Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1354
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Schouten W E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In chronic haemodialysis (HD), morbidity may result from repetitive induction of the acute phase response, caused by a bioincompatible dialysis membrane and/or contaminated dialysate. In the present study, cytokine release (interleukin-6, IL-6) and subsequent production of acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein, CRP and secretory phospholipase A(2), sPLA(2)) were assessed ...
Castañeda B - - 2000
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of portal hypertension determining the severity of bleeding in portal hypertensive rats. The effects of section of branches of the ileocolic vein were studied in sham-operated (SO), partial portal vein-ligated (PPVL), and common bile duct-ligated (CBDL) rats. The ensuing hemorrhage ...
Møller S - - 2000
AIMS/BACKGROUND: Cirrhotic patients exhibit a hyperdynamic and hyporeactive circulation with central hypovolaemia which may influence the course of the disease. As terlipressin, a vasopressin analogue, may modify systemic haemodynamics in these patients, the aim of the present study was to assess the acute effects of terlipressin on central and systemic ...
Alemán-Valls M R - - 2000
The present study was performed to analyze the relationship between portal hypertension and alterations of the endothelium-derived proteins thrombomodulin, plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), which were determined in plasma samples of 28 alcoholic cirrhotic patients and 46 controls. Although cirrhotics showed lower levels of PAI-1, but higher ...
Tsugawa K - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is now recognized as a distinct entity; however, the angiogenesis in the portal hypertensive gastric mucosa has yet to be elucidated. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor involved in both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. The aim of this study ...
Hayashi M - - 2000
The effect of portal hypertension and chronic high venous pressure on the absorption of the small intestine was examined by constricting the suprahepatic and subdiaphragmatic inferior vena cava in rats. A group of rats with the constricted suprahepatic and subdiaphragmatic inferior vena cava comprised group 1 (n = 9) and ...
Gómez-Alvis A - - 2000
Effects of the antineoplastic agent paclitaxel (Taxol) were studied on contractions of isolated human saphenous vein (HSV) and mammary artery (HMA). Peak force developed by vascular segments with cumulative concentrations of physiologic agonists was enhanced by paclitaxel, producing a shift to the left of dose-response curves. Paclitaxel 1 microM decreased ...
Schiedermaier P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recently, the beneficial effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on the portal hypertensive state have been demonstrated in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. However, it is not known whether UDCA has direct or indirect effects on the vascular smooth muscles in humans, thereby leading to a change in splanchnic or ...
Matsumoto H - - 2000
The objective of this study was to elucidate the role of Kupffer cells during the increase of portal vein pressure caused by ethanol. We measured nitric oxide (NO) in the perfused rat liver using a commercial NO meter. Ethanol perfusion increased NO release and portal vein pressure. Gadolinium chloride pretreatment ...
Kojima H - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of endothelin-1 or mixed endothelin receptor antagonist, SB209670 in cirrhotic rats, and to elucidate the role of endothelin in cirrhotic portal hypertension. METHODS: Secondary biliary cirrhosis was induced by bile duct ligation. Hemodynamics were studied using the radioactive microsphere technique. RESULTS: ...
Shekarriz B - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The Hydro-Jet technique has been used to cut various industrial materials. In the medical field, this technique has been successfully used for selective dissection of the parenchyma of organs such as the liver. Recently, this technique was successfully used for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in humans. We developed a new Hydro-Jet ...
Kim S C - - 1999
In vitro and in vivo studies were performed to determine the potential use of tamsulosin (TAM) versus phentolamine (PHE) for intracavernosal injection (ICI) therapy when mixed with papaverine (PAP) and/or prostagladin E1 (PGE1) or with vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. We performed isometric tension studies ...
Perelló A - - 1999
Wedged hepatic venous pressure (WHVP) is equivalent to portal venous pressure in patients with alcoholic liver diseases. However, it may underestimate portal pressure in nonalcoholics, which is important because hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a frequent cause of chronic liver disease. We investigated the agreement between directly measured portal ...
