Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1101
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Shafagoj Yanal A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The physiological effects of cigarette smoking have been widely studied, however, little is known regarding the effects of smoking hubble-bubble. We examined the acute effects of hubble-bubble smoking on heart rate, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure and maximum end-expiratory carbon monoxide. METHODS: This study was carried out ...
Lane James D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of moderate doses of caffeine on ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate, urinary excretion of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol, and subjective measures of stress during normal activities at work and at home in the evening. METHODS: Healthy, nonsmoking, habitual coffee drinkers (N = 47) ...
Benowitz Neal L - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to compare circadian blood pressure and heart rate patterns and other cardiovascular effects of nicotine delivered rapidly (via nasal spray, NNS), slowly (transdermal nicotine, TDN), by cigarette smoking (rapid delivery of nicotine plus other smoke toxins), and placebo NNS. Twelve healthy cigarette smokers were ...
Stamler Jeremiah - - 2002
Relationships of nutrients, alcohol intake, and change in weight to change in blood pressure over 8 years in 1714 employed middle-aged men from the Chicago Western Electric Study were explored. At first and second annual examinations, 2 in-depth interviews were performed to assess usual intake of foods and beverages during ...
Minami J - - 2002
The effects of alcohol intake on haemodynamics and heart rate variability were investigated with relation to genotypes of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), which were determined in 33 male Japanese volunteers (mean +/- s.e., 35.7 +/- 1.4 years) using the PCR-RFLP method. On the alcohol intake day, they consumed 660 ml ...
You Min Young - - 2002
A 37-year-old man developed edematous areas and blisters on the right side of his face, chest, and arm after an alcoholic deep slumber. It was revealed that the affected body parts were those pressed during his alcoholic sleep. Histopathological findings of the patient's skin lesions showed typical sweat gland necrosis. ...
Bjerregaard P P National Institute of Public Health, Division for Research in Greenland, Svanemøllevej 25, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. - - 2002
Previous studies of blood pressure among the Inuit have given inconsistent results and studies comparing Inuit migrants with those living in traditional Inuit areas are absent. The purpose of the study was to compare the blood pressure of the Inuit in Greenland with that of Inuit migrants in Denmark. Questionnaire, ...
Klag Michael J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Whether the increase in blood pressure with coffee drinking seen in clinical trials persists over time and translates into an increased incidence of hypertension is not known. METHODS: We assessed coffee intake in a cohort of 1017 white male former medical students (mean age, 26 years) in graduating classes ...
Foppa Murilo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Despite being recognized as a cause of hypertension at higher doses, consumption of lesser amounts of alcohol appears to protect against cardiovascular disease and acutely reduces blood pressure. We tested the hypothesis that two glasses of red wine, taken together with the noon meal, would cause postprandial reduction in ...
Walach Harald - - 2002
We studied the effect of suggestion and different instructions in a balanced placebo design. One hundred and fifty-nine subjects were randomized into a 2*4 factorial design. All subjects except a control group received a caffeine placebo. Subjects were randomized to a condition which was identical to an earlier study, or ...
Mahmud Azra - - 2002
To study the effects of alcohol on large artery function we measured arterial wave reflection in the aorta as augmentation index (AI%) by applanation tonometry in 324 subjects (18 to 86 years, 223 male). In eight subjects, when ingested acutely, red wine containing alcohol (0.8 g/kg), but not dealcoholized wine, ...
Maringhini Giorgio - - 2002
Some plants contain glycoside compounds which determine cardiovascular symptoms similar to those observed after acute toxic digoxin administration. The present case report involves a patient who showed important cardiovascular symptoms following the ingestion of Thevetia nereifolia/peruviana seeds. About 30 min after ingestion, a 65-year-old man presented with dizziness, giddiness, numbness ...
Lee Duk-Hee - - 2002
PURPOSE: We performed this study to see: 1) whether gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) was a predictor for hypertension irrespective of amount of alcohol consumption; and 2) whether the relationship between alcohol consumption and blood pressure (BP) was different depending on GGT. METHODS: This study included 8170 healthy male workers in a steel ...
Okubo Y - - 2002
We conducted a cross-sectional study to clarify the dose-effect relationship of smoking habits with blood pressure in Japanese men. The subjects were 2781 normotensive male steelworkers ranging in age from 40 to 54 years. They were classified into five categories according to their smoking habits: non-smokers, ex-smokers, light smokers, moderate ...
Beilin Lawrence J - - 2002
Ambulatory measurements are increasingly used to evaluate the effects of different aspects of lifestyle on blood pressure. Such measurements provide greater statistical power than casual measurements and are particularly useful for assessing diurnal variations, 24-hour load and variability, and both acute and sustained effects of common behaviours. Concomitant heart rate ...
Minami Junichi - - 2002
We investigated the effects of alcohol restriction on ambulatory blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and heart rate variability in 33 Japanese male volunteers (37 +/- 1 years, mean +/- SE), who were all habitual drinkers. Subjects were told either to keep their usual drinking habits for 3 weeks (usual alcohol ...
