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Gilbert N - - 2005
Bosentan, a dual endothelin-receptor antagonist, has been shown to be an effective treatment option in patients with the idiopathic form of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We used bosentan as compassionate treatment in infants and young children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had a) PAH preoperatively representing a contraindication to ...
Kabele-Toge, BB; Department Of ...
A total of 80 case-notes of patients who have suffered from mild, moderate and severe forms of hypertension were selected and analyzed. Vital information such as the sex and age of the patients, frequency and length of treatment, adverse reaction and response to treatment were retrieved and recorded. The case-notes ...
Anson Ofra - - 2005
This paper reviews the longitudinal studies in which the association between hypertension and cognitive functioning has been explored. The findings of these studies are far from being consistent: positive, adverse, or no relationships between cognitive performance and blood pressure have been reported. In some studies, cognitive functioning was related only ...
Mars Maurice M Medicine, University of - - 2005
Compressed air massage is a new treatment modality that uses air under pressure to massage skin and muscle. It is claimed to improve skin blood flow but this has not been verified. Several pilot studies were undertaken to determine the effects of compressed air massage on skin blood flow and ...
Chiba Takashi - - 2005
A series of experiments were carried out to clarify the cause of death and the risk factors related to sudden death in the Japanese senior population while bathing in a Japanese style "hot bath." The biodynamic changes while bathing were carefully monitored under actual bathing situations occurring in both the ...
Wong Julia - - 2005
This paper reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical significance of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in the elderly. Aging is associated with structural and functional changes in the arterial tree. Intimal thickening, migration of small muscle cells to the intima, medial fibrosis, and elastic fiber degeneration result in increased arterial stiffness ...
Li Yunlun - - 2005
In order to observe the therapeutic effects of Huanglian Fire-Purging Mixture ([symbol: see text]) on primary hypertension, 46 cases of primary hypertension in the treatment group were treated with Huanglian Fire-Purging Mixture to clear away heat from the liver, relieve mental stress, purge fire and remove toxin; and the other ...
Lipsitz Lewis A - - 2005
Many physicians are reluctant to lower blood pressure to recommended levels in elderly hypertensive patients because of concern about producing cerebral hypoperfusion. Because hypertension is associated with potentially reversible structural and functional alterations in the cerebral circulation that may improve with treatment, we investigated whether long-term pharmacological reduction of systolic ...
Magyar Mária Tünde - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previously, 30 untreated hypertensive patients were investigated by transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring during physical exercise, and changes of hemodynamic parameters were compared with those of age matched healthy subjects. After 3-year antihypertensive (AHT) treatment, these hypertensives were investigated again. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Remmen J J - - 2005
In a study on non-invasive assessment of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), we sought a method to increase PCWP non-invasively. We hypothesized that inflation of an anti-G garment was suitable to increase PCWP non-invasively in healthy elderly subjects. In 20 subjects, aged 70 +/- 4 years (mean +/- SD), before, ...
Vanpee D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess whether expiratory flow limitation (FL), as measured by applying a negative pressure at the mouth during tidal expiration, can evaluate the respiratory impairment in elderly patients. METHODS: The study was carried out in 67 consecutive elderly inpatients (24 men and 43 ...
Brecht Mary-Lynn - - 2005
Policymakers have responded to the increase in the prevalence of methamphetamine (MA) use and the associated social costs (such as crime and child abuse and neglect) by mandating a growing number of MA users to substance abuse treatment via the criminal justice system (CJS) and/or child protective service (CPS) agencies. ...
Saka Bulent - - 2005
Impaired endothelium-dependent vasomotion is a diffuse disease process resulting in abnormal regulation of blood vessel tone and loss of several atheroprotective effects of the normal endothelium. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of aging and hypertension on endothelial function. Sixty-six geriatric subjects with ages over ...
Cacciatore Francesco - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Controversial data are available on the association between mortality, blood pressure and cognitive impairment in the elderly. Objective: To verify the role of blood pressure on mortality in an elderly population with and without cognitive impairment. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with a 6-year mortality evaluation was conducted in a ...
Nilsson Peter M - - 2005
The risk of ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke is increased in patients with hypertension, with a linear relationship between elevation of blood pressure and stroke risk being seen even in normotensive individuals. In elderly subjects it has been shown that systolic blood pressure (SBP) elevation in particular is the most important ...
Tan Hong-Wei - - 2005
Hypertension is an important risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke. Accumulating data support the association of blood pressure and impairment of fibrinolysis in hypertensive patients. Fibrinolysis plays a pivotal role in atherogenesis, but there are few studies that focus on evaluating the effect of calcium channel antagonists on fibrinolysis ...
