Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 615
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kurahashi Kiyoyasu - - 2009
Phagocytes of the reticuloendothelial system are important in clearing systemic infection; however, the role of the reticuloendothelial system in the response to localized infection is not well-documented. The major goals of this study were to investigate the roles of phagocytes in the reticuloendothelial system in terms of bacterial clearance and ...
Chada Martin - - 2008
In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with pulmonary hypertension, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) are involved in the pulmonary inflammatory reaction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether systemic and aerosolized administered IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) Anakinra (Kineret) improves lung mechanics and pulmonary artery pressure in ...
Bailey Timothy C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ventilation-induced lung injury is often studied in animal models by using ventilation strategies with high-tidal volumes and high-oxygen concentration over a relatively short period of time. The injury induced by these ventilation strategies includes alterations to the surfactant system and up-regulation of inflammatory markers. Whether these responses to ventilation ...
De Luca Daniele - - 2008
PURPOSES: Secretory phospholipase A2 hydrolyzes phosphoglycerides and it has been shown to be involved in alveolar inflammation and surfactant degradation. It plays an important role in acute lung injury but it has never been studied in newborn infants. We were aimed to investigate the phospholipase A2 activity in neonatal lung ...
Polglase Graeme R - - 2008
The effects of lung volume recruitment manouvres on pulmonary blood flow (PBF) during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in preterm neonates are unknown. Since increased airway pressure adversely affects PBF, we compared the effects of two HFOV recruitment strategies on PBF and oxygenation index (OI). Preterm lambs (128+/-1 day gestation; term ...
McCurnin Donald - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to study the pulmonary, biochemical, and morphologic effects of a persistent patent ductus arteriosus in a preterm baboon model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: Preterm baboons (treated prenatally with glucocorticoids) were delivered at 125 days of gestation (term: 185 days), given surfactant, and ventilated for 14 days. ...
Scheiermann Patrick - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a leading cause of death among critically ill patients. Up to now, severe sepsis with acute onset in animals has been induced mainly through injection of single bacteria species or endotoxin and not through a surgical procedure, which might adequately mirror the situation in septic patients. We ...
Hara Shunsuke - - 2008
1. Sivelestat sodium hydrate (sivelestat), a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, is used to treat acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, but its effects have not been described for endotoxaemia. In the present study, we examined the effects of a continuous infusion of sivelestat on intestinal mechanical activity and ...
Chang Ling Yi - - 2008
Premature newborn baboons [125 d (67%) gestation], exposed to a moderate-size patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) [pulmonary-to-systemic blood-flow-ratio (Qp/Qs) = 1.8] for 14 d, have impaired pulmonary function and arrested alveolar development and surface area when compared with age matched fetuses (140 d gestation). Pharmacologic closure of the PDA reduces the ...
Karapinar T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has been reported previously in premature calves. However, there have been no published data on the effect of surfactant replacement therapy in the treatment of premature calves with RDS. HYPOTHESIS: Surfactant replacement therapy added to the standard treatment for premature calves clinically diagnosed with RDS ...
Almlén Andreas - - 2008
Modified natural surfactant preparations, used for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants, contain phospholipids and the hydrophobic surfactant protein (SP)-B and SP-C. Herein, the individual and combined effects of SP-B and SP-C were evaluated in premature rabbit fetuses treated with airway instillation of surfactant and ventilated without positive ...
Bohlin Kajsa - - 2008
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is an effective treatment of respiratory distress syndrome. Due to long-standing experience of early nCPAP as the primary respiratory support option in preterm infants, this approach is sometimes labeled 'the Scandinavian Model'. Mechanical ventilation is potentially harmful to the immature lungs and cohort studies ...
Lampland Andrea L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Physiologic and pathologic comparison of two modes of assisted ventilation, nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV), in spontaneously breathing term newborn piglets with saline lavage-induced lung injury. DESIGN: After inducing acute lung injury via repetitive saline lavage, piglets were randomized to NIPPV (n = ...
Mokra D - - 2007
Local administration of corticosteroids may diminish acute lung injury associated with meconium aspiration. Budesonide was given intratracheally in 2 doses of 0.25 mg/kg each by means of inpulsion effect of high-frequency jet ventilation 0.5 and 2.5 hours after meconium instillation to oxygen-ventilated adult rabbits. Within 5 hours after the first ...
Cayabyab Rowena G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between inflammation and pulmonary function, we quantified changes in inflammatory cellular profile, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and pulmonary function in intubated neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). METHODS: Sixteen term infants were studied. Tracheal aspirate fluids, obtained within the first 6, 24, 48, and 96 hr of ...
Lhert Florence - - 2007
To determine if hydrophobic surfactant proteins affect the stability of pulmonary surfactant monolayers at an air/water interface, the studies reported here compared the kinetics of collapse for the complete set of lipids in calf surfactant with and without the proteins. Monomolecular films spread at the surface of captive bubbles were ...
Ryhammer Pia - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate if dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in lungs could add new information to pulmonary hypertension in a newborn piglet model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six newborn piglets were subjected to instillation of meconium following treatment with sildenafil. Before and after both of these events, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was performed to ...
