Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 772
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Pestana M - - 2001
Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure increase with advanced age and more than 50% of hypertensive patients are aged above 65 years. Age-related vascular and neuro-humoral changes are important factors leading to the development of hypertension in the elderly and the increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure with age ...
Rasmussen M K - - 2001
NSAIDs can be used in both the acute and prophylactic treatment of migraine with and without aura. It is a safe therapeutic alternative fore young healthy patients, but should be used with caution in the elderly. NSAIDs do not influence blood pressure and can be used in combination with most ...
de Leeuw P W - - 2001
In this paper, a brief review is presented on the hemodynamic and neurohormonal changes in the elderly hypertensive patient. Arterial stiffening leads to a predominant rise in systolic pressure and a widening of pulse pressure. This in itself contributes to an increased cardiovascular risk in the elderly. In addition, there ...
Fernández-Vega F - - 2001
Despite progress in the detection and treatment of hypertension the percentage of patients with controlled hypertension has failed to increase. The problem of poor blood pressure control is even more serious in elderly hypertensives than in the rest of the population. The antihypertensive drugs of the AIIRA (non-peptide angiotension II ...
James M A - - 2001
The evidence for impairment of cardiovascular reflexes by hypertension in elderly subjects is mixed. This study tested the hypothesis that baroreceptor- and non-baroreceptor-mediated responses in elderly subjects differed with hypertension. 54 elderly subjects were studied: 16 with combined hypertension (CT) (blood pressure 184 +/- 4/102 +/- 2 mmHg), 16 with ...
Keskin D - - 2000
Prolonged erection is a rare problem in urology but it must be treated effectively. The most common etiological factor is intracavernosal vasoactive agent injection for diagnosis or treatment of erectile dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intracavernosal adrenalin injection alone in the treatment of ...
Tsang T S - - 2000
Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition. Accurate diagnosis and prompt intervention are necessary to prevent adverse outcomes. Clinical features of tamponade such as pulsus paradoxus, tachycardia, elevated jugular venous pressure, and hypotension are important clues to the diagnosis, but are non-specific. Echocardiography allows rapid confirmation of the presence or absence ...
Nicosia M A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The tongue plays a key role in bolus propulsion through the oropharyngeal chamber. In this study, possible age effects on the magnitude and timing of lingual pressure generation were analyzed. METHODS: Oral pressure was measured during isometric and swallowing tasks for 10 elderly (mean age = 81 years) and ...
Ren J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Deterioration of aerodigestive tract reflexes such as the esophagoglottal and pharyngoglottal closure reflexes and pharyngeal swallow has been documented in the elderly. However, the effect of aging on the contractile response of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) to pharyngeal water stimulation has not been studied. The aim of this ...
Cicconetti P - - 2000
Hypertension is a risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and cognitive impairment and the relative risk of CVD at every level of blood pressure (BP) is greater among the elderly. We submitted 20 elderly affected by new mild hypertension and 10 elderly normotensives to 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), to ...
Kaplan N - - 2000
The management of hypertension in the elderly is safer and more effective if we consider diurnal fluctuations in blood pressure, preexisting postural and postprandial hypotension, and coronary risk when setting therapeutic goals and selecting or adjusting antihypertensive medications. Lifestyle modifications should coincide with drug therapy in the management of elderly ...
Lipsitz L A - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although aging and hypertension may predispose hypertensive elderly subjects to cerebral hypoperfusion during orthostatic stress, their effects on the acute cerebral autoregulatory response to hypotension are not known. METHODS: Continuous middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (BFV) (transcranial Doppler ultrasound) and mean arterial pressure (MAP, Finapres) were ...
de Ancos B - - 2000
The carotenoid composition of persimmon fruit purees of two cultivars, cvs. Rojo Brillante and Sharon, grown in Spain was determined by HPLC to assess the effects of high-pressure processing on some sensory (carotenoids), nutritional (provitamin A value), and health-related (radical-scavenging capacity) parameters. Total carotenoid content was higher in untreated Rojo ...
Passero S - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to further analyze the temporal patterns of onset of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and to determine whether or not subgroups with specific clinical characteristics exhibit different patterns of onset. METHODS: The daily, weekly, and yearly variations in occurrence of ICH together with ...
Forette F - - 2000
The risk of hypertension and the benefits of antihypertensive treatment are well established in older patients aged up to 80 years. For people aged 85 and over, data are scarce and conflicting. A positive association between blood pressure and survival has been found in several cohort studies; this relationship held ...
Härdig L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To measure the concentrations of thiamine and thiamine esters by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) in elderly patients treated with furosemide for heart failure and in a control group. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of blood thiamine and thiamine ester concentrations. SUBJECTS: Forty-one patients admitted to hospital for heart failure and ...
Sowers J R - - 2000
The most rapidly growing segment of the United States population is the geriatric group, especially those above 75 years of age. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia increase with advancing years in Westernized, industrialized societies such as the United States. These disorders contribute significantly to strokes and myocardial infarctions and associated ...
