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Results 101 - 150 of 1354
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Robson Stephen J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the practicality of using power Doppler (PD) to assess follicular vascularity at the time of oocyte retrieval. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated IVF unit. PATIENT(S): Twenty-six women undergoing IVF treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Evaluation of follicular vascularity by using PD during oocyte retrieval. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Subjective assessment of ...
Mejias Marc - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is an important determinant of the pathophysiology of portal hypertension contributing to the formation of portosystemic collateral vessels and the hyperdynamic splanchnic circulation associated to this syndrome. Somatostatin and its analogues, like octreotide, have been shown to be powerful inhibitors of experimental angiogenesis. AIM: To determine whether octreotide ...
Tachtsidis Ilias - - 2008
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used to measure changes in cerebral oxy- and deoxy- haemoglobin (delta[HbO2], delta[HHb]) in response to functional activation. It has been previously reported that during functional activation of the motor cortex heart rate increases. The aim of this study was to investigate systemic changes during functional ...
Bosch Jaime - - 2008
Variceal bleeding is the last step in a chain of events initiated by an increase in portal pressure, followed by the development and progressive dilation of varices until these finally rupture and bleed. This sequence of events might be prevented - and reversed - by achieving a sufficient decrease in ...
Maihöfner Christian - - 2008
The authors report a 58-year-old man who presented with touch-induced cold sensations and loss of pain and normal temperature sensation in the left leg and trunk. He was found to have syringomyelia at the level of the third thoracic vertebrae. A functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was performed to ...
Mikhailichenko L A - - 2008
Laser Doppler flowmetry studies showed that blood flow in the microcirculation bed of paired buccal pouches in hamsters decreased under conditions of reduced systemic blood pressure and this decrease is more pronounced in the left pouch. The transition of the circulatory bed to the new state is step-wise in the ...
Wiedermann Christian J - - 2008
Acute bleeding during oral anticoagulant therapy is a major challenge in medicine -with millions of patients receiving oral anticoagulant therapy worldwide, the frequency of severe bleeding episodes ranges from 2% to 13%, according to clinical trial data. The major risk associated with the use of oral anticoagulants is haemorrhage, which ...
Rosado-Aguilar J A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of amitraz selection pressure on the development of resistance in field populations of Boophilus microplus in the Mexican tropics. Three farms (FA(1), FA(2) and FA(3)) in Yucatan, Mexico, were selected in this study. Amitraz was applied as a whole body ...
Campanelli Chad A - - 2008
Vital signs aid in assessing patient health and the disease severity. The objectives of this study were to determine changes in vital signs of patients with pulpal necrosis (PN) and acute apical abscess (AAA). The vital signs measured at the emergency visit were blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and lymphadenopathy. ...
Zhang Li - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between a series of portal hemodynamic parameters obtained with Doppler ultrasonography and portal pressure measured directly from patients with portal hypertension (PHT). METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with a clinical diagnosis of PHT who accepted surgical therapy were investigated. The portal ...
Huang Hui-Chun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is often accompanied by portal-systemic collateral formation with hemorrhage and encephalopathy. Prostacyclin participates in hyperdynamic circulation and vascular hyporeactiveness to vasoconstrictors in cirrhosis. It has been shown that arginine vasopressin (AVP) induces direct collateral vasoconstriction in portal hypertensive rats, which is potentiated by indomethacin preincubation. However, the ...
Saner Fuat H - - 2007
Terlipressin, a vasopressin agonist, is a commonly used drug with different indications, particularly in patients with end-stage liver disease. As a V(1) receptor agonist, it increases systemic vascular resistance, particularly in the splanchnic area, resulting in a decrease of portal pressure. Besides the approved use for variceal bleeding, terlipressin also ...
Ferrara L A - - 2007
The effects of steam and gamma sterilization on the performance of bulk-micromachined pressure sensors were investigated using a variable pressure setup. Commercially available piezoresistive MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) pressure sensor die were characterized prior and subsequent to sterilization over a 0-500 Torr pressure range. The effects of sterilization were examined as ...
