Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1354
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Hu Jui-Ting - - 2003
AIM: To study the change of portal blood flow for the prediction of the status of right-sided heart failure by using non-invasive way. METHODS: We studied 20 patients with rheumatic and atherosclerotic heart diseases. All the patients had constant systemic blood pressure and body weight 1 week prior to the ...
Yoon Myung Ha - - 2003
Gabapentin has been known to elicit the antinociceptive effect. However, little has been known about the effect of gabapentin on the cardiovascular system. The author's aim of this experiment was to examine the hemodynamic effects of gabapentin. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Intrathecal or intracerebroventricular catheters were implanted and gabapentin ...
Li Xiangnong - - 2003
The physiological role of nitric oxide (NO) in portal venous and hepatic arterial haemodynamics in the rat in vivo during healthy and diseased conditions remains unclear. The present study determined the physiological role of nitric oxide in hepatic haemodynamics in the rat in vivo during healthy conditions as a basis ...
Tsui C P - - 2003
Time-course studies revealed the increased susceptibility of the gastric mucosa to noxious injury in portal hypertension correlates with the level of elevated portal venous pressure and hyperglucagonemia. Whether acute elevation of portal venous pressure by exogenous glucagon aggravates such injury is not known. We tested the hypothesis that glucagon in ...
Takahashi Masaru - - 2003
In pressure-overload cardiac hypertrophy, microtubule network densification is one cause of contractile dysfunction. Cardiac transcriptional upregulation of beta1-tubulin rather than the constitutive beta4-tubulin and of microtubule-associated protein (MAP)4 accompanies hypertrophy, with extensive microtubule decoration by MAP4. Because MAP4 stabilizes microtubules, and because the isoform-variable carboxy terminus of beta-tubulin binds to ...
Nordin Steven - - 2003
Olfactory (H2S) and trigeminal (CO2) event-related potentials (ERPs) were studied with respect to circadian rhythm and desensitization. ERPs, perceived odor and pain intensity, oral temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, nasal volume, and sleepiness were assessed four times at 04:00, 08:00, 12:00, 16:00, 20:00, and 24:00 hr in five young men. ...
Maduell Francisco - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Daily dialysis has shown excellent clinical results because a higher frequency of dialysis is more physiologic. On-line hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is a HDF technique that combines diffusion with high convection in which the dialysis fluid itself is used as a reinfusion solution. The aim of this study was to demonstrate ...
Gunnarsdottir Steingerdur Anna - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Altered small bowel motility and a high prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) has been observed in patients with liver cirrhosis. Our aim was to explore the relationship between motility abnormalities, portal hypertension, and SIBO. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with liver cirrhosis were included. Twelve had portal hypertension (PH) ...
Kaufman Susan - - 2003
We have previously shown that intrasplenic fluid extravasation is important in controlling blood volume. We proposed that, because the splenic vein flows in the portal vein, portal hypertension would increase splenic venous pressure and thus increase intrasplenic microvascular pressure and fluid extravasation. Given that the rat spleen has no capacity ...
Wada Hirofumi - - 2003
We investigate how the pressure in fluctuating shear flow depends on the shear rate S and on the system size L by studying fluctuating hydrodynamics under shear conditions. We derive anomalous forms of the pressure for two limiting values of the dimensionless parameter lambda=SL(2)/nu, where nu is the kinematic viscosity. ...
Szatmári Viktor - - 2003
A method for intraoperative measurement of portal blood flow velocity with duplex Doppler ultrasonography in 7 dogs with congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunts is described. The aims of the study were to determine whether intraoperative ultrasonography was an acceptable alternative to mesenteric portography in such dogs and to identify quantitative portal ...
Merkel C - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIM: The relationships between the levels of portal hypertension and the morphologic alterations of gastric mucosa in patients with liver cirrhosis--generally described as portal hypertensive gastropathy--are poorly defined. PATIENTS: In total, 62 patients with cirrhosis of different aetiologies, were examined by endoscopy and measurement of portal hypertension by hepatic venous ...
