Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1354
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Lindén A - - 1998
The effect on total pulmonary resistance (R1) was examined for inhaled PACAP 1-38, PACAP 1-27 and VIP in anesthetized, ventilated guinea pigs. Two minutes after inhalation, PACAP 1-38 (36 +/- 6%), PACAP 1-27 (42 +/- 9%) and VIP (48 +/- 19%) inhibited the increase in R1 (% inhibition of histamine-induced ...
Wang S Y - - 1998
The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of severe haemorrhage with moderate haemorrhage on intestinal vascular capacitance. In 12 chloralose-anaesthetized pigs, moderate and subsequent severe haemorrhage was induced by removal of 15 and 25% of blood volume, respectively. Six of the animals were vagotomized prior to ...
de Meyer J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the relationship between cavernosal pressures and gravitational pressures of infused liquid during gravity cavernosometry is linear when complete smooth muscle relaxation is achieved and whether the determination of this relationship could be helpful in the differential diagnosis between organic and functional cavernous leakage. METHODS: Gravity cavernosometry ...
Escorsell A - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Variceal rupture is believed to occur when variceal wall tension is excessive. The combined use of endosonography, allowing the objective measurement of variceal radius, and endoscopic measurement of transmural variceal pressure may enable assessment of this important parameter. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
Chen C W - - 1997
The effect of haemorrhagic hypotension on the incidence, frequency and relative amplitude of vasomotion in rat diaphragm microcirculation was assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Graded bleeding to four hypotension levels (80, 60, 40 and 30% of the control state) were performed in 24 Sprague-Dawley rats. The incidence of vasomotion ...
Jalan R - - 1997
The first abnormality leading to sodium and water retention in cirrhosis is the renal tubular defect that is related to deteriorating liver function and hyperaldosteronism. With progression of liver disease and portal hypertension, renal blood flow declines because of the hepatorenal reflex, and is then maintained by the vasoactive hormonal ...
Moreau R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: An enhancement of the haemodynamic effects of terlipressin by octreotide (and vice versa) may be useful in the treatment of portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of terlipressin, octreotide or a combination of these substances on splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics in rats ...
Ogata A - - 1997
To assess the effect of partial portal arterialization on the remaining liver after usually lethal extended hepatectomy, 30 mongrel dogs underwent 84% partial hepatectomy and were divided into three groups as follows: group 1, 84% partial hepatectomy (n = 10); group 2, 84% partial hepatectomy and splenectomy (n = 10); ...
Tilden A R - - 1997
Melatonin was measured over 24 hr in the eyestalks of Uca pugilator by means of radioimmunoassay; crabs were acclimatized either to a LD 12:12 photoperiod or constant darkness. A significant peak occurred at 13.00 hr in the LD 12:12 crabs. A photophase peak in melatonin has only been reported in ...
Huang Y T - - 1997
Tetrandrine is a calcium channel antagonist with reported anti-hypertensive effect. The present study aimed to investigate the hemodynamic effects of chronic tetrandrine treatment on normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were allocated into one of the two groups: tetrandrine group and vehicle group. Tetrandrine (20 mg/kg) or vehicle was administered by gavage ...
Rivitz S M - - 1997
PURPOSE: To study the tolerance of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) of varying sizes and materials to power injection of radiographic contrast agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight different models of silicone and five different models of polyurethane single-lumen PICCs were injected with increasing rates of iothalamate 60% with use of ...
Moreau R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate short-term effects of propranolol (a non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist), octreotide (a long-acting somatostatin analogue), or a combination of these substances on splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics and arterial blood gases in rats with portal vein stenosis. METHODS: Splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics were measured ...
De Meyer J M - - 1997
PURPOSE: We determined whether the comparison between equilibrium pressure after intracavernous injection of vasodilators and maximal corporeal pressure at gravity cavernosometry could provide information about the relative contribution of arterial inflow and cavernous wall resistance to the erection process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of gravity cavernosometry performed in 68 ...
Huang Y T - - 1997
Tetrandrine is a calcium channel antagonist with reported antihypertensive effect. However, the potential role of tetrandrine as a therapeutic agent in portal hypertension has yet to be explored. The present study aimed to investigate the haemodynamic effects of chronic tetrandrine treatment on portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by ...
De B K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) has been reported in association with cirrhosis and extrahepatic portal venous obstruction; reports of PPH in noncirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) are few. AIM: To evaluate pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with NCPF. METHODS: Twenty two patients with NCPF underwent hemodynamic studies for pulmonary arterial pressure ...
Bahr M J - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Laminin P1 serum levels run parallel to the accumulation of hepatic extracellular matrix in patients with liver cirrhosis. Recent studies reported a correlation between laminin P1 and portal pressure, leading to the proposal that laminin P1 may be used to identify patients with critically elevated portal pressure in liver ...
Huang Y T - - 1997
Propranolol is used clinically as a prophylactic drug to prevent oesophageal variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. Vascular hyporesponsiveness is a common characteristic of the portal hypertensive state. The present study aimed to investigate whether chronic administration of propranolol could improve vascular responsiveness in portal hypertensive rats. Portal ...
