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Results 101 - 150 of 772
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Nesbitt Shawna D - - 2007
Prehypertension is a recognized stage of blood pressure but treatment standards have not yet been established. This review will focus on the treatment considerations in prehypertension. Previous approaches to prehypertensive blood pressure have focused on the role of nonpharmacologic modalities alone. The recently published Trial of Preventing Hypertension (TROPHY) is ...
Chiong Jun R - - 2008
Secondary hypertension affects a small but significant number of the hypertensive population and, unlike primary hypertension, is a potentially curable condition. The determinant for workup is dependent on the index of suspicion elicited during patient examination and treatment. Specific testing is available and must be balanced depending on the risk ...
Firbank Michael J - - 2007
Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke and dementia and is associated with white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and reduced brain volumes. We measured the increase in WMH volume, and rate of cerebral atrophy over two years, in hypertensive subjects participating in the Study on COgnition and Prognosis in the ...
Paul Biju - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The tilt table test (TTT) is a useful diagnostic tool in people with unexplained syncope, dizziness, and falls. However, preexisting comorbidities and medications affecting hemodynamic response might affect TTT outcome (i.e. presence or absence of vasomotor syncope). We studied the influence of these compounding factors on TTT outcome. METHODS: ...
Ejaz A Ahsan - - 2007
Continuous renal replacement therapy machines are capable of providing continuous pressure measurements at different points of the extracorporeal circuit. This study investigates the pattern of circuit pressure changes during high-volume continuous venovenous haemofiltration (CVVH) with regional anticoagulation with anticoagulant citrate dextrose in formula A. Extracorporeal circuit pressures during 91 treatments ...
Michaeli-Yossef Yael - - 2007
A 2-year-old girl presented with hypertension, anorexia and vomiting, restlessness, insomnia and acrodynia. Her blood pressure upon arrival was 145/98 mmHg. Ultrasound of the abdomen, CT scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis, and echocardiogram, were normal. Urinary levels of catecholamines were elevated, urine level of mercury was found to be ...
Cicconetti Paolo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH) is a known risk factor for cognitive impairment, but the time of onset of neurocognitive changes relative to the onset of ISH has yet to be established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between systolic BP values and neurocognitive function in ...
Kamso Sudijanto - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease has become the first cause of death in Indonesia. The highest morbidity is found in the aged, and among cardiovascular disorders or diseases, the prevalence of hypertension is the highest. Many studies of the relationship between nutritional factors and hypertension have been conducted, especially with reference to the ...
Blob Lawrence F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are well recognized as effective antidepressant agents but are rarely used due, in part, to the risk of hypertensive crisis following the ingestion of foods high in tyramine ("cheese reaction"). A selegiline transdermal system (STS) was developed to provide antidepressant concentrations of selegiline in the brain, ...
Safar Michel E - - 2007
Increased aortic stiffness is a consequence of cardiovascular (CV) aging and may be observed in the elderly with or without hypertension. Hypertension and arterial stiffness are independent risk factors for CV events, but such events may also be complicated by atherosclerosis, especially in the older population. The purpose of this ...
Singh K - - 2007
Anaemia is a common ailment in developing countries which imposes mechanical load on heart. Myocardial Performance index (MPI) was evaluated by apex cardiogram (ACG) in 30 patients suffering from chronic severe anaemia (CSA) (with hemoglobin level less than 6 gm% and at least more than 3 months duration) before and ...
Bisognano John D - - 2007
Hypertension in elderly patients is common and is associated with unique challenges. This study examines the prevalence of comorbidities in elderly hypertensive patients and evaluates the association between comorbidities and other covariates with blood pressure goal attainment. Data were collected through retrospective review of medical records and included patient characteristics, ...
Joshi V - - 2007
Data on the prevalence of Hypertension (HTN) among elderly Asians is limited. We investigated the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) and its risk factors in a multiracial Southeast Asian elderly population who participated in the National Kidney Foundation Singapore nationwide screening programme. Among 19,848 subjects > or =65 years ...
Gómez Reynaldo M - - 2007
Many hypertensive patients affected by endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS) persist with high blood pressure (HBP) despite good control of cortisol excess. We assessed the effect of preoperative ketoconazole administration and of definitive treatment of CS on arterial hypertension and analysed the factors involved in the persistence of hypertension. We assessed ...
Novak Vera - - 2007
Walking is a complex act that requires the coordination of locomotor, cardiovascular, and autonomic systems. Aging affects each of these systems and may alter physiological mechanisms regulating the interactions between them. We examined the effects of healthy aging on cardiac-locomotor coupling using treadmill walking at incremental speeds from 0.8 mph ...
Musa Fayyaz - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate adverse effects in patients undergoing fundus fluorescein angiography (FA), and to assess the level of these adverse effects in hypertensive and elderly patients. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective study of 358 patients undergoing FA. They were assessed for adverse effects and their relationship to medical history, ...
Castellani Sergio - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the cerebrovascular adaptability to 2 sequential pressor stimuli in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Ten healthy elderly normotensive subjects (68 to 82 years), 10 elderly subjects with isolated systolic hypertension (63 to 82 years), and 10 young normotensive subjects (24 to ...
Okuro Masashi - - 2006
Endothelial function in elderly hypertensive patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans has not been evaluated. We examined whether antihypertensive drugs improve vasodilatory response to reactive hyperemia of the limbs in elderly hypertensive patients (83 +/- 8 [SD] years) without (n=46, 0.9 < or = ankle-brachial pressure index < or = 1.4) and ...
Johnson Ellyn M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Potential cardiovascular side effects from venlafaxine-XR must be considered when prescribing this medication, especially in geriatric patients, who often present with comorbid medical conditions. METHODS: Participants age 60 and older with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition diagnosis of a major depressive episode without psychotic ...
Turchin Alexander - - 2006
This case study examined the utility of regular expressions to identify clinical data relevant to the epidemiology of treatment of hypertension. We designed a software tool that employed regular expressions to identify and extract instances of documented blood pressure values and anti-hypertensive treatment intensification from the text of physician notes. ...
Factora Ronan - - 2006
Impairment of gait occurs commonly in the elderly and has a profound impact on individual functional capacity and quality of life. Dementia and urinary incontinence are other common problems encountered in the elderly. In many circumstances, these problems are mutually exclusive, with treatments chosen to address each disease entity separately. ...
Remmen Jaap J - - 2006
In the present study, we assessed whether elevated (> or =15 mmHg) PCWP (pulmonary capillary wedge pressure) can be detected using the blood pressure response to the Valsalva manoeuvre in a group of elderly patients with various cardiac disorders, including atrial fibrillation and valvular heart disease, and healthy elderly controls. ...
Kedziora-Kornatowska Kornelia - - 2006
1. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of hypotensive therapy with a diuretic (hydrochlorothiazide) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (perindopril) on selected oxidative stress parameters in the blood of elderly patients with essential hypertension. 2. Studies were performed in 45 elderly patients with essential hypertension ...
Lind Lars - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) is known to be impaired in middle-aged hypertensive individuals, but less is known regarding hypertension in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: In the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, different techniques to evaluate EDV in resistance and conduit arteries were applied in elderly subjects ...
Olufsen Mette S - - 2006
During orthostatic stress, arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreflexes play a key role in maintaining arterial pressure by regulating heart rate. This study presents a mathematical model that can predict the dynamics of heart rate regulation in response to postural change from sitting to standing. The model uses blood pressure measured in ...
Harrabi Imed - - 2006
Given the hypothesis that particulate air pollution is associated with systolic blood pressure, the effect of daily concentrations of air pollution on blood pressure was assessed in 2612 elderly subjects in the urban area of Bordeaux, France. Blood pressure was measured by a digital monitor. Particle concentrations (PM10) were obtained ...
Stokroos R - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Use of the Meniett pressure generator in patients with active Ménière's disease (MD) did not affect labyrinthine function. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether application of the Meniett pressure generator in patients with active MD significantly affects their labyrinthine function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We measured hearing and labyrinth sensitivity in patients ...
Bardan Eytan - - 2006
Swallowing difficulty is a common complaint in the elderly and, although there are data for the biomechanics of liquid swallows, little is known about solid bolus motion, or kinematics, in the elderly. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to characterize and compare solid and liquid bolus kinematics ...
James Martin A - - 2006
Alterations of structure and function of the microcirculation in hypertension in the elderly and changes with normotensive aging have not been fully clarified. We studied capillary pressure, density, and skin microvascular function in 46 subjects in 3 groups: elderly subjects (aged >60 years) with untreated hypertension (n=16), elderly normotensive subjects ...
Atli T - - 2006
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a common problem in elderly people causing several complications such as falls and fractures. In recent years, it was noticed that OH seems to have an association with cardiovascular risk factors including cerebrovascular events, higher nocturnal blood pressure levels, and arterial stiffness. In this study, we ...
Mendoza-Núñez Víctor Manuel - - 2006
CONTEXT: Studies have demonstrated that high serum leptin levels are associated with aging. However, we do not know whether hyperleptinemia is a relevant risk factor for high blood pressure (HBP) in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between hyperleptinemia and HBP in the elderly. DESIGN: A comparative cross-sectional study ...
Vara-González Luis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproducibility of postural changes of blood pressure among hypertensive elderly patients in a primary care setting. METHODS: Measurements of blood pressure were carried out in 60 community-dwelling hypertensive patients aged 65 years or more, in a sitting position and after 1-min and 3-min standing, and were ...
Pinto Elisabete - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the rationale and methodology for the monitoring of ambulatory blood pressure and arterial compliance in hypertensive patients aged 80 years and above. This is a side project of the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial. METHODS: The hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial is a multicentre, ...