Choi Yeun Jong - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This prospective study aimed to determine whether Doppler ultrasonography can represent the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) as an assessment of the severity of portal hypertension and the response to terlipressin, which reduces the portal pressure in liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The HVPG and the Doppler ultrasonographic parameters, ...
Toso Christian - - 2003
To date, encapsulated grafts have usually been implanted in the peritoneal cavity. This site is, however, not ideal, mainly because of its low blood supply. We have investigated the feasibility of intra-portal injection of (400 microm) microcapsules in the pig. Ten-thousand microcapsules per kilogram body weight were injected into six ...
Ko Gi-Young - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a new liquid embolic agent in preoperative portal vein embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Embol-78 was obtained by means of hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate and was dissolved in a mixture of ethanol and nonionic water-soluble contrast medium. After percutaneous puncture of the portal ...
Broccardo M - - 2003
To study the effects of inducing stereo-chemical modifications in the structure of dermorphin (DM) so as to improve its mu-opioid receptor affinity and its resistance to C-terminal enzymatic degradation, in the Institute of Molecular Genetics of Moscow, we synthesized a new DM analogue ([DPro(6)]DM) and analyzed the changes induced in ...
LeChevallier Mark W - - 2003
The potential for public health risks associated with intrusion of contaminants into water supply distribution systems resulting from transient low or negative pressures is assessed. It is shown that transient pressure events occur in distribution systems; that during these negative pressure events pipeline leaks provide a potential portal for entry ...
Johnson Deanna L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors (CSIs) on blood pressure. DATA SOURCES: Clinical literature accessed through MEDLINE (1966-May 2002). Key search terms included COX-2 selective inhibitors; anti-inflammatory agents, nonsteroidal; celecoxib; rofecoxib; and hypertension. DATA SYNTHESIS: Data from prospective studies on the effects of CSIs on blood pressure ...
Hagio Keisuke - - 2003
We performed transesophageal echocardiography on 88 patients treated with cementless or hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA). We observed a significantly higher frequency of severe embolic events among patients without cup holes during insertion of press-fit cups (46.0%) than in patients with holes (15.6%) (P<.005). During stem insertion, severe embolic events ...
Joguparthi Vijay - - 2003
Hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) propellants have largely replaced chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) propellants in metered dose inhalers (MDI). It is important to document the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of medications delivered using HFA propellants compared to CFC propellants. Six adult asthmatics with mild to moderate asthma were selected for the study. Each subject ...
Pereira-Lima Júlio C - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: After variceal eradication by endoscopic ligation, fundal varices and worsening of portal hypertensive gastropathy can occur. The aim of this study is to verify the impact of the eradication of esophageal varices by endoscopic ligation on the portal pressure gradient, worsening of portal hypertensive gastropathy and development of fundal ...
Veal Nary - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the hemodynamic effects of acute and chronic administration of vapreotide, a somatostatin analog, in rats with intrahepatic portal hypertension induced by dimethylnitrosamine (DMNA) administration. Acute effects were evaluated at baseline and 30 min after placebo (N = 13) or vapreotide (8 /microg/kg/hr, ...
Polkinghorne Kevan R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Measurement of vascular access flow (Qa) has been proposed as the ideal method for surveillance of native fistulae. However, debate exists about the influence of blood pressure (mean arterial pressure [MAP]) on Qa during dialysis. METHODS: During three consecutive dialysis treatments, 10 patients had paired measurements of Qa and ...
Garcia-Granero E - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To develop an experimental model to assess the parietal perfusion pressure (PPP) of the digestive tract using photoplethysmography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two mongrel dogs were used. Progressive external compression was applied to the intestinal wall and the PPP was assessed with photoplethysmography. The study group was divided into two ...
Baidal David A - - 2003
As islet cell transplantation gains increasing interest following results published by the Edmonton group, results that have been successfully reproduced by several centers nationwide and abroad, the need of guidelines to standardize the procedure becomes highly important. We detail the key steps of the infusion procedure utilizing a closed gravity ...
