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Results 201 - 250 of 1101
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Adebiyi Adewole - - 2013
Background. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease worldwide and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Studies have suggested that the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system play a major role in the target organ damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy occuring in hypertension. We sought to determine the ...
Colussi GianLuca G Clinica Medica, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. - - 2013
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) are commonly used to reduce blood pressure, left-ventricular hypertrophy, and urinary albumin excretion in patients with essential hypertension or primary aldosteronism. Effects of MRAs on hypertensive organ damage seem to occur beyond what is expected from the mere reduction of blood pressure. This suggests that activation ...
Hernández-Méndez Erick Alejandro - - 2013
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) autoantibodies (AT1Rab) have been associated with pre-eclampsia and malignant hypertension. Overactivity of the angiotensin-II/AT1R complex has also been implicated in cardiac, renal, and vascular remodeling, leading to mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease. Pre-donation prevalence and possible post-donation effects of AT1Rab in living kidney ...
Arnold Amy C AC Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-6602, - - 2013
At least half of primary autonomic failure patients exhibit supine hypertension, despite profound impairments in sympathetic activity. Although the mechanisms underlying this hypertension are unknown, plasma renin activity is often undetectable, suggesting renin-angiotensin (Ang) pathways are not involved. However, because aldosterone levels are preserved, we tested the hypothesis that Ang ...
Esler Murray D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Renal sympathetic nerve activation contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension. Symplicity HTN-2, a multicenter, randomized trial, demonstrated that catheter-based renal denervation produced significant blood pressure lowering in treatment-resistant patients at 6 months after the procedure compared with control, medication-only patients. Longer-term follow-up, including 6-month crossover results, is now presented. ...
Brand Susanne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Hypertension is associated with an increased cancer mortality and a higher kidney cancer risk. Blood pressure regulating hormones, such as the peptide hormone angiotensin II (AngII), are elevated in hypertension. AngII showed DNA-damaging effects in vitro and in the ex-vivo perfused mouse kidney. Here, the effect of rising doses ...
Karns Adam D AD A Medical Corporation, Beverly Hills, CA, USA. - - 2013
Aldosterone inhibition with mineralcorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) is an effective treatment for resistant hypertension. Aldosterone synthase inhibitors (ASIs) are currently being investigated as a new therapeutic strategy to reduce aldosterone secretion from the adrenal gland. In this study, the efficacy and safety of the first-generation ASI LCI699 (0.25 mg twice ...
Fontenla Adolfo A Unidad de Arritmias, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is a clinical problem because of its difficult management and increased morbidity and mortality. Catheter-based renal denervation has been demonstrated to improve control in these patients. The results of establishing a multidisciplinary unit for the implementation of renal denervation in the management of resistant hypertension are described. A ...
Fontenla Adolfo A Unidad de Arritmias, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is a clinical problem because of its difficult management and increased morbidity and mortality. Catheter-based renal denervation has been demonstrated to improve control in these patients. The results of establishing a multidisciplinary unit for the implementation of renal denervation in the management of resistant hypertension are described. A ...
Fourkiotis Verena V Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2013
Primary aldosteronism (PA) has deleterious effects on kidney function independent of blood pressure levels. Up to now, data on effectiveness of different PA therapies regarding renal function are scarce. This prospective multi-center study included 29 patients with newly diagnosed PA evaluated before and 1 year after treatment initiation, and a ...
Wu Men-Tai - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The combination therapy of aliskiren and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blocker in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. Whether such dual blockade can effectively apply to patients with CKD irrespective of stage and amount of proteinuria remains uncertain. METHODS: We added aliskiren at a dosage of 150 mg/day for six ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is responsible for a significant burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Although several rational and integrated pharmacological strategies are available, the control of high blood pressure still remains largely unsatisfactory. Failure to achieve effective blood pressure control in treated hypertensive patients may have a substantial impact on ...
