Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1101
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Silaratana Somrutat - - 2012
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD), consequently progression to end stage renal disease. The previous studies demonstrated that the inhibition on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) such as by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and angiotensin type I receptor blocker (ARB) reduced proteinuria and slow ...
White John M - - 2012
If handling the remains of dead patients is a responsibility of your security department, or you are being pressured to take on the role because of budget cuts, the need to anticipate and plan for complications which may arise is critical, the author points out.
Gava Agata L - - 2012
The rat has been the most used experimental animal for studies of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. However, it is notable that there is increasing importance placed on the use of the mouse model to increase understanding of these pathophysiologies. The aim of the present study was to induce chronic kidney ...
Macsim Lucian Stefan - - 2012
We present the case of a 64-year-old male patient in whom malignant phase of hypertension developed during dialysis therapy. Hypertension was resistant to pharmacological therapy with seven antihypertensive drugs and dialysis therapy with ultrafiltration. In this patient bilateral nephrectomy was performed as a rescue therapy. It led to better control ...
Atiqi R - - 2011
A nationwide survey in the Netherlands among 600 randomly sampled practitioners revealed that the advice (1) quit smoking, (2) reduce alcohol, (3) healthy diet, and (4) physical activities was only given by 76%, 26%, 44%, and 61% of the practitioners. To confirm these data, and to study the effects of ...
Pourshanazari Aliasghar - - 2011
We investigated the effects of low-dose morphine on nitric oxide (NO) and angiogenesis in two-kidney one clip hypertensive (2K1C) rats. MALE RATS WERE DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: sham-clip operated and 2K1C. Each group subdivided into saline and morphine (3 mg/kg i.p. 8 weeks) groups. Blood pressure, heart rate, plasma renin ...
Zurbuchen Thomas H - - 2011
Global measurements by MESSENGER of the fluxes of heavy ions at Mercury, particularly sodium (Na(+)) and oxygen (O(+)), exhibit distinct maxima in the northern magnetic-cusp region, indicating that polar regions are important sources of Mercury's ionized exosphere, presumably through solar-wind sputtering near the poles. The observed fluxes of helium (He(+)) ...
Judd Suzanne E - - 2011
Alcohol intake has been shown to have a J-shaped association with blood pressure (BP). However, this association has not been examined in mixed race populations or in people with diabetes where tighter blood pressure control is recommended. Participants in the REGARDS study who were 45 years or older (n = ...
Pfeifer R - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether there are differences in autonomic cardiovascular regulation in resuscitated patients undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in relation to the clinical outcome. METHOD: Between 2005 and 2007, 18 consecutive resuscitated patients were enrolled. ECG and blood pressure data were recorded for 48 h during hypothermia and warming up to ...
Hanif Mohammad - - 2011
Normal kidney function is regulated by Nitric oxide (NO) and Superoxide (O2-) in the body, and consequently controls blood pressure. Nitric Oxide promotes natriuresis and diuresis, and therefore results in reduction of blood pressure. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of L-arginine supplementation on blood pressure, ...
Torgersen Christian - - 2011
The aim of this survey was to investigate clinicians' current approach to the haemodynamic management and resuscitation endpoints in septic shock. This cross-sectional, self-reported questionnaire-based survey was sent to the clinical director of selected ICUs in 16 European countries. The questionnaire consisted of two parts and 25 questions. The first ...
Saugel Bernd - - 2011
PURPOSE: Physical examination, assessment of central venous pressure (CVP) and chest radiography are diagnostic tools for estimation of volume status in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Passive leg raising (PLR) is a test to estimate fluid responsiveness. Transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) is established for measurement of cardiac index (CI), global end-diastolic ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2011
In the concentration range that is normally achieved in humans, e.g., after the drinking of coffee or in patients treated with theophylline, the cardiovascular effects of methylxanthines are primarily due to antagonism of adenosine A(1) and A(2) receptors. Inhibition of phosphodiesterases or mobilization of intracellular calcium requires much higher concentrations. ...
Mesquida Jaume - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: This study was aimed to test the hypothesis that tissue hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) measured non-invasively using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a reliable indicator of global oxygen delivery (DO2) measured invasively using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) in patients with septic shock. DESIGN:: Prospective study. SETTING:: 26-bed medical-surgical ICU, ...
Atlas Glen - - 2010
A clinical comparison, of two methods of afterload assessment, has been made. The first method, systemic vascular resistance index (SVR(i)), is based upon the traditional formula for afterload which utilizes central venous pressure (CVP), as well as cardiac index (C(i)), and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). The second method, total ...
Abramson Jerome L - - 2010
Habitual alcohol consumption has shown positive associations with office blood pressure (BP). Less well established, however, is alcohol consumption's relationship to various measures of ambulatory BP (ABP) in healthy, normotensive persons. We investigated alcohol consumption's relationship to mean ABP, ABP variability, and the ABP arterial stiffness index in a sample ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2010
Blood pressure is known to be higher in heavy drinkers than in nondrinkers. The aim of this study was to determine whether the alcohol-blood pressure relationship is modified by therapy for hypertension in the elderly. Men aged > or = 65 years (n = 1,396) with or without current history ...