Kawano Yuhei - - 2002
To study the time course of alcohol effects on blood pressure (BP), we examined morning and late evening home BP for 4 weeks in a regular alcohol consumption period and for 4 weeks in a alcohol restriction period in 30 Japanese men with essential hypertension (52 +/- 2 years, m ...
Jørgensen M E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Greenlanders have a lower rate of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity than Danes, possibly due to lower blood pressure. However, 24-h blood pressure has never been measured in Greenlanders. The aim of this study was to compare the 24-h blood pressure of Greenlanders and Danes, and to analyse the influence ...
Marques-Vidal P - - 2001
To assess the effect of alcoholic beverages consumed on blood pressure levels by day of the week, baseline data from the Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction (PRIME), including 6523 male subjects who drank at least once a week (5156 in France and 1367 in Northern Ireland), were analyzed. In ...
Schindler C W - - 2001
The effects of cocaine and the cocaine metabolites norcocaine, ecgonine methyl ester, benzoylecgonine and cocaethylene were evaluated in conscious squirrel monkeys for their effects on blood pressure and heart rate. Norcocaine, ecgonine methyl ester and benzoylecgonine are produced in vivo following cocaine use. Cocaethylene is produced in vivo following concurrent ...
Hartley T R - - 2001
Caffeine use is widespread, and its consumption increases during periods of stress. Caffeine raises blood pressure by elevating vascular resistance, and this effect is larger and more prolonged in hypertensive patients than in normotensive. The pressor response to caffeine occurs equally in persons at rest and under stress. The elevated ...
Xin X - - 2001
Alcohol drinking has been associated with increased blood pressure in epidemiological studies. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of alcohol reduction on blood pressure. We included 15 randomized control trials (total of 2234 participants) published before June 1999 in which alcohol reduction was the ...
Telisman S - - 2001
The interrelationship of blood lead (BPb), activity of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP), blood cadmium (BCd), serum copper (SCu), serum zinc (SZn), serum selenium (SSe), hematocrit (Hct), body mass index (BMI), age, smoking habits, and alcohol consumption to blood pressure was examined in 154 Croatian male subjects 19-53 ...
Ziada A M - - 2001
To study blood pressure and blood pressure reactivity in young offspring of normotensive or hypertensive parents who are consanguineous (first cousins) or are not blood-related. Blood pressure, heart rate and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 9-10 year-old male offspring of 19 pairs of first-cousins normotensive, 16 pairs of ...
Dickey R A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To present an objective, evidence-based review of the current literature on the role of lifestyle factors in hypertension. METHODS: We discuss the reported roles of obesity and overweight, nutritional factors, alcohol, physical activity, and smoking in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. RESULTS: For all age-groups and in both ...
Morris G - - 2001
This study addresses the question of whether the antibiotic Penicillin, which is produced by the common mold Penicillium notatum, could possibly become a contaminate of wine during the fermentation process. The significance of this study is related to the potential health effects this agent might produce in those consumers who ...
Sigurjónsdóttir HA - - 2001
To clarify the dose-response and the time-response relationship between liquorice consumption and rise in blood pressure and explore the inter-individual variance this intervention study was designed and executed in research laboratories at University hospitals in Iceland and Sweden. Healthy, Caucasian volunteers who also served as a control for himself/herself consumed ...
Schoppet M - - 2001
ALCOHOLISM IN GENERAL: Alcoholism is one of the major health problems in the world. Alcohol consumption has an impact on different body systems like the central nervous system, the gastrointestinal tract, the hematopoetic organs, and the cardiovascular system. Alcohol interferes with other medications, and drinking can exacerbate a variety of ...
Nishimura F T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity induced by alcohol ingestion may be influenced by individual differences in alcohol metabolism. Specifically, an absence of the low Km isozyme of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), found in many Asians, may be related to alterations of EEGs. METHODS: EEG power spectral changes induced by 0.4 ml/kg of ...
Tanus-Santos J E - - 2001
Smoking potentiates the enhanced cardiovascular risk of hypertensive patients. Although nicotine replacement therapy is safe when used by healthy individuals to quit smoking, there is no evidence that nicotine replacement therapy is safe in hypertensive smokers. In this crossover, single-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we compared for 4 h the acute effects ...
Takagi S - - 2001
Excessive alcohol consumption is a potent risk factor for high blood pressure. About half of Japanese show an extremely high sensitivity to alcohol, which is due to a genetic deficiency in an isoenzyme of aldehydede-hydrogenase with a low Km (ALDH2). It is possible that the effects of alcohol consumption on ...
Mukhopadhyay B - - 2001
The present study evaluates the blood pressure profile among the Buddhist Lepchas, a tribal population, indigenous to the Sikkim Himalaya, in relation to selected biological, behavioral and sociocultural factors. The study subjects (aged 16 years and older) have been chosen from urban (Gangtok town, the capital of the State of ...
Okubo Y - - 2001
This study endeavours to clarify the effect of alcohol consumption on changes in the blood pressure of Japanese men. The subjects, who were followed from 1990 to 1995, were 2189 male normotensive steelworkers aged from 40 to 54 years in 1990. Drinking habits were represented by two variables: average daily ...
