Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 772
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Lagi Alfonso - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The association between orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension (Hypo-Hyper) has been reported in previous studies on selected populations. The present longitudinal study aimed to characterize the haemodynamic patterns, comorbidity, prognostic implications and eventual effect of therapy in patients with the Hypo-Hyper pattern. METHODS: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (AMAP) and ...
Horvathova H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: To analyse the therapeutic effect of treatment in patients monitored in our hypertension outpatient department and evaluation using questionnaires. To determine the influence of treatment effectiveness on the level of co-operation received from the patient. The effect of treatment was monitored by retrospective analysis of the medical ...
Malacco Ettore - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the effect of lacidipine and chlorthalidone on cardiovascular outcome as a primary parameter and blood pressure as a secondary in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension in a prospective study with an open design. METHODS: 1882 males and females outpatients > or = 60 ...
Weber Michael A - - 2003
Because treating hypertension in the elderly so effectively reduces major cardiovascular events, it is vital to diagnose this very common condition early. Much of the hypertension that occurs with aging results from stiffening of the major capacitance arteries, typically marked by high systolic and low diastolic blood pressures. Pulse pressure, ...
Roberts René L - - 2002
Hypertension is a common disease among the elderly, a population that will continue to grow over the next decade. Untreated hypertension can lead to cardiovascular events and mortality. Given the seriousness of this disease and the increase in the number of elderly with hypertension, this review focuses on the cost ...
Woodbury Murray R - - 2002
This research compared ring block lidocaine anesthesia (L) and compression (C) for velvet antler removal in elk. Thirty-two wapiti were given 1 mg/kg body weight of zuclopenthixol acetate. The next day, they were restrained in a hydraulic chute and given either a compression device or a lidocaine ring block on ...
Dilger Karin - - 2002
Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors are among the most widely used drugs, especially in the elderly. It has been claimed that the new COX-2 inhibitors offer advantages in terms of drug safety. To test this hypothesis, the authors compared in a double-blind, randomized trial the effects of celecoxib (200 mg bid) and ...
Santoro Antonio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Recently we have devised and tested a biofeedback system for controlling blood volume (BV) changes during hemodialysis (HD) along an ideal trajectory (blood volume tracking, BVT), continuously modifying the weight loss rate and dialysate conductivity. This multicenter, prospective, randomized, crossover study aimed to clarify whether BVT (treatment B) can ...
Vanpee D - - 2002
The aim of this study is to assess the influence of the negative expiratory pressure (NEP) technique on the performance of maximal expiratory manoeuvre in elderly patients. Firstly, the authors studied how NEP (at 5 and 10 cmH2O, NEP5 and NEP10) influences forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume ...
Trenkwalder P - - 2002
Hypertension is an established risk factor for stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders. Both stroke and small lacunar infarcts or white matter lesions can cause cognitive impairment and dementia, and there is evidence that vascular risk factors play a major role in the development of both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. ...
Asplund R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Nocturia, a common symptom in the elderly, is often caused by increased urine production at night. METHODS: The present study comprised 17 men and six women aged 68.1 +/- 4.7 (mean +/- SD) years with nocturia (> or = 2 nocturnal voids) and nocturnal polyuria (nocturnal urinary output of ...
Ruger P R - - 2002
Ice cream samples were made with a mix composition of 11% milk fat, 11% milk solids-not-fat, 13% sucrose, 3% corn syrup solids (36 dextrose equivalent), 0.28% stabilizer blend, or 0.10% emulsifier and vanilla extract. Mixes were high temperature short time pasteurized at 80 degrees C for 25 s, homogenized at ...
Lin Yung-Zen - - 2002
To compare the bronchodilation and adverse effects of two commercially marketed short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists, terbutaline (Bricanyl, 5.0 mg/2ml) and fenoterol (Berotec,1.25 mg/2ml) unit dose vials (UDV), 108 acute asthmatic children, aged 5 to 14, were randomly enrolled into this study. Nebulization treatment for 10 minutes using an air compressor nebulizer ...
O'Mara Gerard - - 2002
Postprandial hypotension is a prevalent condition in the elderly population and seems to be more common in frail elderly individuals who may be more susceptible to complications such as syncope and falls. Diagnosis is relatively easy and may be reversible in many cases. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of postprandial hypotension ...
Borckardt Jeffrey J - - 2002
This study examines the effectiveness of a multimodal psychotherapeutic approach using hypnosis in the treatment of a single case of hypertension. A systematic eclectic conceptualization and treatment approach was implemented using psychodynamic, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral elements. Hypnosis was used to support each of the treatment modalities. Time-series analysis procedures indicate ...
Takeuchi Toshio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone is widely used for the treatment of chronic lung disease (CLD), but its mechanism of action is still not clearly understood. METHODS: Respiratory status, bodyweight, blood pressure, urine volume, fluid intake and nutrient intake were investigated in 12 infants with CLD during treatment with dexamethasone. RESULTS: The mean ...