Lambert T - - 2012
A 79-year-old patient was treated with percutaneous renal denervation (RDN) due to resistant arterial hypertension in the summer of 2010. After primary treatment success with a decrease of blood pressure from 170 / 100 mmHg to 130 / 80 mmHg 6 months post ablation, the blood pressure rose again at ...
Lacchini Riccardo - - 2012
Aldosterone increases plasma volume and may be involved with resistant hypertension. P-glycoprotein is a transporter involved in the distribution and disposition of aldosterone, and is encoded by the MDR-1 gene. MDR-1 has functional polymorphisms that may affect P-glycoprotein expression. We hypothesized that the C(3435)T polymorphism in MDR-1 could be associated ...
Mafeld Sebastian - - 2012
Hypertension is a major public health concern that is increasing in prevalence. Lifestyle and pharmacological management are not always sufficient to control blood pressure and treatment-resistant hypertension is a recognized clinical challenge. Renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) represents a new frontier in the treatment of resistant hypertension. from the Symplicity HTN-1 ...
Huan Yonghong - - 2012
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Drug-resistant hypertension remains common despite the availability of several classes of effective antihypertensive agents. Sympathetic hyperactivity has long been recognized as a major contributor to resistant hypertension, but radical sympathectomy was abandoned several decades ago due to its significant side ...
Wu Jingjing - - 2012
We previously generated a cytochrome P450 4F2 (CYP4F2) transgenic mouse model and demonstrated that overexpressed CYP4F2 and overproduced 20-HETE in the kidneys contribute to the increase of blood pressure in the CYP4F2 transgenic mice with normal salt intake. We currently expect to elucidate a potential mechanism of salt-related hypertension whereby ...
Gosain Priyanka - - 2013
Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) is a novel technique that is being investigated as treatment for resistant hypertension. To systematically evaluate the existing literature on the safety and efficacy of RSD in persons with resistant hypertension, online searches of Medline and the Cochrane Library Database (up to June 2012) were ...
Bakris George L - - 2013
In this double-blind study, 1143 hypertensive participants with type 2 diabetes and stage 1 or 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) were randomized to receive combination aliskiren/valsartan 150/160 mg or valsartan 160 mg monotherapy for 2 weeks, with force-titration to 300/320 mg and 320 mg, respectively, for another 6 weeks. Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), the primary outcome, ...
Zarzecki Milosz - - 2012
Background: Higher blood pressure and albuminuria are found in offspring of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. Whether or not kidney development is affected by maternal smoking is unknown. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to twice-daily cigarettesmoke and nicotine condensate (1 mg/kg) or vehicle at day 10 of pregnancy until ...
Chugh Gaurav G Heart and Kidney Institute, College of Pharmacy, Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, - - 2013
Kidneys play a vital role in long-term regulation of blood pressure. This is achieved by actions of many renal and nonrenal factors acting on the kidney that help maintain the body's water and electrolyte balance and thus control blood pressure. Several endogenously formed or circulating hormones/peptides, by acting within the ...
Zhang Sen S State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, P.R. - - 2013
Nicousamide, a coumarin-aspirin compound, was proven to have a renal protective effect on diabetic and hypertensive nephropathy. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-hypertensive effect of nicousamide and its action mechanisms. The two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive animal model was introduced in this study. Subsequent to treatment with nicousamide for ...
Calhoun David A - - 2012
Resistant hypertension affects an estimated 10-15 million American adults and is increasing in prevalence. The etiology of resistant hypertension is almost always multifactorial, including obesity, older age, high dietary salt, chronic kidney disease, and aldosterone excess. Classical primary aldosteronism and lesser degrees of aldosterone excess, possibly originating from visceral adipocytes, ...
Simi Massimiliano - - 2012
Background. The magnetic surgical camera is an emerging technology having the potential to improve visualization without taking up port site space. However, tilting the point of view downward/upward can be done only by constantly applying a pressure on the abdomen. This study aims to test the hypothesis that the novel ...