Webb-Peploe Katharine M. - - 2000
Hypertension as a risk factor for cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality poses a major health problem for our increasingly elderly population. Recent trials have shown large reductions in stroke, heart failure, and coronary artery disease when elderly hypertensive patients are treated. These benefits are also seen in elderly patients ...
Buntwal N - - 2000
This study compares a naltrexone/lofexidine combination treatment with a 7-day course of lofexidine alone in the treatment of opiate withdrawal in 22 opiate-dependent patients. Withdrawal symptoms were significantly less severe on days 4-7, and 9-13, in the naltrexone/lofexidine combination group. There were no significant differences in the percentage of patients ...
Weinberger M H - - 2000
Hypertension constitutes a major cardiovascular risk factor of high prevalence in the elderly, and reducing elevated blood pressure has been shown to be of significant benefit in decreasing the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease in this patient population. Elderly patients are more likely to have comorbid disorders, such as ...
Skrebova N - - 2000
We describe here a 19-year-old Japanese man with an 11-year history of alopecia universalis, who, after the 1st application of a 0.003% diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) solution to the whole scalp, developed acute contact dermatitis at the test site, together with widespread severe dermographism. Every 3 weeks, persistence of the severe urticarial ...
Vardan S - - 2000
Until the mid-20th century, clinicians' concern was directed mainly to the systolic component of blood pressure. Later, however, when systolic blood pressure was found to be elevated with advancing age and decreased compliance of the arterial wall, it began to be considered an inevitable consequence of aging. Based on this ...
Arya S N - - 2000
The cut off age for elderly person in India is 60-65 years, in the USA is 75-80 years and 6th Joint Committee on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) has identified it as above 60 years. Elderly people may have (i) systolic-diastolic hypertension, (ii) isolated systolic hypertension ...
Murugesan R - - 2000
On the basis of medical officers diagnosis, thirty three (N = 33) hypertensives, aged 35-65 years, from Govt. General Hospital, Pondicherry, were examined with four variables viz, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate and body weight. The subjects were randomly assigned into three groups. The exp. group-I underwent selected ...
Rooke G A - - 2000
The elderly patient is at an increased risk for hemodynamic instability during anesthesia. The underlying mechanisms are primarily a decrease in the beta-receptor response to stimulation, stiffening of the connective tissue throughout the cardiovascular system, and increased vascular resistance during surgical stress and an increased dependency on cardiac filling. Unfortunately, ...
Van den Brink - - 2000
Effects of chronic application of the fungicide Derosal(R) (active ingredient carbendazim) were studied in indoor macrophyte-dominated freshwater microcosms. The concentrations (0, 3.3, 33, 100, 330 and 1000 µg/l) were kept at a constant level for 4 weeks. This paper is the second of a series of two; it describes the ...
van Rossum C T - - 2000
The study objective was to assess the prevalence, level of treatment, and control of hypertension in a general elderly population according to age and sociodemographic factors. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 7983 participants of the Rotterdam Study who were >/=55 years old and living in a district of Rotterdam. ...
McKeigue P M - - 2000
Nocturnal polyuria is common in the elderly. In this condition the normal circadian rhythm of urine production is reversed so that urine flow is higher at night than during the day. Elderly men with nocturnal polyuria are commonly referred for prostate surgery, which, not surprisingly, fails to relieve their symptoms. ...
Luft F C - - 2000
Erythropoietin (EPO) has revolutionized the treatment of anemia in renal failure patients, both in the pre- and postdialysis phase. Not only does the treatment improve well being, but also it positively influences cardiac function and permits cardiac hypertrophy to regress. EPO can lead to an increase in blood pressure; the ...
Zanchetti A - - 2000
Epidemiological studies have highlighted the increasing prevalence of hypertension with age, and the associated increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease. A number of randomized controlled trials have shown that antihypertensive treatment significantly reduces cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in elderly patients, and there is evidence that the benefit achieved is ...
Browning R R - - 2000
Research was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity of Bos indicus and Bos taurus cattle to a tall fescue ergopeptine alkaloid by assessing vital sign responses. Eight Polled Hereford and seven Red Brahman steers received bolus i.v. injections of ergotamine tartrate and saline vehicle in a simple cross-over design. Physiological traits ...
Kalavathy M C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the elderly. With the increase in the number of elderly in India, hypertension is likely to emerge as an important public health problem. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 357 ...
Stanton Judith A. - - 2000
Lifestyle modifications are a safe, effective treatment option for hypertension, yet are widely underutilized by clinicians, particularly in the elderly population. This review outlines the nonpharmacologic approaches to the treatment and prevention of hypertension, and discusses their applicability to the elderly population. Accepted recommendations include weight loss, regular exercise, decreased ...
Vargas-Ayala G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Isosorbide dinitrate in spray form is an effective and safe option for the treatment of hypertensive emergencies. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether isosorbide dinitrate spray is as effective and safe as treatment in tablet form for the management of hypertensive emergencies in the elderly. METHODS: ...