Basile Jan - - 2002
The elderly, those 65 years of age and older, will account for 20% of the population by the year 2040. Hypertension affects more than one half of the elderly and its prevalence continues to increase with age. The presence of hypertension confers an increased risk of stroke, congestive heart failure, ...
Brandão Rondon Maria Urbana P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study: 1) the impact of hemodynamic and left ventricular function on short-term postexercise blood pressure reduction in elderly hypertensive patients; and 2) the 22-h postexercise effects on ambulatory blood pressure in elderly hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND: Although early exercise provokes postexercise blood pressure reduction, the mechanisms underlying ...
Fu Qi - - 2002
To test the hypothesis that leg vein filling and emptying functions could be impaired with advancing age, which would produce less blood volume redistribution toward the lower body and smaller sympathetic reflex response during mild gravitational stress, 9 young and 10 elderly healthy males were exposed to a lower body ...
Swami H M - - 2002
The study was conducted in the urban and rural areas of Chandigarh during 1998-1999 among 362 elderly subjects above 65 y of age. The sample, selected by stratified random technique, covered a population of 7937 family members in 1882 houses. Methodology comprised of interviews, clinical examination and laboratory investigations such ...
Pecovnik Balon B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our study was designed to determine bone mineral density (BMD) in patients beginning hemodialysis (HD) treatment, a possible correlation with the duration of renal failure prior to treatment, a possible correlation with the basic disease and the association with the concentration of intact parathormone (iPTH). METHODS: Our prospective clinical ...
Robertson David - - 2002
This review outlines current knowledge concerning fluid intake and volume homeostasis in ageing. The physiology of vasopressin is summarized. Studies have been carried out to determine orthostatic changes in plasma volume and to assess the effect of water ingestion in normal subjects, elderly subjects, and patients with dysautonomias. About 14% ...
Leonetti Gastone - - 2002
The prevalence of arterial hypertension is age-dependent, and with the prolongation of life expectancy the number of elderly subjects with arterial hypertension is very relevant. Epidemiologic studies have shown that arterial hypertension is a risk factor in elderly patients and therefore the physician must know if the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic ...
Laurent Stéphane - - 2002
Systolic hypertension is the most common type of hypertension in the elderly and a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Systolic hypertension is associated with a wide pulse pressure resulting largely from excessive large artery stiffness. Arterial stiffness increases with age independently of mean blood pressure or the presence of other ...
Futterman Laurie G - - 2002
The treatment of the elderly hypertensive patients has reduced the incidence of strokes, cardiovascular events, and cardiovascular morbidity. Regrettably, few hypertensive patients over 80 years of age are being treated, and those who are, are not being treated effectively. Hypertension, at any age, should be treated with a goal of ...
Terpstra W F - - 2002
We wondered whether, in an elderly hypertensive population in a primary prevention setting, free from diabetes mellitus and clinical atherosclerosis, differences between end organ damage and microalbuminuria (MA) could be found using a lower level of urinary albumin excretion than that of classically defined MA. From a population survey of ...
Garcia-Peña C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, hypertension is a major cause of disability and death in the elderly, but the most effective way to promote behaviour change in old people is unknown. Low resource interventions that are effective in normal healthcare settings are urgently needed. We report the results of a randomized trial ...
Schmidt L E - - 2001
The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the circulatory safety of treatment with the molecular adsorbents recirculating system (MARS) by determining the effect on systemic hemodynamics of a single MARS treatment in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (AOCLF). In eight patients admitted with AOCLF, a single 10-hour MARS ...
Schrier R W - - 2001
Hypertension is highly prevalent in elderly individuals, the most rapidly growing segment of the US population. Epidemiologic studies have established that increased risk of cardiovascular disease is associated with elevated blood pressure. Treatment of hypertension in elderly patients significantly reduces their cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, antihypertensive therapy is often ...
Celis H - - 2001
The Syst-Eur trial investigated whether active treatment starting with the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (CCB) nitrendipine, could reduce the cardiovascular complications of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in the elderly. The intention-to-treat analysis showed that active treatment improved outcome. The per-protocol analysis largely confirmed these results. The effect of treatment on ...
Faber J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Hyperthyroidism has profound effects on the cardiovascular system, including reduced systemic vascular resistance (SVR) due to relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells, enhanced heart rate (HR) and cardiac output (CO) due to an increase in cardiac diastolic relaxation, contractility and heart rate. Subclinical hyperthyroidism is characterised by reduced serum ...
Schweitzer M - - 2001
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of Herbst/multibracket appliance treatment on the upper incisor-lower lip relationship in the management of Class II, division 2 malocclusions. The study evaluated 19 successfully treated subjects using lateral head films analyzed at 3 occasions: before (T1) and after (T2) Herbst/multibracket ...
