Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1103
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Morrell Holly E R - - 2008
The present study assessed the structure and intensity of the nicotine withdrawal syndrome in 30 (22 male, 8 female) heavy smokers across three experimental conditions: smoking, brief abstinence (3.5 h), and extended abstinence (18 h). Physiological variables (heart rate and blood pressure) and psychological variables (anxious and depressed mood) were ...
Cuvas O - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of smoking and gender on the haemodynamic response after tracheal intubation. Patients were assigned to one of four groups: female non-smokers, female smokers, male non-smokers and male smokers. After tracheal intubation, the highest mean (SD) increase in heart rate (30 (18) %) and rate-pressure product ...
Lawler-Row Kathleen A - - 2008
Research has revealed that forgiveness may have beneficial effects for the forgiver's health. The present research explored whether reductions in anger underlie such effects, or whether forgiveness has beneficial health effects above and beyond the effects of decreasing anger. State and trait forgiveness were examined, along with styles of anger ...
Reddy Jagadeshwar G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While high caffeine consumption has been shown to be associated with increased blood pressure in controlled experiments, the relationship between caffeine consumption and blood pressure in preadolescent (ages 6-11 years) and adolescent (ages 12-19 years) children has not been well studied. The primary objective of this study was to ...
Rasuli Pasteur - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of spherical polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles versus conventional PVA particles for uterine artery embolization (UAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 149 patients with 1-year follow-up after UAE, 96 received conventional PVA particles and 53 received spherical PVA particles. Severity of symptoms was ranked on an 11-point ...
Cabrales Pedro - - 2008
To test the hypothesis that glycosylation of hemoglobin constitutes a risk factor for hypertension. A total of 129 relative uniform diabetic subjects (86 women and 42 men) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Exclusion criteria included alcohol consumption, smoking, ischemic heart disease, stroke, neoplasia, renal, hepatic, and chronic inflammatory disease. ...
Foad Abigail J - - 2008
The ergogenic effects of caffeine are well documented. Research has yet to examine any psychological contribution to this effect. AIM: To explore the psychological and pharmacological effects of caffeine in laboratory cycling performance. METHOD: Fourteen male competitive cyclists performed 14 40-km time trials (eight experimental interspersed with six baseline). The ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the association of alcohol drinking with blood pressure was modified by cigarette smoking. The subjects were healthy male workers aged 40-59 years and were divided into three different groups by average daily consumption of alcohol (non-drinkers; light drinkers, less than 30 ...
Mort Jane R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients should wait 30 minutes after caffeine consumption to have their blood pressure measured. DATA SOURCES: Literature was obtained by searching MEDLINE (1980-September 2007), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1980-September 2007), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1994-September 2007). Search terms included caffeine and blood pressure. Literature ...
Nishiyama Yasuhiro - - 2007
Enantiodifferentiating anti-Markovnikov photoaddition of alcohol (methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and tert-butanol) to aromatic alkene (1,1-diphenylpropene and 1,1-diphenyl-1-butene), sensitized by optically active alkyl and saccharide naphthalene(di)carboxylates, was investigated in supercritical carbon dioxide at varying pressures to elucidate the effects of clustering on photosensitization and enantiodifferentiation behavior, in particular on the product's enantiomeric ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2007
In order to determine the threshold amount of alcohol consumption for blood pressure, we calculated the benchmark dose (BMD) of alcohol consumption and its 95% lower confidence interval (BMDL) in Japanese workers. The subjects consisted of 4,383 males and 387 females in a Japanese steel company. The target variables were ...
Kang Seong Su SS Department of Physiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2007
The present study was aimed at investigating the role of type II 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (IIβ-HSD II) in the development of hypertension. Two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C), deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)/salt, or N (G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Four weeks later, the expression of 11β-HSD II mRNA was ...
