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Menezes Priscila Fernanda Campos PF Instituto de Física de São Carlos (IFSC), University of São Paulo (USP) , São Carlos - SP, Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The goal of this study is to demonstrate an alternative procedure to perform topical photodynamic therapy (PDT). Here, we propose the combined use of negative pressure and a 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) cream occlusion to increase protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) formation. Background data: PDT using topical 5-ALA as a prodrug ...
Loehrer Marco M Department of Plant Physiology, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056, Aachen, - - 2014
Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) causes a devastating disease in soybean (Glycine max). We tested the hypothesis that the fungus generates high turgor pressure in its hyaline appressoria to mechanically pierce epidermal cells. Turgor pressure was determined by a microscopic technique, called transmitted light double-beam interference Mach-Zehnder microscopy (MZM), which ...
Ahmed Jasim J Food & Nutrition Program, Kuwait institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat, 13109 Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effects of high-pressure (HP) treatment on the rheological, thermal and dielectric properties of the four selected starch dispersions (two modified starches, one native and one resistant) were evaluated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and oscillatory rheometry were employed to assess the extent of starch gelatinization and the developed gel rigidity (G') ...
Tatarnic Nikolai J - - 2013
Traumatic insemination is a bizarre form of mating practiced by some invertebrates in which males use hypodermic genitalia to penetrate their partner's body wall during copulation, frequently bypassing the female genital tract and ejaculating into their blood system. The requirements for traumatic insemination to evolve are stringent, yet surprisingly it ...
Lee Yongmoon - - 2013
CO2 insertion under pressure: In silver-exchanged natrolite, a low and technically achievable onset pressure-induced hydration has been established at 0.4 GPa accompanied by an approximately 5 % expansion in the unit-cell volume. This unique property has been utilized to trap CO2 under pressure in nominally non-penetrating natrolite pores.
Howald L - - 2013
In the tetragonal heavy fermion system CeCoIn_{5} the unconventional superconducting state is probed by means of muon spin rotation. The pressure dependence (0-1 GPa) of the basal-plane magnetic penetration depth (λ_{a}), the penetration depth anisotropy (γ=λ_{c}/λ_{a}) and the temperature dependence of 1/λ_{i}^{2} (i=a, c) were studied in single crystals. A strong ...
Re Richard N - - 2013
We previously identified the binding of the chaperone protein gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (GABARAP) to a sequence on the carboxy-terminus of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor (AT1R) and showed that this binding enhances AT1R trafficking to the cell surface as well as angiotensin signaling. In this study, we treated sodium-depleted ...
Tsubaki Atsuhiro - - 2013
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is widely used to measure human brain activation on the basis of cerebral hemodynamic response. However, a limitation of NIRS is that systemic changes influence the measured signals. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between NIRS signals and blood pressure during the Valsalva ...
Efimchenko Vadim S - - 2012
The solubility of hydrogen in amorphous silica at a temperature of 250°C and pressures up to 75 kbar is studied using a quenching technique. The molar ratio H2/SiO2 is found to linearly increase with pressure from X=0.16 at P=6 kbar to X=0.53 at P=75 kbar. An investigation of a sample ...
Shigemori K - - 2012
Developments in measuring sound velocity of matter under ultrahigh pressure are described. We employed a time-resolved x-ray shadowgraph technique to measure the sound velocity of shock-compressed diamond and iron foils at around melt. The sound velocity significantly dropped at melting, a behavior that has been difficult to clarify by conventional ...
Myers Martin G - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines have traditionally recommended manual blood pressure (BP) measurement in the office setting as the standard method for diagnosing hypertension. In reality, manual BP in routine clinical practice is relatively inaccurate, over-diagnoses hypertension by provoking office-induced increases in BP and correlates poorly with both the awake ambulatory BP ...
Chatzistamatiou Evangelos I - - 2012
We investigated the correlation between systolic and diastolic nocturnal blood pressure (BP) values and office BP values, as well as parameters of 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring, in patients with hypertension. In addition, we compared nocturnal hypertensives with nocturnal normotensives regarding their demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics, as well as other ...
Nong-Libend C - - 2012
This study investigated the concordance between office-based blood pressure (BP) readings and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) in 51consenting type 2 diabetes patients (25males) in Cameroon with hypertension who had been receiving stable treatment for at least 3months. The prevalence of optimal BP control was 63% based on office measurements and ...
Silverdal Jonas - - 2012
Hypertension is a major risk factor for vascular disease, yet blood pressure (BP) control is unsatisfactory low, partly due to side-effects. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is well tolerated and studies have demonstrated BP reduction. In this study, we compared the BP lowering effect of 2.5 mg felodipin once daily ...
Doumas Michael - - 2012
Recent technologic advances rekindled interventional management of resistant hypertension, either by carotid baroreceptor activation or renal sympathetic denervation. Interventional techniques result in impressive falls in office blood pressure (BP); however, ambulatory BP reductions are rather modest. This disparity between office and ambulatory BP reductions is observed with antihypertensive drugs, but ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2012
We describe the first two cases in Greece of catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) by means of radiofrequency ablation. The procedure was performed on middle-aged men with long-standing resistant hypertension (office blood pressure, BP 195/115 mmHg and ambulatory BP 190/110 mmHg; office BP 170/95 mmHg and ambulatory BP 151/87 mmHg) ...
Myers Martin G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the WatchBP Office sphygmomanometer can be used to obtain automated office blood pressure (AOBP) readings that are similar to the awake ambulatory BP. METHODS: One hundred patients referred for 24 h ambulatory BP monitoring had BP recorded three times using the WatchBP Office fully automated sphygmomanometer ...
Bliziotis Ioannis A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Studies have shown that ambulatory blood pressure (BP) is more closely related to preclinical target organ damage than office measurements. A review and meta-analysis of studies investigating the association of home BP measurements with target organ damage was performed. METHODS:: A PubMed and Cochrane Library search (1950-2011) revealed 23 ...
Baguet Jean-Philippe - - 2012
Hypertension is an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Traditionally, hypertension diagnosis and treatment and clinical evaluations of antihypertensive efficacy have been based on office blood pressure (BP) measurements; however, there is increasing evidence that office measures ...
Nishida Kotaro - - 2012
A procedure using an interspinous process spacer (IPS) was recently developed for the treatment of posture-dependent lumbar spinal-canal stenosis (LSS) patients. We developed a novel IPS which can be inserted with simpler procedures and removed percutaneously. The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the feasibility and safety of ...
Yi Jun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The validation of sphygmomanometer is important in accurate blood pressure measurement. This study presents the validation results by the Medipro MediCare 100f upper arm blood pressure monitor according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol (ESH-IP) revision 2010. METHODS: The ESH-IP revision 2010 for the validation of blood ...
Urasaki Masaya - - 2011
Aim. To investigate the characteristics of elderly Japanese people sitting in a wheelchair using pressure mapping and an objective method to classify sitting patterns. Method. This descriptive observational study was conducted in a senior care facility and a geriatric hospital, with 107 elderly subjects (37 group A (house-bound), 34 group B (chair-bound) ...
Cowan Tracy - - 2011
As part of the quality agenda introduced in the UK by the Department of Health, practitioners will need to measure their performance against set benchmarks, one of which is the prevention of all avoidable hospital-acquired pressure ulcers. This means that they will have to show that they are monitoring pressure ...
Fukutomi Motoki - - 2010
Aging is known to be a dominant risk factor in the progression of hypertension. Thus, accompanied by an increasing mean age of the population in developed countries, prevention and management of hypertension in the elderly is a task of pressing urgency. Age-associated blood pressure elevation is a result of the ...