Ohta Yuko - - 2012
We investigated the influence of long-term salt load on renal function in hypertensive patients. The subjects were 133 hypertensive patients (80 women and 53 men, mean age 60±9 years) who underwent at least five successful 24 h home urine collections during the 10-year observation period. Blood pressure (BP) and 24-h urinary ...
Varcabová Sárka - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the hypothesis that the antihypertensive action of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition is mediated by an increased availability in intrarenal epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) with consequent improvement of renal haemodynamic autoregulatory efficiency and of the pressure-natriuresis relationship. Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR), a model of ...
Chappell Mark C MC The Hypertension & Vascular Disease Center, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) constitutes one of the most important hormonal systems in the physiological regulation of blood pressure through renal and nonrenal mechanisms. Indeed, dysregulation of the RAS is considered a major factor in the development of cardiovascular pathologies, including kidney injury, and blockade of this system by the ...
Hall John E - - 2012
Despite major advances in understanding the pathophysiology of hypertension and availability of effective and safe antihypertensive drugs, suboptimal blood pressure (BP) control is still the most important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and is globally responsible for more than 7 million deaths annually. Short-term and long-term BP regulation involve the ...
Yuksel Uygar C UC Sones Cardiac Catheterization Lab, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, - - 2012
The clinical benefit of percutaneous interventional therapies for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is still obscure. Randomized trials conducted on general patient populations provided unsatisfactory results in justifying the interventional treatment. In this study, the predictive value of renal resistive index (RRI) was retrospectively analyzed in identifying the patients who ...
Caplin Ben B Nitric Oxide Signalling Group, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Center, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of NO synthesis that may mediate cardiovascular disease. Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase-2 (AGXT2) has been proposed to degrade asymmetric dimethylarginine. We investigated the significance of AGXT2 in methylarginine metabolism in vivo and examined the effect of this enzyme on blood pressure. In isolated mouse kidney mitochondria, ...
Zhang Sen S State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, P.R. - - 2013
Previous studies have demonstrated that a novel coumarin-aspirin derivative, nicousamide, has a significant renal-protective effect on diabetic nephropathy. The present study aimed to investigate the beneficial effect of nicousamide on hypertensive nephropathy, as well as the underlying mechanisms in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). SHRs were treated orally with saline, nicousamide ...
Schaefer Betti - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is a rare but devastating condition. Once a critical amount of nephron mass has been lost, progression of CKD is irreversible and results in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and need of renal replacement therapy. The time course of childhood CKD is highly variable. While ...
Matthesen Solveig K - - 2012
This study demonstrates that the increased potassium content in the body seems to change both the blood pressure and renal tubular function. We wanted to test the hypotheses that amiloride and spironolactone induced potassium retention reduces ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and central blood pressure (CBP) during baseline conditions and after ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2012
Hypertension and cardiovascular complications are very common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Overactivation of sympathetic nervous system is also widely recognized in CKD. Renalase may play an important role in the control of blood pressure (BP) by its regulatory function of catecholamine metabolism. Renalase could be synthesized not only by ...
Patel S K - - 2012
Pulsatile pump perfusion of potential kidneys for transplantation is known to decrease the rate of delayed graft function (DGF) and improve their 1-year survival. Flow and resistance parameters are often used to determine the suitability of kidneys for transplantation. Kidneys with low flow rates are often subjected to higher pressures ...
Jiang Weihong - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of renal denervation on the blood pressure, plasma renalase content and expression of renalase and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the kidney of spontaneous hypertensive (SH) rats and to explore the mechanism of renal denervation involved in lowering blood pressure. SH ...
Wadei Hani M - - 2012
The kidney plays a central role in the regulation of arterial blood pressure. A large body of experimental and physiological evidence indicates that renal control of extracellular volume and renal perfusion pressure are closely involved in maintaining the arterial circulation and blood pressure. Renal artery perfusion pressure directly regulates sodium ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent in 3%-4% of the adult population in the United States, and the vast majority of these people are hypertensive. Compared with those with essential hypertension, hypertension in CKD remains poorly controlled despite the use of multiple antihypertensive drugs. Hypervolemia is thought to be a ...