Spaak Jonas - - 2008
The cardiovascular benefits of light to moderate red wine consumption often have been attributed to its polyphenol constituents. However, the acute dose-related hemodynamic, vasodilator, and sympathetic neural effects of ethanol and red wine have not been characterized and compared in the same individual. We sought to test the hypotheses that ...
Baros A M - - 2008
AIMS: Blood pressure (BP) changes in alcohol-dependent individuals during a 12-week alcohol relapse prevention study were examined in light of drinking status and biomarkers of alcohol consumption [carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (%CDT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)]. METHODS: Of 160 randomized alcoholic individuals, 120 who had hypertension and in whom daily drinking data ...
Barry Robert J - - 2008
The timing of caffeine effects on arousal levels was examined. From previous work in our laboratory, an increase in skin conductance level (SCL) was used as the marker of arousal increase, and we sought to identify the timing of this and related effects following caffeine ingestion. A single oral dose ...
Ayinde Buniyamin A - - 2007
There is already a literature report on the anti-ulcer effect of water extract of Ficus exasperata. Some communities in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria use the decoction of the leaf as hypotensive crude drug. Verification of this claim and also the microscopy and other pharmacognostic parameters which can be ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Habitual alcohol drinking affects both blood pressure and serum lipids. I investigated the relationships among alcohol drinking, blood pressure and atherogenic index defined by serum total and HDL cholesterol levels in young women. METHODS: The subjects were young (20-39 y) healthy female workers (n=7887) receiving annual health checkups. Blood ...
Arifeen Najmul - - 2007
A novel design of a wheat-based biorefinery for bioethanol production, including wheat milling, gluten extraction as byproduct, fungal submerged fermentation for enzyme production, starch hydrolysis, fungal biomass autolysis for nutrient regeneration, yeast fermentation with recycling integrated with a pervaporation membrane for ethanol concentration, and fuel-grade ethanol purification by pressure swing ...
Astorino Todd Anthony - - 2007
Caffeine (CAF) exerts a pressor effect both at rest and during exercise, as blood pressure is higher than with placebo. The effect of acute CAF ingestion combined with intense resistance training on cardiovascular function is unknown, however. The primary aim of the study was to examine changes in cardiovascular function ...
Rogers Peter J - - 2008
RATIONALE: Although both contain behaviourally significant concentrations of caffeine, tea is commonly perceived to be a less stimulating drink than coffee. At least part of the explanation for this may be that theanine, which is present in tea but not coffee, has relaxing effects. There is also some evidence that ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Both blood pressure and HDL cholesterol are affected by alcohol drinking. However, it has not been determined whether association of alcohol drinking with blood pressure varies depending on blood HDL level. METHODS: The subjects were male workers aged 20 to 29 year and 50 to 59 year (n = ...
Kaewboonchoo Orawan - - 2007
This study aims to evaluate blood lead level (PbB) and blood pressure of bus drivers in Bangkok, Thailand, after the phasing out of lead in gasoline. The subjects comprised of 439 male bus drivers whose age ranged between 23 and 59 yr with the mean age of 42 +/- 8 ...
Ngai Al C - - 2008
Chronic fetal alcohol exposure impairs neural and vascular development. We have previously shown that fetal alcohol exposure is associated with attenuated hypoxic cerebral vasodilation and reduced neuronal vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) expression in fetal sheep. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that fetal alcohol exposure alters vascular development, ...
Drevenhorn Eva - - 2007
AIM: The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of using a structured nursing intervention programme in hypertension care. BACKGROUND: Counselling on lifestyle changes to address hypertension helps patients reduce risk factors such as smoking, high alcohol consumption, overweight, dyslipidemia, negative stress and physical inactivity. DESIGN: The study ...
Bron Michael - - 2007
The hydrogenation of acrolein over pure and supported silver has been investigated with a focus on the influence of catalyst structure and reaction pressure (mbar to 20 bar range) on activity and selectivity. An onset of formation of allyl alcohol beyond 100 mbar reaction pressure (at 250 degrees C) is ...
