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Coronado Christian J R CJ Federal University of Itajubá-UNIFEI, Mechanical Engineering Institute-IEM Av. BPS 1303, Itajubá, MG, CEP 37500-903, - - 2014
There is interest in finding the flammability limits of ethanol at reduced pressures for the future use of this biofuel in aeronautical applications taking into account typical commercial aviation altitude (<40,000ft). The lower and upper flammability limits (LFL and UFL, respectively) for hydrated ethanol and anhydrous ethanol (92.6% and 99.5% ...
Engmann Felix N FN School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, 212013, China; School of Applied Sciences, Kumasi Polytechnic, P. O. Box 854, Kumasi, - - 2014
Mulberry juice is an excellent source of phytochemicals with medicinal properties. The effects of four independent variables (temperature, heating time, pressure, and pressurizing time) on three response variables [per cent anthocyanin retained, per cent residual activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) enzymes] of mulberry juice were studied using ...
Bell Caryn N CN Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2012
The relationships between race/ethnicity and hypertension or blood pressure (BP), as well as frequency of religious services attendance and hypertension/BP are well documented. However, the association between these three factors is poorly understood. Using national data, this interrelationship was assessed in non-Hispanic whites and blacks, and Mexican-Americans (n = 12,488). Compared to ...
Dieterle T - - 2012
Arterial hypertension continues to represent the leading cause of morbidity and mortality world-wide. Diagnosis and therapy of arterial hypertension require adequate blood pressure measurements. Blood pressure is affected by constitutional and environmental factors as well as the measurement procedure itself, inducing substantial uncertainty with regard to adequate diagnosis and control ...
Skillman Joanna - - 2011
When intermittent compression devices (ICDs) are used to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) they can cause pressure sores in a selected group of women, undergoing long operations. A prospective audit pre and post intervention showed a reduced risk with an alternative device, without increasing the risk of VTE.
Becari C - - 2011
The classical renin-angiotensin system (RAS) consists of enzymes and peptides that regulate blood pressure and electrolyte and fluid homeostasis. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is one of the most important and extensively studied components of the RAS. The beneficial effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in the treatment of hypertension ...
Melai Tom - - 2011
In plantar pressure measurement, both peak pressure and pressure time integral are used as variables to assess plantar loading. However, pressure time integral shows a high concordance with peak pressure. Many researchers and clinicians use Novel software (Novel GmbH Inc., Munich, Germany) that calculates this variable as the summation of ...
Titheradge Hannah - - 2011
We report a very rare case of methaemoglobinaemia associated with glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, complicating a respiratory illness in a preterm neonate. This neonate had consistently low saturation readings despite being ventilated at moderately high pressures in 100% oxygen. An arterial blood gas confirmed a high methaemoglobin level ...
Chalak Lina F - - 2011
Even brief interruption of cardiac compressions significantly reduces critical coronary perfusion pressure during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). End-tidal CO₂ (ETCO₂) monitoring may provide a continuous noninvasive method of assessing return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) without stopping to auscultate for heart rate (HR). However, the ETCO₂ value that correlates with an audible ...
Burton Grant L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Following the Norwood palliation, neonates may require an escalation of inotropic and vasoactive support. Arginine Vasopressin may be uniquely useful in supporting this population.Materials and MethodsA retrospective evaluation of neonates at this institution between November, 2007 and October, 2010 who received Arginine Vasopressin following the Norwood procedure. Data were ...
Dawson Jennifer A - - 2011
Aim:  The study aims to compare three commonly used neonatal resuscitation devices, the Laerdal self-inflating bag with a positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) valve, a T-piece resuscitator (T-piece) and a flow-inflating bag to provide peak inflation pressure (PIP) and PEEP. Methods:  Participants were asked to use each device to give ...
Schilleman Kim - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: When using a T-piece device, resuscitators may try to improve airway pressures by increasing gas flow instead of correcting face mask position. AIM: To measure the effects of changing gas flow during positive pressure ventilation (PPV) on peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP), expiratory tidal volume ...
