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Results 151 - 200 of 916
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Moore William E - - 2006
All students (N = 2053) in Anadarko public schools, grades kindergarten through 12, were invited to be screened for height, weight, and blood pressure to assess the health status of this multiracial, multiethnic (American Indian, white, African American, and Hispanic) population in southwestern Oklahoma. The Centers for Disease Control and ...
Obineche Enyioma - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Racial variations are reported in the natural history of hypertension. For example, hypertension is significantly more prevalent in blacks than whites. Endothelial cells are important regulators of vascular tone and homeostasis, in part through secretions of vasoactive substances including endothelin-1 (ET-1), a small peptide with potent vasopressor actions. In ...
Thomas KaMala S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study examined relationships among ethnicity, perceived discrimination, and vascular reactivity to phenylephrine (PE). METHODS: Seventy-six white patients and 46 black patients were studied at an inpatient clinical research center in response to a bolus intravenous injection of 100 microg PE. Self-report questionnaires assessed perceived discrimination. RESULTS: After controlling ...
Clark Rodney - - 2006
This correlation study explicated the association of perceived racism and trait anger to resting blood pressure in a high school sample of 234 Blacks. Perceived racism and trait anger were assessed via self-report, and resting blood pressure was measured with a noninvasive blood pressure monitor. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that ...
Takagi M - - 2006
An 8-month-old Japanese Black heifer with severe erythropoietic symptoms was subjected to clinical, histological and cytological examinations. During the 1 month clinical observation period, severe increases in RBC count, packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration were observed. The plasma erythropoietin (Epo) concentration of the heifer (20.7 mIU/ml) was similar to ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although white-coat hypertension may be present in 25% or more of hypertensive individuals, its prognostic significance and predisposition to end organ damage is unknown. To evaluate whether white-coat hypertension is associated with end organ damage, we compared prognostically relevant measures of target-organ damage among 35 individuals with white-coat hypertension ...
Harding Seeromanie S Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2006
In this first large-scale study of ethnic differences in blood pressure (BP) among British adolescents, we examine the differences in BP levels in adolescence and the extent to which age, sex, body size and stage of maturation affect any observed differences. A total of 6365 11-13 year olds (including 1189 ...
Ben-Dov Iddo Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: White-coat hypertension and masked hypertension have clinical and prognostic consequences. However, reproducibility of these phenomena is unknown. We examined the reproducibility of the white-coat and masking effects with real-life ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of a prospectively assembled ABPM database there were 196 subjects ...
McGrath Jennifer J - - 2006
Socioeconomic status (SES) disparities are linked to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Although typically considered an individual or family indicator, SES alternatively can be derived from neighborhood characteristics. Previous research has found both family and neighborhood SES predict laboratory blood pressure responses in youth. The question remains as to whether this ...
Conen David - - 2006
Arterial hypertension has been associated with increased plasma concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). This study tested the hypothesis that patients with white coat hypertension have lower plasma CRP and BNP concentrations than those with sustained hypertension. A total of 109 consecutive medical outpatients with never-treated ...
Wharton Whitney - - 2006
The relationship between low blood pressure and cognitive function among younger individuals is not fully understood. While a number of studies have examined hypertensive and hypotensive individuals, particularly in older populations, little attention has been devoted to healthy, young populations. We tested 105 healthy young individuals whose blood pressure levels ...
Tang Hua - - 2006
Admixed populations such as African Americans and Hispanic Americans present both challenges and opportunities in genetic epidemiologic research. Because of variation in admixture levels among individuals, case-control association studies may be subject to stratification bias. On the other hand, admixed populations also present special opportunities both for examining the role ...
Yamagishi Toshio - - 2006
Home blood pressure has a higher predictive power for cardiovascular events than office blood pressure, and there is a particularly close association between morning blood pressure at home and the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in the early morning. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a long-acting ...
Merritt Marcellus M - - 2006
This study evaluated cardiovascular responses (CVR) to an active speech task with blatantly discriminatory (BRC) versus neutral (NRC) stimuli and an anger recall task in a sample of Black men (N = 73; age 18 to 47). Diastolic blood pressure scores were higher for NRC versus BRC stimuli during anger ...
Frisancho, A. Roberto
The tendency toward hypertension or higher blood pressure is more common in blacks than whites. The factors that account for these differences are attributed to both environmental and genetic factors. To clarify this issue, an anthropological study of black and nonblack populations in the lowland village of Chicaloma, northeastern Bolivia ...
Lemogoum Daniel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Smoking increases plasma nicotine. Nicotine releases catecholamines and alters arterial distensibility. The nicotine intake per cigarette is greater and serum cotinine levels, the proximate metabolite of nicotine, are higher in Blacks than in Whites. We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoking increases the pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker ...
