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Rodríguez-Iturbe Bernardo - - 2013
Hypertension affects more than one-third of the adult population of the world. However, the cause of high blood pressure is unknown in the vast majority of patients, classified as patients with essential hypertension. Evidence accumulated over the past decade supports the participation of inflammation in the development of experimental hypertension. ...
Eleid Mackram F - - 2014
Hypertension is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Effective therapies are needed for resistant hypertension, a common condition characterized by inadequate blood pressure control despite 3 or more medications, which is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Percutaneous catheter-based renal denervation is a promising new treatment offering the potential to improve ...
Krum Henry H Monash Centre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency ablation substantially reduces blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. We assessed the long-term antihypertensive effects and safety. Symplicity HTN-1 is an open-label study that enrolled 153 patients, of whom 111 consented to follow-up for 36 months. Eligible patients had a systolic blood pressure of ...
Moody William E WE Birmingham Cardio-Renal Group, Centre for Clinical Cardiovascular Science, Nuffield House, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
There is strong evidence of an association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease. To date, however, proof that a reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a causative factor in cardiovascular disease is lacking. Kidney donors comprise a highly screened population without risk factors such as diabetes and ...
Bodas Prasad - - 2013
Renal disease is a known contributor to mortality in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) and renal abnormalities are evident in childhood. Hyperfiltration (evidenced by elevated glomerular filtration rate, GFR) occurs in children with SCD early in disease. However, the incidence of low GFR (<90 ml/min/1.73 m2) suggestive of chronic ...
Kansui Yasuo - - 2013
Abstract Strict control of blood pressure is important to prevent cardiovascular disease, although it is sometimes difficult to decrease blood pressure to target levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of resistant hypertension evaluated by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. One hundred in-hospital patients, whose 24-hour ...
Yoshida Shigetaka - - 2013
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, inhibits the rate-limiting step of the RAAS without any alternative pathway. It is proven to reduce albuminuria in CKD patients treated with angiotensin blockade. However, there are few reports ...
Khan Nadia A - - 2013
Renal denervation is a novel catheter-based, percutaneous procedure using radiofrequency energy to ablate nerves within the renal arteries. This procedure might help to significantly lower blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension, defined as BP > 140/90 mm Hg (> 130/80 mm Hg for those with diabetes) despite use ...
Ruzicka Marcel - - 2013
Renal denervation (RDN) is increasingly used for resistant hypertension. We report here a case of pseudoresistance of hypertension caused by nonadherence to prescribed drug therapy (6 medications), which evaded detection by verification of prescription filling. Direct observation therapy (DOT), in which usual antihypertensive medications are given under supervision, produced substantial ...
McLellan A J A - - 2013
Hypertension affects more than one-fourth of the adult population worldwide and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease. Currently, the majority of patients with hypertension do not reach goal blood pressure (BP) targets, and cardiovascular risk is increased further for patients with treatment-resistant hypertension, defined as office ...
Ishimitsu Toshihiko - - 2013
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is not necessarily suppressed in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis. Of all the inhibitors of this system, the clinical efficacy of the renin inhibitor, aliskiren, has not been well demonstrated in dialysis patients. We evaluated the antihypertensive effect of aliskiren, administered as a single daily dose ...
Schumacher Christoph D - - 2013
We describe the clinical investigation of the first generation aldosterone synthase inhibitor, LCI699, in patients with essential, uncontrolled, resistant, or secondary hypertension. LCI699 competitively reduced blood pressure at lower doses yet counterintuitive effects were observed at higher doses. An extensive endocrine biomarker analysis was performed to better understand the pharmacological ...
Jakka Nagendar N Department of Endocrinology, Osmania Medical College, Osmania General Hospital, Afzalgunj Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Co-occurrence of adrenal incidentaloma with hypertension calls for evaluation of endocrine causes including pheochromocytoma, Cushing's disease, and primary aldosteronism. We are reporting 40-years-old man who presented with hypertension and adrenal mass. He had elevated metanephrines, histology of resected adrenal mass revealed adrenal myelolipoma, and immuno-histochemistry was positive for chromogranin A. ...