Hillman Noah H - - 2007
Premature infants are exposed to potentially injurious ventilation in the delivery room. Assessments of lung injury are confounded by effects of subsequent ventilatory support. To evaluate the injury response to a brief period of large tidal volume (Vt) ventilation, simulating neonatal resuscitation in preterm neonates. Preterm lambs (129 d gestation; ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The majority of early trauma deaths are related to uncontrolled, noncompressible, parenchymal hemorrhage from truncal injuries. The purpose of this study was to formulate a fibrin sealant foam (FSF) able to control severe parenchymal bleeding without compression or vascular control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FSF with high fibrinogen concentration (20 ...
Tsushima Kenji - - 2007
Endotoxin-removal direct hemoperfusion column containing polymyxin B immobilized fibers (PMX-DHP) is an effective procedure for the treatment of sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We investigated retrospectively the effects and appropriate timing of PMX-DHP induction for directly induced ARDS in 38 patients. PMX-DHP was carried out twice for two hours. ...
Brederlau Joerg - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To compare the combined effects of arteriovenous extracorporeal lung assist (AV-ECLA) and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) on pulmonary gas exchange, hemodynamics, and respiratory parameters in a lavage-induced porcine lung injury model. METHODS: A prospective, randomized animal study. Saline lung lavage was performed in 33 healthy female pigs, weighing 52 ...
Schindler Margrid - - 2007
In a recent meta-analysis, surfactant administration in paediatric acute respiratory failure was associated with improved oxygenation, reduced mortality, increased ventilator-free days and reduced duration of ventilation. Surfactant is expensive, however, and its use involves installation of large volumes into the lungs, resulting in transient hypoxia and hypotension in some patients. ...
Naito Sachie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Negative air pressure ventilation has been used to maintain adequate functional residual capacity in patients with chronic muscular disease and to decrease transpulmonary pressure and improve cardiac output during right heart surgery. High-frequency oscillation (HFO) exerts beneficial effects on gas exchange in neonates with acute respiratory failure. We examined ...
Sweet David - - 2007
Despite recent advances in the perinatal management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), controversies still exist. We report the recommendations of a European panel of expert neonatologists who developed consensus guidelines after critical examination of the most up-to-date evidence in 2007. Strong evidence exists for the role of antenatal steroids ...
van Veenendaal Mariëtte B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Delayed surfactant treatment (>2 hrs after birth) is less effective than early treatment in conventionally ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. The objective of this study was to evaluate if this time-dependent efficacy of surfactant treatment is also present during open lung ventilation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled animal ...
Haas Nikolaus A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the beneficial clinical effect of the use of surfactant in a patient with severe unilateral pulmonary hemorrhage after iatrogenic lung injury during corrective surgery for congenital heart defects. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENT: An 11-wk-old boy. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Lakshminrusimha Satyan - - 2006
Hyperoxic ventilation in the management of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) can result in the formation of reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide anions, which can inactivate nitric oxide (NO) and cause vasoconstriction and oxidation. To compare the effect of intratracheal recombinant human superoxide dismutase (rhSOD) and/or inhaled ...
D'Angelo Edgardo - - 2007
To evaluate the role of pulmonary surfactant in the prevention of lung injury caused by mechanical ventilation (MV) at low end-expiratory volumes, lung mechanics and morphometry were assessed in three groups of eight normal, open-chest rabbits ventilated for 3-4 h at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) with physiological tidal volumes (Vt ...
Zhu Guang-fa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary surfactant dysfunction may contribute to the development of ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). Tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) is a technique in which fresh gas is introduced into the trachea and augment ventilation by reducing the dead space of ventilatory system, reducing ventilatory pressures and tidal volume (V(T)) while ...
Suzuki Keiji - - 2006
Our aim was to determine whether antenatal corticosteroids improve perinatal adaptation of the pulmonary circulation in lambs with lung hypoplasia (LH). LH was induced in 12 ovine fetuses between 105 and 140 days gestation (term approximately 147 days); in 6 of these the ewe was given a single dose of ...
Maybauer Marc O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) on pulmonary function in acute lung injury (ALI) resulting from smoke inhalation in association with a bacterial challenge. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, experimental animal study with repeated measurements. SETTING: Investigational intensive care unit at a university hospital. SUBJECTS: ...
Milesi Christophe C Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France. - - 2006
To evaluate the administration of an equimolar mixture of N2O and O2 for intratracheal intubation in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Prospective evaluation of N2O/O2 in premature neonates with RDS. Tertiary neonatal unit from March to August 2003. Twenty-six of 79 neonates admitted for RDS within 48 h ...
Hakeam Hakeam A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a man who developed temporary hypotension after aerosolized colistin administration. CASE SUMMARY: A 62-year-old Arab male was admitted to the intensive care unit for respiratory failure and septic shock. Simultaneous therapy using intravenous and aerosolized colistin was initiated for the management of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas ...
