Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 776
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Torrisi G - - 1999
This case-control study was aimed at evaluating the distribution of some echocardiographic signs of cardiac organ damages in elderly patients with white coat hypertension (WCH), as compared with a normotensive group of elderly. Correlations between the signs of cardiac organ damages and the clinical and ambulatory blood pressure parameters (obtained ...
Mahajan A - - 1999
Different processing treatments were applied to rapeseed and sesame seed meals, and the functional properties of these products were assessed. All treatments except puffing for both meals and pressure cooking in sesame meal increased water absorption capacity (WAC). Fat absorption capacity (FAC) of rapeseed meals was enhanced significantly by all ...
Khanna J M - - 1999
Azelnidipine (CS-905) is a long-acting, once-daily, orally-administered calcium channel antagonist which is being jointly developed by Sankyo and UBE. An NDA for the treatment of hypertension was filed in Japan in July 1997 [314648,271372,312610]. In a clinical trial presented at the European Meeting on Hypertension in 1995, azelnidipine decreased systolic ...
Fagard R H - - 1999
The Syst-Eur study investigated whether active antihypertensive treatment could reduce cardiovascular complications in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Patients (> or = 60 years) were randomly assigned to active treatment (n = 2398), i.e. nitrendipine, with the possible addition of enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide, or matching placebos (n= 2297). In ...
Starr J M - - 1999
Elevated blood pressure is associated with cognitive decline in elderly people. Classically, hypertension was thought to lead to end-organ damage of the brain manifested by neuropsychological deficits. This review examines recent evidence for this hypothesis and also considers other possible causal mechanisms for the observed relationship between blood pressure and ...
Batavia M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of circumferential wrist pressure on reproduction accuracy of wrist placement in healthy young and elderly adults. A convenience sample of 20 young adults having a mean age of 22.9 years and 20 elderly adults with a mean age of ...
Moorthy S N - - 1999
Dioscorea alata and Dioscorea rotundata starches were subjected to steam pressure treatments (0.35, 0.7, and 1.05 kg cm(-)(2)) for different periods. The total amylose content in the treated starches was not significantly affected, but the soluble amylose content decreased 3-5-fold. Reducing values and lambda(max) of the iodine complexes were unaffected. ...
Muneta S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The effects of a new dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, benidipine hydrochloride, on 24-hour blood pressure and blood pressure response to mental arithmetic test were investigated. SUBJECTS: Ten elderly patients with essential hypertension (mean age: 65+/-4 years; 7 male and 3 female). METHOD: After a control period of 4 weeks, 4 ...
Brand H S - - 1999
Changes in mean heart rate and in mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure are induced by both the patient's anticipation of scheduled treatment and the actual dental treatment. Most of these changes are within the normal physiological variations, but significant changes are observed before administration of a local anaesthetic, during ...
Kuschnir E - - 1999
The evaluation of haemodynamic patterns in hypertensive patients by radionuclide techniques and a tomographic gamma camera has revealed differences between older and younger patients. In younger hypertensive patients, the hyperkinetic state is reflected in an increase in heart rate and, consequently, an increased cardiac index and left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Perticone F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether middle (two months) and long-term (six months) isradipine sustained-release treatment improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in never treated hypertensive patients. METHODS: The responses of the forearm vasculature to acetylcholine (7.5, 15 and 30 micrograms/min) and sodium nitroprusside (0.8, 1.6, 3.2 micrograms/min) were evaluated in 12 normotensive controls (seven ...
Srinivas P - - 1998
The main objective of this study was to survey the prevalence of hypertension in Malaysians aged 55 years and above who responded to a public health screening campaign in Kuala Langat district, Selangor, Malaysia. The relationship between the detection, treatment and control in the study population was also examined. An ...
Staessen J A - - 1998
The Systolic Hypertension in Europe (Syst-Eur) study investigated whether antihypertensive treatment could decrease the risk of cardiovascular complications in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Patients > or = 60 years were randomly assigned to treatment with the dihydropyridine calcium antagonist nitrendipine (n = 2,398), with the addition of enalapril ...
Bonapace S - - 1998
The treatment of hypertension in the elderly has to take into account co-existing pathology. However, the benefit from treatment are large in terms owing to the frequency of cardiovascular events in the elderly. The benefits observed in randomised controlled trials are reviewed together with the adverse effects of the individual ...
DuĊ‚awa J - - 1998
Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) is a glycoprotein that is exclusively produced by the kidney in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAHL). Disturbances of TAHL function are associated with decreased urinary THP excretion. It is well known that renal function declines with advancing age. Moreover, it is suggested that THP ...
Huang C Y - - 1998
The social nutrition status was investigated among 246 subjects aged 60-90 living at three urban communities in Chengdu of Sichuan Province. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate socio-demographic background, the subjects' nutrition knowledge, and the support systems for geriatric nutrition. Fasting venous blood was collected for the analysis of biochemical ...