Takahashi Takiko - - 2006
Over a period of 2 years we assessed the long-term effects of group music therapy carried out once weekly on the elderly (mean age: 83 years) suffering from moderate or severe dementia by observing changes in the cortisol level in saliva and in blood pressure and by an intelligence assessment. ...
Brindel Pauline - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study management of hypertension in the elderly in a large population-based study and to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension and factors related to awareness, treatment, and control. DESIGN: The Three City study, a population-based study among 9693 non-institutionalized individuals aged 65 years and over. METHODS: Blood pressure was ...
Sato Koichi - - 2006
The increased production of reactive oxygen species plays a role in the etiology of hypertension, but the effects of antioxidants on blood pressure are controversial. However, antioxidants possibly lower blood pressure in elderly patients with hypertension, because vascular aging is also closely related to oxidative stress. Effects of chronic treatment ...
Oehmer Sebastian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of short-term treatment with the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan on retinal endothelial function in elderly patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. METHODS: In an open-labeled study, 20 elderly, male patients with arterial hypertension (WHO I-II) were ...
Samra-Quintero Paula Abi - - 2006
Different dental procedures in children undergoing treatment can induce changes in blood pressure. These changes will be minimized if psychological treatment is applied prior to any procedure. The objective of this study was to determine changes in blood pressure (systolic-diastolic) in children undergoing psychological treatment before dental procedures. The population ...
Zanchetti Alberto - - 2006
The Study on Cognition and Prognosis in the Elderly (SCOPE) assessed the effect of candesartan on cardiovascular and cognitive outcomes in elderly patients (aged 70-89 years) with mild to moderate hypertension. Patients were randomized to treatment with candesartan 8-16 mg daily (n = 2477) or placebo (n = 2460) and ...
Li Peirun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of needling Neiguan (P 6) on the cardiovascular functional status in low pulse pressure syndrome. METHOD: 49 eligible patients were randomly assigned to a acupuncture group with bilateral Neiguan (P 6) needled for successive 3 days, and a medication group given a daily 20 mL ...
Andersson Sven E - - 2005
We have previously shown that hyperhomocysteinaemia is common in elderly heart failure patients, and is associated with endothelial dysfunction, impaired vasodilatory capacity and a low-grade inflammation. In the present study we examined if supplementation with B6, B12 and folate could normalize the hyperhomocysteinaemia and if so, in turn, would improve ...
Remmen Jaap J - - 2005
The blood pressure response to the Valsalva manoeuvre is related to pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and can be used to diagnose heart failure. However, this has never been studied specifically in the elderly, in whom the prevalence of heart failure is highest. Furthermore, normal values of the Valsalva manoeuvre ...
Aourell Moa - - 2005
Swedish massage technique includes mechanically activated muscular tissue and also skin, tendons, fascias, and connected tissue, which indirectly regulates the tonus of the autonomous nervous system. This study set out to examine the effects of Swedish massage on blood pressure. Healthy males were given massage treatment at the Karolinska Hospital, ...
Imarhiagbe F - - 2005
The importance and contribution of optimal blood pressure control to improvement in quality of life, cognitive abilities inclusive, have been established and accepted by all and sundry. In the elderly population, however, hypertension and cognitive dysfunction are commonly encountered disorders. The objective is to determine the role of blood pressure ...
Van den Kerckhove Eric - - 2005
The aim of this study was threefold: (1) Assess the pressure loss of two types of pressure garments that are used in the treatment of hypertrophic scars after burn injury, (2) investigate the influence of two different levels of compression on erythema and thickness of burn scars and (3) examine ...
Price James W - - 2005
A 53-year-old right-handed man was scheduled to receive 6 treatments of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for intractable depression. He was being treated for long-standing hypertension with nadolol and had no history of cardiopulmonary disease. Six months previously, he received 6 nondominant, unilateral ECT treatments. During each of these treatments, his blood ...
Gilbert N - - 2005
Bosentan, a dual endothelin-receptor antagonist, has been shown to be an effective treatment option in patients with the idiopathic form of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We used bosentan as compassionate treatment in infants and young children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had a) PAH preoperatively representing a contraindication to ...
Kabele-Toge, BB; Department Of ...
A total of 80 case-notes of patients who have suffered from mild, moderate and severe forms of hypertension were selected and analyzed. Vital information such as the sex and age of the patients, frequency and length of treatment, adverse reaction and response to treatment were retrieved and recorded. The case-notes ...
Anson Ofra - - 2005
This paper reviews the longitudinal studies in which the association between hypertension and cognitive functioning has been explored. The findings of these studies are far from being consistent: positive, adverse, or no relationships between cognitive performance and blood pressure have been reported. In some studies, cognitive functioning was related only ...
Mars Maurice M Medicine, University of - - 2005
Compressed air massage is a new treatment modality that uses air under pressure to massage skin and muscle. It is claimed to improve skin blood flow but this has not been verified. Several pilot studies were undertaken to determine the effects of compressed air massage on skin blood flow and ...
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