Arguedas Miguel R - - 2003
Esophageal varices develop in patients with cirrhosis once portal pressure, measured by hepatic venous pressure gradient, and exceeds 10 mm Hg. At a portal pressure of 12 mm Hg, variceal bleeding may develop that is associated with a mortality of 30% to 50% per episode. In addition to an elevated ...
Baik Soon Koo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The effect of an angiotensin II blockade in lowering the portal pressure in patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension is controversial. This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the portal hypotensive effect of captopril compared to that of propranolol, and to determine the factors that contribute to a ...
Catalina María-Vega - - 2003
Hyperdynamic circulation and portal hypertension characterize acute on chronic liver failure (AoCLF), partially because of circulating mediators. Molecular Absorbents Recirculating System (MARS) may remove some of these substances. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of MARS on portal pressure, systemic haemodynamic and endogenous vasoactive systems. MARS ...
Castaño Gustavo - - 2003
The potential use of losartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, in the treatment of portal hypertension is still under debate. This randomized controlled trial compared the effects of losartan vs. propranolol on portal and systemic hemodynamics in patients with cirrhosis. Twenty-seven compensated patients were randomized to receive losartan ...
Hodgev Vladimir A - - 2003
Previous studies focusing on the changes of heart rate, systolic blood pressure and dyspnea caused by the six-minute (6MWT) and shuttle walking distance tests (ISWT) have produced conflicting data. The present study aims at comparing the cardiovascular and dyspnea responses to 6MWT and ISWT in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Oommen A - - 2003
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cystLTs) are important mediators of wheeze in atopic asthma, but the role of cystLTs in the pathogenesis of preschool viral wheeze (PVW) is unclear. Therefore, evidence for increased production of cystLTs in PVW was sought. Urinary leukotriene E4 (uLTE4) and serum total immunoglobulin (Ig)E were measured in children ...
Fierbinteanu-Braticevici Carmen - - 2003
Portal hypertension is the result of increased hepatic resistance and portal influx. To assess the effects of Carvedilol, a 3rd-generation nonselective beta blocker with alpha1-adrenergic activity on portal and systemic homodynamic in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Fifty patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension were divided into two groups ...
Bellis L - - 2003
Up to 60% of patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) require angioplasty or restenting during the first year of follow up because of TIPS dysfunction (stenosis of the intrahepatic shunt increasing the portal pressure gradient above the 12 mm Hg threshold). We hypothesised that in patients with TIPS ...
Pontes J M - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The risk of variceal bleeding cannot be accurately predicted using endoscopy alone. Although variceal pressure has been demonstrated to be a major determinant for the rupture of esophageal varices, direct determination by needle puncture is unsuitable for routine clinical use. Due to their operator-dependency, current noninvasive ...
Kathayat R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) or idiopathic portal hypertension, a disease of unknown etiology, is a common cause of portal hypertension in developing countries. Attempts to understand the etiopathogenesis of NCPF by developing animal models have been made. We describe a novel approach using repeated injections of rabbit splenic extract ...
Sarin S K - - 2002
Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) comprises of diseases having an increase in portal pressure (PP) due to intraheptic or prehepatic lesions, in the absence of cirrhosis. The lesions are generally vascular, either in the portal vein, its branches or in the perisinusoidal area. Because the wedged hepatic venous pressure (WHVP) is ...
Hilzenrat Nir - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In portal hypertensive rats, hemorrhage and acute volume restitution with Haemaccel induced increased cardiac output and portal venous inflow. In the present study, the late hemodynamic effects of this procedure were explored. METHODS: Portal hypertension was induced by portal vein constriction. Blood was withdrawn 11.2 +/- 3.2 ...