Perona Javier S - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for coronary heart disease. Recent studies have pointed out the possibility that virgin olive oil (VOO) may lower blood pressure in hypertensive (HT) subjects. However, until the date there is scarce information regarding elderly people. The present study ...
Pickering Thomas G - - 2004
The aging of the United States population means that treatment of hypertension in the elderly is becoming an increasingly important issue, and the pathophysiology, consequences, and benefits of treatment are quantitatively different in older and younger people. There are several issues to be addressed, which include the significance of pulse ...
Thijs Lutgarde - - 2004
Isolated systolic hypertension is the predominant type of hypertension in the elderly and is associated with cardiovascular complications such as stroke, coronary heart disease and heart failure. In this review, the role of arterial stiffness, endothelial function, atherosclerosis and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of isolated systolic hypertension is extensively ...
Ogihara Toshio - - 2004
Although antihypertensive therapy has been proven to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, it is unclear how much blood pressure should be decreased in elderly patients with hypertension. The Valsartan in Elderly Isolated Systolic Hypertension (VALISH) study is a multicenter parallel-group study comparing the incidence of cardiovascular events between two target ...
Charach Gideon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies on hypertension demonstrated seasonal variations in different age groups. However, slightly greater fluctuations were found in the hypertensive elderly. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective 5-year study from January 1997 to December 2001 to evaluate the seasonal variation in blood pressure and the variables of age, gender, body ...
Iida Takashi - - 2004
Increased pulse pressure (PP) is recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in elderly patients. However, blood pressure (BP) is known to have a circadian variation. Therefore, this study asked whether or not PP has a circadian variation and, if so, whether a circadian variation of PP has ...
Cicconetti Paolo - - 2004
Several studies have shown a relationship between blood pressure (BP) and cognitive function. Yet very few studies have addressed circadian BP patterns in this context, perhaps due to poor availability of suitable methods to detect slight changes in the cognitive state. Today, brain event-related potentials (ERPs) allow us to detect ...
Al Khaja Khalid A Jassim - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Antihypertensive treatment in the elderly has important beneficial effects in terms of reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine, in elderly hypertensives, the adherence of primary care physicians to World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) guidelines for the drug management ...
Primatesta Paola - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe blood pressures, and hypertension and its management among older people. DESIGN: Two combined annual cross-sectional surveys. SETTING: England 2000 and 2001. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally-representative sample of 3513 non-institutionalized people aged more than 64 years (elderly). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1). Use of antihypertensive agents, and hypertension according to two ...
Henderson David C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Clozapine has been linked to significant weight gain and increase in serum lipids and appears to negatively impact glucose metabolism. In this retrospective chart review study, we examine changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and treatment for hypertension in clozapine-treated patients. METHOD: Data on demographics and systolic and ...
Iwakuma H - - 2004
The aim was to determine the efficacy of sarpogrelate (a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine-2-serotonergic receptor antagonist) on cerebrovascular function and mean blood pressure (mBP) in elderly patients (> 60 years old). Patients with peripheral circulatory disorders were studied using electroencephalogram (EEG) and mBP measurements before and after 2 years' treatment with either ...
Baruch Lawrence - - 2004
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in both young and elderly persons; therefore, good blood pressure control is at the center of improved cardiovascular health. The recently issued seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure and the ...
Selmi André L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the anesthetic and cardiovascular effects of dexmedetomidine/ketamine combinations in golden-headed lion tamarins. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective blinded randomized study. ANIMALS: Six healthy golden-headed lion tamarins, three males and three females were studied (mean body weight +/- SD = 0.498 +/- 0.054 kg). METHODS: The animals were given one ...
Foran Timothy G - - 2004
Hypertension is a condition of persistently elevated blood pressure, associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Non-invasive BP measurement using Korotkoff sounds is the most common method of screening for the condition. The possibility of inaccurate readings leading to a false diagnosis of hypertension (pseudo-hypertension) is of concern. Stiffened arteries in the ...
Corley Kevin T T - - 2004
Successful treatment with inotropes and vasopressors depends on an understanding of the interplay of flow, pressure, and resistance in the cardiovascular system and an appreciation of the pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to inadequate tissue perfusion. Any treatment strategy is necessarily a compromise between the requirements of different vascular beds.Furthermore. the underlying ...
Vincent Jean-Louis - - 2004
The majority of ICU deaths are preceded by a decision to limit treatment in some way. Decisions to withhold or withdraw treatment vary considerably depending on many factors including local practice, cultural and religious background, family and peer pressure. Here we will discuss the current situation across Europe, based on ...
Harasawa Katsumi - - 2004
We investigated performance of an arterial tonometer during anesthesia in the elderly. Thirty patients (17 men and 13 women), ranging from 70 to 86 years old, were included, and agreement between tonometric arterial pressure (TAP) and intraarterial pressure (IAP) was calculated. A total of 6487 paired points was sampled, and ...