Carter Yvette - - 2012
Primary aldosteronism caused by an aldosterone producing adrenal tumor/aldosteronoma (APA), is a potentially curable form of hypertension, via unilateral adrenalectomy. Resolution of hypertension (HTN) is not as prevalent after tumor resection, as are the normalization of aldosterone secretion, hypokalemia, and other metabolic abnormalities. Here, we review the immediate and long-term ...
Kumolosasi Endang - - 2012
Hypertension has been identified as one of the causes for end stage renal failure (ESRF) and is likely to worsen kidney function. This retrospective study was carried out at a tertiary hospital in Malaysia with the objective of determining the effectiveness of combination antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients with ESRF ...
Mathai Jaisy - - 2012
The study was performed on prospective donors who reported to the Department of Transfusion Medicine. Individuals deferred due to hypertension contributed the study population. They were compared with age and sex matched donor controls. Demographic details were recorded in a proforma. On identification of a hypertensive individual, consequent two comparable ...
Yang Tianxin - - 2012
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is a major prostanoid with a wide variety of biological activities. PGE(2) can influence blood pressure (BP) both positively and negatively. In particular, centrally administered PGE(2) induces hypertension whereas systemic administration of PGE(2) produces a hypotensive effect. These physiologically opposing effects are generated by the existence of ...
Hill Michael A MA Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center and Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2012
Contraction of small artery (diameters typically less than 250 μm) vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a critical role in local control of blood flow and arterial pressure through its affect on vascular caliber. Specifically, contraction of small arteries in response to increased intraluminal pressure is referred to as the ...
Sakaguchi Mikumo - - 2012
We described a 19 year old female case with renovascular hypertension, whose blood pressure was high taking antihypertensive medications. The right renal artery was completely occluded at its ostium, and percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty was unsuccessful. After aortorenal bypass surgery, blood pressure was normalized without administration of antihypertensive medication.
Aghamohammadzadeh Reza - - 2012
Abstract The advent of the obesity epidemic has highlighted the need to re-assess more closely the pathophysiology of obesity-related hypertension with the aim of identifying new therapies. In this article, we review the role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, sympathetic nervous system, and inflammation in relation to the pathophysiology of this ...
Orlov Sergei N - - 2012
High-ceiling diuretics (HCD), known potent inhibitors of housekeeping Na(+),K(+),2Cl cotransporter (NKCC1) and renal-specific NKCC2, decrease [Cl(-)](i), hyperpolarize vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), and suppress contractions evoked by modest depolarization, phenylephrine, angiotensin II, and UTP. These actions are absent in nkcc1 (/) knock-out mice, indicating that HCD interact with NKCC1 rather ...
Matamoro-Vidal A - - 2012
Although much attention has been paid to the role of stabilizing selection, empirical analyses testing the role of developmental constraints in evolutionary stasis remain rare, particularly for plants. This topic is studied here with a focus on the evolution of a pollen ontogenetic feature, the last points of callose deposition ...
Poudel B - - 2012
Hypertension is one of the leading causes to develop chronic kidney disease (CKD) and could be a risk factor for progression of CKD to end stage renal disease (ESRD).Uncontrolled hypertension worsens CKD. Hypertension control may contribute to prevent CKD in early stages and retards the progression of CKD stages to ...
Cipolletta Ersilia - - 2012
Dopamine DRD1 receptor regulates renal function and vascular resistance. It plays a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in animal models. In humans, the DRD1 gene presents a A-48G polymorphism associated to hypertension in a Japanese population. To explore the role of this polymorphism on blood pressure and renal function ...
Larsen Timothy R - - 2012
Patients with resistant hypertension have a higher incidence of secondary causes of hypertension compared with the general hypertensive population. It is important to screen such patients for secondary causes of hypertension because appropriate treatment can lead to improved blood pressure control or even cure these patients, and thus avoid the ...
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