Manciu N - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To make recommendations for the perioperative management of patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 41 patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with autologous islet cell transplantation for chronic pancreatitis from 1977 to 1996. INTERVENTIONS: The charts and anesthetic records were reviewed, ...
Hilzenrat N - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to examine, in a portal hypertensive rat model, the hemodynamic changes following hemorrhage and volume restitution with blood and Haemaccel (a low viscosity, volume expander). METHODS: Portal hypertension was induced by portal vein constriction. Under ketamine anesthesia, blood was withdrawn at a constant ...
Luca A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Patients with cirrhosis exhibit splanchnic, peripheral and pulmonary vasodilation, which are thought to play a role in increasing portal pressure, promoting sodium retention and determining arterial hypoxaemia. The present study investigated whether these abnormalities are influenced by portal hypertension or by portal systemic shunting. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with cirrhosis ...
Sundeman H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to analyze the perfusion pressure dependency for the splanchnic vascular effects of desflurane (DES). METHODS: We measured portal blood flow (QPORT, perivascular ultrasound) and jejunal mucosal perfusion (JMP; laser Doppler) in pentobarbital-anesthetized pigs (n=10). Experimentally, decreases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) were ...
Sen S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a grave association of portal hypertension, and is potentially fatal in liver transplant candidates. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of PPH among cirrhotics with portal hypertension. METHODS: 43 cirrhotics with portal hypertension (Child B 22, C 14), after screening for cardiopulmonary diseases, were evaluated ...
El Atti E A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Variceal pressure is a strong predictor for a first variceal bleed in patients with cirrhosis. AIMS: To evaluate whether variceal pressure is also a determinant of the risk of a first variceal bleed in patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. METHODS: Variceal pressure was measured non-invasively in 25 patients with ...
White C M - - 1999
Previous studies have demonstrated that intravenous testosterone can dilate coronary arteries and increase exercise treadmill time, but the electrocardiographic and hemodynamic effects are unknown. This trial determined the hemodynamic and electrocardiographic effects of dosing intravenous testosterone to achieve a physiologic and a superphysiologic serum testosterone concentration. Twenty men (70.6 +/- ...
Tsugawa K - - 1999
As use of laparoscopic surgery grows, various complications with pneumoperitoneum have been reported. However, there are no reports on the relation between the carbon dioxide (Co2) pneumoperitoneum and portal hemodynamics. The purpose of this study was to determine how the pneumoperitoneum affects the portal hypertensive state. Portal-hypertensive rats, control rats, ...
Kinirons B - - 1999
We report the successful management of intra-operative pulmonary hypertension in a patient with mitral valve insufficiency and portal hypertension. A 48-year-old male with portal hypertension presented for a portosystemic shunt. Previously undiagnosed mitral valve insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension complicated his anaesthetic management. His intra-operative course was marked by systolic hypotension, ...
Falck G - - 1999
Intravenous magnesium has proved to be valuable in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias and eclampsia, but the specific mode of action is not established. In this study the effect of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) infusion on bleeding time and endogenous prostacyclin (PGI2) production in healthy male volunteers was investigated. Thirty-five males ...
Gutt C N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: CO(2) gas insufflation is routinely used to extend the abdominal wall. The resulting pneumoperitoneum has a number of local and systemic effects on the organism. Portal blood flow, which plays an important role in hepatic function and cell-conveyed immune response, is one of the affected parameters. METHODS: An established ...
Van de Casteele M - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Increased intrahepatic vascular tone can be pharmacologically manipulated in isolated cirrhotic livers. Intrahepatic endothelial dysfunction may lead to a decreased production of the potent endogenous vasodilator nitric oxide in cirrhotic livers. The aims of the study were to determine whether portal pressure can be lowered in vivo by injecting ...