Tubek S - - 2001
Zinc absorption from the alimentary tract, as revealed by serum zinc concentration, was studied in a group of 10 patients (age 37.7+/-5.1 yr) with moderate and severe untreated primary arterial hypertension before and after a 30-d treatment with perindopril 4 mg/d. Blood pressure was 177.33+/-16.24/111.33+/-15.26 mm Hg before and 143.41+/-17.34/91.29+/-12.54 ...
García-Peña C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and treatment of high blood pressure among elderly people in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to July 1998 among the elderly people covered by the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) healthcare services in Mexico City. The study population ...
Krabbe K S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: and objective The aim of this study was to determine possible age-associated differences in human blood pressure regulation during an immunological challenge in healthy subjects. METHODS: Eight healthy young volunteers (median age 24 yr) and nine healthy elderly volunteers (median age 66 yr) received an intravenous bolus injection of ...
Alebiosu C O - - 2001
The purpose of the paper is to review available information on hypertension in the elderly. Study design applicability of the results to management of patients at risk. Although systolic blood pressure is the strongest cardiovascular risk factor in the elderly, diastolic blood pressure continues to be an independent risk predictor. ...
Prisant L M - - 2001
The treatment of diseases has been based on the concept of homeostasis and has not incorporated an understanding of biologic rhythms and their underlying mechanisms. Biologic rhythms are implicated in cardiovascular events. Failure to recognize the circadian decline in blood pressure may result in iatrogenic chronopathological events, including anterior ischemic ...
Marquardt K - - 2001
Hydroxychloroquine overdoses are rarely reported with 7 previous cases found in the English medical literature. We report a case and review the literature. A 16-year-old girl ingested a handful of hydroxychloroquine 200mg, 30 minutes before presentation and presented with tachycardia (heart rate 110 beats/min), hypotension (systolic blood pressure 63 mm ...
Wang J G - - 2001
Isolated systolic hypertension affects over 15% of all people older than 60 years of age. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Systolic blood pressure is associated with higher risk of an adverse outcome. Diastolic blood pressure is inversely correlated with total mortality, independent of ...
López B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether serum concentration of carboxy-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I (PIP), a marker of collagen type I synthesis, can be used to assess the ability of antihypertensive treatment to regress myocardial fibrosis in hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was performed in 37 patients with essential ...
Schmidt R - - 2001
Hemodialysis-induced hypotension is still a common complication in spite of the progress achieved in hemodialysis (HD) treatment. Due to its multifactorial nature, dialysis-induced hypotension cannot be reliably prevented by conventional profiling of ultrafiltration in open-loop systems since they are unable to adapt themselves to actual decreases in blood pressure. A ...
Ryan T J - - 2001
An ultrasound scanner, is used to detect changes in water content of the upper dermis. This has previously been found to vary with age and to show diurnal variation. Furthermore, oedema due to venous disease can be shown, using this technique, to respond to elevation. In this study, the water ...
Goodwin J - - 2001
AIM: To test the hypothesis that there is no association between seasonal cold and the circadian responses of blood pressure, deep-body temperature and physical activity in healthy young and elderly men. METHODS: 25 healthy elderly (aged 70-82 years) and 21 young volunteers (aged 20-30 years) participated in a 3-year prospective ...
Nagasawa Y - - 2001
Hot bathing has been associated with sudden death and so the present study investigated its effects on autonomic activity and hemodynamics in the elderly patient and the healthy young by analyzing heart rate variability (HRV). Subjects were 9 elderly men (mean age, 75 years) and 9 young men (mean age, ...
Marlowe D B - - 2001
Motivational assessment instruments typically measure clients' attributions about their readiness to change problem behaviors. They do not indicate why a client may be motivated to change, or provide guidance on how to retain an unmotivated client in treatment. The authors interviewed 415 substance abuse clients about their reasons for entering ...
Wang J G - - 2001
Isolated systolic hypertension affects over 15% of all people older than 60 years. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Systolic blood pressure is associated with higher risk of an adverse outcome, whereas diastolic blood pressure is inversely correlated with total mortality, independent of systolic ...
Cook S L - - 2001
This article presents a case study of a patient transferred to a rehabilitation unit for elderly people. The aim of the article is to show that, with a dynamic and committed multidisciplinary team approach, the prevention and treatment of difficult pressure ulcers can be achieved in an ever increasingly frail ...
Wang J G - - 2001
Isolated systolic hypertension affects over 15% of all individuals aged >60 years. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with higher risk of an adverse outcome, whereas diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is inversely correlated with total mortality, independent of ...
Duggan J - - 2001
Do the benefits of treating hypertension extend equally to all age groups, particularly the very elderly? Several large controlled trials have been published in recent years that confirm the benefits of the treatment of hypertension in terms of morbidity and mortality. However, these trials included only relatively small numbers of ...
Hansson L - - 2001
In the last few years several large intervention trials have addressed the treatment of hypertension in the elderly and how far blood pressure should be lowered in such patients. The positive results of intervention against high blood pressure in the elderly has resulted in a positive attitude towards treatment and ...
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