Smithburger Pamela L - - 2010
Clinical practice varies regarding the choice of agent to treat hypertensive emergencies. With the development of national guidelines, a standardized pharmacotherapeutic approach would be recommended on the basis of evidence in the published literature. Such an approach might decrease the variability among practitioners and institutions in the treatment of hypertensive ...
Malhotra Rahul - - 2010
A comprehensive picture of the management of hypertension in the increasing elderly population in Singapore is lacking. In this study, we assess the prevalence and correlates of hypertension and of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among 4494 elderly Singaporeans (≥60 years) participating in a recent representative survey. The weighted ...
Hayashi Koichi - - 2010
This study evaluated the impact of renal function on cardiovascular outcomes in elderly hypertensive patients enrolled in the Japanese Trial to Assess Optimal Systolic Blood Pressure in Elderly Hypertensive patients. The patients were randomly assigned to either a strict-treatment group (target systolic blood pressure (BP) <140 mm Hg, n=2212) or a mild-treatment ...
Zhao Yong-Hua - - 2010
To observe the effect of Yinian Jiangya Yin (Decoction for lowering blood pressure to prolong life) on patients with early hypertension and its mechanism on the function of vascular endotheliocytes. The 79 patients with early primary hypertension belonging to the TCM syndrome of stagnation of phlegm and blood stasis in ...
AlGhatrif Majd - - 2011
To describe trends in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among older Mexican Americans living in the Southwestern United States from 1993-1994 to 2004-2005. This study is a comparison between two separate cross-sectional cohorts of non-institutionalized Mexican Americans 75 years of age or older from the Hispanic Established Population for ...
Cavaco Afonso Neves - - 2010
To characterize the communication ritual in the pharmacist-customer dyad during a blood pressure measurement and counselling episode. A Portuguese urban community pharmacy. An exploratory, cross-sectional design was used. Participants were purposively selected and data collected via audio recording, as well as demographics and clinical information via questionnaire. Encounters' verbal content ...
van Hateren Kornelis J J - - 2010
to investigate the relationship between blood pressure over time and mortality in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). prospective observational cohort study. primary care, Zwolle, The Netherlands. patients with T2DM aged 60 years and older (n = 881). The cohort was divided into two age categories: 60-75 years ...
Fischer Michael J - - 2010
As the population of the United States ages, the prevalence of age-related chronic conditions such as hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) will also increase. Available studies in nationally representative samples and select outpatient populations indicate that hypertension is very common in older adults with CKD, and despite the use ...
Dumurgier Julien - - 2010
The brain is one of the main targets of hypertension. However, little is known about the relation between hypertension and motor performances. We studied the association between hypertension and walking speed in a cohort of elderly people. Analyses are based on participants (65-85 years) from the Dijon (France) center of ...
Motta Massimo - - 2011
Elderly neoplastic patients frequently may show hypertension and hyperuricemia, before and after chemotherapeutic treatments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of losartan which is an antihypertensive drug with uricosuric properties vs. amlodipine in hypertensive neoplastic elderly patients. This was an open-labeled, randomized, comparative trial. The study ...
Gąsowski Jerzy - - 2010
Populations, the world over, age. Prevalence of hypertension increases with advancing age. Despite the advances over the past 30 years, there are still unresolved issues regarding antihypertensive therapy in the elderly. The present review discusses the available evidence supporting treatment of hypertension in the elderly. In the 1980s and 1990s, ...
Nagata Riya - - 2010
We evaluated the effects of olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in elderly and hypertensive subjects. Ten subjects with first- or second-degree essential hypertension (mean age, 70.5 years) underwent brain single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) scanning with (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimer before and after a 24-week ...
Triantafyllou Areti - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a major public health problem and its prevalence increases with age. Despite an aging population, only a limited number of population-based studies, and fewer Greek studies, have focused exclusively on the elderly. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of ...