Cushman W C - - 2001
Many observational studies have shown a relationship between three or more alcoholic drinks daily and hypertension. Reduction in alcohol intake is associated with lowering of blood pressure in randomized clinical trials: each drink per day reduction in intake lowers systolic and diastolic blood pressure by approximately 1 mm Hg. Although ...
Honey R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Electrodes used by the Dornier MFL 500 lithotripter have a specified lifespan, after which, the manufacturer recommends replacing the electrode before continuing the treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether electrodes continue to function effectively beyond 100% consumption by measuring the pressure output of ...
Okubo Y - - 2001
In a study of Japanese men, a nonlinear association of alcohol consumption and blood pressure was not observed. This cross-sectional study was conducted to clarify the effect of infrequent or light alcohol consumption on blood pressure in normotensive Japanese men. The subjects were 2,179 male workers ranging in age from ...
Tassler P L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The goals of the present study were to compare and contrast associations of blood lead, DMSA-chelatable lead, current tibia lead, and back-extrapolated "peak" tibia lead with four peripheral nervous system (PNS) sensory and motor function measures in older males with past exposure to organic and inorganic lead. METHODS: Data ...
Heuberger E - - 2001
The effects of chiral fragrances (enantiomers of limonene and carvone) on the human autonomic nervous system (ANS) and on self-evaluation were studied in 20 healthy volunteers. Each fragrance was administered to each subject by inhalation using an A-A-B design. Individuals were tested in four separate sessions; in one session one ...
Hajjar I M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The impact of diet on blood pressure and the age-related changes in blood pressure have been difficult to detect within one population. We designed this analysis to study the association of major dietary factors with blood pressure and with age-related changes in blood pressure in a representative sample of ...
Lee D H - - 2001
We performed the present study to investigate the effects of smoking cessation on changes in blood pressure and incidence of hypertension. We evaluated 8170 healthy male employees at a steel manufacturing company who had received occupational health examinations at the company's health care center in 1994 and were reexamined in ...
Quirk D J - - 2001
High pressure causes biphasic effects on the oxidation of formate by yeast formate dehydrogenase as expressed on the kinetic parameter V/K, which measures substrate capture. Moderate pressure increases capture by accelerating hydride transfer. The transition state for hydride transfer has a smaller volume than the free formate plus the capturing ...
Ryan J - - 2001
The relationship between alcohol consumption, blood pressure and left ventricular mass remains uncertain. A detailed alcohol intake history, clinic blood pressure measurements, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure recordings and measurements of left ventricular mass using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 98 males aged 47.9 +/- 9.7 years, 20 of ...
Herman E H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Safety concerns have been raised over the possible effects of inappropriate exposure to transdermal nicotine patches. This study was initiated to determine whether placement of these products into the mouth could affect cardiovascular function. METHODS: In a series of 10 anesthetized beagle dogs, Nicoderm, Habitrol, ProStep I (Intact), ProStep ...
Zhang Y - - 2001
AIMS: The aims of this study were to search for the role of alcohol in blood pressure regulation in rats and to investigate the effects of alcohol on the production of vascular aldosterone and corticosterone. METHODS: Male Wistar rats received alcohol 0.7 g x kg(-1) x day(-1) (alcohol-treated group 1) ...
Ahmed R - - 2001
Phytochemical screening of the n-hexane fraction of the alcoholic extract of Achras sapotal has shown the presence of oleane and ursane types of triterpenoids. Pharmacology of the alcoholic extract was studied on Wister rats anaesthetized with recommended dose. The extract caused a fall in systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood ...
Rose'Meyer R B - - 2001
1. The effect of acute (50 micromol/L) and chronic (0.06% in drinking water for 14 days) caffeine on the response to ischaemia-reperfusion was studied in Wistar rat isolated perfused hearts. 2. Neither acute nor chronic caffeine modified normoxic heart rate or left ventricular pressures. However, acute caffeine decreased coronary flow ...
Pizent A - - 2001
The interrelationship of dietary calcium (Ca) intake, alcohol consumption, blood lead (BPb), blood cadmium (BCd), age, and body mass index (BMI) to blood pressure was examined in 267 peasant women 40-85 years of age. They were residents of two rural areas in Croatia and differed with regard to dietary Ca ...
Bell R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, which may be explained by increased insulin sensitivity (SI) and an improved lipoprotein and blood pressure profile. Prior research has shown improved SI with light-to-moderate alcohol intake even though somewhat imprecise measures of SI were used. RESEARCH ...
Pikarsky A J - - 2000
Mallory-Weiss Syndrome (MWS) lesions account for up to 15 per cent of upper gastrointestinal bleeding episodes. Typically these lesions present as a consequence of vomiting that is often associated with alcoholism. Recently other conditions such as pregnancy, migraine, hiatal hernia, gastric ulcer, biliary disease, and various medications have been associated ...
Fishbein L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A nasal spray form of nicotine replacement therapy (Nicotrol NS, McNeil Consumer Products Co, Fort Washington, Pa) has been approved and, because of its rapid absorption across the nasal mucosa, may be more effective than nicotine gum or transdermal patches. We tested the hypothesis that the nicotine absorbed into ...
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