Frerichs Inéz - - 2006
RATIONALE: Although surfactant replacement therapy is an established treatment in infant respiratory distress syndrome, the optimum strategy for ventilatory management before, during, and after surfactant instillation remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of surfactant and lung volume recruitment on the distribution of regional lung ventilation. METHODS: Acute ...
Yang Yanmin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The influence of deep hypothermia with either circulatory arrest (DHCA) or low-flow (DHLF) perfusion on pulmonary surfactant metabolism in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery remains unknown. This study was conducted to determine the influence of either strategy on surfactant metabolism and pulmonary function with neonatal piglet model. METHODS: Sixteen piglets ...
De Jaegere Anne - - 2006
RATIONALE: Changes in oxygenation are often used to guide the recruitment procedure during open lung high-frequency ventilation in preterm infants. However, data on the feasibility and safety of this approach in daily clinical practice are limited. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively collect data on ventilator settings, gas exchange, and circulatory parameters before ...
Pfeiffer Birgit - - 2006
In a surfactant-depletion model of lung injury, tidal recruitment of atelectasis and changes in shunt fraction lead to large Pao2 oscillations. We investigated the effect of these oscillations on conventional arterial blood gas (ABG) results using different sampling techniques in ventilated rabbits. In each rabbit, 5 different ventilator settings were ...
Ankermann Tobias - - 2006
Leukotriene-generated effects on microvascular integrity and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) play a key role in the inflammatory process of the alveolar-capillary unit in neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome. We asked if intrapulmonary application of MK886, a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, and the use of a porcine surfactant preparation (Curosurftrade mark) as a carrier ...
Tsushima Kenji - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine whether hemoperfusion using polymyxin B (PMX) immobilized column improves hydrochloric acid (HCl)-induced lung injury. Rats weighing 350 g underwent hemoperfusion for 30 min at a flow rate of 120 ml/h after the intratracheal instillation of hydrochloric acid or water. Rats were divided ...
Becker Martin J MJ Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus MC-University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2006
Because little is known about the pathophysiology of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), we examined changes in pulmonary and general physiology during this disease in an animal model. In a model of fatal left-sided IPA, 19 persistently neutropenic rats were monitored for clinical signs including body temperature, body weight and respiratory ...
Ellyett Kevin M - - 2006
We investigated the effect of surfactant deficiency on airway patency and the effectiveness of surfactant replacement as either an instilled liquid bolus, a non-hygroscopic aerosol or a hygroscopic aerosol. Small airway patency was assessed in isolated piglet lungs by passing a continuous flow of gas though a cannulated airway. Occlusion ...
Demoule Alexandre - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In acute respiratory distress syndrome, the relationships between changes in the elastic behavior of the respiratory system and biological markers of extra-cellular matrix or surfactant turn-over could give some insights into its pathophysiological determinants. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: In 17 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, we assessed the relationship ...
Gastiasoro-Cuesta Elena - - 2006
Animal-derived, protein-containing surfactants seem to be superior to protein-free surfactants. Lucinactant, a synthetic surfactant containing a surfactant protein-B peptide analog, has been shown to be effective in animal models and phase II clinical trials. To date, lucinactant has not been compared with an animal-derived surfactant in a premature animal model. ...
Karmrodt Jens - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to study the effects of a novel lung volume optimization procedure (LVOP) using high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) upon gas exchange, the transpulmonary pressure (TPP), and hemodynamics in a porcine model of surfactant depletion. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, the hemodynamics, blood gas analysis, TPP, and ...
Sindelar Richard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory activity is a prerequisite for successful application of patient triggered ventilation such as proportional assist ventilation (PAV). It has recently been reported that surfactant instillation increases the activity of slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (PSRs) followed by a shorter inspiratory time (Sindelar et al, J Appl Physiol, 2005 ...
Gortner Ludwig - - 2006
Surfactant therapy does not lead to a uniform, optimal and sustained effect on gas exchange in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The aim of the present study therefore was to compare the effects of a lipid-enriched and protein-modified natural surfactant preparations with a licensed, ...
Muellenbach Ralf M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To compare the effect of a sustained inflation followed by an incremental mean airway pressure trial during conventional and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation on oxygenation and hemodynamics in a large porcine model of early acute respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS: Severe lung injury (Ali) was induced in 18 healthy pigs (55.3 ...
David Matthias - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to study the effects of a lung recruitment procedure by stepwise increases of mean airway pressure upon organ blood flow and hemodynamics during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) versus pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in experimental lung injury. METHODS: Lung damage was induced by repeated lung lavages in seven ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2006
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with diluted porcine surfactant in mechanically ventilated term infants with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Eight consecutive mechanically ventilated term infants with severe ARDS due to MAS underwent BAL with 15 mL/kg of ...
Dhanuka Varun V - - 2006
A nonionic-methylated branched hydrocarbon surfactant, octa(ethylene glycol) 2,6,8-trimethyl-4-nonyl ether (5b-C12E8) emulsifies up to 90% CO2 in water with polyhedral cells smaller than 10 microm, as characterized by optical microscopy. The stability of these concentrated CO2/water (C/W) emulsions increases with pressure and in some cases exceeds 24 h. An increase in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >