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Results 701 - 750 of 1354
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Nagashima I - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Auxiliary partial heterotopic liver transplantation (APHLT) may be an attractive treatment for fulminant hepatic failure in which recovery of the host liver is expected. We investigated the functional relationship between an auxiliary heterotopic partial liver graft and the host liver with or without portal hypertension in pigs. METHODS: Sixteen ...
Agostoni A - - 1994
Details of possible complement activation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the in vivo effects of fibrinolytic agents on this activation are not yet known. We measured complement activation in 40 patients with AMI: 20 were treated with streptokinase, and 20 did not receive any fibrinolytic agent. Anaphylatoxin C4a, C3a ...
Wu J H - - 1994
We have investigated the effects of diffusive and convective transport on fibrinolysis. Using a constant pressure drop (delta P/L) from 0 to 3.7 mmHg/cm-clot to drive fluid permeation, various regimes of lytic agents were delivered into fine and coarse fibrin gels (3 mg/ml) and whole blood clots. Using plasmin (1 ...
Van der Weijden G A - - 1994
Sulcular bleeding after stimulation with a periodontal probe has been associated with the presence of an inflammatory lesion in the gingiva. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the placement of the probe in relation to the tooth surface, and the effect of standardising the probing ...
Vuille C - - 1994
Contrast echocardiography has been applied to identify cardiac structures, shunts, and perfusion territories. Most recently, quantification of flow has been proposed based on disappearance of contrast intensity. This requires that contrast agents are stable and produce a predictable effect. To assess the possible effect of pressure on their stability, the ...
Iwao T - - 1994
To assess the significance of McCormack's gastric mucosal signs for diagnosing portal hypertension, 100 controls and 100 patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension underwent endoscopy. Each endoscopic recording was reviewed by multiple blinded observers to reduce bias. Individual signs more frequently observed in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension than ...
Jaffe V - - 1994
Available experimental models of portal hypertension are based either on cirrhosis or externally applied portal vein constricting devices. A new method is described of raising portal pressure, which uses intraportally injected microspheres to block intrahepatic portal radicles, which has the advantages of retaining normal liver architecture and providing a more ...
Narváez J A - - 1994
In view of the demonstration of specific binding sites for [125I]galanin-(1-15) in several brain areas including the nucleus of the solitary tract, possibly indicating the existence of multiple galanin receptor subtypes, the effects of intracisternal injections of galanin-(1-15) on cardiovascular parameters were studied. The effects of co-injections of galanin-(1-15) and ...
Yamashita Y - - 1994
Twenty-four patients undergoing peripheral arteriography with iotrolan 280, a blood-isotonic, nonionic, dimeric contrast medium, were evaluated in a carefully controlled phase III open trial using a variety of objective and subjective tests of discomfort. There was almost no evidence of pain, and the patients reported that they had minimal warm ...
Cardoso J E - - 1994
In end-stage cirrhosis complicated by variceal hemorrhage, attempts to reduce portal pressure by treatments such as portosystemic shunts also decrease sinusoidal perfusion and risk impairing liver function. It has been suggested that encouraging portal flow to pass through the cirrhotic liver by mechanical action could cause a decrease in distal ...
Sarfeh I J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Results of the first prospective randomized clinical trial comparing partial and total portacaval shunt for variceal hemorrhage are reported. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Total portacaval shunts produce subnormal portal pressures, completely diverting hepatic portal flow. Partial shunts maintain higher pressures and preserve hepatopedal flow. No randomized trials of these two ...
De Vries J P - - 1994
In this study protocol we evaluate the clinical value of the continuous monitoring of blood volume (BV) during hemodialysis (HD) by means of an optical reflection method. In the course of a dialysis session the ratio between the ultrafiltration (UF) rate and the patient's refill capacity determines the extent of ...
Rothe C F - - 1994
To quantify the degree of autonomic reflex control of the gastrointestinal vasculature, we studied the responses to a 10-ml/kg hemorrhage or transfusion and autonomic blockade in fentanyl- and pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. The active total blood volume was estimated by indocyanine green dilution. Transfusion and hemorrhage did not significantly change gastrointestinal vascular ...
