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Schmitz Kimberly J - - 2009
Several observational studies have recently suggested an inverse association of circulating levels of vitamin D with blood pressure. These findings have been based mainly on Caucasian populations; whether this association also exists among Hispanic and African Americans has yet to be definitively determined. This study investigates the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin ...
Lewis Tené T - - 2009
The current study was designed to examine the cross-sectional association between perceived discrimination and blood pressure (BP) in a sample of older African American and white adults. We hypothesized that perceived discrimination would be associated with higher levels of BP and that this association would be stronger for older African ...
Hara Azusa - - 2009
Objective To investigate the risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions in individuals with masked hypertension (MHT) and white-coat hypertension. Methods Self-measured home blood pressure (HBP) and casual blood pressure (CBP) measurements were recorded in 1060 individuals at least 55 years of age (mean age, 66.3 years) in a general population of ...
Boutin-Foster C - - 2009
To apply qualitative research methods in developing a culturally tailored, educational workbook for hypertensive black patients. The workbook was developed using formative qualitative data from 60 black primary care patients with hypertension. Participants were interviewed using qualitative methods and data were analyzed through sequential steps of open coding, axial coding, ...
Spruill Tanya M - - 2009
Reduced nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping is more prevalent among blacks living in the United States than whites and is associated with increased target organ damage and cardiovascular risk. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether socioeconomic and psychosocial factors help to explain racial differences in dipping. ...
Khaleghi Mahyar M Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that, in adults with essential hypertension, plasma levels of midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) are associated with target organ damage. MR-proANP is a newly described stable fragment of N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide. Participants included 1,919 adults with hypertension identified from the community (1,037 African-Americans, 65 +/- ...
Babić Betty Korljan - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether there is a difference between blood pressure measured in a physician's office and the average 24 hr continuous blood pressure monitored by hypertensive patients at home. If there is a difference between these two situations then is it possibly the result ...
Bangash Farhan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor hypertension control observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may in part be due to the suboptimal assessment of BP with clinic BP measurements alone. The goal of this meta-analysis was to estimate the prevalence and determinants of white-coat and masked hypertension in the adult ...
Abir-Khalil S - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine both the prevalence of white-coat effect and white-coat hypertension (WCH) and which selected clinical variables were predictors of WCH. A total of 2462 patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring either in borderline hypertension (group 1) or for assessment of antihypertensive treatment (group ...
Styron Joseph F - - 2009
Ejection fraction (EF) is often unknown in patients who present with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). The objective of this study was to determine whether a patient's systolic blood pressure is associated with their left ventricular EF. This study was a retrospective chart review of all patients admitted to an ...
Kim Eun Guen EG Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Ansan, Korea. - - 2009
In this study, we developed arterial tonometer sensor array using piezoresistive sensor elements and PDMS coating. Computer simulation for the pressure response of the sensor was compared with measurement results. The pressure attenuation ratios for simulation and measurement by 3mm PDMS coating were 0.2145 and 0.2952, respectively. It is expected ...
Ogedegbe Gbenga - - 2008
The white coat effect (defined as the difference between blood pressure [BP] measurements taken at the physician's office and those taken outside the office) is an important determinant of misdiagnosis of hypertension, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. We tested the hypothesis that the white coat ...
Meyer Tamra E - - 2009
Hypertension is a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), but the causes of hypertension remain largely unknown. Genetic variation is thought to contribute to the etiology of hypertension. We tested a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (Lys67Arg, rs197922) in the Golgi SNAP Receptor Complex Member 2 (GOSR2) gene for association with ...
Ng C M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of various categories of hypertension in diabetic patients, and assess any corresponding associations with end-organ complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary centre of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS: All ambulatory type 2 diabetic patients attending our clinics from January 2002 to November 2004 ...
Redon Josep - - 2008
This white paper is an urgent call to action from an international group of physicians. The continued failure to control hypertension takes an unacceptable toll on patients, families and society and it must be addressed. Any patient with blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or greater can be characterized as a ...
Wight Daniel D Sexual and Reproductive Health Programme, Medical Research Council, Social Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Scotland. - - 2008
Research on young people's sexual relationships often overlooks subjective experiences and enjoyment. Perceived quality of sexual relationships may be related to gender, background characteristics, circumstances of first intercourse and subsequent sexual history. Longitudinal data from 13-16-year-olds who participated in randomized trials of school sex education in either Scotland (N=5,356) or ...
Lackland Daniel T - - 2008
The Evans County Heart Study (ECHS), initiated in 1960, was one of the first major studies to document cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks for African Americans and Caucasians with elevated blood pressures. In the early 1970's, the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP), with a site in Georgia (HDFP-GA) was one ...
Millett Christopher - - 2008
PURPOSE: Little is known about the impact of pay-for-performance incentives on health care disparities. We examined ethnic disparities in the management of hypertension among patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidities after the implementation of a major pay-for-performance incentive scheme in UK primary care. METHODS: We undertook a population-based, cross-sectional survey ...