Akhobadze G - - 2011
The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a result of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) due to tissue edema or free fluid collecting in the abdominal cavity. Elevated pressure in the abdomen is referred to as intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). The end result of ACS, if undetected and untreated, is multisystem organ failure ...
Choi Wilson W - - 2011
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is an accepted form of treatment in managing complex wounds in adults and children. It is not as widely used in the neonatal population due to limited clinical experience. We describe the application of the RENASYS™ system (Smith and Nephew, UK) in delivering NPWT to ...
Brugada M - - 2011
Background: International neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend assessing chest excursion when the heart rate is not improving. However, the accuracy in assessing 'adequate' chest excursion lacks objectivity. Aim: It was the aim of this study to test the accuracy in the assessment of 'adequate' chest excursion by measuring intra- and inter-observer ...
Stathopoulos Lefteris - - 2011
We report the case of a 38-week gestational age neonate, with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia presenting with refractory persistent pulmonary hypertension, systemic hypotension, and hypoxemia, resistant to usual therapeutics. Arginine vasopressin is responsible for systemic vasoconstriction and decreases pulmonary hypertension. We theorized that terlipressin, its long-acting analogue, could have the ...
Mercanti I I Department of Pediatrics, Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Québec, - - 2011
In addition to unbalanced flow through placental anastomoses, evidence suggests that transfer of circulating vasoactive elements from the donor to the recipient contribute to the pathological process of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that TTTS recipients have higher blood pressure (BP) ...
Yamaguchi Sachiko - - 2011
Systemic infection in the newborn (neonatal sepsis) is the most common cause of neonatal mortality. Neonatal sepsis is complicated by pulmonary hypertension. In this study, we analyzed the effect of edaravone, a free radical scavenger that is known to reduce the production of inflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor ...
Chapados Isabelle - - 2011
In severely asphyxiated neonates developing vasopressor-resistant shock, hydrocortisone is commonly used to improve perfusion. However, its acute haemodynamic effects in asphyxiated neonates are largely unknown. In a swine model of neonatal asphyxia, effects of hydrocortisone on systemic and pulmonary circulations were examined. Piglets (1-3d, 1.5-2.4kg) were acutely instrumented to measure ...
Serinyel Z - - 2010
Shock tube ignition delay times have been measured for 3-pentanone at a reflected shock pressure of 1 atm (±2%), in the temperature range 1250-1850 K, at equivalence ratios of 0.5-2.0 for O(2) mixtures in argon with fuel concentrations varying from 0.875 to 1.3125%. Laminar flame speeds have also been measured ...
Gons Rob A R - - 2010
Hypertension is a risk factor for cerebral small vessel disease, which includes white matter lesions (WML) and lacunar infarcts. These lesions are frequently observed on MRI scans of elderly people and play a role in cognitive decline. Preferably, one would like to evaluate the effect of hypertension before fluid-attenuated inversion ...
Flack John M - - 2010
Since the first International Society on Hypertension in Blacks consensus statement on the "Management of High Blood Pressure in African American" in 2003, data from additional clinical trials have become available. We reviewed hypertension and cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment guidelines, pharmacological hypertension clinical end point trials, and blood pressure-lowering ...
Páll Dénes - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess whether a difference exists between intima-media thickness and the left ventricular mass index in healthy nonhypertensive, white-coat hypertensive and sustained hypertensive adolescents. Fifty-nine normotensive and 120 hypertensive adolescents were enrolled in our study. Hypertensive patients were classified into white-coat hypertension (WCH) ...
Kaut Oliver - - 2010
The majority of cases of leukoencephalopathy related to hypertensive crisis show brain lesions predominantly in the posterior lobe. Such cases are usually classified as reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS). A multifocal distribution pattern is also possible, but occurs seldom. Here we report two patients with extensive white matter lesions that ...
Barksdale Debra J DJ The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7460, USA. - - 2010
Black Americans have the highest prevalence of hypertension (HTN) in the United States. HTN has multiple contributors including hereditary, social, psychological, and lifestyle factors. The purpose of this study was to compare HTN risk factors in Black Americans with and without parental history of HTN. Using a descriptive-correlational design, a ...
