Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1354
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Lebrec D - - 2001
Portal hypertension is defined by an elevation in portal pressure and is associated with haemodynamic alterations. Haemodynamic changes are characterized by a hyperdynamic circulation in the splanchnic and systemic territories and a reduced pressure effect of vasoconstrictive substances. They were observed in both patients and animals with different types of ...
Gupta S - - 2001
This study highlights the blood lactate response of weightlifters (N = 5) in two modes of olympic lifts: Snatch (SN) and Clean & Jerk (CJ), during three types of training namely (1) one repetition lift (ORL), (2) Multiple set session (MSS) and (3) one set session (OSS). In ORL, 30, ...
Reeder Sara Jones - - 2001
Hypertension has been linked to many diseases, including coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, renal failure, and stroke. Treatment involves lowering blood pressure (BP) and altering the sequelae. Medications such as beta-blockers reduce BP and prevent complications such as ventricular remodeling, endothelial impairment, and renal insufficiency. This article describes the pathophysiology ...
Lin C L - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In spite of the better efficiency of on-line hemodiafiltration (HDF) compared with conventional hemodialysis (HD), it is relatively expensive. The aim of this study was to assess the advantages in the biochemical, hemodynamic and clinical effects in uremic patients treated with on-line HDF and with different frequencies of combination ...
Takahara A - - 2001
Cardiovascular effects of a new Ca2+ channel blocker AH-1058, 4-(5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclo-hepten-5-ylidene)-1-[(E)-3-(3-methoxy-2-nitro)phenyl-2-propenyl]piperidine hydrochloride, were assessed in conscious dogs using a new telemetry system. AH-1058 (0.03, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, i.v.) reduced systolic blood pressure and the maximal upstroke velocity of the left ventricular pressure and increased the heart rate in a dose-dependent ...
Kyles A E - - 2001
To evaluate the use of a portocaval venograft and ameroid constrictor in the surgical management of intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (PSS). Prospective, clinical study. Animal Population: Ten client-owned dogs with intrahepatic PSS. Portal pressure was measured after temporary suture occlusion of the intrahepatic PSS. In dogs with an increase in portal ...
Kotzampassi K - - 2001
Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated octreotide as being potentially beneficial for the long-term management of cirrhotic portal hypertension. However, its short-term effects, requiring subcutaneous administration at least twice daily, make it inconvenient, practically, for long-term therapy. Hence, the current study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of the new long-acting-release ...
Burkhart S S - - 2001
Bleeding in the subacromial space is an annoying but ever-present impediment to visualization during arthroscopic subacromial procedures. Direct (thermal electrocautery) and indirect (hypotensive anesthesia, arthroscopic pump) means of bleeding control have been used with varying degrees of success. However, the simplest technique of all has been ignored until now. Application ...
Erdo─čru T - - 2001
The existence and importance of patients with low penile buckling pressure and normal penile hemodynamic status have been recently recognized. We assessed the ratio of inadequate erection for vaginal penetration (low buckling pressure) in patients with normal penile vascular system proved with penile Doppler ultrasonography. A total of 101 patients ...
Matousek M - - 2001
The ovulatory process in the rat comprises a period of about 12-15 h, from the time of the preovulatory LH surge to follicular rupture and extrusion of the oocyte. Follicular rupture is most likely caused, at least in part, by decreased tensile strength at the follicular apex due to degradation ...
Sandner-Kiesling A - - 2001
Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) (DRT 4/Moor Instruments Ltd, Devon, UK) was used in this pilot study for monitoring the effects of an invariable acupuncture pattern on microcirculation of the skin before, during, and after combined needle acupuncture and moxibustion in 12 healthy volunteers (mean age 35.2 +/- 4.4 years, range ...
Standaert T A - - 2001
Manufacturers of aerosolized medications, approved by the Food and Drug Administration, specify the nebulizer(s) and compressor to be used with their product, in an attempt to achieve efficacy comparable to that obtained in the clinical trials. The need to limit the compressor to that used in the trials has not ...