Fiscella Kevin - - 2008
Black Americans with hypertension have poorer blood pressure control than their white counterparts, but the impact of this disparity on mortality among black adults is not known. We assessed differences in systolic blood pressure (SBP) control among white and black adults with a diagnosis of hypertension, and measured the impact ...
Vyssoulis Gregory - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accumulating data report that white coat hypertension (WCH) is associated with target organ damage. Metabolic syndrome (MS), and nondipping pattern is also associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to explore the nocturnal blood pressure fall in WCH patients according to their MS score. METHODS: ...
Lopes H F - - 2008
Malignant hypertension seems to be the consequence of very high blood pressure. Furthermore, an increase in sympathetic and renin-angiotensin system activity is considered to be the main mechanisms producing malignant hypertension. In the present study, 10 offspring of malignant hypertensive (OMH) parents (age 28 +/- 5 years, 7 males, 3 ...
Liew Gerald G Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne 3002, - - 2008
To examine the relative contributions of systemic cardiovascular factors to retinal arteriolar and venular caliber in men and women and in whites and African Americans. In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, retinal arteriolar caliber (central retinal arteriolar equivalent), and venular caliber (central retinal venular equivalent) were measured from digitized ...
Hoptman Matthew J - - 2009
Cerebrovascular disease may increase vulnerability to geriatric depression, a syndrome often accompanied by frontal-subcortical lesions. High blood pressure is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and white matter changes. This study examined whether and in which brain regions blood pressure is associated with compromised white matter integrity in elderly depressed ...
Sharp Andrew - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether diastolic function differs between hypertensive patients of African-Caribbean or white European origin and established whether differences could be explained by confounding variables. BACKGROUND: African Caribbeans are known to have a higher prevalence of heart failure than white Europeans but it is unclear whether this is a ...
Lewis Lisa M - - 2008
Racial disparities in hypertension prevalence and its attendant complications are well documented. Spirituality is an important component of African American beliefs and a small body of literature suggests that spirituality influences hypertension management in African Americans. This article describes a conceptual model of spirituality that may be useful for developing ...
Angell Sonia Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension-related risk in urban areas may vary from national estimates; however, objective data on prevalence and treatment in local areas are scarce. We assessed hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among New York City (NYC) adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: The NYC Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES), modeled on ...
Sanjay K Mandal - - 2008
The posterior/potentially reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a unique syndrome encountered commonly in hypertensive encephalopathy. A 13-year-old boy presented with of intermittent high grade fever, throbbing headache and non-projective vomiting for 5 days. The patient had a blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg but fundoscopy documented grade 3 hypertensive retinopathy. The patient ...
Gleiberman Lillian - - 2008
The relationship between anger and cardiovascular morbidity has not been investigated among Mexican Americans. This exploratory study examined the heritability of anger types and their relationship to cardiovascular variables in samples of unrelated and related Mexican Americans residing near Chicago, Illinois. All of the anger variables of the Spielberger Anger ...
Salomon Kristen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular responses among Black, non-Hispanic White, and Latina/o participants exposed to a potentially discriminatory situation. The study also examined the moderating role of prior history of discrimination on cardiovascular responses. DESIGN: Black, Latina/o, and White participants engaged in a resting baseline ...
Hughson Michael D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and its cardiovascular complications affect African Americans more severely than whites, a disparity variously ascribed to low birth weight, low glomerular number, an exaggerated arteriolonephrosclerotic blood pressure response, and inflammation-induced oxidative stress. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Autopsy kidneys of 107 African Americans and 87 whites ...
Labinson Paul T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: As the office-awake blood pressure (BP) difference (white-coat effect) in African-Americans has not been evaluated, we studied the ethnicity, professional status (nurse versus doctor) and sex of the observer on the white-coat effect in African-American patients with hypertension. METHODS: Seated clinical BP measurements were obtained in random order by ...
Leenen Frans H H - - 2008
Available information on the prevalence and management of hypertension in the Canadian population dates back to 1986-1992 and probably does not reflect the current status of this major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We sought to evaluate the current prevalence and management of hypertension among adults in the province of ...
Cheng Cynthia C Departments of Family and Community Medicine/Internal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2008
Capillary rarefaction is described in patients with moderate to severe hypertension. The study objective was to determine if structural and/or functional capillary rarefaction is detectable and associated with endothelial dysfunction in patients with mild blood pressure elevation (HBP: Systolic blood pressure 130 - 160 mm Hg). Capillary density was quantified ...
Räikkönen Katri - - 2008
We tested the hypotheses that (1) high pessimism and low optimism (LOT-R overall and subscale scores) would predict high ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) level and 24-hour load (percentage of ABP values exceeding the pediatric 95th percentile) among healthy Black and White adolescents (n=201; 14-16 yrs) across 2 consecutive school days ...