Taherzadeh Zhila - - 2010
The risk of development of hypertension is greater in black people compared to white people through mechanisms that are poorly understood. Several biological and environmental factors have been proposed. Based on the role of an increased peripheral resistance in the pathogenesis of hypertension, the authors focus in this systematic review ...
Manze Meredith - - 2010
Disparities in blood pressure (BP) control may be a function of disparities in treatment intensification (TI). To examine racial differences in TI, understand modifiable factors that may mediate this relationship, and explore the relative effects of TI and race on blood pressure. Prospective cohort study. Participants were 819 black and ...
Thomopoulos C - - 2011
We investigated whether the resistin (Res) and adiponectin (Adp) levels are associated with different clinical blood pressure (BP) phenotypes. Among 465 consecutive never-treated white subjects, we excluded those with diabetes mellitus; impaired glucose metabolism; history of any cardiovascular disease or other concurrent medical condition; secondary hypertension; ongoing vasoactive treatment. Three ...
Harding Seeromanie S Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The cause of ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease remains a scientific challenge. Blood pressure tracks from late childhood to adulthood. We examined ethnic differences in changes in blood pressure between early and late adolescence in the United Kingdom. Longitudinal measures of blood pressure, height, weight, leg length, smoking, and socioeconomic ...
Leritz Elizabeth C EC VA Boston Healthcare System and Brigham, & Women's Hospital. - - 2010
Although hypertension is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and is highly prevalent in African Americans, little is known about how blood pressure (BP) affects brain-behavior relationships in this population. In predominantly Caucasian populations, high BP is associated with alterations in frontal-subcortical white matter and in executive functioning ...
Staals Julie - - 2010
Cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs), due to small vessel disease, can be regarded as an early "silent" sign of hypertensive cerebral end-organ damage. As haptoglobin (Hp) phenotype has earlier been associated with symptomatic vascular disease, we now examined the relationship between Hp phenotype and asymptomatic cerebral small vessel disease, manifested ...
Hildebrandt Sabine - - 2010
Hen's egg white has been reported as a causative agent of allergic reactions, with ovalbumin, conalbumin, ovomucoid, and lysozyme being the major allergens. However, little is known about the effects of processing with heat and high pressure on the allergenicity of egg white proteins as ingredients in meat. For this ...
Yoon Hyun Ju - - 2010
Patients with masked hypertension (MH) tend to have a higher risk than those with white-coat hypertension (WCH). Therefore, we evaluated the characteristics of MH and WCH in Korean patients receiving medical treatment for hypertension. We enrolled 1019 outpatients (56 ± 10 y, 488 males) with diagnosed hypertension who had not ...
Durant Raegan W RW Division of Preventive Medicine; University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2010
Among persons treated for hypertension, Blacks are more likely to have uncontrolled blood pressure compared to Whites. Few studies have focused on trust in physicians as a potential contributor to this disparity in blood pressure (BP) control. The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between trust ...
Kane E A - - 2009
Cetaceans are thought to display a diversity of feeding modes that are often described as convergent with other more basal aquatic vertebrates (i.e. actinopterygians). However, the biomechanics of feeding in cetaceans has been relatively ignored by functional biologists. This study investigated the feeding behavior, kinematics and pressure generation of three ...
Margolis Karen L - - 2009
In previous analyses in ALLHAT, blacks had a significantly lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the pravastatin group compared to the usual care group, whereas non-blacks had no benefit from pravastatin. No previous statin trial has reported results separately in blacks. The study aimed to determine if apparent ...
Gottesman Rebecca F RF Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) is a predictor of concurrent and subsequently measured white-matter hyperintensity (WMH), but longitudinal studies of WMH changes and data in black participants are lacking. We hypothesized that WMH progression would be (1) strongly related to BP in blacks and whites and (2) predicted more strongly by earlier ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2009
Blacks appear to have a more modest blood pressure (BP) response to angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) monotherapy than non-Blacks. This post-hoc analysis compared the BP-lowering efficacy of olmesartan medoxomil (OM), losartan potassium (LOS), and valsartan (VAL) in Black versus non-Black participants in a randomized, forced-titration study. Patients were randomized to ...