Cherubini Antonio - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease is the most prevalent and common form of cognitive impairment, ie, dementia, in the elderly followed in second place by vascular dementia due to the microangiopathy associated with poorly-controlled hypertension. Besides blood pressure elevation, advancing age is the strongest risk factor for dementia. Deterioration of intellectual function and ...
Kessler Chad S - - 2010
Poorly controlled hypertension is a common finding in the outpatient setting. When patients present with severely elevated blood pressure (i.e., systolic blood pressure of 180 mm Hg or greater, or diastolic blood pressure of 110 mm Hg or greater), physicians need to differentiate hypertensive emergency from severely elevated blood pressure ...
Luckson Manju - - 2010
This article provides an overview of the blood pressure (BP) in elderly, how it is assessed and its management. It explains the need of multiple BP measurements as well as the standing measurement and use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for assessing blood pressure in elderly. Some years ago elderly ...
Aksoy Sukru - - 2010
Hypertensive emergency refers to a severe hypertension (HT) that is associated with new or progressive end-organ damage. In these clinical situations, blood pressure (BP) should be reduced immediately to prevent or minimize organ dysfunction. The present study evaluated the diagnostic value of two electrocardiographic indices in detecting patients, who are ...
Sánchez-Rodríguez Martha A - - 2010
AIM: To determine the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and oxidative stress (OxS) in elderly community-dwelling Mexicans. METHODS: We carried out a comparative cross-sectional study on 113 elderly subjects (> or =60 years old); 50 of them did not have MetS and 63 did have MetS (based on Adult ...
Hewson David J - - 2010
Falls are a leading cause of death in the elderly. One of the most common methods of predicting falls is to evaluate balance using force plate measurement of the Centre of Pressure (COP) displacement. This signal, known as a stabilogram, can be decomposed into movement in anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral ...
Kimura Toshiaki - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine seasonal blood pressure variation and its relationship to environmental temperature in healthy elderly Japanese, as studied by home measurements. Fifteen healthy elderly Japanese (79.3 +/- 5.9 yrs) measured their blood pressure at home each morning for more than 25 times per ...
Takeshita Masako - - 2010
The salt intake of the Japanese is among the highest in the world, leading to a high prevalence of salt-sensitive hypertension. To prevent this, salt restriction, suppression of the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and natriuresis are important. Therefore, the use of a combination of an angiotensin II receptor blocker and thiazide diuretics ...
Tamura Fumiyo - - 2009
In this study the relationship between the functional vertical labial pressure and aging during ingestion in the elderly is examined. The subjects were 84 community-dwelling elderly (mean: 79.4 years old), 109 elderly needing long term care (mean: 81.3 years old), and 59 healthy young adults (mean: 32.0 years old) as ...
Garc?a Santos Jos? M - - 2010
Hypertension is associated with cognitive decline in elderly persons. We studied asymptomatic hypertensive subjects using brain magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy to evaluate metabolite impairments before the appearance of symptoms in patients with different treatment outcomes. In all, 14 healthy controls and 37 asymptomatic hypertensive patients (17 controlled and 20 resistant) ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2009
Hypertension is prevalent and remains an important risk factor in elderly and very elderly. Randomized controlled outcome trials have shown benefit of antihypertensive treatment in patients with systolic diastolic hypertension and in patients with isolated systolic hypertension, aged 60 years and over. More recently benefit has also been shown in ...
Langan Robert C - - 2009
Treat systolic hypertension in the elderly to reduce their risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Don't shy away from treating the very old. Hypertension treatment is beneficial even in patients who are 80 years of age or older. Don't prescribe an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and an angiotensin receptor blocker for ...
Peters Ruth - - 2009
A wealth of longitudinal epidemiologic evidence links high blood pressure or hypertension to cognitive decline and incident dementia. Some (but not all) studies have suggested that antihypertensive treatment is beneficial, reducing risk of decline and dementia. There are plausible mechanisms to support the possibility that hypertension may increase the risk ...
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