Verbeke Francis - - 2013
Developing guidelines on a subject as broad as hypertension is difficult, especially when the guidance relates to hypertension in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes Guideline Development Group has applied a rigorous methodology in reviewing all available evidence, and their recommendations are consistent with ...
Kawarazaki Wakako - - 2013
According to Guyton's model, impaired renal sodium excretion plays a key role in the increased salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP). Several factors contribute to impaired renal sodium excretion, including the sympathetic nervous system, the renin-angiotensin system and aldosterone. Accumulating evidence suggests that abnormalities in aldosterone and its receptor (i.e. ...
Citterio Lorena - - 2013
Defective pressure-natriuresis related to abnormalities in the natriuretic response has been associated with hypertension development. A major signaling pathway mediating pressure natriuresis involves the cGMP-dependent protein kinase 1 (PRKG1) that, once activated by Src kinase, inhibits renal Na(+) reabsorption via a direct action on basolateral Na-K ATPase and luminal Na-H ...
Ahmed Mona A MA Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University Cairo, - - 2013
There is evidence that dietary fats are important components contributing in bone health and that bone mineral density is inversely related to sodium intake. Salt loading is also known to impose negative effects on renal function. The present study aimed to determine the effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid omega-3 ...
Cha Ran-Hui - - 2013
Blood pressure control is the most established practice for preventing the progression of chronic kidney disease. Evidence addressing blood pressure control status or nocturnal blood pressure dipping in Korean hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease is scarce. We recruited 1317 hypertensive patients (chronic kidney disease stages 2-4, median age 58) ...
Sarafidis Pantelis A - - 2013
Over the past decades, aggressive control of blood pressure (BP) and blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) were considered the cornerstones of treatment against progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), following important background and clinical evidence on the associations of hypertension and RAAS activation with renal injury. To this end, ...
Drexler Yelena R - - 2013
Resistant hypertension, the inability to achieve goal blood pressure despite the use of three or more appropriately dosed antihypertensive drugs (including a diuretic), remains a common clinical problem, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). While the exact prevalence and prognosis of resistant hypertension in CKD patients remain unknown, ...
Kocyigit Ismail - - 2013
Background/Aims: Early onset of hypertension and its consequences account for the great majority of deaths in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components have been shown in ADPKD kidneys independent of systemic RAS. Thus, we examined the urinary angiotensinogen (UAGT) levels as a biomarker of ...
Böhm Michael - - 2013
Aims: Hypertension is a global healthcare concern associated with a wide range of comorbidities. The recognition that elevated sympathetic drive plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension led to the use of renal artery denervation to interrupt the efferent and afferent sympathetic nerves between the brain and kidneys ...
Haloui Mounsif - - 2013
Elevation of blood pressure with age is one of the hallmarks of hypertension in both males and females. This study examined transcriptomic profiles in the kidney of 12-, 40-, and 80-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats and 4 recombinant inbred strains in search for functional genetic elements supporting temporal dynamics of blood ...
Johns Edward J - - 2013
Autonomic control is central to cardiovascular homeostasis and this is exerted not only at the level of the heart and blood vessels but also at the kidney. At the kidney the sympathetic neural regulation of renin release and fluid reabsorption may influence fluid balance and in the longer term the ...
Rugale Caroline - - 2013
Background/Aim: In chronic renal failure the increase in cardiovascular risk is in part related to the high prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy. The aim of the present monocentric retrospective study was to evaluate the influence of the presence of parenchymal kidney disease on left ventricular geometry in normotensive (arterial pressure ...
Andersen Karl - - 2013
Hypertension is an established risk factor for stroke, premature coronary artery disease and heart failure. Control of elevated blood pressure has been shown to result in significant reduction of cardiovascular risk. Aldosterone, the final product of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), not only causes salt and water reabsorbtion in the kidneys ...
