique. 2. The ...
Penney D G - - 1990
Studies were carried out to examine the relationship between blood pressure lowering using the Ca2+ channel blocker verapamil, and regression of ventricular hypertrophy, in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Untreated male SHR showed rapidly developing hypertension (systolic pressure 194 +/- 2 mm Hg, 109 days of age) and moderate ventricular ...
Morano I - - 1990
Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats were used for our investigation of the influence of prepubertal gonadectomy and testosterone substitution on blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, and the expression of ventricular myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoenzymes at different developmental stages. Blood pressure and the degree of cardiac hypertrophy were decreased by castration and ...
Dreteler G H - - 1990
The cardiovascular response to flesinoxan and 8-OH-DPAT (8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino)tetralin), 5-HT1A receptor agonists, has been investigated in anaesthetized Wistar rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in conscious SHR. Flesinoxan and 8-OH-DPAT potently lowered blood pressure and heart rate in these models. In conscious SHR, atropine reversed the bradycardia induced by flesinoxan ...
Kubo T - - 1990
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) maintained a higher blood pressure level at and after 8 weeks old than the genetical control Wistar-Kyoto strain (WKY). At 10 weeks old, the turnover rate of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was lower in the hypothalamus of SHR than of WKY. Following portacaval anastomosis (PCA) in SHR, ...
Werber A H - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in pial venous pressure during acute hypertension account for altered acute hypertensive disruption of the blood-brain barrier in chronic hypertension. We studied 13 normotensive WKY rats, 7 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and 9 two-kidney, one-clip renal hypertensive rats of the ...
Munakata M - - 1990
Evolution of circadian rhythm of blood pressure with age in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was compared with that in male Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Three different age groups (5-6 week old, 19-22 week old, 29-31 week old) were provided for each strain. Chronogram and cosinor method were used for ...
Hieble J P - - 1990
SK&F 104078 is a novel alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist derived from the 3-benzazepine alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist SK&F 86466. SK&F 104078 will block both alpha 1- and vascular postjunctional alpha 2-adrenoceptors but does not block most prejunctional alpha 2-adrenoceptors. Intravenous (i.v.) administration of SK&F 104078 decreased blood pressure (BP) in both spontaneously hypertensive ...
Kurtz T W - - 1990
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibits alterations in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system which are similar to those that characterize patients with "nonmodulating" hypertension, a common and highly heritable form of essential hypertension. Accordingly, we determined whether the inheritance of a DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) marking the renin gene of ...
Porter J P - - 1990
Recent reports suggest that centrally induced increases in sympathetic outflow to the kidney have the potential to enhance the sensitivity of pressure-dependent renin release. In the present study, the possibility was investigated that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), which are thought to have increased tonic sympathetic outflow to the kidney, exhibit ...
Lefer D J - - 1990
Intrinsic rhythmic changes in the diameter of pial cerebral arterioles (30-70 microns) in anesthetized normotensive and hypertensive rats were assessed in vivo to determine if any significant differences exist between the two strains. All diameter measurements were analyzed using a traditional graphic analysis technique and a new frequency spectrum analysis ...
Tomanek R J - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the compensatory nature of left ventricular hypertrophy in models of normal and increased peripheral resistance. DESIGN: Peak left ventricular performance was compared in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, in a subset of this strain with biventricular hypertrophy associated with volume ...
Paciorek P M - - 1990
The present study compares the effects of Ro 31-6930, a novel potassium channel opener, with those of cromakalim and nitrendipine on blood pressure and other haemodynamic parameters. In conscious, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) the oral dose of Ro 31-6930 for lowering blood pressure was 10 times lower than that of ...
Ando K - - 1990
Systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of intravenously injected calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), 220 and 650 pmol, were compared in nine Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and nine spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). CGRP (higher dose) reduced mean arterial pressure (from 135 +/- 2 to 83 +/- 2 and from 179 +/- 4 to 116 ...
Kobayashi H - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE - The aim of the study was to examine the effects of antihypertensive drugs on heart and resistance vessels to see whether regression of peripheral vascular hypertrophy accompanies reduction in cardiac mass. DESIGN - Matched groups of spontaneously hypertensive and control rats were treated for 12 weeks with ...
Thomas G R - - 1990
To identify those vascular beds that contribute to the elevated peripheral resistance (TPR) seen in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as compared to Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), the distribution of cardiac output, organ blood flow, and regional vascular resistance were measured using radiolabelled microspheres. WKY and SHR had similar heart rates, cardiac ...
Levy B I - - 1990
An experimental model of in situ isolated carotid arteries has been used to evaluate the static mechanical properties of the arterial wall in 12-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The effects of endothelium removal and of local incubation with the converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril (ICI Pharma 209000) ...
Smith J K - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to compare the responsiveness of the rostral and caudal ventrolateral medulla in spontaneously hypertensive (SH) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats to microinjection of L-glutamate, and to estimate tonic output of these areas by microinjecting the neurotoxin tetrodotoxin. Rats were anesthetized with 1.25 g/kg urethane ...
Tuttle R S - - 1990
Recent reports indicate that cyclooxygenase inhibitors such as aspirin may facilitate the release of interleukin-2 from thymic T cells. We have previously reported that aspirin has antihypertensive effects in the standard animal model of essential hypertension, the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Because the SHR has been reported to be deficient ...
