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Results 501 - 550 of 1354
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Johnson R A - - 1999
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a pollutant commonly recognized for its toxicological attributes, including CNS and cardiovascular effects. But CO is also formed endogenously in mammalian tissues. Endogenously formed CO normally arises from heme degradation in a reaction catalyzed by heme oxygenase. While inhibitors of endogenous CO production can raise arterial ...
Rosolen S G - - 1999
The micropig is viewed by many as one of the best animal models of human system physiology. The purpose of this study was to develop a simple, rapid and reliable method to record clinical electroretinograms from conscious adult Yucatan micropigs. Photopic ERGs were recorded from 18 conscious animals following a ...
Rautakorpi P - - 1999
The metabolic and clinical responses to intravenously administered atropine+meperidine (pethidine), glycopyrrolate+meperidine, diazepam and placebo were examined in 76 healthy children. After atropine+meperidine and glycopyrrolate+meperidine administration, a significant antisialogogue effect, tachycardia and elevation in systolic blood pressure were observed. Diazepam decreased oxygen consumption (VO2) whereas atropine+meperidine increased both VO2 and energy ...
Wolf D C - - 1999
The basic principles of managing variceal bleeding have changed little in the last fifty years. Fluid resuscitation, efforts to induce intra-variceal thrombosis, and treatments to reduce portal pressures remain the keys to successful therapy. However, the last decade has seen the introduction of new modalities which have improved treatment efficacy ...
Sugano S - - 1999
We studied the relationship between portal pressure and colorectal mucosal vascular lesions in cirrhotics and the effectiveness of drug therapy in treating these lesions. Colonoscopy and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) studies were performed in 21 cirrhotics. Oral spironolactone plus transdermal nitroglycerin were given to patients who had diffuse mucosal ...
Niiya T - - 1999
The mechanisms whereby hepatocytes in the normal liver can be primed for replication following partial hepatectomy (PHx) are poorly understood. To determine whether "shear stress," which is induced by acute portal hypertension after PHx, is involved in liver regeneration, we studied liver regeneration in rats with splenic transposition (SPT) in ...
Ribas J - - 1999
Pulmonary hypertension is uncommonly associated with portal hypertension. The current approach for the management of pulmonary hypertension involves the use of vasodilators in patients who show vascular responsiveness during an acute challenge. Since the association of portal hypertension with pulmonary hypertension is very seldomly presented, its optimal therapy has not ...
McDaid J - - 1998
We have investigated the actions of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NMMA in the portal hypertensive Wistar rat in vivo. Resting blood pressure in the anaesthetised portal hypertensive rat was 107.8+/-11.0 / 79.2+/-11.7 mmHg (n = 12), which was significantly lower than in sham-operated animals (143.0+/-3.8 / 114.0+/-4.0 mmHg, n ...
Stanley A J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: An acute increase in portal pressure is associated with an immediate reduction in renal blood flow. It has been suggested that this supports the presence of an hepatorenal reflex. In this study, we used TIPSS placement as a model to investigate the effect of an acute reduction in portal ...
Praticò D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Isoprostane F2 alpha-III (iPF2 alpha-III), a recently described member of a family of prostaglandin F2 alpha isomers and a biologically active end-product of lipid peroxidation, has been reported to increase portal pressure in cirrhotic rats. We found that its urinary levels were elevated in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: To investigate ...
Elizalde J I - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In experimental portal hypertension, blood hemoglobin levels have been shown to influence the hyperdynamic circulatory state. The aim of this study was to assess the hemodynamic effects of increasing hemoglobin concentration in human portal hypertension. METHODS: Sixteen cirrhotic patients recovering from a variceal bleeding episode were randomly assigned to ...
Kulczykowska E - - 1998
The effects of exogenous arginine vasotocin (AVT), isotocin (IT) and melatonin on the blood pressure of conscious Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) were examined. Ventral aortic blood pressure (PVA) was recorded from a cannula inserted into the afferent branchial artery of the third gill arch. Dorsal aortic blood pressure (PDA) was ...