Hashimoto Yoshimi - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was the quantitative prediction of the bitterness-suppressing effect of sweeteners (sucrose or sugar alcohols) on the bitterness of famotidine (or quinine sulfate as control) solutions using an artificial taste sensor. Firstly, we examined the response characteristics of the sensor response to sweetness. The sensor ...
Polcin Douglas L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that individuals with substance-use problems frequently receive pressure to enter treatment. Pressure can come from institutions (e.g., criminal justice or welfare) or relationships (e.g., family or friends). Research has also shown that pressure can facilitate treatment entry. However, few studies have assessed how pressure from different ...
Laurent Alexandre - - 2007
Generally, organic water-miscible solvents are used intravascularly (both intravenously and intra-arterially) for preparing two types of formulations, namely, pharmaceutical injections of poorly soluble drugs and precipitating liquid embolic polymeric materials for the minimally invasive treatment of aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, or tumors, by arterial route. Although several of such solvents have ...
Kastarinen Mika - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the trends in blood pressure (BP) affecting lifestyle factors in hypertensive and normotensive Finns from 1982 to 2002. DESIGN AND SETTING: Five independent cross-sectional population surveys conducted in 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 and 2002 in the provinces of North Karelia and Kuopio in eastern Finland and the ...
Di Gennaro Cristiana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are greater in heavy alcoholics than in either teetotallers or light-to-moderate drinkers. OBJECTIVE: On the assumption that factors leading to atherosclerotic damage remain operative even after long-term alcohol withdrawal, we studied the possible mechanisms of raised cardiovascular risk in former heavy alcoholics. METHODS: ...
Teng Ching-I - - 2007
This study found that a longer time limit in cyber promotions results in lower time pressure perceptions by consumers and a greater rate of consumers choosing higher-priced items. Furthermore, products with which consumers are more involved entail higher time pressure, lower consumer satisfaction, and a lower share of consumers using ...
Kähkönen Seppo - - 2007
We studied whether nitric oxide is involved in cardiovascular symptoms in alcohol withdrawal. Cardiovascular effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN; 20 mg sublingually), a nitric oxide donor were compared in 21 alcohol-dependent subjects during alcohol withdrawal (n=11) on days 1, 2, 3, and 10 to those during remission (n=10; duration=60.7+/-10.5 days). ...
Kawabe Hiroshi - - 2007
Home blood pressure (HBP) is usually measured in the morning and evening, but the evening HBP tends to be influenced by an individual's behavior pattern, such as bathing and drinking, which are often seen in the Japanese. In this study, in order to elucidate the influence of nighttime drinking on ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal relationship between coffee use and hypertension is not well known. Aim. We did a prospective study to investigate if there is a temporal relationship between coffee consumption and development of sustained hypertension. METHOD: We assessed 1107 white subjects with elevated blood pressure who were followed up for ...
Ho Min-Po - - 2007
Disulfiram (Antabuse) is used for aversive treatment of alcohol dependence with good effects. Through inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase, disulfiram heightens serum aldehyde concentration after alcohol ingestion and causes aversive disulfiram-ethanol reaction. Typical symptoms of this reaction include flushing, nausea, dyspnea, tremor, and confusion, which are usually self-limiting. However, severe life-threatening ...
Palacios-Cabrera Hector A - - 2007
Changes in temperature, relative humidity, and moisture content of green coffee beans were monitored during transportation of coffee from Brazil to Italy. Six containers (three conventional and three prototype) were stowed in three different places (hold, first floor, and deck) on the ship. Each prototype was located next to a ...
Longo-Mbenza B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies on the prevalence of hypertension among Africans in workplace did not deal with risk factors of hypertension. Thus there is a need to screen urban central Africans at workplace for environmental risk factors of hypertension. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Kinshasa National Company of Electricity. ...
Chen Yu - - 2007
The authors performed a cross-sectional analysis to evaluate the association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and blood pressure using baseline data of 10,910 participants in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study in Bangladesh (October 2000-May 2002). A time-weighted well arsenic concentration (TWA) based on current and past use ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Han is the largest nationality and Zhuang is the largest minority among 56 nationalities in China. Hei Yi (means black-worship and black dressing) Zhuang is a special subgroup of 43 ethnic subgroups of Zhuang. There are limited data about the effect of environmental factors on the prevalence of hyperlipidemia ...
Hamer Mark - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coffee is widely consumed in the Western diet and therefore has important implications for public health. Research findings pertaining to the effects of coffee consumption on cardiovascular health are conflicting, and the role of caffeine is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between coffee intake, inflammation and cardiovascular ...
Nam Ki Chang - - 2006
Many cellular phone provocation studies have been conducted since the question of increased health risk from extended usage of cellular phones became a social issue. Internationally, most studies have been conducted regarding the effects of GSM cellular phones on blood pressure and heart rate of adult volunteers. On the other ...
Mazanov Jason - - 2006
Behavioural intention was advanced as an alternative bifurcation variable to peer pressure in the context of a cusp catastrophe model of changes in adolescent substance use (Clair, 1998; Byrne, Mazanov & Gregson, 2001). Three sets of models were tested using data from a 12 month longitudinal study of adolescent smoking ...
Puddey Ian B - - 2006
1. The regular consumption of alcohol elevates blood pressure, with global estimates that the attributable risk for hypertensive disease from alcohol is 16%. 2. The increase in blood pressure is approximately 1 mmHg for each 10 g alcohol consumed and is largely reversible within 2-4 weeks of abstinence or a ...
Hodgson J M - - 2006
1. The consumption of tea worldwide is second only to water. Thus, any physiological effects of tea could have a significant impact on population health. 2. Tea is the major contributor to total flavonoid intake in many populations. Flavonoids in tea have been shown to have a range of activities ...
Wakabayashi I - - 2006
AIMS: Facial flushing caused by alcohol drinking is a typical symptom of high sensitivity to alcohol in orientals. We investigated whether drinking alcohol influences atherosclerotic risk factors in alcohol flushers and non-flushers in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using 225 subjects with type 2 diabetes. ...
Soardo Giorgio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological investigations have demonstrated a close association between heavy alcohol consumption and hypertension. The mechanisms of this association, however, remain elusive. We studied the effects of alcohol withdrawal on blood pressure, hormonal parameters, and circulating markers of endothelial activity. METHODS: In 14 hypertensive heavy alcohol consumers (> 200 g/day) ...
Gosse Philippe - - 2006
Alterations in the circadian rhythm of blood pressure, whether a loss of the nighttime dip or an exaggeration of the early morning increase that occurs upon rising, indicate increased cardiovascular risk. Estimates of the magnitude of the blood pressure surge on rising vary depending on technique and population, but it ...
Zywiak William H - - 2006
Previously, items on the relapse-onset section of the Relapse Questionnaire have been grouped together based on face validity. In the present article, an empirical scoring method for this measure is derived through a factor analysis of Project MATCH data. Three factors replicate the factor solutions of other measures of alcohol ...
Kodavali Lavanya - - 2006
Ethanol is a molecule of enduring research interest because its consumption has important social as well as medical implications. With excessive ethanol consumption, there is higher prevalence for hypertension, stroke, cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmias. A principal mechanism by which ethanol exerts these cardiovascular effects is through modulation of blood pressure. In ...
Zamir Z - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Invasive studies in middle-aged patients suggest an acute adverse haemodynamic effect of smoking. AIMS: To study acute changes in blood pressure (BP), cardiac output, peripheral resistance and aortic compliance following cigarette smoking in healthy young subjects. METHODS: Using a non-invasive photoplethysmographic technique we compared the effects of smoking one ...
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