Li Hongmei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The relationship between smoking and hypertension is still unclear and controversial; we examine effects of smoking on blood pressure stratified by body mass index (BMI) in the Mongolian population. METHODS: A total of 2589 Mongolians aged 20 years or more were recruited as study subjects. Demographic data, lifestyle factors, ...
Al-Hamoudi Waleed K WK Gastroenterology Unit (59), College of Medicine, King Saud University, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Saudi Arabia. - - 2010
To study the hemodynamics in the immediate post transplant period and compare patients with alcoholic vs viral cirrhosis. Between 2000-2003, 38 patients were transplanted for alcoholic cirrhosis and 28 for postviral cirrhosis. Heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), cardiac index ...
Mishra Shailendra Kumar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has emerged as a major health risk among adults and the elderly in India. In spite of sharing similar physical and cultural environments, group level cultural variability and distinct genetic ancestry may result in differences in patterns of hypertension prevalence. AIM: The present study investigates the relationships between ...
Talyzin Alexandr V - - 2009
Graphite oxide (GO) immersed in an excess of methanol and ethanol media is found to undergo a phase transformation at about 0.2-0.8 GPa, with an expansion of the unit cell volume by approximately 40%, due to pressure-induced insertion of solvent into interlayer space. The pressure at which the structural expansion ...
Ragsdale Frances R - - 2010
Energy drink consumption has been anecdotally linked to the development of adverse cardiovascular effects in consumers, although clinical trials to support this link are lacking. The effects of Red Bull energy drink on cardiovascular and neurologic functions were examined in college-aged students enrolled at Winona State University. In a double-blind ...
Trudel Xavier - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of masked hypertension when the same ambulatory device is used for both manual and ambulatory blood pressure measurements and to measure associations with lifestyle risk factors in a working population. METHODS: White-collar workers were recruited from three public organizations. Blood pressure was measured at the ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether body weight influences the associations of habitual alcohol drinking with blood pressure and serum lipids in women. METHODS: The subjects were 16,805 healthy women at ages of 35-54 years, and data were collected at work places of the subjects in Yamagata Prefecture in Japan from April ...
Ibanga Akanidomo K J - - 2009
This study set out to investigate the pressures experienced by different individuals to drink, or drink a little more than intended, by someone who drinks or drinks more than they do. A total of 2099 Nigerian adults between the ages of 18 and 65 years were randomly sampled. The frequency ...
Holmila Marja - - 2009
The paper examines how family members in 18 countries attempt to influence each other to drink less. Data come from the GENACIS (Gender, Alcohol and Culture: an International Study) dataset. Countries included were Argentina, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, India, Japan, Nigeria, Norway, Spain, Sri Lanka, ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi - - 2009
This 3-year prospective study in middle-aged Japanese men with prehypertension examined the usefulness of the plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as predictors of the development to hypertension as compared with other previously proposed markers, such as the age, initial blood pressure, heart ...
Selin Klara Hradilova - - 2009
A number of studies have shown that pressure from others is an important element in decision making concerning entering treatment and that the pressure most often comes from one's partner. Is has also been found that, besides actual drinking habits, togetherness of drinking, i.e. proportion of drinking occasions spent together ...
Stewart Scott H SH Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Drug and Alcohol Programs, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA. - - 2009
Heavy drinking can cause chronic hypertension, possibly due to effects on the autonomic nervous system. Catechol- O-methyltransferase (COMT) inactivates catecholamines, and a G to A substitution in codon 108 in the soluble COMT mRNA (or codon 158 in the membrane-bound form) substitutes methionine for valine and alters enzyme activity. We ...
Foerster Maryline - - 2009
Moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with lower coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. However, data on the CAD risk associated with high alcohol consumption are conflicting. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of heavier drinking on 10-year CAD risk in a population with high mean alcohol ...
Miyashita Masashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Physical activity recommendations promote the accumulation of aerobic activity in bouts of >or=10 min. It is important to determine whether shorter bouts of activity can influence health. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of accumulating ten 3-min bouts of brisk walking with those of one 30-min bout of brisk walking ...
Stewart Scott H SH Center for Drug and Alcohol Programs, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2008
Heavy drinking is associated with hypertension. This study evaluated blood pressure changes occurring during treatment for alcohol dependence. Subjects included 1383 people participating in the Combining Medications and Behavioral Interventions for Alcoholism (COMBINE) study, a large multi-center treatment study for alcohol dependence. Methods appropriate for repeated-measures data were used to ...
Glaister Mark - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of caffeine supplementation on multiple sprint running performance. METHODS: Using a randomized double-blind research design, 21 physically active men ingested a gelatin capsule containing either caffeine (5 mg x kg(-1) body mass) or placebo (maltodextrin) 1 h before completing ...
Ghosh David - - 2008
In our earlier publication [M. Gharibeh et al., J. Chem. Phys. 122, 094512 (2005)] we determined the temperatures and partial pressures corresponding to the maximum nucleation rate for a series n-alcohols (C(i)H(2i+l)OH; i=3-5) during condensation in a supersonic nozzle. Although we were able to determine the characteristic time Deltat(Jmax) corresponding ...