Skoog I - - 1998
In the general population, mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure increases up to age 75 years but decreases thereafter. The brain has a role in blood pressure regulation; it is not clear whether the cerebral changes that occur with aging contribute to the decline in blood pressure in the very ...
Musialik D - - 1998
The aim of our study was to compare blood pressure (BP) measured by 24-h ambulatory monitoring in young and elderly hypertensives and to find a dependency between left ventricular mass (LVM) and different pressure ratios. We also estimated the calcium ionized concentration and serum lipids in all subjects. Two hypertensive ...
Mineshima M - - 1998
A continuous hematocrit (HCT) monitor, Crit-Line, was introduced to examine the change in patients' blood volume (BV) due to albumin loss during double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) treatments. Nine patients with autoimmune diseases or ABO incompatible renal transplantation received 15 DFPP treatments under Crit-Line monitoring. In these patients, plasma albumin concentration ...
Fletcher A E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe measures of quality of life of elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension at entry to a placebo-controlled randomized trial of antihypertensive treatment and to investigate factors associated with these. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses at entry to a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Patients attending hypertension clinics or general practitioners' ...
Ramesh V - - 1998
Two well-circumscribed keratotic plaques in an elderly man, one each on symmetrically identical locations over the sides of the buttocks, are described. Clinical and histopathological features supported the diagnosis of benign lichenoid keratosis, which had probably resulted from constant pressure over the site and regressed when this factor was eliminated.
Di Mauro S - - 1998
The overweight and sedentary life style are associated with elevated blood pressure values in the elderly patients. The first step in the therapy of arterial hypertension should be hygienic-behavioral measures in order to modify the life style of the patients. The present study evaluates the independent effects of caloric restriction ...
Stella M L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Systolic hypertension of the elderly is characterized by a reduction in arterial compliance. Whether and to what extent this involves arteries of various structure and size is not well known. OBJECTIVE: To study carotid and radial artery compliance in systolic hypertension of the elderly, compared to essential hypertension and ...
Brienza D M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: A method for designing tissue deformation minimizing seat surfaces was evaluated. Pressure and stiffness criteria were used to optimize surface shape. The method's efficacy for patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) and a comparison of cushion performance and interface characteristics with a group of 30 elderly patients are presented. ...
Assantachai P - - 1998
Hypertension in the elderly features differently from its younger counterpart in terms of diagnosis, associated condition, atypical manifestation, management and complication. Epidemiological study in this increasing age group in the community is, therefore, needed. 334 elderly subjects living in various parts of Bangkok were randomly recruited by appointment at 7 ...
Russell W J - - 1998
Although the preoperative use of alpha-receptor antagonist drugs is generally accepted for patients with phaeochromocytoma, evidence on the most appropriate treatment and its timing is scarce. In this retrospective study, the effectiveness of the preoperative preparation of fourteen patients who required surgical excision of a phaeochromocytoma was examined in the ...
Cranney M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Treatment of hypertension in the elderly significantly reduces cardiovascular events and confers greater absolute benefit compared with treating younger adults. However, this group has been undertreated in the past. AIM: To perform a reliable and valid multipractice audit of the current management of elderly hypertensive patients. METHOD: An observational ...
Bader D L - - 1998
AIMS: To assess the viability of soft tissues in elderly patients subjected to prolonged support pressures. DESIGN: measurements were performed on the soft tissues of patients undergoing surgery for fracture of the proximal femur. METHODS: 10 subjects, mean age 84 years, participated. Transcutaneous gas tensions were continuously monitored in an ...
Frohlich E D - - 1998
According to the JNC-5, at least six classes of antihypertensive agents have been synthesized and currently recommended for initial antihypertensive therapy in the USA for elderly patients. Each class is safe and effective in reducing arterial pressure, each has its own specific mechanism(s) of action that suppress specific pressor mechanisms, ...
Peck R W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Zolmitriptan is a selective 5HT1B/1D-agonist for the treatment of migraine. In this study we investigated the cardiovascular and central nervous system effects and the pharmacokinetics of zolmitriptan in young and elderly adults. METHODS: Twelve young adult and 12 elderly volunteers received single doses of 5, 10, and 15 mg ...
Sullivan J A - - 1998
In the asymptomatic patient without target organ damage who is seen with severely elevated BP, pseudohypertension is more often than not the cause. Rapid lowering of arterial pressure is unnecessary and even contraindicated. Nurses play an important role in the evaluation and the treatment of elderly patients with hypertension. Both ...
Black H R - - 1998
The proportion of elderly individuals in the population is on the rise, and hypertension is extremely common in this age group. In addition, the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risks associated with elevated blood pressure levels are greater in the elderly than in their younger counterparts. Systolic hypertension accounts for >50% of ...
Feinfeld D A - - 1998
In a population of 141 very elderly subjects, there was a small but significant decline in BUN and creatinine at 3 years, which persisted at 6 years although partially attenuated. A similar pattern of falling BUN and creatinine was seen in the 31 subjects who began the study with mild ...