Nishimura T - - 1999
We investigated the functional changes of the systemic vascular system due to prolonged nonpulsatile left heart bypass (NPLHB). Three adult goats underwent pulsatile left heart bypass (PLHB). Two weeks later the PLHB was changed to the NPLHB, which was conducted for 4 weeks. The aortic pulse pressure was 39 and ...
Jackson F W - - 1999
BACKGROUND: LaPlace's law determines the wall tension of a tubular system by measuring the radius (r), wall thickness (w), and pressure gradient of a tubular structure: wall tension = pressure gradient x r/w. In theory, the determination of wall tension could provide the most accurate method of predicting the likelihood ...
Kuroda N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The liver and portal circulation contribute to production and clearance of endothelin-1 (ET-1). This study was undertaken to investigate what variables relate to the dynamics of ET-1 in hepatic resection and its clinical implication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: On 20 patients with (n = 8) or without (n = 12) ...
Ruzicka M - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intractable abdominal pain, duodenal stenosis and common bile duct stenosis are considered the main reasons for surgery in cases of chronic pancreatitis. The aim of the study was to discover the influence of the disease on the portal pressure. METHODOLOGY: Blood pressure was measured in the superior mesentric vein ...
Cattet M R - - 1999
Since 1995, at least three polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have died in the area of Churchill (Manitoba, Canada) as a direct result of being suspended in a net during helicopter-assisted translocations. To assess and improve methods of suspending anesthetized polar bears, we conducted a study during November 1997 to determine ...
Wang P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although sepsis is characterized by an early, hyperdynamic phase followed by a late, hypodynamic phase, the mechanism responsible for the transition from the hyperdynamic to the hypodynamic state remains unknown. Since recent studies have shown that adrenomedullin (ADM), a novel potent vasodilatory peptide, is upregulated during sepsis, the aim ...
Braun U - - 1999
Fifteen cows with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and 90 healthy cows were given xylazine intramuscularly at a dosage of 0.15 mg/kg bodyweight. The onset of sedation and of drooling was recorded, and the heart and respiratory rates and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured every five minutes for ...
Gatta A - - 1999
In the last decade, the knowledge of the pathogenesis of portal hypertension has increased dramatically. Indeed, apart from the well-known pathogenetic importance of structural factors, the role of vasoactive factors, which enhance the increase in intrahepatic resistance, has been highlighted. The two pathogenetic factors of portal hypertension are: the increase ...
Vlavianos P - - 1999
We investigated the haemodynamic response to volume depletion and subsequent repletion in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Twelve patients with compensated cirrhosis and portal hypertension were included in the study. The haemodynamic changes occurring after removal of approx. 15% of the blood volume, and subsequently after isovolume repletion with ...
Maruo Y - - 1999
The effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus on histopathological changes in tissues bearing masticatory pressure exerted through an experimental denture base has been studied in animal specimens. Experimental dentures, which prescribed the masticatory pressure by the amount of subsidence of the denture base (100, 50 or 13 microm), were constructed for ...
Nagral A - - 1999
Portal hypertension is a result of interplay of numerous static and dynamic forces. Portal hemodynamic characterization involves pressure and flow studies which in turn estimate portal pressure. Hepatic venous pressure gradient is the gold standard for determining portal pressure. Portal hemodynamic measurement has helped to understand the pathogenesis and prognosis ...
Eger E I EI 2nd Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0464, USA. - - 1999
Some inhaled compounds cause convulsions. To better appreciate the physical basis for this property, we correlated the partial pressures that produced convulsions in rats with the lipophilicity (nonpolarity) and hydrophilicity (polarity) of 45 compounds: 3 n-alkanes, 18 n-haloalkanes, 3 halogenated aromatic compounds, 3 cycloalkanes and 3 halocycloalkanes, 13 halogenated ethers, ...
McCormack G - - 1999
Bleeding oesophageal varices are a frequent and sometimes fatal complication of portal hypertension. Prompt resuscitation and arrest of haemorrhage are the immediate short term priorities. Vasoactive therapy to reduce portal pressure is administered on presentation. Early endoscopy is necessary to make a definitive diagnosis and initiate appropriate therapy; usually emergency ...