Suk Ki Tae - - 2007
Propranolol can prevent variceal bleeding by ameliorating portal hypertension. We conducted this study to determine the effect of propranolol on portal hypertension and the optimal required dose in Korean cirrhotic patients. This study prospectively evaluated 50 patients with cirrhosis who exhibited variceal bleeding. The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), portal ...
Demirtola Arzu - - 2008
Varicocele is the abnormal dilation of venous pampiniform plexus and internal spermatic vein. Its prevalence in the adolescent period is almost equal to the prevalence of adult age. That is why the disease is accepted to appear in early adolescence and does not disappear spontaneously. Varicocele is established to be ...
Lynch S K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We compared responses to bolus infusion of 5% albumin (ALB) or normal saline (NS) for hypotension in neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Hypotensive infants were given 10 ml kg(-1) of NS or ALB. A second bolus was given for persistent hypotension. Dopamine therapy was started for hypotension after the second bolus. ...
Ripoll Cristina - - 2007
End-stage liver disease is characterized by the development of complications related to portal hypertension. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), as an estimation of portal pressure, has been associated to the development of these complications. Most of the data that has been published in this regard is in the context of ...
Shah Vijay - - 2007
Portal hypertension is associated with changes in the intrahepatic, systemic, and portosystemic collateral circulation. Alterations in vasoreactivity (vasodilation and vasoconstriction) play a central role in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension by contributing to increased intrahepatic resistance, hyperdynamic circulation, and expansion of the collateral circulation. Portal hypertension is also importantly characterized ...
Vorobioff Julio D - - 2007
Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement has evolved into an extremely useful procedure for the assessment of portal hypertensive patients and in the prediction and management of portal hypertension-related events. Although invasive and not widely available, its safety and reproducibility can be warranted when performed in referral centers and following ...
Iacono Fabrizio - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The corpora cavernosa are cylindrical vessels containing fluid under pressure. Thus, if cavernous wall resistance decreases, the radius increases and internal pressure decreases (LaPlace's law). We reasoned that if we decrease the corpus cavernosum radius, by excising a strip from each tunica albuginea, intracavernous pressure would increase during erection. ...
Garcia-Tsao Guadalupe - - 2007
Gastroesophageal varices are a direct consequence of portal hypertension. Nonselective beta-adrenergic blockers decrease portal pressure and are effective in preventing variceal hemorrhage. However, a large multicenter placebo-controlled trial demonstrates that nonselective beta-adrenergic blockers are not effective in preventing the development of varices and are associated with a significant rate of ...
La Villa Giorgio - - 2008
In cirrhotic patients, portal hypertension is often associated with a hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome, with high cardiac output and reduced systemic vascular resistance and arterial pressure. The hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome is due to arterial vasodilation that mainly occurs in the splanchnic circulation, while vascular resistance in the other circulatory districts is ...
Gatta Angelo - - 2008
Portal hypertension is primarily caused by the increase in resistance to portal outflow and secondly by an increase in splanchnic blood flow, which worsens and maintains the increased portal pressure. Increased portal inflow plays a role in the hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome, a characteristic feature of portal hypertensive patients. Almost all ...
Koestenberger Martin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Thrombin generation was studied in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery using the calibrated automated thrombography (CAT) in terms of the lag time until the onset of thrombin formation, time to thrombin peak maximum (TTP), endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), and thrombin peak height. The possible ...
Giday Samuel A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Direct portal vein (PV) angiography can provide valuable clinical information but is not performed due to the high risk of complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of EUS-guided PV angiography with a small-caliber FNA needle by using carbon dioxide (CO(2)) as a contrast agent in a porcine model. SETTING: ...
Fernandez Mercedes - - 2007
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) pathways are crucial to angiogenesis, a process that contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of portal hypertension. This study determined the effects of inhibition of VEGF and/or PDGF signaling on hyperdynamic splanchnic circulation and portosystemic collateralization in rats with completely established ...
Taguchi Tatsuki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although electroacupuncture (EA) therapy is used to relieve various kinds of pain, the optimal frequency and duration of EA remain unclear. We investigated the effect of varying frequency and duration of EA during hyperalgesia elicited by carrageenan-induced inflammation. METHODS: Carrageenan was administered by subcutaneous intraplantar injection to induce inflammation. ...
Asaumi Hiroshi - - 2007
Local tissue pressure is higher in chronic pancreatitis than in the normal pancreas. We reported recently that pressure application induces synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) and cytokines in pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a potent antioxidant, inhibits the transformation of PSCs from quiescent to activated phenotype ...
Huang Hui-Chun - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in the vascular hyposensitivity to vasoconstrictors in cirrhosis. Chronic NO inhibition improves the portal-systemic collateral responsiveness to arginine(8)-vasopressin (AVP) and ameliorates shunting degree in rats with prehepatic portal hypertension. This study investigated whether long-term NO inhibition by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester ...
Dixit Vidya - - 2007
We report the morphological changes in a patient with combined pulmonary autograft and homograft dysfunction after 9 years of implantation. The case highlights long-term adaptive changes in the autograft to withstand systemic blood pressure with formation of exuberant pannus rich in elastic tissue. In the homograft, maturation of pannus had ...
Biester Harald - - 2007
Historical records of mercury (Hg) accumulation in lake sediments and peat bogs are often used to estimate human impacts on the biogeochemical cycling of mercury. On the basis of studies of lake sediments, modern atmospheric mercury deposition rates are estimated to have increased by a factor of 3-5 compared to ...
Hidaka Hisashi - - 2007
Aim: To evaluate the effect of the new oral angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker olmesartan on portal hemodynamics in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: From January 2005 to March 2006, 18 cirrhosis patients treated with endoscopic band ligation for primary esophageal variceal bleeding were included in the present study. Hepatic ...
Tang Biyu - - 2007
A new method was proposed for studying antimutagenic characteristics of tea polyphenols (TP) using piezoelectric impedance analysis during the Salmonella typhimurium strain TA100 growth process in the presence of mutagen 4-methylnitrosamino-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (abbreviated NNK). Compared with the general method of antimutagenic investigation, the proposed method provided real-time, multidimensional response information about ...
Vorobioff Julio D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In vitro, octreotide potentiates vasoconstriction in isolated, preconstricted, mesenteric arterial vessels. In cirrhotic patients, portal pressure (HVPG) reduction induced by propranolol is partly due to splanchnic vasoconstriction. AIM: To evaluate HVPG effects of octreotide administration in cirrhotic patients receiving long-term propranolol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial. First ...
Rizvi Moattar Raza - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Portal hypertension is associated with decreased vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors, which may contribute to the hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhosis. Animal models of cirrhosis and portal vein ligation have helped in our understanding of portal hypertension. The etiopathogenesis of non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF), a common cause of portal ...
Vogt S - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the demands of riding a "Grand Tour" by monitoring both heart rate and power output in 15 professional cyclists. SRM power output profiles (SRM Trainingsystem, Jülich, Germany) were collected during 148 mass start stages during the 2005 Tour de France and analyzed ...
Chung Jinwook - - 2007
A H(2)-based, denitrifying and sulfate-reducing membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR) was effective for removing 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA) and chloroform (CF) by reductive dechlorination. When either TCA or CF was first added to the MBfR, reductive dechlorination took place immediately and then increased over 3 weeks, suggesting enrichment for TCA- or CF-dechlorinating bacteria. ...
Vizzutti Francesco - - 2007
Measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is a standard method for the assessment of portal pressure and correlates with the occurrence of its complications. Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) has been proposed as a noninvasive technique for the prediction of the complications of cirrhosis. In this study, we evaluated the ...
Khamaganov V - - 2007
The formation of CH(3) in the 248 or 266 nm photolysis of acetone (CH(3)C(O)CH(3)), 2-butanone (methylethylketone, MEK, CH(3)C(O)C(2)H(5)) and acetyl bromide (CH(3)C(O)Br) was examined using the pulsed photolytic generation of the radical and its detection by transient absorption spectroscopy at 216.4 nm. Experiments were carried out at room temperature (298 ...
Albillos Agustín - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The use of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) to assess the efficacy of the pharmacological treatment of portal hypertension in cirrhosis is controversial. Our aim was to establish whether target HVPG reduction predicts variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients receiving variceal bleeding prophylaxis. METHODS: Data sources were MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Sullivan Joseph L - - 2007
PURPOSE: Conventional biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) waveforms have been studied extensively but less is known about "chopping modulated" BTE shocks. Previous studies comparing chopped and unchopped waveforms have found conflicting results. This study compared the defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) of a variety of chopped and unchopped BTE waveforms. METHODS: Six anesthetized ...
Köklü Seyfettin - - 2007
Left-sided portal hypertension is a rare clinical syndrome which may lead to bleeding from isolated gastric varices. Pancreatic disease is the most common etiology. Left-sided portal hypertension should be considered in the presence of gastrointestinal bleeding with normal liver function and unexplained splenomegaly. It may be difficult to diagnose this ...
Rupp Heinz - - 2007
To investigate a possible heterogeneity of human ventricular myosin, papillary muscles of patients with valvular dysfunction were examined using a modified native gel electrophoresis. Myosin was separated into 2 components termed VA and VB, whereby the VA to VB proportion appeared to depend on the ventricular load. The proportion of ...
Kanbay Mehmet - - 2007
It is well known that epoetin alfa increases serum endothelin (ET)-1 and blood pressure. No data are available, however, on the effects of darbepoetin alfa on serum ET-1 and blood pressure. This study was conducted to compare the effects of darbepoetin alfa and epoetin alfa on serum ET-1 and blood ...
Eser Daniela - - 2007
RATIONALE: Experimental panic induction with cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) has been established as a model to study the pathophysiology of panic disorder and might serve as a tool to asses the antipanic potential of novel anxiolytic compounds. However, assessment of CCK-4-induced panic does not follow consistent rules. OBJECTIVES: To provide a basis ...
Debernardi-Venon Wilma - - 2007
The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in hepatic fibrogenesis and in portal hypertension. To examine the long-term effects of Candesartan cilexetil, an angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker, on portal-systemic haemodynamics and on liver fibrosis. Forty-seven compensated Child A and Child B (8) cirrhotic patients were randomly assigned to ...
Mirdehghan Seyed Hossein - - 2007
Pomegranate fruits were treated with putrescine (Put) or spermidine (Spd) at 1 mM either by pressure infiltration or by immersion and then were stored at 2 degrees C for 60 days. Samples were taken biweekly and were further stored 3 days at 20 degrees C for shelf life study. The ...
Martos Ramón - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of diastolic heart failure (DHF) is poorly understood. One potential explanation is an active fibrotic process that produces increased ventricular stiffness, which compromises filling. The present study investigates collagen metabolism in hypertensive patients in different phases of diastolic function with and without proven DHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Wicklein S - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible age-related changes in mesenteric artery and portal venous blood flow dynamics in relation to systemic haemodynamics in order to delineate putative haemodynamic changes relevant for postprandial hypotension in the elderly. Studies were performed over a wide age-range and for the first ...
Bondesson Eva - - 2007
To characterize the absorption kinetics and bioavailability of an inhaled hydrophilic solute deposited at various sites within the airways. Nine healthy nonsmokers received one intravenous, one oropharyngeal and two pulmonary doses of technetium-99 m-labelled diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) in an open and crossover fashion. Pulmonary doses were administered as ...
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