Sjöström L - - 1998
Recent data suggest that the cause of ununited anconeal process (UAP) is an incongruous growth of the radius and the ulna, causing abnormal pressure on the anconeal process. The current recommendation for treatment of UAP is to perform an osteotomy of the ulna to relieve this pressure and thus allow ...
Moser Marvin - - 1998
Both isolated systolic (greater than 140/ less than 90 mm Hg) and systolic/diastolic ( greater than 140/ greater than 90 mm Hg) hypertension have been identified as major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Effective specific antihypertension therapy is available if lifestyle intervention fails to reduce blood pressure ...
Tanaka Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of glycemic control and blood pressure in the development and progression of nephropathy and to suggest goals for glycemic control and blood pressure for the prevention of nephropathy in elderly Japanese NIDDM patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 123 age- and diabetes duration-matched ...
Vardan S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension is a common phenomenon in the elderly. Hormonal changes during orthostatic stress have been described in elderly normotensive people and in those with essential hypertension. However, the hormonal response in elderly people who have systolic hypertension during orthostasis has not yet been quantified. METHODS: In this study ...
Lilley M D - - 1997
Postprandial blood pressure reductions have been observed in frail elderly individuals. This study evaluated blood pressure and heart rate changes in 10 healthy elderly subjects at intervals before and after a morning meal. Subjects did not exhibit significant reductions in systolic blood pressure or increases in heart rate over time, ...
Shimada K - - 1997
An abnormal circadian rhythm of blood pressure [i.e. a lesser or 'reverse' nocturnal fall of blood pressure (nondippers)] is associated with cerebrovascular damage including intracranial hemorrhaging, thrombosis, and vascular dementia. Silent cerebrovascular damage such as lacunae and periventricular hyperintensity lesions is not infrequently detected in apparently healthy hypertensive elderly subjects ...
Acanfora D - - 1997
We performed a placebo-controlled trial on the effects of a combined antihypertensive treatment with delapril, a new nonsulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and indapamide, a sulfonamide diuretic. We studied 28 elderly patients aged 65-85 years (mean age, 69 +/- 1 years) who took 30 mg delapril in combination with 1.25 mg ...
Thom S - - 1997
Hypertensive changes in the vasculature occur at all levels of the circulation--from the large arteries through to the microcirculation. Detection of these changes may offer useful predictive information in assessing cardiovascular risk and the need for treatment. Recent evidence shows that at least some of these changes are reversible with ...
Kassa J - - 1997
1 The effect of pharmacological pretreatment (pyridostigmine, benactyzine and trihexyphenidyle), designated Panpal, and antidotal treatment (the oxime HI-6 plus benactyzine) in soman poisoning was investigated in a rat model with on-line monitoring of respiratory and circulatory parameters. 2 Soman poisoning caused a high decrease in respiratory rate as well as ...
Leonetti G - - 1997
Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of mortality, and hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in all ages. The Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) trial has shown that the pharmacologic reduction of isolated systolic hypertension can significantly reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications. The aim of ...
Pippalla R S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: (i) To assess quality of life (QoL) profiles in hypertensive geriatrics with SF-36; (ii) to assess the compliance of geriatrics to medications; (iii) to estimate clinical outcomes (reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure); (iv) to assess life satisfaction and (v) to explore the interrelationships of QoL, compliance, clinical ...
Matenga J A JA Department of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, - - 1997
To evaluate the level of awareness of hypertension, treatment and blood pressure control in rural and urban communities in Zimbabwe. Community-based cross-sectional survey. 749 male and female heads of households aged > 34 years recruited from alternate households of randomly selected villages in two adjacent rural areas and randomly selected ...
Ooi H H - - 1997
Hypertension is present in over 50% of elderly patients and constitutes a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This paper reviews the rationale for treating hypertension in the elderly, discusses the choice of antihypertensive therapy and optimal target blood pressure, and summarizes ongoing clinical trials. The major questions ...
Kohara K - - 1997
To investigate the underlying mechanisms of asymptomatic cerebrovascular damage, the diurnal change in blood pressure was evaluated in hypertensive patients with silent cerebral infarction (SCI). Sixty elderly hypertensive patients (age > or = 60 years) were matched with 40 middle-aged patients (age < or = 59 years) for sex and ...
Wieck K L - - 1997
This study describes an inner-city elderly minority population's awareness of hypertension and health perception compared with that of a younger hypertensive population. The elderly African American sample had a mean age of 71.6 years and systolic blood pressure of m = 143 mm Hg SD = 21. The younger sample ...
Torrisi G - - 1997
Activity can significantly change blood pressure. Twenty four hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (Holter method) was introduced to optimize diagnosis and the changes in blood pressure. It was flanked by the purpose to use diaries to correlate symptoms and pressure changes, pressure changes and psychophysical activity, life style and drugs. ...
Burrell L M - - 1997
Raised blood pressure in the elderly is not a normal consequences of aging, but is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cardiac and cerebrovascular disease account for > 50% of deaths among people aged > 65 years. Because the percentage of elderly people in most populations is rising, blood ...
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