Haag K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the potential usefulness of duplex sonography in the grading of portal hypertension. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Duplex sonography of the portal vein system and measurement of the portal pressure and portosystemic pressure gradient were performed in 375 patients before placement of transjugular ...
Ikeda S - - 1999
We report the presence of a patent ductus venosus in three brothers who underwent surgical correction. Patent ductus venosus was demonstrated by ultrasonography. Portosystemic venous shunt ratios as evaluated by [123I]iodoamphetamine per rectal portal scintigraphy were 67%, 50%, and 77%, respectively. Histologic examination of liver biopsy specimens revealed fatty degeneration ...
Lotterer E - - 1999
The aim of this prospective, nonrandomized study was to assess the short- and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics and on gastroesophageal collateral flow in patients with cirrhosis and failure of chronic sclerotherapy. Cardiac output (CO), free and wedged pulmonary artery pressure (FPAP ...
Hashimoto S - - 1999
To increase the collection efficiency of bovine cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COCs) by transvaginal aspiration, the effects of aspiration pressure and needle diameter on bovine follicular oocyte collection were assessed. Oocytes were aspirated from ovaries of slaughtered cows using 2 different diameter needles (18- or 21-gauge) with 4 different aspiration pressures (40, 80, ...
Raffel D M - - 1999
Phenylephrine labeled with 11C was developed as a radiotracer for imaging studies of cardiac sympathetic nerves with PET. A structural analog of norepinephrine, (-)-[11C]phenylephrine (PHEN) is transported into cardiac sympathetic nerve varicosities by the neuronal norepinephrine transporter and stored in vesicles. PHEN is also a substrate for monoamine oxidase (MAO). ...
Schneider A W - - 1999
Administration of angiotensin II causes an increase in portal pressure, and plasma concentration of angiotensin II is elevated in patients with cirrhosis, suggesting that angiotensin II may be involved in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension in cirrhosis. We evaluated the effect of the orally active angiotensin II receptor antagonist, losartan, ...
Asbury A J - - 1999
The use of alarms on operating theatre equipment was explored in a questionnaire to anaesthetists in Belgium and Scotland. They were presented with a scenario of a fit male having an anaesthetic for an abdominal operation. The overall response rate was 72%, giving 100 records for analysis. The responses from ...
Isgaard J - - 1999
There is ample evidence to support a role for the GH/IGF-I axis in regulation of cardiac growth, structure and function. GH may act directly on the heart or through circulating IGF-I (Fig. 1). Moreover, GH has been found to regulate local production of IGF-I in the heart. Both the GH-R ...
Mitsumoto Y - - 1999
The present study was designed to elucidate the effectiveness of portal decompression and FK506 (FK) pretreatment in extended hepatectomy in dogs. In the first set of experiment the effect of portal decompression was evaluated in two groups of dogs which underwent extended hepatectomies (80%) with or without (control) a side-to-side ...
García-Pagán J C - - 1999
Progress in the knowledge of the pathophysiology of portal hypertension has opened the door to pharmacological treatments, resulting in a dramatic change in the therapeutic approach to portal hypertension. This review summarizes pharmacological agents that have been shown to effectively decrease portal pressure, paying special attention to its mechanisms of ...
Balan K K - - 1999
Bleeding from portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) has been estimated to account for up to 30% of all upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Although portal hypertension seems to be an essential prerequisite, the precise mechanisms responsible for the development of PHG are unknown. The aim of ...
Erden A - - 1999
We aimed to determine the mean hepatic artery resistance index (RI) in presinusoidal portal hypertension and to compare the values with those in sinusoidal portal hypertension. The hepatic artery RIs of 11 patients with presinusoidal portal hypertension, 12 patients with sinusoidal portal hypertension and 16 healthy subjects were examined with ...
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