Gainer James V - - 2008
CYP4A11 arachidonic acid monooxygenase oxidizes endogenous arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a renal vasoconstrictor and natriuretic. Cyp4a deficiency causes hypertension in male mice, and a loss-of-function variant (T8590C) of CYP4A11 is associated with hypertension in white individuals. Hypertension and hypertensive renal disease are more common among black than white individuals, ...
Minor Deborah S - - 2008
Hypertension is a major cause of disease burden in all racial and ethnic groups and in both developing and developed regions and countries. Much of the racial and ethnic disparity in cardiovascular outcomes can be attributed to the excess burden of hypertension. Racial and ethnic differences in blood pressure occur ...
Bovenzi Massimo - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relation between salivary endothelin, vibration exposure, and vascular disorders in a group of forestry workers. METHODS: Altogether 54 forestry workers and 52 controls underwent a medical examination and a cold test with measurement of the percentage of change in finger systolic blood pressure after finger ...
Puato Massimo - - 2008
We studied 74 never-treated grade I hypertensive subjects aged 18 to 45 years and 20 normotensive control subjects to define the rate of increase in carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and the potential role played by the various risk factors. IMT was assessed as mean IMT and as maximum IMT in ...
Constantine Roberta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In Georgia an estimated 32% of blacks and 28% of whites have high blood pressure. In 2004 the rate of death from stroke in Georgia was 12% higher than the national average, and blacks in the state have a 1.4 times greater rate of death from stroke than that ...
Niu Kaijun - - 2008
Although several epidemiologic studies have assessed the relationship between low blood pressure and depressive symptoms in geriatric populations, the results have been inconsistent. Because the white-coat phenomenon is observed frequently in patients with depressive symptoms, we have considered that blood pressure measured in nonmedical settings is important in assessing the ...
Berenson Gerald S - - 2008
Cardiovascular (CV) hemodynamic characteristics are major risk factors for heart disease. Cross-sectional surveys of 5,976 individuals (47% males; 63% Whites), aged 4 to 44 years, and a subset of 1,365 individuals examined both in childhood and in adulthood were examined for blood pressure and heart rate along with cardiovascular risk ...
Xu B J - - 2008
The effects of soaking, boiling, and steaming processes on the phenolic components and antioxidant activity of black beans were investigated. All processed beans exhibited significantly (P < 0.05) lower antioxidant activities than raw beans in total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH free radical scavenging activity (DPPH), and oxygen radical absorbing capacity ...
Nguyen Quoc M - - 2008
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine with beneficial biological functions relevant to cardiovascular (CV) diseases, and arterial stiffness, an indicator of vascular function, are considered to be important correlates of CV disease risk. Although racial (black-white) divergences in adiponectin and arterial stiffness are known, information is scant regarding the association between these two ...
Pierdomenico S D - - 2008
The prognostic impact of white-coat hypertension is not yet completely clear. In this study, we investigated cardiovascular outcome in sustained hypertension, white-coat hypertension and normotension in the short and long term. The occurrence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events was evaluated in 1732 subjects with clinical hypertension (1333 with sustained ...
Inatomi Yuichiro - - 2008
The clinical significance of white matter changes including periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintensity (DWMH) on MRI in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus is unclear. We investigated the correlation between ventricular size and white matter changes in healthy individuals. We performed MRI in 683 (mean age 59; 55% ...
Hanevold Coral D CD Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA. - - 2008
It has been suggested that "normal" levels of urine albumin excretion rate (AER) may be predictive of an increased risk for progression of hypertension, cardiovascular morbidity, and mortality. No data are available on the effect of race and gender on AER in normal youth. We evaluated AER in timed urine ...
Nora Abdullah Al-Faris
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary chronic disease afflicting industrialized societies today. Development of atherosclerosis, thrombosis and hypertension is a multifactorial process in which endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory response, modified lipids and lipoproteins and activated platelets all play significant roles in the process. Numerous epidemiologic studies support the concept that regular ...
Zhu Haidong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate comprehensively the cardiovascular phenotypes of cardiovascular disease-free youths at risk of overweight, in comparison with healthy weight and overweight. METHODS: Casual and ambulatory blood pressure measurements, noninvasive hemodynamic profiles, pulse wave velocity, left ventricular structure and function, and overnight sodium excretion were examined in ...
Prisman Eitan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of changes in end-tidal partial pressure of O(2) (PETO(2)) on cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) estimated from changes in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal during cyclic changes in end-tidal partial pressure of CO(2) (PETCO(2)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BOLD response to fixed cyclic step changes in PETCO(2) (range ...
Whitfield Keith E - - 2008
The rates of high blood pressure among African Americans, as a group, are the highest in the world. The implications for higher average blood pressure include complications for many major chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Less well studied is the effect of blood pressure on the cognitive ...
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