Raso Giuseppina Mattace - - 2013
Hypertension is an important risk factor for kidney failure and renal events in the general population. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a member of the fatty acid ethanolamine family with profound analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, resulting from its ability to activate peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)α. A role for this nuclear receptor ...
Zeinivand Motahareh - - 2013
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are potentiated with smoking and hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of morphine and nicotine co-administration on cardiovascular function in two-kidney one-clip hypertensive (2K1C) rats. Thirty-two male rats were divided into four groups as follow: Vehicle, morphine, nicotine and nicotine + ...
Romiti C - - 2013
Aim: The outcome after laparoscopic adrenalectomy in 51 patients with pre-Cushing's and Cushing's syndrome was evaluated at six months and one year of follow-up. Methods: In this retrospective analysis of 51 patients (35 females and 16 males) selected for laparoscopic adrenalectomy (28 left and 23 right adrenal glands), clinical presentation, ...
Jindal Ankur - - 2013
In this article, the literature is reviewed regarding the role of blood pressure variability and nocturnal nondipping of blood pressure as well as the presence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), in the absence of albuminuria, as risk predictors for progressive DKD. The importance of glycemic and blood pressure control in ...
Pushpakumar Sathnur B - - 2013
Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is the hallmark of hypertensive nephropathy. Uncontrolled proteolytic activity due to an imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (MMPs/TIMPs) has been implicated in renovascular fibrosis. We hypothesized that inhibition of MMPs will reduce excess ECM deposition and modulate autophagy to attenuate hypertension. Dahl-salt ...
Jarraya Faical - - 2013
Renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers are generally considered as contraindicated when an atheromatous renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is diagnosed. The main reason is the fear of inducing renal ischemia and, hence, accelerating renal fibrosis and the progression towards end stage renal disease, albeit RAS blocker have been shown to be ...
Huang Bing S BS Hypertension Unit, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, H3238-40 Ruskin St, Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 4W7, - - 2013
Circulating angiotensin II (Ang II) activates a central aldosterone-mineralocorticoid receptor neuromodulatory pathway, which mediates most of the Ang II-induced hypertension. This study examined whether specific central infusion of Ang II also activates this central aldosterone-mineralocorticoid receptor pathway. Intracerebroventricular infusion of Ang II at 1.0, 2.5, and 12.5 ng/min for 2 ...
Wu Guojun - - 2013
To define whether previous control of the adrenal vein is a crucial procedure in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma. From January 2000 to December 2010, 114 patients with pheochromocytoma who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy through transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach were included. The patients were divided into 2 groups randomly (group 1: dissection ...
Mazza Alberto - - 2013
Pheochromocytoma (PH) and paraganglioma (PG) are neuroendocrine neoplasms arising from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and the sympathetic ganglia, respectively. Although are unusual cause of hypertension (HT) accounting for at most 0.1-0.2 % of cases, they may lead to severe and potentially lethal hypertensive crisis due to the effects of ...
Nicholas Susanne B - - 2013
Persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit a disproportionate burden of elevated blood pressure (BP) with a high prevalence of premature end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular events. Results of recent randomized controlled clinical trials suggest that most patients with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and hypertension experience optimal clinical ...
Armario P - - 2013
A 53 year old woman with hypercholesterolemia treated with statins, with no history of cardiovascular disease, was referred to the Hypertension and Vascular Risk Unit for management of hypertension resistant to 4 antihypertensive agents at full doses. The patient had obesity, with a body mass index of 36.3kg/m(2) and office ...
Freitas Pedro Felipe Silva de - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of pneumoperitoneum with carbon dioxide and helium on renal function and morphology in a rat model. Twenty four rats were randomized into three groups (n=8): gasless insufflation ('open', Pressure=0 mmHg), carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum at 12 mmHg, and helium pneumoperitoneum at 12 mmHg; all lasting 90 minutes.. ...