Lu Yan - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to prepare a new formulation of clarithromycin emulsion (ClaE) with the clarithromycin-phospholipid complex which was analyzed by DSC. High-pressure homogenization, Nicomp 380 Particle Sizing system, and HPLC were used to prepare and investigate ClaE, while UPLC/MS/MS for pharmacokinetic study. Clarithromycin and soybean lecithin were ...
Stoner Lee - - 2008
Cigarette smoking is associated with impaired arterial function as measured by reduced vasodilation in response to reactive hyperemia. However, previous studies did not account for potential differences in shear stimuli. The purpose of this study was to use young, occasional smokers to ethically evaluate the effects of acute and chronic ...
Unverdorben Martin - - 2008
Reduced cigarette smoke exposure in adult smokers switching from a conventional cigarette (CC) to a potential exposure-reduced electrically heated cigarette smoking system (EHCSS) and no smoking (NS) improved exercise performance. The effects of reduced smoke exposure on the prognostic parameters heart rate (HR) and rate-pressure-product (RPP) were investigated. A total ...
Kato Noritada - - 2008
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is the major determinants of hypertension. Recent studies indicated sleep duration, in addition to shift work, were also associated with hypertension. But very little attention has been paid to these two factors when looking at the effects of SDB on blood pressure. We conducted the present study ...
Klatsky Arthur L - - 2008
In recent decades alcohol use has joined other correlates of hypertension (HTN), such as obesity and salt intake, as a major research focus about HTN risk factors. In cross-sectional and prospective epidemiologic studies, higher blood pressure (BP) has consistently been found among persons reporting usual daily intake of three standard-sized ...
Yim Hyung Eun HE Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2008
The kidneys play a fundamental role in the long-term control of arterial pressure by regulating sodium balance and extracellular fluid volume. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is at the center of the regulation of hypertension and progressive renal injury. It has gradually become clear that not only systemic RAS, but also ...
Cho Sangwoo - - 2008
Alcoholism is a disease that affects parts of the brain that control emotion, decisions, and behavior. Therapy for people with alcoholism must address coping skills for facing high-risk situations. Therefore, it is important to develop tools to mimic such conditions. Cue exposure therapy (CET) provides high-risk situations during treatment, which ...
Alexopoulos Nikolaos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tea consumption is associated with decreased cardiovascular risk. Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery is related to coronary endothelial function and it is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. Black tea has a beneficial effect on endothelial function; the effect, however, of green tea on brachial artery reactivity ...
Tarabar Asim F - - 2008
Citalopram overdose may produce bradycardia, QT prolongation, and torsades de pointes (TdP). A cardiotoxic metabolite may be responsible for the delayed onset of cardiotoxicity. Although some authorities recommend a minimum of 24 hours of observation following citalopram overdose, a recent analysis suggested that dysrhythmias rarely occur beyond 13 hours post-ingestion. ...
Lee Jongun J Department of Physiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2008
Nitric oxide has been implicated in many physiologic processes that influence both acute and long-term control of kidney function. Its net effect in the kidney is to promote natriuresis and diuresis, contributing to adaptation to variations of dietary salt intake and maintenance of normal blood pressure. A pretreatment with nitric ...
Rose Heather Liszka - - 2008
AIMS: To determine the effect of an intervention to improve alcohol screening and brief counseling for hypertensive patients in primary care. DESIGN: Two-year randomized, controlled trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one primary care practices across the United States with a common electronic medical record. INTERVENTION: To promote alcohol screening and brief counseling. Intervention ...
Orrock John L - - 2008
Biological invasions can change ecosystem function, have tremendous economic costs, and impact human health; understanding the forces that cause and maintain biological invasions is thus of immediate importance. A mechanism by which exotic plants might displace native plants is by increasing the pressure of native consumers on native plants, a ...
Chen Lina L Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2008
Alcohol has been reported to be a common and modifiable risk factor for hypertension. However, observational studies are subject to confounding by other behavioural and sociodemographic factors, while clinical trials are difficult to implement and have limited follow-up time. Mendelian randomization can provide robust evidence on the nature of this ...
Castardeli Edson - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of length of exposure to tobacco smoke on the cardiac remodeling process induced by exposure to cigarette smoke in rats. MATERIAL/METHODS: Rats were separated into 4 groups: nonsmoking (NS)2 (n=25; control animals not exposed to tobacco smoke for 2 months), smoking (S)2 (n=22; rats exposed ...
Chen J - - 2008
Two intervention studies are described involving >110,000 subjects in each. The first was in a steel factory where one intervention site had health promotion, aimed at altering diet, and particularly reducing salt and fat intake, modest alcohol drinking and smoking cessation, together with a high-risk strategy of hypertension control. The ...
Hecht Stephen S - - 2008
The tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is one of the most abundant carcinogens in smokeless tobacco products. NNK uptake by measurement of the urinary metabolites 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol and its glucuronides (total NNAL) has been reported in many studies, but there are no data in the literature on the percentage of the NNK ...
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