González-Abraldes Juan - - 2002
In liver cirrhosis, an increase in hepatic resistance is the initial phenomenon leading to portal hypertension. This is primarily due to the structural distortion of the intrahepatic microcirculation caused by cirrhosis. However, similar to other vascular conditions, architectural changes in the liver are associated with a deficient nitric oxide (NO) ...
Weber Thomas R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The effects of liver dysfunction and portal hypertension on intestinal adaptation in short bowel syndrome are generally unknown. The presence of these disorders may adversely affect the ability to wean these patients from parenteral nutrition. METHODS: Forty-two infants with short bowel syndrome were placed in one of three Child's ...
Heller Jörg - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vasodilatation--despite activation of endogenous vasoconstrictors--is pronounced in portal hypertension. We therefore investigated the role of Urotensin II (U II), a newly described peptide reported to be a vasoconstrictor in the central arterial compartment and a vasodilator in the splanchnic vasculature. METHODS: U II immunoreactivity was measured in 50 patients ...
Garofalo A M - - 2002
Values of the normalized plasma pressure up to twice the free-boundary stability limit predicted by ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory have been sustained in the DIII-D tokamak. Long-wavelength modes are stabilized by the resistive wall and rapid plasma toroidal rotation. High rotation speed is maintained by minimization of nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields, ...
Yokoyama Yukihiro - - 2003
Although the mechanisms of cirrhosis-induced portal hypertension have been studied extensively, the role of thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) in the development of portal hypertension has never been explicitly explored. In the present study, we sought to determine the role of TXA(2) in bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced portal hypertension in Sprague-Dawley rats. ...
Schuind Frédéric - - 2002
A special transducer was used to measure in situ carpal tunnel pressures in 20 patients who had surgery for idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) by one-portal endoscopic section of the flexor retinaculum. Pressures were elevated initially. The pressures were maximal (mean, 93 mm Hg) with full passive wrist extension. Peaks ...
Xu Wei-Hua - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate intestinal permeability in patients with portal hypertension and its relationship with portal pressure. METHODS: Twenty patients with portal hypertension were divided into two groups (A, B), 10 patients per group. In group A, patients were treated with combined transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and modified Sugiura. In ...
Meyer Jamie W - - 2002
The basolateral Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC1) functions in the maintenance of cellular electrolyte and volume homeostasis. NKCC1-deficient (Nkcc1(-/-)) mice were used to examine its role in cardiac function and in the maintenance of blood pressure and vascular tone. Tail-cuff measurements demonstrated that awake Nkcc1(-/-) mice had significantly lower systolic blood pressure ...
Svanbäck Richard - - 2002
The rate and magnitude of buccal expansion are thought to determine the pattern of water flow and the change in buccal pressure during suction feeding. Feeding events that generate higher flow rates should induce stronger suction pressure and allow predators to draw prey from further away. We tested these expectations ...
Vercet Antonio - - 2002
Manothermosonication (MTS) treatments, the simultaneous application of heat and ultrasound under moderate pressure, of milk during 12 s at 20 kHz ultrasound amplitude, 2 kg pressure, and 40 degrees C allowed elaboration of yoghurts with rheological properties superior to those of control yoghurts elaborated with untreated milk. Measurements performed on ...
Escorsell Angels - - 2002
Many daily activities cause acute elevations of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). In portal hypertensive cirrhotic patients, increased IAP increases absolute portal pressure and azygos blood flow, suggesting that it may have detrimental consequences at the esophageal varices. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of increased IAP on ...
Bishop C M - - 2002
Experimental data on the relationship between mean heart rate (f(H)) and mean rate of oxygen consumption (VO(2)) of captive barnacle geese during flights in a wind tunnel are assessed in terms of their capacity to predict the typical VO(2) of wild barnacle geese, based on the recordings of their f(H), ...
Waked Emile J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of aging on the dimensional stability of vacuum-formed, pressure-formed, and pressure-laminated custom-made mouthguards. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A master model representing the dental arch was fabricated in acrylic resin. Two ethylene vinyl acetate thermoplastic materials were tested: Essix (regular) and ...
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