Grekin R J - - 1997
Portal venous infusion of oleate solution has pressor effects. We have examined efferent mechanisms, measured the response to sustained infusion, and determined the effect of linoleate. Eight conscious animals received concurrent infusions of prazosin or vehicle with portal venous infusion of oleate. Oleate alone increased mean arterial pressure from 109.0 ...
Merkel C - - 1997
The association beta-blockers plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (I5M) has been proposed for the treatment of portal hypertension in patients with insufficient response to beta-blockers alone, according to hemodynamic criteria. The mechanism of action in these patients is not clearly defined. Fifteen patients with cirrhosis and esophageal varices were evaluated by hepatic venous ...
Escorsell A - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonselective beta-blockers are effective in reducing portal pressure in cirrhotic patients. However, this beneficial effect is highly variable and may depend on the extent of portal system collateralization. The aim of this study was to compare portal pressure response with timolol, a nonselective beta-blocker, in cirrhotic patients ...
García-Pagán J C - - 1997
The introduction of pharmacological therapy has been one of the major advances in the treatment of the complications of portal hypertension. Many drugs have been shown to reduce portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis. However, the most widely used drugs and the only ones for which there is sufficient evidence, ...
Povlsen B - - 1997
We investigated if single-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel decompression equipment (Agee, 3M, USA) would cause increased carpal tunnel pressure during the release and if endoscopic release would reduce postoperative touch allodynia. Measurements on cadavers of the pressure produced during endoscopic release showed similar pressures to those produced during maximal range of ...
D'Amico G - - 1997
Promoting the development of oesophageal varices and ascites, portal hypertension dominates the clinical course of cirrhosis. Varices appear in patients with portal pressure gradient above 10 mmHg and enlarge in 10-20% within 1-2 years of their detection. Bleeding occurs in patients with portal pressure gradient above 12 mmHg when the ...
Lebrec D - - 1997
Patients with suspected portal hypertension must first be evaluated by physical examination, upper digestive endoscopy and ultrasonography with Doppler. Moreover, the evaluation of patients with portal hypertension depends on the cause of portal hypertension, the presence of complications and the specific treatment considered. Haemodynamic assessment with measurement of the hepatic ...
Davisson R L - - 1997
This study examined whether the stereoselective actions of S-nitrosocysteine (SNC) in the central nervous system involves the activation of stereoselective SNC recognition sites. We examined the effects produced by intracerebroventricular injection of the L- and D-isomers of SNC (L- and D-SNC) on mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and vascular ...
Gupta T K - - 1997
Portal hypertension is a common clinical syndrome associated with chronic liver diseases, and is characterized by a pathological increase in portal pressure that leads to the formation of portosystemic collaterals resulting in shunting of portal blood into the systemic circulation. The increase in portal pressure is due to an increase ...
Jalan R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relation between changes in portal haemodynamics and renal blood flow (RBF) in patients with cirrhosis. PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty patients with cirrhosis and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunts were divided into two groups which were well matched. At routine portography, either changes in unilateral RBF (group I) or changes ...
Yasui R K - - 1997
Flecainide toxicity can impair cardiac function and precipitate circulatory collapse, which in turn depresses clearance and redistribution of flecainide. Treatment directed at improving cardiac function is often ineffective in the presence of persistently increased flecainide levels. We report a novel approach to severe flecainide overdose using peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass support ...
Karney B R - - 1997
Theories of how initially satisfied marriages deteriorate or remain stable over time have been limited by a failure to distinguish between key facets of change. The present study defines the trajectory of marital satisfaction in terms of 2 separate parameters--(a) the initial level of satisfaction and (b) the rate of ...
Boyer T D - - 1997
A rise in pressure in the portal vein is a frequent occurrence in patients with cirrhosis. One common manifestation affecting at least 50% of cirrhosis patients is the development of gastroesophageal varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy. Bleeding from gastric or esophageal varices will occur in approximately 1/4 of cirrhotic patients ...
LaBrecque D R - - 1997
A cirrhotic patient with large varices and red color signs at endoscopy, and a portal pressure greater than 12 mmHg, has a high risk of bleeding from those varices in the near future. Prophylactic therapy with a nonselective beta-adrenergic blocking drug or long acting nitroglycerin reduces the risk of developing ...
Fry R C - - 1997
Various needle sizes (17- and 20-g) and aspiration pressures (25, 50, 75 and 100 mmHg) were used to aspirate a total of 5,827 ovarian follicles from bovine ovaries from a slaughterhouse source to assess the impact on the quantity and quality of recovered immature oocytes. The cumulus oocyte complexes (COC's) ...
Lingström P - - 1997
The aim was to evaluate the effects of frequent mouthrinses with palatinose, xylitol and a mixture of palatinose and xylitol on plaque pH, plaque formation and cariogenic microorganisms. 15 subjects refrained from toothbrushing during 3 test periods and rinsed 15 x daily for 4 d with 10 ml of: (1) ...