Koyuncu I - - 2001
This paper presents the pilot scale membrane separation studies on dyehouse effluents of textile industry. Nanofiltration (NF) membranes which have 2 m2 of surface area were evaluated for membrane fouling on permeate flux and their suitability in separating COD, color and conductivity in relation to operating pressure and feed concentration ...
Doggrell S A - - 2001
Decreasing heart rate is potentially useful in ischaemic heart disease. Tedisamil is a bradycardic agent resulting from its ability to inhibit transient outward current (I(to)) in atria. Tedisamil inhibits I(to), potassium current (IK), K(ATP) and the protein kinase A-activated chloride channel in ventricles as well as vascular IK and Ca(2+)-activated ...
Escorsell A - - 2001
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Octreotide has been suggested for the treatment of variceal bleeding, but detailed dose-finding studies are not available. We performed a dose-finding study investigating the hemodynamic effects of several forms of intravenous octreotide administration. METHODS: Splanchnic hemodynamics and plasma glucagon levels were measured in 68 cirrhotics in baseline ...
Chikamori F - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIM: The correlation between angiographic vascular patterns and endoscopic findings in portal hypertension is not sufficiently known, and knowledge of the vascular anatomy may contribute to an improvement in endoscopic embolization and transjugular retrograde obliteration procedures. We propose a new vascular map that should prove useful for this purpose. METHODS: ...
Tièche S - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are involved in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis; although ET-1 is increased in cirrhosis, its pathophysiological role in fibrogenesis and portal hypertension remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate splanchnic hemodynamics and to correlate them with changes in ET-1 expression and HSC ...
Schmandra T C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide, the primary gas used to establish a pneumoperitoneum, causes numerous systemic effects related to cardiovascular function and acid-base balance. Therefore, the use of other gases, such as helium, has been proposed. Furthermore, the pneumoperitoneum itself, with the concomitant elevation of intraabdominal pressure, causes local and systemic effects ...
Wongcharatrawee S - - 2000
It is important to diagnose portal hypertension owing to its devastating complications. Clinicians need to be able to recognize physical signs and symptoms associated with portal hypertensive states. When in doubt, appropriate diagnostic measures need to be performed and a definite diagnosis made. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is often ...
Kogan B A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The intraoperative evaluation of erection is a major advance in hypospadias surgery. We determined the advantages of erections induced pharmacologically over those induced by intracorporeal saline injection for evaluating chordee during hypospadias surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the repair of hypospadias or chordee without hypospadias 56 boys 6 months ...
Langendijk P - - 2000
In 117 weaned sows, changes in estrous behavior and vulvar reddening were related to timing of ovulation. Detection of estrus was performed every 8 h with four levels of boar stimuli to record the change in responsiveness to these stimuli. This resulted in four overlapping phases of estrus, during which ...
González J J - - 2000
Beat-to-beat R-R interval (RRV) and systolic blood pressure (SPV) variability signals were obtained from unrestrained rats in baseline and under different pharmacological treatments. The origin and extent of the nonlinearity in both signals, as well as their degree of mutual coupling, was estimated using measurements from the correlation integral (CI) ...
Chu C J - - 2000
Hyposensitivity to vasopressin is a well documented phenomenon in animals with portal hypertension and patients with cirrhosis subject to haemorrhage. Haemorrhage is associated with the endogenous release of bradykinin, which may subsequently stimulate the formation of nitric oxide (NO). The present study investigated the relative contribution of NO synthase (NOS) ...
Shirley R B - - 2000
In the future, it may become desirable or required to process meat and bone meal (MBM) under pressure to reduce human health concerns associated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Therefore, three experiments evaluated the effects of different processing pressures on the digestibility of amino acids (AA) in MBM when the ...
Auletta M - - 2000
Conflicting results about the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension, ranging from 0.25% to 20%, in liver patients with portal hypertension, have previously been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary arterial pressure in a consecutive series of cirrhotic patients, using a noninvasive method. A complete clinical, laboratory, ultrasonographic, ...