Michielsen P P - - 1994
In man and experimental animals, portal hypertension with portal-venous collaterals, is associated with a hyperdynamic circulation, caused by peripheral vasodilatation, mainly in the splanchnic bed. This peripheral vasodilatation is clinically important, since it is thought to be responsible for the pathogenesis of complications of portal hypertension such as ascites, the ...
Wu Z Y - - 1994
Previous studies have suggested that the development of portal venous collaterals and subsequent portosystemic shunting is the key event responsible for the reduced vasoconstrictor effectiveness in chronic portal hypertension. The purpose of the present study was to test this hypothesis. Thirty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: end-to-side ...
García-Pagán J C - - 1994
This study was aimed at investigating whether portal pressure, which is usually measured in the morning, is subject to circadian variations in patients with cirrhosis. Furthermore, a possible circadian variation for the occurrence of variceal bleeding was also investigated. Ten patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and portal hypertension had serial measurements ...
Vander Salm T J - - 1994
Two new techniques effectively control local bleeding from the heart during heart operations. Both act by achieving local tamponade of the bleeding but through different mechanisms. In the first, a glove containing a sponge is placed against the bleeding site to provide local pressure. In the second, application of focal, ...
Picchiotti R - - 1994
Twenty-three patients with cirrhosis (alcoholic, post-hepatitic and cryptogenetic), who underwent hepatic venous catheterization and hepatic biopsy, were included in a histopathologic study to identify morphologic features correlated with the values of corrected sinusoidal pressure. The alterations in acinar architecture were investigated by histomorphometry and could be described as: a) multiacinar ...
Hegbrant J - - 1994
Hemodynamic stability is better preserved during bicarbonate hemodialysis compared to acetate. We have studied the effects of bicarbonate (HDB) and acetate hemodialysis (HDA) on plasma levels of vasoactive substances. The treatments were performed for 270 min. A cuprophan plate dialyzer was used. The ultrafiltration volume and the ultrafiltration rate were ...
Yat P C - - 1994
The effects of various beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, with different pharmacological properties, on systemic and portal vein blood pressure and on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage were examined in surgically-induced portal hypertensive rats. Propranolol (5, 10 or 20 mg kg-1), nadolol (5 or 10 mg kg-1), metoprolol (10 or 20 mg kg-1), labetalol ...
Yoshida E M - - 1994
Pulmonary hypertension is well described in association with portal hypertension of any cause including end stage primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The essential feature of this association is the presence of portosystemic shunting, including surgically created shunts. A patient with primary pulmonary hypertension and PBC without portal hypertension is reported. This ...
Moreau R - - 1994
The effects of clonidine, vasopressin or a combination of both substances on splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics were measured in conscious rats with portal vein stenosis. Clonidine alone significantly decreased portal pressure, portal tributary blood flow and cardiac index, but did not change arterial pressure. Vasopressin alone significantly increased arterial pressure ...
Gertsch P - - 1994
Pressure in esophageal varices can be measured by puncture of a varix, or using an endoscopic gauge or by means of an endoscopic balloon. Puncture is usually regarded as an invasive technique in contrast with the other two. Puncture technique has been considered as the "gold standard" to which other ...
Montorsi F - - 1994
The aim of the study was to clarify the pathophysiologic significance of full but short-lived nocturnal erections observed in some impotent men. Penile circulation was assessed by color Doppler sonography and pharmacocavernosometry in 35 impotent patients who underwent polysomnographic recording of nocturnal erections. In each case, there were at least ...
el-Gendi M A - - 1994
This study includes 60 patients having schistosomal hepatic fibrosis and esophageal varices. Splenectomy alone was done for 14 patients having no history of haematemesis and gastroesophageal decongestion with splenectomy was done for the remaining 46 patients with history of haematemesis. Endoscopic variceal pressure measurements were done to all of them ...
Jones A L - - 1994
In conclusion, chronic administration of organic nitrates, allowing for a nitrate-free interval each day, to cirrhotic patients reduces portal pressure with a variable, dose-dependent effect on azygos blood flow. The mechanisms of portal pressure reduction may vary according to the different doses and severity of liver disease. No studies to ...
Panés J - - 1994
Gastric mucosal perfusion is increased in portal-hypertensive gastropathy, and this may contribute to gastric bleeding from these lesions. Therefore drugs reducing gastric mucosal perfusion may be beneficial in the treatment of overt bleeding from portal-hypertensive gastropathy. In this study gastric mucosal perfusion was assessed in 28 cirrhotic patients with portal-hypertensive ...
Sakaguchi T - - 1994
Intragastric pressures were examined after glucose injection into the nucleus of the vagus nerve (X) of the medulla oblongata or into the portal vein (PV) or both in bilaterally adrenalectomized rats. Ten mM glucose (500 nl) injected into the X or into the PV (25 microliters) decreased gastric pressure associated ...
Stockley C S - - 1994
The pharmacokinetics and blood pressure response of the phenylpropanolamine enantiomers (i.e., d- and l-phenylpropanolamine) were determined after the separate oral administration of racemic dl-phenylpropanolamine (75 mg), l-phenylpropanolamine (37.5 mg), and d-phenylpropanolamine (37.5 mg) to six healthy volunteers. No significant differences were observed between any of the pharmacokinetic parameters of d- ...
Yamataka A - - 1994
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a well-recognized complication after liver transplantation, particularly in children. When it occurs early in the postoperative period, it has serious consequences, and rapid detection is essential. The purposes of this study were (1) to ascertain whether continuous monitoring of mesenteric venous pressure (MVP), via an ...
Nevens F - - 1994
Transmural variceal pressure was measured by fine-needle puncture following a 250-micrograms bolus injection of somatostatin given intravenously, together with a slow infusion of 250 micrograms/h, and compared with results following a 500-micrograms bolus and with placebo in 19 patients with cirrhosis who had recently bled. Pressure was recorded continuously for ...
Nevens F - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations show that variceal pressure (VP) is more closely related to the risk of variceal bleeding than is the hepatic venous pressure gradient. As a consequence, the measurement and follow-up of VP is receiving more attention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Variceal pressure can be measured by the fine needle ...
Azoulay D - - 1994
The aim of this prospective nonrandomized study was to assess the immediate and short-term sequelae of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting on the circulatory hyperdynamic state of the cirrhotic patient. Twelve transjugular portosystemic shunting procedures were performed in 12 cirrhotic patients for sclerotherapy failure (10 cases) and/or intractable ascites (4 cases). ...
Shan J - - 1994
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is hypotensive in mammals and is a potent coronary vasodilator. Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrp) has been reported to have similar vascular activity. In the present study, the effects of human PTH (hPTH) and human PTHrp (hPTHrp) were compared in various in vivo and in vitro assays. In ...
Ohwada S - - 1994
A 76-year-old Japanese woman with hepatic encephalopathy was successfully treated for congenital splenorenal shunts by surgical intervention. The flow volume of the splenorenal shunts was 800 ml/min with a shunt pressure of 9.8 mmHg. The portal pressures before and after the shunt resection were 9 mmHg and 12 mmHg, respectively. ...
Wheeldon J - - 1994
An Electrical Model was developed to help identify parameters obtained from dynamic pressure data on the in vitro rat aortic artery. The data was obtained using a Multifunction Pressure Generator (MPG) and recording MPG Input Pressure (Pi) and Intraarterial Pressure (Po). Transfer functions of the form Po/Pi = (A1S+Ao)/(B2S2 + ...
Shimada M - - 1994
Portal pressures were estimated non-invasively in 100 patients who underwent hepatic resection and completely fulfilled the 21 variables evaluated. Ten variables were selected from among all those in the univariate analysis, and a stepwise discriminant analysis revealed four independent significant variables, namely: The indocyanine green dye retention test at 15 ...
Frangi D - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Whether and to what extent complement is activated in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and how it contributes to inflammation of the ischemic area are not yet clear. Fibrinolytic agents used for thrombolysis are known to activate complement in vitro and may contribute to its activation in vivo. The aim ...
McCormick P A - - 1994
The fundamental initiating factor in portal hypertension is an increase in resistance to portal venous flow. Portal venous pressure rises as a consequence, and collateral channels open to decompress the portal venous system. A number of secondary haemodynamic phenomena occur in animals and humans with portal hypertension. Systemic vascular resistance ...
Hao Q - - 1994
The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of human ADM, a newly discovered peptide present in normal human plasma, as well as a fragment of human ADM, human ADM13-52, on systemic hemodynamics in the anesthetized cat. Intravenous (i.v.) bolus injections of human ADM and human ADM13-52 decreased systemic ...
Wu Y - - 1993
Portal hypertension is associated with splanchnic hyperemia and increased plasma levels of prostacyclin. Recently, nitric oxide was proposed as a mediator of this arterial vasodilatation. We hypothesized that portal hypertension alters the relative contribution of prostacyclin and nitric oxide to splanchnic vasomotor control. We studied the relationship of nitric oxide ...
Palmers Y - - 1993
Iodixanol is a new nonionic dimer, isotonic with blood at all concentrations. Iodixanol 320 mgI/ml was compared in a double-blind, randomized study to the ionic dimer ioxaglate 320 mgI/ml for evaluation of safety and efficacy parameters during cerebral arteriography. Eighty adult patients were enrolled and all completed the trial. Radiographic ...
Jørgensen B - - 1993
The thrombotic response to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was investigated in 31 patients treated for 1-10 cm femoropopliteal (n = 28) and tibial (n = 3) artery obstructions by measurement of cross-linked fibrin degradation products (XL-FDP) in peripheral blood samples drawn before and 30 min after PTA. XL-FDP increased from ...
Lee F Y - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide, a vasodilator synthesized from L-arginine by vascular endothelial cells, may play a role in the development of portal-systemic collaterals. This study investigated the effect of long-term inhibition of NO secretion on portal systemic shunting. METHODS: Systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics and the degree of portal-systemic shunting were evaluated ...
Lundback B - - 1993
Five hundred and eighty-five patients with moderate asthma, currently receiving 400-1000 micrograms day-1 of an inhaled corticosteroid, were treated for 6 weeks in a double-blind, randomized, parallel group study with either 500 micrograms day-1 fluticasone propionate as a dry powder via a Diskhaler inhaler, 500 micrograms day-1 fluticasone propionate via ...
Halvorsen L - - 1993
The acute hemodynamic response of the liver to portal endotoxemia was measured in six isoflurane anesthetized pigs in which volume support was used to maintain normal cardiac output. After baseline monitoring, bacterial endotoxin (LPS) was infused over 1 hr into a mesenteric vein at a rate of 1 microgram.kg-1.hr-1, and ...
Iwao T - - 1993
The effects of a combination of vasopressin and a calcium channel blocker (nicardipine) on portohepatic hemodynamics and liver function were compared with the effects of vasopressin alone in 18 patients with portal hypertension. Nine patients received 0.4 units/min of vasopressin and 9 patients received the same dose of vasopressin plus ...
Saraya A - - 1993
In search of an effective agent for decreasing intravariceal pressure, 27 patients with portal hypertension and large esophageal varices were studied. Thirteen patients received iv nitroglycerin (150-micrograms bolus), and 14 received iv metoclopramide (20-mg bolus). Continuous measurement of variceal pressure and systemic hemodynamics was carried out. Compared with the baseline, ...
Watari A - - 1993
Intravascular esophageal variceal pressure (IEVP) was measured using a flexible indwelling needle and compared with wedged hepatic venous pressure (WHVP) in 38 patients with liver cirrhosis. There was a high correlation between IEVP and WHVP; the former was lower than the latter, indicating the presence of a pressure gradient. Bleeders ...
Lin P W - - 1993
This investigation sought to determine the effects of splenectomy, devascularization and esophageal transection on portal venous pressure and portal perfusion in cirrhotic patients with a previous history of hemorrhage from esophageal varices. From June 1988 to June 1991, 54 patients with liver cirrhosis underwent this nonshunting procedure for esophageal varices. ...
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