Leenen F H - - 1990
The effects of dietary sodium restriction on the maintenance of blood pressure (BP) by sympathetic tone were evaluated in young versus more mature spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Sympathetic activity was assessed by BP responses to alpha 1-receptor blockade (prazosin), central inhibition of sympathetic outflow (clonidine), and ...
Trachtman H - - 1990
Since hypertension may compromise the ability to withstand hypernatremic dehydration, we investigated the impact of two experimental models of hypertension and pharmacologic normalization of blood pressure on the tolerance to chronic hypernatremic dehydration. In DOCA-salt hypertensive animals and the spontaneously-hypertensive rat (SHR), there was increased mortality and cerebral cell shrinkage ...
Rohde E - - 1990
Heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and left ventricular pressure were continuously measured in volume overload experiments with SHR and WKY rats. The index for contractility dp/dtmax was determined. The initial data and the changes during overload are tabulated and compared between the strains. Overload led to a marked ...
Pörsti I - - 1990
The effects of calcium and deoxycorticosterone (DOC) on blood pressure, plasma renin activity (PRA), urinary sodium excretion and aortic responses were studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The animals (age 9 weeks) were divided into four treatment groups: control, calcium, DOC and DOC+calcium (n = 12 and the mean systolic ...
Gradin K K Department of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, - - 1990
Young (7 weeks) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were kept on food-restriction (33%) during 4 weeks with (0.3% saline as drinking water) or without sodium supplementation. Body weight and indirect systolic blood pressure (tail plethysmography) were followed each weak. During the last week of the intervention period 24 hour excretions of ...
Mozaffari M S - - 1990
This study tests the hypothesis that dietary NaCl loading increases cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Na+ concentration in NaCl-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-S), resulting in an increase in arterial pressure. The high NaCl diet caused a significant rise in systolic arterial pressure in SHR-S but not in normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. ...
Iriuchijima J - - 1990
In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive control rats (NCR), hindquarter flow was observed in the conscious state with an electromagnetic flow probe chronically implanted around the terminal aorta. Arterial pressure was recorded with an indwelling catheter in the common carotid. When arginine vasopressin was infused intravenously at a rate ...
Brändle M - - 1990
The aim of the present study was to investigate the chronic effects of a dietetic antihypertensive treatment on blood pressure, ventricular dynamics and geometry of the pressure loaded heart. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SRH) received a standard diet enriched with 10% mackerel oil, containing 30% polyunsaturated Q-3 fatty acids, over a ...
Meldrum M J - - 1990
Potassium supplementation has been shown to decrease blood pressure in human and animal models of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine if potassium supplementation altered sympathetic nerve activity by altering 3H-norepinephrine release in caudal artery preparations of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Supplementation ...
Westfall T C - - 1990
1. The effect of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on cardiovascular function at three levels of the noradrenergic axis where the peptide is known to co-exist with noradrenaline (NA) and or adrenaline (A) was studied in normotensive Sprague-Dawley (SD), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). 2. In the perfused mesenteric arterial ...
Trachtman H - - 1989
Taurine, a sulfur aminoacid, has been studied for a role in blood pressure regulation since it functions as a generalized inhibitory neurotransmitter and is found in high concentrations in the myocardium. We reinvestigated the magnitude of the hypotensive effect of chronic taurine administration to the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and ...
Habeck J O - - 1989
Overactivity of the carotid body chemoreceptors along with the enlargement of chemoreceptor tissue were found in spontaneously hypertensive rats of Okamoto-Aoki strain (SHR). The purpose of the present study was to answer the question whether the aortic bodies were also enlarged in SHR. However, because aortic bodies, unlike carotid ones, ...
Ieki K - - 1989
Recent studies suggest that beta-blocker treatment may attenuate cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), but the effect of this therapy on the reconstitution of the intracellular constituents in the heart that occurs during the development of cardiac hypertrophy has not been examined. In this ...
Black M J - - 1989
The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril was used to examine the effects of inhibition, regression and redevelopment of hypertension on the ploidy of aortic smooth muscle cells in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The incidence of polyploidy cells, as determined by flow cytometric DNA analysis, directly paralleled changes in systolic ...
Hayashi K - - 1989
The capacity of small arteries to respond to increased intravascular pressure may be altered in hypertension. In the kidney, hypertension is associated with a compensatory shift in the autoregulatory response to pressure. To directly determine the effects of established hypertension on the renal microvascular response to changes of perfusion pressure, ...
Pang P K - - 1989
The parathyroid gland has been causally associated with some forms of hypertension, yet parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been shown to possess hypotensive properties. Recently, we described the presence of a circulating hypertensive factor in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) plasma, the expression of which is associated with a novel cell type ...
Thornton R M - - 1989
Abnormal baroreceptor reflex function that antedates or is a consequence of NaCl loading could contribute to the NaCl-induced exacerbation of hypertension in NaCl-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-S). The current study tested the hypothesis that an impairment in cardiopulmonary baroreceptor reflex function exists in SHR-S before NaCl loading. The reflex response ...
Kozłowska T - - 1989
Chronic hypertension causes the lower and upper limits of CBF autoregulation to reset to higher blood pressure levels. In the present study we examined whether the theophylline derivative P-23, which had lowered blood pressure in SHR, would influence CBF autoregulation. P-23 (10 mg/kg po) was administered once daily for 4 ...
Khraibi A A - - 1989
The objective of these experiments was to study pressure natriuresis in the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) during acute bilateral renal decapsulation, a maneuver that partially blocks the increase in renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP). In control WKY rats (n = 7), at renal perfusion pressure (RPP) ...
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