Epstein Murray - - 2000
Increasing attention has focused on the magnitude of hypertension in the elderly, with recent data indicating that it afflicts over 50% of people greater than 65 years of age. Recent studies have clearly demonstrated that treatment of isolated systolic and diastolic hypertension in older patients confers substantive protection against hypertension ...
Hedner T - - 2000
Since most developed countries have an ageing population, the prevalence of hypertension is increasing. This age-driven increase in cardiovascular risk is an important factor contributing to the increasing burden of mortality and morbidity associated with cardiovascular disease. Today, there is a strong rationale for an aggressive approach to hypertension since ...
Lahdenperä T S - - 2000
We assessed patient's attitudes to information technology (IT), their experiences of IT, and their attitudes and expectations concerning its use in the treatment of hypertension. Twenty-one patients with high blood pressure were interviewed before they took part in a pilot study of a computer-based intervention to control high blood pressure; ...
Trenkwalder P - - 2000
Candesartan cilexetil is highly effective at lowering blood pressure, whilst maintaining placebo-like tolerability, in a wide range of patient groups. Although the benefit of lowering blood pressure in elderly patients with moderate hypertension has been demonstrated in several large-scale clinical trials, elderly patients with mild hypertension have rarely been studied. ...
Staessen J A - - 1999
AIMS: Isolated systolic hypertension affects over 8 to 15% of all subjects older than 60 years. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is the major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Three placebo-controlled outcome trials on antihypertensive drug treatment of this disorder have been published. The aim of this article was to shortly ...
Deng Y B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Multiple investigations, both in experimental models and in middle-aged patients with essential hypertension, demonstrate impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. HYPOTHESIS: We attempted to determine whether hypertension still exerts additional negative effect on endothelial function of large arteries in hypertensive elderly patients who may already be affected by endothelial dysfunction due to ...
Garrod A N - - 1999
The research was to survey potential dermal exposure and inhalation exposure of operators to preservative fluids used in industrial timber pre-treatment. Surveys in 1996-98 produced 64 data points. These were taken from 54 sites, and involved 57 timber pre-treatment process operators. Of the data, 38 related to copper chromium arsenic ...
Bortolotto L A - - 1999
Aging decreases the distensibility of large elastic arteries; however, the effects of age on the functional parameters of muscular, medium-sized arteries are not well determined. This study evaluated the consequences of aging on the functional parameters of the carotid and radial arteries in normotensive men. A total of 62 elderly ...
McMurray J - - 1999
In the current economic climate it is important to demonstrate that healthcare resources are being used efficiently. As a consequence, pharmacoeconomic analyses are invaluable for assessing the cost-effectiveness of new therapeutic strategies. A condition with recurrent morbid events that are costly to treat provides the greatest potential for cost savings. ...
Gasowski J - - 1999
Isolated systolic hypertension affects 8% to 15% of all people older than 60 years of age. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is the major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Three placebo-controlled outcome trials on antihypertensive drug treatment of this disorder have been published. This article briefly reviews the main findings of ...
Aronow W S - - 1999
Recently published clinical trials provide compelling evidence of the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy to reduce cardiovascular mortality. The Sixth Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of Hypertension emphasizes that hypertension is undertreated in this country: only approximately one fourth of hypertensive persons have their blood pressure controlled to ...
Terranova R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Arterial pressure increases with age and is the most common chronic disease in the elderly, men and women alike. At present arterial hypertension is considered a social disease as it poses great health, economic and social problems. METHODS: A group of 50 patients of both sexes, between 66 and ...
Torrisi G - - 1999
This case-control study was aimed at evaluating the distribution of some echocardiographic signs of cardiac organ damages in elderly patients with white coat hypertension (WCH), as compared with a normotensive group of elderly. Correlations between the signs of cardiac organ damages and the clinical and ambulatory blood pressure parameters (obtained ...
Mahajan A - - 1999
Different processing treatments were applied to rapeseed and sesame seed meals, and the functional properties of these products were assessed. All treatments except puffing for both meals and pressure cooking in sesame meal increased water absorption capacity (WAC). Fat absorption capacity (FAC) of rapeseed meals was enhanced significantly by all ...
Khanna J M - - 1999
Azelnidipine (CS-905) is a long-acting, once-daily, orally-administered calcium channel antagonist which is being jointly developed by Sankyo and UBE. An NDA for the treatment of hypertension was filed in Japan in July 1997 [314648,271372,312610]. In a clinical trial presented at the European Meeting on Hypertension in 1995, azelnidipine decreased systolic ...
Fagard R H - - 1999
The Syst-Eur study investigated whether active antihypertensive treatment could reduce cardiovascular complications in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Patients (> or = 60 years) were randomly assigned to active treatment (n = 2398), i.e. nitrendipine, with the possible addition of enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide, or matching placebos (n= 2297). In ...
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