Kola L D LD Service de Néphrologie-Dialyse, Centre Hospitalier du Bois de l'Abbaye, rue Laplace 40, 4100 Seraing, - - 2009
Presentation, response to therapy, and clinical outcome differ according to race for patients with hypertension. Black patients have a higher prevalence and earlier onset of hypertension than other ethnic groups, with poorer prognosis than white patients. Blacks are more likely to be salt-sensitive, and to have a low plasma renin ...
Kennedy Betty M BM Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, United States. - - 2010
Recruitment strategies employed by four clinical centers across the US and a coordinating center were examined to identify successful overall and minority-focused recruitment strategies for the PREMIER multicenter trial of lifestyle changes for blood pressure control. The goal was to recruit 800 adults (40% African Americans) with systolic blood pressure ...
Gravel M-A - - 2010
Predation is considered one of the main costs to reproduction but is rarely examined from a physiological perspective. In particular, little is known about the influence of brood predation pressure on the physiology of parents engaged in care. Brood defense, even when there is no direct threat to the parent, ...
Beatty Danielle L DL Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2009
To determine if ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) at night relative to day ABP among adolescents is influenced by unfair treatment and trait anger, and whether these associations are stronger in African Americans and adolescents from lower socioeconomic status (SES) families and neighborhoods. A total of 189 healthy white and African ...
Bochud Murielle - - 2009
In this study, we assessed whether the white-coat effect (difference between office and daytime blood pressure (BP)) is associated with nondipping (absence of BP decrease at night). Data were available in 371 individuals of African descent from 74 families selected from a population-based hypertension register in the Seychelles Islands and ...
Konstantopoulou A S - - 2010
Masked hypertension is defined as low clinic and elevated out-of-clinic pressure (blood pressure, BP) assessed either by patients at home or by ambulatory monitoring. This study compared the cardiovascular status and psychometric characteristics of masked, white coat and sustained hypertensives. Three groups of consecutive subjects with masked (n=100, age 59+/-11 ...
Farrell Sean A - - 2009
Ultraluminous X-ray sources are extragalactic objects located outside the nucleus of the host galaxy with bolometric luminosities exceeding 10(39) erg s(-1). These extreme luminosities-if the emission is isotropic and below the theoretical (Eddington) limit, where the radiation pressure is balanced by the gravitational pressure-imply the presence of an accreting black ...
Alonso A A Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2009
Dairy product intake could contribute to preventing hypertension, but information linking intake of these foods with changes in blood pressure over long periods of time, particularly in non-whites, is scarce. We analyzed the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, a prospective cohort in the United States, to assess whether different types ...
Adamopoulos Dionysios - - 2009
Arterial stiffening is more accelerated in blacks than in whites. Whether this is attributed to an enhanced vascular reactivity to environmental stress stimulation remains unknown. We therefore decided to test the hypothesis that cold pressor test (CPT) elicits a greater increase in arterial stiffness and an enhanced sympathetic skin vasoconstriction ...
Nguyen Thu T TT Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2009
A systematic literature review was conducted to determine whether US blacks and whites have differential blood pressure (BP) response to calcium channel blocker (CCB) monotherapy. Six published studies made up the final cohort of eligible articles. Multiple treatment groups within some studies led to a total of eight sets of ...
Cohn Heather I - - 2009
Hypertension occurs with higher prevalence and morbidity in black Americans compared with other groups. Alterations in the signal transduction pathways of 7-transmembrane spanning receptors are found in hypertensive patients. G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) play an important role in regulating this receptor signaling. The 2 most abundantly expressed GRKs in ...
Yavuz Burcu Balam - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and correlated factors of white coat effect (WCE) in the elderly. Geriatric patients who were known as normotensive and office BP exceeding 140/90 mmHg underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Correlation of WCE with clinical parameters, geriatric assessment scales, ...
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