Chang D - - 2000
The purpose of our study was to determine the findings of portal hypertensive gastropathy on barium studies in eight patients and whether there are useful radiographic criteria for diagnosing this condition. Our experience suggests that portal hypertensive gastropathy may manifest on barium studies as thickened nodular folds in the gastric ...
Chaudhary Z I - - 2000
In this study 10.67% incidence of trypanosomosis was observed in 150 racing camels by Suratex (latex agglutination). A significant decrease (P<0.05) in RBC, Hb, PCV and lymphocyte was observed, while a significant (P<0.05) increase in WBC and neutrophils was noted in trypanosomosis positive samples. The blood chemistry parameters indicated that ...
De Gottardi A - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelin-1 plays an important role in the regulation of portal hypertension; endothelin antagonists have been extensively studied in portal hypertensive animals. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of highly selective endothelin antagonists in partial portal vein ligated (PPVL) rats. METHODS: Four groups of 7 male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered ...
Schepke M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to compare noninvasive Doppler sonography and invasive measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) to determine the acute portal hemodynamic response to propranolol in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: In a blinded study design, portal vein velocity (PVV) and HVPG were ...
Franchini K G - - 2000
Mechanical overload elicits functional and structural adaptive mechanisms in cardiac muscle. Signaling pathways linked to integrin/cytoskeleton complexes may have a function in mediation of the effects of mechanical stimulus in myocardial cells. We investigated the tyrosine phosphorylation and the assembly of the multicomponent signaling complex associated with focal adhesion kinase ...
Paquet K J - - 2000
Portal hypertension is a common clinical syndrome with chronic liver diseases and is characterised by a pathological increase in portal pressure. Moreover, portal hypertension is associated with increased portal blood flow. Increased vascular resistance in portal hypertension is because of an increase in both intrahepatic and portosystemic collateral resistance. Chronic ...
Grünewald M - - 2000
Loco-regional thrombolysis for deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) has been claimed to be equally effective and safe compared with systemic thrombolysis. It is not known whether a loco-regional thrombolytic effect exists and of what it might consist. To investigate this issue, we studied eight patients with DVT undergoing loco-regional thrombolysis with 20 ...
Drewe J - - 2000
To investigate the effect of acute P-glycoprotein inhibition by the multidrug-resistance (MDR) modulator valspodar (SDZ PSC 833; PSC) on the pharmacokinetics, and potentially adverse pharmacodynamic effects of morphine, and its principal pharmacologically active metabolites, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G). In a double-blind, three-way crossover study, the pharmacokinetic and potentially adverse ...
Levenston G K - - 2000
This study extended prior work showing abnormal affect-startle modulation in psychopaths. Male prisoners viewed specific categories of pleasant (erotic or thrilling) and unpleasant (victim or direct threat) slide pictures, along with neutral pictures. Acoustic startle probes were presented early (300 and 800 ms) and late (1,800, 3,000, and 4,500 ms) ...
Jiao L R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension due to chronic liver disease is a major cause of death worldwide. Orthotopic liver transplantation offers the best therapeutic option but is available to only a minority of patients. In the past few years mechanically pumping portal venous inflow has been reported to reduce portal hypertension and ...
Willkomm P - - 2000
PURPOSE: This investigation was performed to compare the hemodynamic results of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, a new interventional treatment for portal hypertension, with those observed after the established surgical shunt interventions. METHODS: We examined 22 patients with portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis before and after elective TIPS by ...
Kravetz D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that ascites is a risk factor for variceal bleeding. Recently, it has been demonstrated that total paracentesis decreases variceal pressure. However, no data are available showing the basal variceal pressure in patients with and without ascites. METHODS: We studied 76 cirrhotic patients, 49 with and ...
Sabloff M - - 2000
The effect of plasmapheresis on the anticoagulant properties of the low molecular weight heparins has never been studied. We had the opportunity to study this effect in a woman who was receiving dalteparin for the treatment of a pulmonary embolus and required plasmapheresis. Over the course of 8 days, five ...
Nasr A A - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since pharmacotherapy of portal hypertension has always been a subject of wide interest, we decided to study the effects of different angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and endoscopic sclerotherapy on portal hemodynamics in patients with portal hypertension and bleeding esophageal varices. METHODOLOGY: The study included 72 patients with portal hypertension divided ...
Mwanza A M - - 2000
This study was designed to characterize changes in the motility of the oviductal isthmus in relation to endocrine changes around ovulation in unrestrained sows in their normal environment. Oviductal isthmic motility was monitored on Polyview from 11 h prior to and up to 36 h after ovulation in 13 unrestrained ...
Brooke K K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between endodontic sealer viscosity and intracanal pressure during warm gutta-percha vertical compaction.Study Design: An artificial tooth model and pressure-sensing apparatus were developed so that reproducible, quantitative measurements could be determined. Intracanal pressure was measured at 3 phases of obturation: cone insertion, heat application, and force ...
Escorsell A - - 2000
Noninvasive measurements of variceal pressure adequately reflect the hemodynamic effects of propranolol on portal hypertension. However, the prognostic value of variceal pressure responses during continued propranolol therapy has not been evaluated, and it is unclear whether this may substitute invasive measurements of portal pressure response. Fifty-five portal hypertensive patients with ...
Uchimoto R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences of the in vivo efficacies of Levovist(SH U 508 A) and Albunex, air-based contrast agents (CAs) with different shell materials, by direct comparison. METHODS: SH U 508 A, 300 mg/ml, and Albunex were injected intravenously at doses of 0.1 ...
Krepel H P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A decrease in blood volume is thought to play a role in dialysis-related hypotension. Changes in relative blood volume (RBV) can be assessed by means of continuous haematocrit measurement. We studied the variability of RBV changes, and the relation between RBV and ultrafiltration volume (UV), blood pressure, heart rate, ...
Kristensen N B - - 2000
The net portal appearance of volatile fatty acids (VFA) was investigated in four ruminally fistulated and multicatheterized sheep. During the experiments, the sheep were fed once every hour for 14 h and intraruminally infused with mixtures of VFA for the 12 h commencing 2 h after the initiation of the ...
Kuschner W G - - 2000
Esophageal variceal hemorrhage is frequently a catastrophic event. The specific events that trigger variceal rupture are not well understood. Acute elevations in systemic blood pressure and increased splanchnic blood flow, however, may lead to increased intravariceal pressure followed by variceal rupture and hemorrhage. This report describes a strong temporal association ...
Mousavi M - - 2000
Reaming increases intramedullary pressure and can cause fat intravasation. This study investigated the influence of reaming parameters on pressure changes using the AO, Gray, and Howmedica reamers. Silicone cylindrical shells with 10-, 11-, 16-, 19-, and 20-mm inner diameters were filled with a 1:2 ratio of paraffin and petroleum jelly. ...
Hisham A N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The Zuckerkandl's tubercle (ZT) of the thyroid gland is a well-described anatomical landmark, but few studies have clearly defined its association with pressure symptoms. METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients who had primary thyroid surgery were prospectively included in the present study between late January and early August 1998. RESULTS: A ...
Wolschrijn C F - - 2000
Portosystemic shunts were ligated over a gauged stainless steel rod in 160 dogs and 15 cats, using a midline celiotomy. The diameter of the rod varied with the size of the shunt and the diameter of the portal vein cranial to the shunt. Shunts were narrowed to the smallest diameter ...
Romero G - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Terlipressin decreases portal pressure. However, its effects on variceal pressure have been poorly investigated. This study investigated the variceal, splanchnic and systemic hemodynamic effects of terlipressin. METHODS: Twenty cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices grade II-III, and portal pressure > or =12 mmHg were studied. Hepatic venous pressure gradient, variceal ...
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