Isaac D L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Amlodipine improves exercise capacity in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (HF), but the mechanisms of this effect are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis, in a canine model of acute, ischemic HF, that amlodipine increases vascular capacitance and reduces cardiac filling pressures. METHODS: Amlodipine was given to 13 ...
Hou M C - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The risk factors for esophageal variceal rebleeding are little known. Variceal pressure is one of the major determinants of variceal rupture, but the relationship between variceal pressure and variceal rebleeding during maintenance sclerotherapy has not been determined. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between variceal pressure/gradient change ...
von Herbay A - - 1998
It has been suggested that achalasia is associated with extraoesophageal sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction. In a prospective study we applied conventional ultrasonography and duplex sonography to investigate basal and postprandial peak systolic velocity (PSV), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) of superior mesenteric artery and PSV of portal vein ...
Yao Xi-Xian - - 1998
AIM:To study the effects of Radix Salviae Militiorrhiza (RSM), other blood-activating and stasis-eliminating Chinese herbs on hemodynamics of portal hypertension.METHODS:Portal pressure of cirrhotic dogs after chronic common bile duct ligation was measured directly; portal blood flow in patients with liver cirrhosis were detected by ultrasound Doppler.RESULTS:After administration of RSM and ...
Toyonaga A - - 1998
In the present article we describe updated information concerning the clinical feature of portal-hypertensive gastropathy (PHG), which is characterized by mucosal and submucosal vascular dilatation without inflammation. Although this lesion represents non-variceal bleeding, there is a wide variation of its prevalence. Portal pressure and some humoral factors may play important ...
Huang Y T - - 1998
The portal hypotensive effects of prazosin and DL-028 (chem- ical name: 3-[[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]methyl]- 2, 3-dihydroimidazo[1,2-c]quinazolin-5(6H)-one(27b)), a synthetic alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist, were assessed in portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Two weeks after ligation, when the hyperdynamic state was stabilized the rats were anesthetized ...
Chang F C - - 1998
The effects of tetramethylpyrazine, an alkaloid isolated from a Chinese herb Ligusticum wallichii Franch have been assessed in portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Two weeks after ligation, when the hyperdynamic state had stabilized, rats were anaesthetized after an overnight fast ...
Bosch J - - 1998
The medical treatment of portal hypertension has experienced marked progress in the past decade due to the production of effective portal hypertension therapy. This has been possible because of the better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to portal hypertension. A major step forward was the introduction of beta-blockers for ...
Cahill P A - - 1998
Portal hypertension (PHT) is characterized by increased portal pressure caused in part by a reduction in mesenteric vascular resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of endothelin (ET) and specific ET receptors in maintaining the vasculopathy of PHT. PHT was created in Sprague-Dawley rats by a ...
Poy N S - - 1998
To describe the construction and use of a splenocaval shunt to prevent portal hypertension in a dog with iatrogenic rupture and subsequent complete occlusion of an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPSS). Case report describing a single, client-owned animal. During dissection, the back wall of an IPSS was torn. Complete shunt occlusion ...
Oberti F - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The action sites and kinetic effects of octreotide and terlipressin may be different. Therefore, we studied the hemodynamic effects of acute administration of these drugs alone or in combination in rats with portal hypertension due to portal vein ligation. METHODS: In a first study performed in anesthetized rats, hemodynamics ...
Brensing K A - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, a non-invasive endoscopic balloon technique for esophageal manometry was published. In the present study, we assess its methodological aspects together with the relationship to portal pressure. METHODS: In 20 patients with liver cirrhosis who had received an intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS), we evaluated portal and variceal pressure before ...
Sandberg S - - 1998
Automation of reticulocyte counting has decreased the analytical imprecision of this parameter. This has made it possible to use the number of reticulocytes and its derived parameters (reticulocyte maturity and reticulocyte cell indices) in new diagnostic and monitoring situations. For rational use of these parameters, it is important to have ...
Albillos A - - 1998
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association of prazosin to propranolol enhances the decrease in portal pressure but may cause hypotension and sodium retention. The aim of this study was to compare the portal pressure reduction and safety of the combination of propranolol plus prazosin with that of propranolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN). ...
Udelson D - - 1998
PURPOSE: The extent to which hemodynamic erectile responses predict penile buckling forces has not previously been analytically investigated. An engineering study was performed to compare hemodynamic data with penile buckling force values. METHODS: Dynamic infusion pharmacocavernosometry studies in 21 impotent patients (age 43, range 24-62 y) were accomplished to obtain ...
Tröbs R B - - 1998
Reduction of the splenic volume by partial resection and collateral development after transposition are of potential value in the elective treatment of esophageal varices, hypersplenism and ascites. A study was performed on young Wistar rats. A simple animal model of extrahepatic portal hypertension was used, narrowing the portal vein to ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of local administration of osteocalcin, a major noncollagenous bone matrix protein, on experimental tooth movement in rats. An orthodontic elastic band was inserted between the upper first and second molars, and the first molar was moved mesially. Purified osteocalcin (0 ...
Mayur P M - - 1998
The effect of electrode placement on cardiovascular responses was studied. Rate pressure product and diastolic blood pressure before anesthesia and 30 s after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) seizure were recorded. Recordings were made at the first (threshold ECT) session in 124 bilateral ECT (BLECT) and 95 unilateral ECT (ULECT) consenting patients. ...
Zhu J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of catecholamines in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension. METHODS: Serum epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) concentrations in the peripheral vein, portal vein and superior vena cava (SVC) were measured by high pressure liquid chromatography in 38 portal hypertensive patients, 28 idiopathic hypertensive patients and 34 ...
Scheurlen C - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Recently, details of a noninvasive balloon manometry technique for endoscopic measurement of variceal pressure (VP) have been published. However, to date, only few data exist on its feasibility and virtually none on its relation to endoscopic or clinical variables of portal hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We ...
Goldstein I - - 1998
Erectile dysfunction may be defined in terms of axial penile rigidity, the physical property that enables the erection to be utilized as a penetration tool during sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction occurs when inadequate axial penile rigidity results in buckling of the penile column when subjected to axial compressive loading situations ...
Stanley A J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Portal haemodynamics vary in response to eating and other stimuli, but any increase in portal venous pressure (PVP) in cirrhotic patients may be a risk factor for variceal bleeding. We directly assessed post-prandial splanchnic haemodynamics in cirrhotic patients with a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) in situ. METHODS: A ...
Morsiani E - - 1998
Rat liver ultrastructure was investigated after partial hepatectomy (PH), by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Portal pressure was monitored before and after PH and, after killing performed at 6, 12, 24, 48 h and 10 d, regenerating livers were fixed by portal vein perfusion under haemodynamic conditions identical to those ...
Iwao T - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The portal pressure response to propranolol administration is heterogeneous in patients with cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive hemodynamic parameters of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and femoral artery (FA) in the prediction of portal pressure response to propranolol. METHODS: Twenty-six patients ...
Bawaskar H S - - 1998
Acute life threatening systemic involvement (cardiovascular and central nervous system) occur due to scorpion poisoning, often reported from rural part of world comprises the majority of developing countries. The most serious symptoms are hypertension, impaired left ventricular systolic function, hypotension and pulmonary oedema. Scorpion antivenin neutralizes circulatory and tissue venin. ...
Graves J E - - 1998
Peroxynitrite-induced relaxation of isolated vessels may involve the formation of S-nitrosothiols. This study characterized the hemodynamic effects of systemically injected peroxynitrite in penotobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats and determined whether these effects were due to the formation of S-nitrosothiols. We utilized L-penicillamine, which attenuates the hemodynamic effects of systemically injected S-nitrosothiols. The ...
Udelson D - - 1998
PURPOSE: Penile buckling force was analytically described in terms of its constituents. In addition, theoretically-derived buckling force data were compared to clinically measured data and the influence of each constituent on penile buckling force data was assessed. METHODS: Using engineering buckling theory for a column, a mathematically-derived penile buckling model ...
Rengo C - - 1998
Portal vein flow was recorded by color Doppler sonography in 31 patients with chronic heart failure and 18 control subjects. Compared with patients showing a forward flow (Group A), those with reversed portal vein flow (Group B) had higher prevalence of tricuspid regurgitation (75% vs. 43%), hepatic congestion (100% vs. ...
Kaneda K - - 1998
Intraportal infusion of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, significantly elevates portal venous pressure. To determine the major site of vascular constriction in the intrahepatic porto-sinusoidal system, we performed an in situ perfusion of rat livers with 1 nmol/L ET-1 at a flow rate of 20 mL/min. Portal pressure rose from ...
Li Xiang-Nong - - 1998
AIM:To produce a new rat model of portal hypertension by intraportal injection of microspheres.METHODS: Measured aliquots of single or different-sized microspheres (15,40,80&mgr;m) were injected into the portal vein to block intrahepatic portal radicals. The resultant changes in arterial,portal,hepatic venous and splenic pulp pressures were monitored.The liver and lungs were excised ...
Grossman H J - - 1998
The influence of hepatocyte enlargement on intrahepatic hemodynamics was assessed in the isolated perfused rat liver preparation (IPRL) using two experimental models: hypotonic liver cell swelling and phenobarbitone-induced hepatocyte hypertrophy. The analysis of pressure-flow data obtained from the portal vascular bed over a flow range of 0 to 70 mL/min ...
Jakimowicz J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of sustained elevated intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) on cardiovascular, pulmonary and renal systems have been well documented by several reported experimental and clinical studies. Alteration in the splanchnic circulation has also been reported in animal experiments, but details of the exact hemodynamic changes in the flow to ...
Dreisbach A W - - 1998
Postdialysis fatigue (PDF) has been ascribed to excessive ultrafiltration and decline in osmolality during hemodialysis. We evaluated the potential role for the sommogenic cytokines, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), in the genesis of PDF Patients dialyzing with cuprophane membrane were assigned to PDF (N=25) and non-PDF ...
Li X - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is associated with gross haemodynamic disturbances characterised by high cardiac output, low peripheral vascular resistance, increased splanchnic blood flow, and portal systemic shunting. AIMS: To study the relationship between intrahepatic portal systemic shunts and microsphere induced portal hypertension in the rat liver. METHODS: Different sized microspheres were ...
Schön U - - 1998
A series of 3,7,9,9-tetraalkyl-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane derivatives (bispidines) was synthesized and identified as potential antiischemic agents. Pharmacological experiments in vitro as well as in vivo are described, and the results are listed. For selection of those compounds fitting best to the desired profile of a specific bradycardic antianginal agent--decrease in heart rate ...
Koszycki D - - 1998
Healthy subjects who panic following systemic cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) challenge typically exhibit a symptom profile reminiscent of that evident among panic patients. However, the biological concomitants of CCK-4-induced panic in healthy subjects remain obscure. Accordingly, we evaluated the behavioral, cardiovascular, and neuroendocrine effects of CCK-4 in panickers and nonpanickers. Predictably, subjects ...
Wu Y - - 1998
Portal hypertension is characterized by splanchnic vasodilation and diminished arterial vasoconstrictor response to hemorrhage. Angiotensin-II and arginine vasopressin are critical modulators of the splanchnic response to hemorrhage in normal animals. We hypothesized that alterations in endogenous renin, angiotensin-II, or arginine vasopressin production or release could contribute to the abnormal response ...
Gando S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ganciclovir pharmacokinetics and clearance during continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: General intensive care unit of a tertiary care emergency department. PATIENTS: A 63-yr-old female who has a history of active behçet's disease that has been controlled with oral prednisolone, and who has chronic renal ...
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