Fredberg U - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Achilles and patella tendinitis has until recently been based on clinical examination, and treatment with local steroid injection has been given blindly. This is the first randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study of local steroid injection in athletes with chronic tendinitis, which used ultrasonography to increase diagnostic ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays a role in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-F) treatment improves circulatory disturbance and oxygenation in ARDS patients. We aimed to assess whether PMX-F treatment alters the blood MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1 levels in ARDS patients. METHODS: ...
Nakagawa T A - - 2004
Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (IV) nicardipine for the treatment of postcoarctectomy hypertension in children with coarctation of the aorta. We carried out a retrospective review in a pediatric intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital. The patients were children with coarctation of the ...
Plante Gérard E - - 2003
In this review, the effect of aging on the body's vascular system is considered in terms of potential mechanisms involved in target organ damage. First, the effects of aging on body fluid compartments, including changes that occur in subdivisions of the interstitial space (quite heterogeneous among organs), are described, with ...
Carmeli Eli - - 2003
It is generally recognized that physical activity levels in the elderly do not remain constant over time, and typically there is a marked reduction in physical activities in the elderly. The long-term benefits of regular physical training programs in the elderly are still not fully understood. This is a study ...
Takami Takeshi - - 2003
When observed in elderly hypertensive patients, increased pulse pressure (PP) and arterial stiffness are known to be independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Increased systolic blood pressure (SBP) leads to left ventricular hypertrophy, while decreased diastolic blood pressure (DBP) results in decreased coronary circulation. It is known that increased arterial ...
O'Sullivan Cianán - - 2003
In people aged >80 years, the so-called very elderly, there is uncertainty about the relation between hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity. The aims of this study were to investigate whether hypertension in people aged >80 years is associated with target-organ damage, over and above the effects of age, and to determine ...
Hazarika N C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: With the increase in life-expectancy and modification of lifestyle cardiovascular disease especially hypertension is emerging as a major public health problem in the elderly people of Assam. The Geriatric population needs priority in assessment of the disease burden. With this background this study was undertaken with an objective to ...
Mangoni Arduino A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the pathophysiological mechanism of the vasodepressor form (VD) of carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) by maneuvers designed to induce generalized sympathetic activation after baroreceptor unloading (lower body negative pressure, LBNP) or direct peripheral adrenoreceptor stimulation via local administration of norepinephrine (NA). DESIGN: Subjects were identified with VD of ...
Halabi Susan - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the number and timing of a binary time-dependent covariate on the bias using the last-observation carried forward in the proportional hazards model. Under various assumptions of censoring rates, transition probabilities of the time-dependent covariate, sample size, and the log ...
Jiménez-García R - - 2003
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of using doxazosin standard formulation in elderly hypertensive patients who were either uncontrolled or newly diagnosed, and replacing standard doxazosin with doxazosin in the gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) formulation. We designed a postmarketing surveillance, open-label non-comparative, multicentre, clinical ...
Firmo Josélia Oliveira Araújo - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with the treatment of hypertension among older adults living in the community. All residents (n = 1,742) of Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil (15,000 inhabitants) aged > or = 60 years were selected, and 1494 (85.8%) were interviewed and ...
Kielstein Jan T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO) is thought to contribute to the age-associated increase of renovascular tone and blood pressure. We assessed blood concentrations of the endogenous NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) as well as renal hemodynamics, comparing young (n=24, 13 men, 25+/-1 years) and elderly (n=24, 13 ...
Lopera Gustavo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of reports of inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) had included predominantly young females with ages ranging between 15 and 46 years. In contrast, the present study presents the findings in four elderly females (aged 61-71 years) with long-standing symptoms of palpitations, more than 15 years, in whom ...
Isezuo A S - - 2003
In spite of the plethora of anti-hypertensives, hypertension remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among Nigerian hypertensive population. To determine blood pressure control rate, defined as the proportion of treated hypertensive population with systolic and diastolic blood pressures less than 140 mmHg and 90 mmHg respec tively. One ...
Yoshioka Naofumi - - 2003
About 100-120 cases of 'sudden death in bathroom' are reported every year in our prefecture, which is 8-10% of the total number of what is considered unnatural deaths. For reasons that are still unclear, the victims die while bathing in the bathtub. This baffling form of death occurs mostly in ...
Heijer Tom den - - 2003
The relation between blood pressure level and degree of global brain atrophy is equivocal. We evaluated past and present blood pressure levels and change in blood pressure over 20 years in relation to the degree of cortical atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In 1995-1996, we measured blood pressure and ...
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