Bhuiyan Azad R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adverse changes in arterial structure and function, independent predictors of cardiovascular (CV) disease morbidity and mortality, are known to be associated with CV risk factors, especially in middle-aged and older adults. Although non-invasive studies in this regard are beginning to emerge in a younger age population, information is lacking ...
Poole Joseph C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine how variation in the beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB2), in combination with the moderating influences of race, body mass index (BMI), and anger expression style (anger-in, anger-out), affects blood pressure (BP) at rest and in response to acute laboratory stress. METHODS: ...
Culleton Bruce F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: BpTRU (VSM MedTech Ltd, Vancouver, Canada) is an automated oscillometric device that provides serial blood pressure measurements in an office setting in the absence of a healthcare professional. We sought to determine whether the white-coat effect is reduced by a blood pressure measurement protocol using BpTRU compared with casual ...
Hughson M D - - 2006
Low nephron number has been related to low birth weight and hypertension. In the southeastern United States, the estimated prevalence of chronic kidney disease due to hypertension is five times greater for African Americans than white subjects. This study investigates the relationships between total glomerular number (Nglom), blood pressure, and ...
Martin David - - 2006
Few studies have compared associations of blood lead and tibia lead with blood pressure and hypertension, and associations have differed in samples with occupational exposure compared with those with mainly environmental lead exposure. African Americans have been underrepresented in prior studies. The authors performed a cross-sectional analysis of 2001-2002 data ...
Sierra Cristina - - 2006
Although the pathogenesis and clinical significance of cerebral white matter lesions remain controversial, it is well established that age and hypertension are the most important factors related to the presence of these lesions. Hypertension is known to be the most important factor for developing stroke and vascular dementia. In addition, ...
Chan L W - - 2006
Fluid dynamics of pellets processed in bottom spray traditional Wurster coating and swirl accelerated air (precision) coating were compared with the intent to understand and facilitate improvements in the coating processes. Fluid dynamics was described by pellet mass flow rate (MFR) obtained using a pellet collection system and images captured ...
Bosworth Hayden B - - 2006
PURPOSE: Poor blood pressure control remains a common problem that contributes to significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, particularly among African Americans. We explored antihypertensive medication adherence and other factors that may explain racial differences in blood pressure control. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from the Veteran's Study to Improve The ...
Helvaci Mehmet Rami - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are many patients in society using antihypertensive medication, which has been initiated just after a single office measurement but actually they are normotensive and in contrast, there are many patients not using any antihypertensive medication because of a normal blood pressure (BP) at the doctor's office but they ...
Stuart-Shor Eileen M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Racial and ethnic minorities are at increased risk for hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Appropriate blood pressure and cholesterol monitoring is a critical first step in identification, treatment, and control of these conditions and the prevention of coronary artery disease. This study examines blood pressure and cholesterol monitoring among non-Hispanic Black, ...
Clark Vernessa R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the ability of Black racial identity to mediate cardiovascular reactivity to racism. The Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI), which consists of four dimensions, salience, centrality, regard, and ideology was used to define Black racial identity. The subdimensions of ideology ...
Talleruphuus Ulrik - - 2006
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular complications. Nevertheless, data on the prevalence in a representative population do not seem to be available. The prevalence of ISH and the white coat effect was thus studied in a cross-sectional survey of 2806 inhabitants aged 70-80 years. In ...
Lambert Estelle Victoria - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is prevalent, under-diagnosed, and inadequately treated in Black South Africans. However, few studies have addressed barriers to hypertension care and control in this community. The aim of this study was to validate the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale (HB Comp Scale) for use in a ...
Berenson Gerald - - 2006
Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain the major cause of illness and death in the United States. Adverse CV outcomes are influenced by race/ ethnicity and sex. Race and sex contrasts of CV risk factors become evident early in life and have implications for prevention and medical care. Changes in the CV ...
Erdogan D - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the possible influence of white-coat hypertension (WCH) on coronary flow reserve (CFR). METHODS: CFR was measured by means of transthoracic second harmonic Doppler echocardiography in 29 patients with WCH, 32 patients with sustained hypertension and 35 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: CFR was significantly lower in the sustained hypertension ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2005
White-coat hypertension is defined by the coexistence of persistently high office blood pressure (BP) with normal self-measured or ambulatory blood pressure. The prognostic impact of white-coat hypertension is a subject of debate. Cardiovascular morbidity seems to be lower in white-coat hypertension than in ambulatory hypertension, and, according to some but ...
Brown Debra J - - 2005
High blood pressure is a major health problem, particularly among Black Americans, and many Black Americans are unaware that they have the disease. In 2003, new guidelines (JNC 7) were created for classifying blood pressure including a category designated as "pre-hypertension." We examined the prevalence of hypertension based on JNC ...
Stergiou George S - - 2005
The use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in addition to the conventional office measurements makes possible the detection of individuals with white-coat hypertension and masked hypertension. In children referred for elevated blood pressure, both these phenomena appear to be common (10-15% for each). In a population of healthy children, white-coat ...
Jhalani Juhee - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether elevated clinic blood pressure compared with daytime ambulatory blood pressure, referred to as the white-coat effect, is associated with anxiety and increased blood pressure expectancy in the doctor's office. METHODS: The 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurements and physicians' blood pressure measurements were obtained in 226 normotensive ...
Obara Takua - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of masked uncontrolled and treated white-coat hypertension defined according to the average of morning and evening home blood pressure values. METHODS: The study population consisted of 3303 essential hypertensive outpatients receiving antihypertensive treatment in Japan. Information on the characteristics of the patients was collected by ...
Jansen Karen L - - 2005
We measured fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)), spirometry, blood pressure, oxygen saturation of the blood (SaO2), and pulse rate in 16 older subjects with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Seattle, Washington. Data were collected daily for 12 days. We simultaneously collected PM10 and PM2.5 (particulate matter < ...
Coban Erkan - - 2005
Mean platelet volume (MPV), a determinant of platelet function, is a newly emerging risk factor for atherothrombosis. The risk profile of white coat hypertension has not yet been completely clear. The present study was designed to evaluate MPV in white coat hypertensive subjects compared with essential hypertensive patients and normotensive ...
Hertz Robin P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Effectively reducing cardiovascular disease disparities requires identifying and reducing disparities in risk factors. Improved understanding of hypertension disparities is critical. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative samples of black and white adults 20 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002 (white, ...
Agyemang Charles - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the white-coat effect in people of African (Blacks) and South Asian descent differs from that of people of European origin (Whites), and if so, whether this explains demonstrated ethnic variations in blood pressure. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out using Medline 1966-2003, Embase 1980-2003, ...
Jagust William W School of Public Health and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California at Berkeley, 94720, USA. - - 2005
Central adiposity as an indicator of visceral fat is linked to vascular and metabolic factors that in turn are related to cognitive decline and dementia. To determine whether larger waist-hip ratio (WHR) is associated with structural brain changes that underlie cognitive decline and dementia. Cross-sectional analysis of an epidemiologic cohort ...
Rankins Jenice - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to pilot-test DASH-Dinner with Your Nutritionist, a university-neighborhood health care center intervention to promote the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Study participants were low-income African American adults (N = 82) with poorly controlled blood pressure. Six groups, each consisting of 12 to ...
Newton Tamara L - - 2005
The present study examined relationships among gender, trait dominance, and cardiovascular reactivity assessed during dyadic social interactions between same-gender and same-ethnicity participants. One-hundred sixty dyads, 76 comprised of African American participants and 84 comprised of European American participants, engaged in three 4-min discussions while their heart rate and blood pressure ...
Rostand Stephen G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: African Americans are at increased risk for hypertension and chronic renal disease. Some data suggest this results from renal microvascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine if renal vascular changes were more pronounced in African Americans, were independent of blood pressure, and occurred in early childhood. ...
Ayala Carma - - 2005
High blood pressure awareness, advice received from health care providers, and adoption of heart-healthy behaviors were assessed using the Healthstyles 2002 survey. About 20% of respondents reported that they had high blood pressure, and 53% of these were currently taking medications to lower blood pressure. Black men had the highest ...
Nesbitt Shawna D - - 2005
The excess risk for hypertension in black Americans continues to be a major health concern. Although there is considerable information regarding these disease trends, many of the major underpinnings of the etiology of hypertension remain unclear. The excess mortality in blacks due to heart disease, renal failure, and stroke is ...
Lteif A A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is strongly associated with obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome (MS). The relative importance of these components in the determination of endothelial function is unknown. Furthermore, there is conflicting evidence about whether ethnic differences exist in the relative importance of these components in regard to ...
Matthews Karen A - - 2005
The authors tested the hypotheses that unfair treatment and its attribution to race, physical appearance, and peer group were related to elevated ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). During 2 school days, 207 Black and White adolescents wore an ABP monitor and answered questions about mood, posture, location, and activity level at ...
Agyemang Charles - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether nocturnal blood pressure fall in people of African (Black) and South Asian descent differs from that of the European origin white populations (White). METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out using Medline 1966-2003 and Embase 1980-2003, and citations from references. The meta-analysis was performed using ...
Neumann Serina A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: White-coat hypertension, defined as high blood pressure (BP) on clinical assessment but normal BP elsewhere or on ambulatory measurement, is a common but poorly understood phenomenon. The current study asks whether individuals with white-coat hypertension have abnormal autonomic-cardiac regulation, similar to that observed in sustained or persistent hypertension. METHODS: ...
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