Synnerstad I - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In a few patients receiving high doses of omeprazole for a prolonged period, cystic changes have developed in the gastric mucosa, possibly consisting of enlarged gland lumina. To investigate this question, the luminal pressure in gastric glands was studied after omeprazole treatment in Inactin-anesthetized rats. METHODS: The ...
Agroyannis B - - 1997
In 18 uremic patients under regular hemodialysis (HD) with bicarbonate dialysate, the echinocytes and erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR) were determined in 4 blood samples collected from the arterial line at 0, 45, 120, and 240 min (end-HD) in one HD session by a bioincompatible dialyzer and in another by a ...
Gangadhar B N - - 1997
Seizure electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded from two channels--right (Rt) and left (Lt)--during bilateral electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) (n = 12) and unilateral ECT (n = 12). The EEG was also acquired into a microcomputer and was analyzed without knowledge of the clinical details. EEG recordings of both ECT procedures yielded seizures ...
Sanyal A J - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on portal hemodynamics, esophageal and gastric varices, and hepatic function have not been fully defined. The aim of this study was to define prospectively the effects of TIPS on portal pressures and flow, variceal resolution, and hepatic function. METHODS: ...
Voigt M D - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Autonomic dysfunction is common in cirrhosis, and may be associated with increased mortality and hyperdynamic circulatory changes. Our aim was to investigate whether autonomic disturbances occur in extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis and their correlation with hemodynamic abnormalities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Heart rate variation in response to standing, deep breathing, ...
Conn H O - - 1997
At the Biennial Meeting of the International Association for the Study of the Liver, in Cape Town, South Africa, 20-24 February 1996, the treatment of oesophageal varices was selected as a subject for the discussion of controversies in portal hypertension. This review gives a summary of that discussion. Dr Didier ...
Tolkunov Y A - - 1997
The transepithelial potential difference (TEPD) and resistance (TER) in the alveoli, and the pressure in the mammary gland were measured in lactating mice at different times after they had finished suckling their young. Oxytocin administration caused a rise in TEPD, the amplitude of which decreased with time after cessation of ...
Kaneko Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Thoracoscopy may be effective in reducing the surgical stress of cardiomyoplasty. The feasibility of thoracoscopy in cardiomyoplasty was investigated. METHODS: Cardiomyoplasty by thoracoscopy and by the open method through a thoracotomy was performed in dogs. After 8 to 10 weeks of preconditioning, the hemodynamic effect of burst stimulation was ...
Lebrec D - - 1997
Certain vasoactive substances reduce portal pressure in patients or animals with portal hypertension by either inducing splanchnic vasoconstriction or reducing hepatic vascular resistance. Studies have shown that propranolol or nadolol significantly reduce the risk of a first episode of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and increase the survival rate in patients with ...
Fedorov N B - - 1997
Changes in sensitivity of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) subtype of glutamate receptors following the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) were investigated in rat hippocampal slices. AMPA was ejected into the stratum radiatum of the hippocampal CA1 region by pressure ejection and the response recorded intracellularly. Responses to AMPA exhibited a ...
Sato M - - 1997
It has been shown that patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension have hyperdynamic systemic and splanchnic circulation. This study was designed to assess how endoscopic variceal ligation may influence systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics. Sixteen patients with cirrhosis and esophageal varices were studied. Cardiac output and flow volume of the portal ...
Marley R - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The F2-isoprostanes are a recently described class of prostaglandins formed by free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation. 8-Isoprostaglandin F2 alpha (8-iso-PGF2 alpha), an F2-isoprostane, has previously been shown to be a potent renal vasoconstrictor acting via a thromboxane-like receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 8-iso-PGF2 ...
Király A - - 1997
The specific VIP receptor antagonist, [4Cl-D-Phe6,Leu17]VIP, infused i.v. blocked close-intra-arterial infusion of VIP-induced increase in gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF, measured by the hydrogen gas clearance), and decrease in mean arterial blood pressure while not influencing basal levels in urethane-anesthetized rats. The thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stable analog, RX 77368, injected ...
Sánchez S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influences of blood viscosity changes, mediated by a haemorheological agent, on splanchnic and systemic haemodynamic parameters in rats with cirrhosis due to chronic bile duct ligation. METHODS: Blood viscosity was measured using a cone-plate viscometer and whole blood filterability was determined by a filtration method. Cardiac ...
Pavcnik D - - 1997
PURPOSE: Creation of presinusoidal chronic portal venous hypertension by means of repeated portal vein (PV) embolization was explored in an attempt to improve a porcine model of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) patency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six microswine underwent weekly PV embolization for 5 weeks with a total of 10.4-12.6 ...
Sakata R - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Little is known about the relationship of portal venous pressure to contractility and histological changes in the gallbladder. In this study, we investigated the relationship between portal hypertension and contractility and histological changes in the gallbladder in a hamster cirrhosis model. METHODS: Liver cirrhosis was induced in the hamsters ...
Sato Y - - 1997
The concept of injury in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx), and the reason hepatocytes that have not been directly injured regenerate, remain unclear. It is known that shear stress resulting from blood flow plays an important role in the mechanism of remodeling blood vessels, and portal pressure reflects shear ...
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