Barbash Israel M - - 2013
Despite a wide range of drug treatment for hypertension, resistant hypertension rates remain high. The Symplicity™ Renal Denervation System (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA), which creates renal nerve denervation, has shown initial success in lowering blood pressure among patients with resistant hypertension. Given the enormous market for this treatment approach, an ...
Zimmerman Margaret A MA Department of Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2013
Hypertension is a complex and multifaceted disease, and there are well established sex differences in many aspects of blood pressure (BP) control. The intent of this review is to highlight recent work examining sex differences in the molecular mechanisms of BP control in hypertension to assess whether the "one-size-fits-all" approach ...
Mennuni S - - 2013
Kidney damage represents a frequent event in the course of hypertension, ranging from a benign to a malignant form of nephropathy depending on several factors, that is, individual susceptibility, degree of hypertension, type of etiology and underlying kidney disease. Multiple mechanisms are involved in determination of kidney glomerular, tubular and ...
Warlé M C - - 2013
Nowadays, laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has become the gold standard to procure live donor kidneys. As the relationship between donor and recipient loosens, it becomes of even greater importance to optimize safety and comfort of the surgical procedure. Low-pressure pneumoperitoneum has been shown to reduce pain scores after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. ...
George Eric M EM Department of Physiology and the Cardiovascular Renal Research Center, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that is marked by hypertension, proteinuria, and maternal endothelial dysfunction. A central factor in the etiology of the disease is the development of placental hypoxia/ischemia, which releases pathogenic soluble factors. There is currently no effective treatment for preeclampsia, but the phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor sildenafil ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
Drug resistant hypertension is a clinically relevant problem, which has attracted increasing attention over the past few years. This is certainly due to a growing awareness of the importance of blood pressure (BP) control in reducing hypertension-related cardiovascular risk. It is also due, however, to a recent major technological breakthrough ...
Fox María Ofelia Barber - - 2013
In previous investigations we caused renal tubular reabsorption preponderance relating to the glomerular filtration (Glomerular-tubular imbalance) and we observed that this fact conducted to volume expansion and development of arterial hypertension, in rats that previously were normotens. We based on this evidence and other which are reflected in the literature ...
Denker Matthew G - - 2013
Hypertension is highly prevalent and remains poorly controlled. The purpose of this study was to evaluate blood pressure (BP) control in patients with uncontrolled hypertension 1 year after referral to a hypertension specialist. A retrospective chart review was performed on 158 patients evaluated by a single hypertension specialist between 2005 and ...
Batchu Sri N - - 2013
The Gas6/Axl pathway regulates many cell functions and is implicated in hypertension. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of Axl in immune cells on initiation and progression of salt-dependent hypertension. Deoxycorticosterone acetate (75 mg/60 days release)-salt hypertension was induced for 1 week or 6 weeks in Axl ...
Schmid Axel - - 2013
PURPOSE: Renal denervation (RDN) emerged as an innovative interventional antihypertensive therapy. With the exception of pretreatment blood pressure (BP) level, no other clear predictor for treatment efficacy is yet known. We analyzed whether the presence of multiple renal arteries has an impact on BP reduction after RDN. METHODS: Fifty-three patients ...
Adlin E Victor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In low-renin hypertension (LRH), serum aldosterone levels are higher in those subjects with primary aldosteronism and may be lower in those with non-aldosterone mineralocorticoid excess or primary renal sodium retention. We investigated the hypothesis that the frequency distribution of aldosterone in LRH is bimodal. METHODS: Of the 3,532 attendees ...
Zhou Xiaoyan - - 2013
The renal outer medullary potassium channel (ROMK, KCNJ1) mediates potassium recycling and facilitates sodium reabsorption through the Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter in the loop of Henle and potassium secretion at the cortical collecting duct. Human genetic studies indicate that ROMK homozygous loss-of-function mutations cause type II Bartter syndrome, featuring polyuria, renal salt ...
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